US 763081 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
110.763,081. v PATBNTED JUNP..2 1,1904.v
f yL. E,y TOPE.
APPLIGATOR.' APLIOATION FILED SEPT. 12, 190;'.
- anu-erwten TO/o@ (5l/@Human amgmgr' A Patented June 21, 1904.
EZRA E. Torn, or solo, "omo,
SPECIFICATION forming partof Letters Patent No. 763,0801, dated J' une 21, 1904.'
Application filed September 12, i903- Serial No. 172,952. (No model.)
.To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that l, EZRA E. TOPE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Scio, in the county of Harrison and State of Ohio, have inf` vented certain new and useful Improvements in Applicators, of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention is to provide an instrmentwith which a woman may successfully treat herself for displacements and diseases of the uterus and vaginain brief, to provide the means for a home treatment for many of the ailments of the female reproductive organs. The same general principles may also be utilized in medicating the rectum and the nasal cavities.
My applicator is so constructed that when the medicine is placed in the receptacle and thc instrument inserted into the vagina or other cavity and a certain position assumed by the patient the medicine is applied Ato the diseased parts by utilizing atmospheric pressure and the force of gravitation, thus enabling the patient to conveniently treat herself, while heretofore to medicate the parts has required the assistance of the physician or nurse.
I will now describe my invention in detail.
Figure l is a side view of my applicator complete. Fig. 2 shows the receptacle for holding the medicament. Fig. 3 is a cross-section of the applicator on the line X X of Fig. 1. Fig. i is a View of the small or proximal end of the applicator. Fig. 5 is a View of the larger or distal end of the applicator.
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the drawings by the same reference characters.
The applicator consists of an outer tube 1 and an inner tube 5, constructed of hard rubber or other Asuitable material. The outer tube l is approximately elliptical in form in cross-section and contracted somewhat at the smaller or proximal end 2, so as t0 become circular, and expanded or cup-shaped at the larger or distal end 3. About one-third the circumference of the outer tube on each side at its short diameter is made cylindrical on its inner su rface at 4 4 to approximate and come in contact with the outer cylindrical surface openings at 7 7 nearand at opposite sides of the proximal end and at 8 8 within the cup er expansion 3 of the distal end. The outer tube 1 may be constructed near its proximal end with a swell or increased diameter greatest at the points b b to render it more self-retaining when placed in position. The cup or expanded distal end 3 conforms more nearly to the shape of and prevents its passing through the vulva and intothe vagina when in use. It also forms a base on which the instrument may stand.
The inner tube 5 is cylindrical, with one end closed and the other end provided with a slight rim at 9. It may be provided with a lug or tubercle at the point l() if it is preferred to fasten it in place.l The tube 5 is made a little shorter than the full length of the outer tube l and of a size to snugly iit the same when slid therein. The parts of the applicator 'are assembled by pushing the inner tube 5, closed end first, into the proximal or small end of the outer tube'l until the rim 9 approximates the end of the outer tube. If it is desired to fasten tube 5 in place, the lug or of the inner tube 5 whenin place. 0n either I tubercle 10 being in line with one of the airspaces 7 7, turn it about one-fourth of its circumference, when the lug or tubercle l() will impinge against the inner surface of the outer tube at the point'll, holding it securely in place.
To operate the applicator after placing the tube 5 Within the tube 1, as just described, place the medicament, which may be liquid or powder, in the receptacle 5. The patient in a standing, sitting, kneeling, or squatting position inserts the applicator into the vagina. She then assumes the knee-chest position or dorsal position, with the hips well elevated. Either position elevates the distal and depresses the proximal end of the applicator. In the meantime gravitation draws the abdominal viscera away from the vaginal region and permits the air to enter the vagina through the air-spaces 6 6 and distend it, "and when this occurs the applicator discharges its contents into the vagina. The whole vaginal tract may be medicated or only a part, de-
pending upon the position the patient assumes. y
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new isl. An applicator comprising an inner and an outer tube slidably fitted together and having a longitudinal air-space between them, and a lug applied to one of the tubesto bind against the other tube and secure both together.
2. An applicatorcomprising an outer tube of elliptical cross-sectional outline and having grooves in the inner walls of the part corresponding' to the major diameter, and an inner tube slidable within the outer tube and snugly :fitting the walls between the grooves.
3. An applicator comprising an outer tube having one end iared, a second tube slidable within the outer tube and open at its outer end and closed at its inner end, and means for limiting the movement of the two tubes when sliding them together, one of the tubes having' grooves in its walls closed at their open sides by the other tube to form air-passages which extend and open through opposite ends ofthe applicator, substantially as specified.
ln testimony whereof I aix my signature in presence of two witnesses. p
EZRA E. TOPE. '[L. s] lllitnesses:
JAMES M. SPIKER, HARRY W. KIRBY.