Improvement in oil-cans
US 76483 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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J. J.' MARCY, Oh WEST MERIDEN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR-TO E. MILLER &-
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Letra-@Parme No. 76,483, @zaad Apre 7, 1868.
IMPRCVEMENT IN OIL-CANS.
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TO ALL WI-IOM IT MAY CONCERN l Be it known that I, J. J. MA-RcL-of West Meriden, in the county of New Haven, and State of Connecticut, have invented a newlmprovement in Lamp-Filling Cans and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with the accompanyingdrawings, and the 'letters of reference marked thereon, to be a'full, clear, and exact description ofthe same, and which said drawingsconstitute part of this specification, andvr'epresent, in-
Figure 1, a side view, in l i i l Figure 2 a verticalcentiral section, with'the nozzle turned as for pouring from the can.
This invention relates to an improvement in that classof cans such as are used for filling lamps or for similar purposes, and designed-to contain hydrocarbon fluids.
It is necessary,in suclrcans, that when not pouring the duid therefrom, they should be perfectly air-tight,
in order to prevent the escape'of the tluid by evaporation. Various devices have 4been resorted to to accomplish this object, generally employing a detachable cover or stopper for the nozzle.
My invention consists in the arrangement of an. auxiliary nozzle over the principal nozzle, so that, when the auxiliary nozzle is turned in one direction, the communication from the can is entirely cut olf, but when turned in position for pouring, thenthe nozzle is open; and also in the arrangement of a verticalI valve in the can-top cover. y
In order to the better understanding of my invention, I will proceed to describe the same as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
A is a can, ofany knownform or construction, having a spout, B, arranged thereon, in the usual position,
and covering its end is a thimble, C, provided with a nozzle, D, the said'thimble being iitted and secured to the' spout, so as to turn freely thereon, and the spout'B-provided with an opening, a, which will communicate with the nozzle D, when the said nozzle is turned into the `position denoted in Figure 2, vbut when the nozzle D'is turned to the position seen in Figure 1, thenftho communication through the spoutB is perfectly closed, so as to' prevent the escape by evaporationtherethrough. Thus, when it is desired to filler pour the duid from the can, turn the nozzle to the position seen' in iig. 2, and pour in the usual manner, and, when the filling is completed, turn the nozzle back tothe position in iig. 1.-
It is necessary, in thus pouring from the can, that air be admitted to vent the can, so that the fluid will run freely therefrom. To do this, arrange, in the cap E, a valve-tube, d, open below, and perforated above the top of the can, as seen in the drawings, and arrange within the tube a spindle,f, provided with a valve, h, at the bottom, which closes the tube, and havinga spring acting upon and so as to support the valve hard up, and so as to close the lower end of thc tube, but yet so' that a light ,pressure upon the upper end of the spindle will depress the valve, so as to permit air to pass through the tubeinto the can. Thus,in illing from the can, the person handling the can has only to press the finger upon the valve-spindle to vent the can.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and useful, and desire to sec-ure by Letters Patent, is-
The thimble C, with its nozzleD arranged upon the spout B, so asto turn thereon, and operate in the man-l .ner described, in combination with the vent-valve 7a in the cover or can, all constructed so as to operate in the manner described.
J. J. MARoY;
Witnesses Ennnnznn GILBERT, LINUS BIRDSEY.