|Publication number||US7648456 B2|
|Application number||US 11/096,478|
|Publication date||Jan 19, 2010|
|Filing date||Apr 1, 2005|
|Priority date||Apr 1, 2005|
|Also published as||CA2603029A1, CN101208059A, CN101208059B, EP1885291A1, EP1885291B1, US7976457, US20060224039, US20100121137, WO2006107845A1|
|Publication number||096478, 11096478, US 7648456 B2, US 7648456B2, US-B2-7648456, US7648456 B2, US7648456B2|
|Inventors||Martin T. Steele, Sr.|
|Original Assignee||Coloplast A/S|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (2), Classifications (4), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This document relates to adapters for holding rear tip extenders onto penile prostheses.
Prosthetic penile implants have been used for many years to allow men suffering from impotence to achieve erection. Some penile prostheses have one or more cylinders with chambers that can be inflatable and may be connected to a fluid-filled reservoir via a pump and valve assembly. Typically, the cylinders of such a prosthetic device are implanted into the corpus cavernosae, the reservoir is implanted in the abdomen, and the pump is implanted in the scrotum. During use, the patient can actuate the pump so that fluid is transferred from the reservoir into the cylinders, producing enough rigidity for an erection. To deflate the cylinders and return the penis to a flaccid state, the patient can actuate a valve assembly within the pump so that the fluid in the cylinders is returned to the reservoir. Some penile prostheses include two cylinders that each have an inflatable chamber for disposal within the distal corpus cavernosae and a rear tip for disposal within the proximal corpus cavernosae toward the pubic bone. During use, the chambers are inflated, but the rear tips are not.
Surgery generally is required to implant a penile prosthesis within a patient. To implant a prosthesis, a surgeon typically makes an incision at the base of the penis and dilates each corpus cavernosum to create space for the cylinders. The distal end of the cylinder (the inflatable chamber) is then inserted into the corpus cavernosum, and the proximal end of the cylinder (the rear tip) is inserted into the body toward the pubic bone (e.g., inserted in the crus). To achieve a proper fit, the surgeon may attach one or more rear tip extenders (RTEs) onto the rear tip of the cylinder. An extender may be in the form of cap (e.g., a silicone rubber cap) that fits onto the rear tip to extend the length of the cylinder to a suitable amount. In some cases, more than one RTE is attached to the rear tip. Typically, these RTEs are attached to the rear tip and to each other via friction fits and/or mechanical interference, and separation of the components is inhibited by a vacuum that results when they are pulled in opposite directions.
The cylinder of a penile implant (e.g., the Mentor TITANŽ Inflatable Penile Prosthesis) can have a coating (e.g., a hydrophilic coating) to aid in implantation and, in some cases, to provide antibiotic properties. During implantation, such a coating may become hydrated, resulting in a lubricious surface. As a result of this lubricity, the friction fit engagement of a RTE to the rear tip of the cylinder (or to another RTE) can be reduced, and in some cases, the RTE may separate from the cylinder during or after implantation into a patient.
The adapters provided herein can increase the force required to separate an RTE from the rear tip of a prosthesis cylinder or from another RTE. An adapter can be configured to fit within a RTE and over an outer surface of a rear tip of a prosthesis cylinder. An adapter also can be configured to fit within a RTE and over an outer surface of another RTE. When contained within a RTE, an outer surface of an adapter can be in interference with an inner surface of the RTE. Similarly, when installed on a rear tip, an inner surface of an adapter can be in interference with an outer surface of the rear tip. An adapter can have one or more engagement lips or protrusions, which can be flat or pitched (e.g., threaded). When the adapter is installed on the rear tip of a cylinder, particularly when the rear tip is inserted into a RTE, the engagement lips can exert force against and cause compression of an outer surface of the rear tip. Similarly, when the adapter is installed on a first RTE, particularly when the first RTE is inserted into a second RTE, the engagement lips can exert force against and cause compression of an outer surface of the first RTE. In some cases, the full force performance of an adapter as described herein (e.g., an adapter having pitched engagement lips) can be about 4.9 pounds for a RTE that is 1 cm in length.
In one aspect, the invention features an adapter for holding a rear tip extender onto an outer portion of the rear tip of a penile prosthesis cylinder or another rear tip extender, wherein the adapter fits over the outer portion and within the rear tip extender, wherein the adapter comprises one or more protrusions to exert force against the rear tip when the adapter is installed upon the outer portion, and wherein the one or more protrusions extend at an angle between about 5 degrees and about 140 degrees from the sides of the adapter. The adapter can have two or more fingers, wherein each of the fingers has a protrusion to exert force against the outer portion when the adapter is installed upon the outer portion. The adapter can have side surfaces that are parallel to one another or that are angled with respect to one another. The adapter can have an outer diameter between about 5 mm and about 30 mm or between about 10 mm and about 15 mm. The adapter can have a bottom surface that lies within a plane, wherein each of the one or more protrusions has a top surface, and wherein each of the top surfaces lies within a plane that is parallel to the plane in which the bottom surface lies. Alternatively, the adapter can have a bottom surface that lies within a plane, wherein each of the one or more lips has a top surface, and wherein each of the top surfaces lies within a plane that is not parallel to the plane in which the bottom surface lies. The top surfaces can define a threaded pitch.
In another aspect, the invention features an article of manufacture comprising a rear tip extender for a penile prosthesis cylinder and the adapter described herein, wherein the rear tip extender is in the form of a hollow cone, and wherein the adapter is disposed within the interior of the rear tip extender. The adapter can be adhered to the interior surface of the rear tip extender.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention pertains. Although methods and materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can be used to practice the invention, suitable methods and materials are described below. All publications, patent applications, patents, and other references mentioned herein are incorporated by reference in their entirety. In case of conflict, the present specification, including definitions, will control. In addition, the materials, methods, and examples are illustrative only and not intended to be limiting.
The details of one or more embodiments of the invention are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. Other features, objects, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description and drawings, and from the claims.
Like reference symbols in the various drawings indicate like elements.
This disclosure relates to penile prostheses that can be coupled to RTEs. In particular, adapters for holding a RTE onto the outer surface of the cylinder of a penile prosthesis or the outer surface of another RTE are provided. These adapters can increase the force with which a RTE is connected to the rear tip of a penile prosthesis or to another RTE, and can reduce the likelihood of separation of the components during or after an implantation procedure. The adapters described herein can be particularly useful when a penile prosthesis has a coating (e.g., a hydrophilic coating) that becomes lubricious during or after implantation into a patient.
The distal ends of cylinders 15, each comprising inflation chamber 25, can be implanted within the corpus cavernosae of a patient, while the proximal ends of cylinders 15, each comprising rear tip 30, can be implanted into the patient's pubic region. A RTE can be attached to rear tip 30 such that the length of cylinders 15 is extended toward the area proximate the pubic bone (e.g., toward the crus). A RTE can be an interchangeable piece that fits on rear tip 30. In some cases, more than one RTE can be attached to rear tip 30 to achieve the desired length for cylinder 15, depending on the anatomy of the patient.
As disclosed herein, an adapter can be used to increase the force with which a RTE is connected to the outer surface of the rear tip of a penile prosthesis or to another RTE. An adapter can be made from any suitable material (e.g., a thermoplastic such as polycarbonate, polysulfone, or polyacetal, or a metal). For example, an adapter can be made from a polymer such DELRINŽ acetal resin (also known as polyoxymethylene). In some cases, an adapter can be made of the same material used to make a RTE. In addition, an adapter can have any dimensions. An adapter can have a diameter between about 2 mm and about 30 mm (e.g., about 2 mm, about 3 mm about 4 mm, about 5 mm, about 8 mm, about 10 mm, about 12 mm, about 13 mm, about 15 mm, about 17 mm, about 20 mm, about 23 mm, about 25 mm, or about 30 mm). An adapter also can have a length between about 5 mm and about 25 mm (e.g., about 5 mm, about 8 mm, about 10 mm, about 12 mm, about 15 mm, about 17 mm, about 20 mm, about 23 mm, or about 25 mm). Further, an adapter can be made using any suitable method. For example, an adapter can be machined from a suitable polymer, can be made by molding (e.g., by injection molding), or by casting/forming.
Inner and outer side surfaces 115 and 120 can be continuous and uninterrupted by slits or other openings. Alternatively, inner and outer side surfaces 115 and 120 can define one or more slits (e.g., slits 135 and 140) that can extend from top surface 130 toward bottom surface 125. The presence of slits such as slits 135 and 140 can divide the sides of adapter 100 into two or more sections or fingers. As shown in
Top surface 130 and side surfaces 115 and 120 can define lip 160. When adapter 100 is installed onto the rear tip of a penile prosthesis cylinder, lip 160 can exert force against the rear tip, particularly when the rear tip is inserted into a RTE. Similarly, when adapter 100 is installed onto a RTE, lip 160 can exert force against the RTE, particularly when the RTE is inserted into another RTE. Lip 160 can extend from side surfaces 115 and/or 120 at an angle between about 5 degrees and about 140 degrees (e.g., about 10 degrees, about 20 degrees, about 30 degrees, about 45 degrees, about 50 degrees, about 60 degrees, about 65 degrees, about 70 degrees, about 75 degrees, about 80 degrees, about 85 degrees, about 90 degrees, about 95 degrees, about 100 degrees, about 105 degrees, about 110 degrees, about 115 degrees, about 120 degrees, about 125 degrees, about 130 degrees, or about 140 degrees). As shown in
Adapter 200, depicted in
With reference to
Alternatively, adapter 300 (
The adapters described herein can be installed on an outer surface of the rear tip of a penile prosthesis cylinder or on an outer surface of a RTE by a clinician (e.g., a surgeon or a surgical assistant) at or near the time of implantation. An adapter can be installed on a rear tip or on a first RTE prior to insertion of the rear tip or the first RTE into a second RTE. Alternatively, an adapter can be inserted into a RTE prior to insertion of a rear tip. In fact, an article of manufacture can include a RTE having an adapter pre-installed therein, such that a clinician only has to insert the rear tip of a cylinder into the RTE/adapter assembly. An adapter can be held within a RTE by a friction fit or mechanical interference. Alternatively, an adapter can be adhered to the interior surface of an RTE using, for example, an adhesive such as silicone, an acrylic, an epoxy, polyurethane, or cyanocrylate.
It is to be understood that while the invention has been described in conjunction with the detailed description thereof, the foregoing description is intended to illustrate and not limit the scope of the invention, which is defined by the scope of the appended claims. Other aspects, advantages, and modifications are within the scope of the following claims.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7959556 *||May 20, 2010||Jun 14, 2011||Coloplast A/S||Penile prosthesis cap, assembly, and implantation tool|
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|Aug 1, 2006||AS||Assignment|
|Aug 8, 2006||AS||Assignment|
|Apr 16, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MENTOR CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:STEELE, MARTIN T., SR., MR.;REEL/FRAME:019167/0124
Effective date: 20050516
|Dec 28, 2010||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jun 19, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4