US 766202 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 766,202. PATENTED AUG. 2, 1904. S. A. VANDEWATER.
FOUNTAIN PEN FILLING DEVICE APPLICATION FILED 00T.12, 1903.
41 Min W, E & I
WITNESSES: INVENTOR M- BY M W mmgw UNTTED STATES SAMUEL A. VANDElVATER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO BEEKMAN Patented August 2, 1904.
NOVELTY COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NE\\' Y O E ii.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 766,202, d d A g 2, 1904.
Application filed October 12, 1903. Serial No. 176,643. No modelf T0 In 11-]; (1/11 it may concern:
Be it known that l, SAMUnL A. Vaxnnwm "run, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of New York city. county and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fountain-Pen- Filling Devices, of which the following is a specification.reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof.
My invention relates to devices employed for the purpose of filling fountain-pens, and particuhn'ly relates to improvements therein resulting in the production of a device of such a simple and compact form as to permit it to be readily carried in the pocket or contained in the boxes or cases in which fountain-pens are ordinarily packed.
The device comprises a Ushaped tube, one arm provided at its outer end with a piston or plunger and the other arm adapted to be inserted into an ink bottle or other receiver. A strut connects the two arms together near the base thereof, such strut being employed for the purpose of strengthening the device and also i-onstituting means by which the device may be grasped by hand during the operation of filling a pen barrel or receiver.
in the preferred form of my invention one of the arms has a flexible or jointed portion whereby it may be bent outwardly when being used for a filling operation, but may be straightened out or folded up, so as to cause the device to take up the smallest space possible and be very compact when not in operation.
My invention further consists in certain details of construction and combination of parts, as will be hereinafter more fully pointed out.
I will now proceed to describe a fountainpen-liiiing device embodying my invention and will then point out the novel features in claims.
in the drawings, Figure 1 shows a view, in partial side elevation and partial central transverse section, of a fountain-pen-iilling device embodying my invention, showing the same in operation. Fig. 2 is a view in outside elevation of the fountain-pen-iilling device when out of operation and closed up for carrying in the pocket or the like. Fig. 3 shows a slightlymodilied form in which one of the arms is composed of flexible material substantially throughout its length. Fig. e is a view in side elevation of a further modified form in which both arms are rigid, but embodying certain other features of my invention.
The device comprises a U-shaped tube, (designated in the drawings as a whole by the reference character l.) The tube comprises an arm 2, to the outer end of which is secured a piston or plunger 3, another arm 4, and a curved portion 5 uniting them. A strut 6, comprising a flat strap of metal, extends from one said arm to the other and is rigidly secured to both of them. This strut not only acts as a brace for rigidly connecting the parts together and holding them against any tendency to bend, but further constitutes a handpiece by which the device may conveniently be grasped when in operation, as shown in Fig. 1.
The arm i is preferably provided with a movable portion 7, jointed to the main portion of the arm i, which joint may conveniently comprise a small piece of hose 8, embracing one end of the movable portion T of the arm and the end of the main portion of the arm 4.
The piston 23, which is secured to the outer end of the arm 2., preferably comprises a small thin rubber washer held upon the end of the said arm by means of two metallic washers 9 and 10, rigidly secured to the said arm. It is particularly desirable for the purposes of the present invention that the rubber washer 3 be thin and flexible, and the metal washers are provided for the purpose of securing the same properly upon the arm and giving the base of the rubber washer sufficient rigidity, while permitting full play and flexibility to the outer end of the same.
The operation of the device is as follows: The fountain-pen reservoir or barrel having been removed from the pen-holding portion, the piston or plunger 3 is forced into same as far as it will go. The device is then grasped by the handpiece 6, and the movable member '7 of the arm a inserted into an ink well or receiver. The pen-barrel is now withdrawn, the effect of which movement of withdrawal being to suck ink from the ink bottle or receiver through the pen-filling device into the barrel, so that when the barrel is finally removed it will be substantially filled with ink.
After the device has been used it may be wiped off and the movable portion 7 of the arm 4 folded up, as shown in Fig. 2, when it can be conveniently carried in the pocket or placed in the pen case or box.
The form of connection shown is a preferable form, because the rubber of which the hose 8 is composed being elastic the parts will have an initial tendency to return to the position shown in Fig. 2 directly they are released. The connection is hence an elastic one and is a desirable, simple, and inexpensive construction.
In Fig. 3 I have shown a somewhat-modified structure, in which the movable portion 7 of the arm 4: is flexible throughout, the entire movable portion comprising a section of flexible hose.
In Fig. 4 I have shown a further-modified form, in which the arm 4 has no movable portion and which hence does not embody all the advantages of the other forms shown herein; but the structure, however, is a compact one, which may be readily carried in the pocket, and embodies some of the advantages of my present invention.
While I have described my invention in' the foregoing as employed for the purpose of filling fountain-pens, it is obvious that the device will also be useful in cleaning the same. In its operation of filling a pen-barrel, as above described, the piston or plunger scrapes the interior of the said barrel, and thereby clears the same of any sediment which may have been deposited. The device may further be employed for drawing water into the penbarrel and then forcing same out again before being used for filling the barrel with ink should the barrel be very foul and it be desired to thoroughly wash it out. It will also be noticed that during a fliling operation any fluid remaining in the pen-barrel (either watcr from a washing operation or ink left over from a previous filling) will-be forced out by the movement of the piston or plunger from one end of the barrel to the other, and hence each filling operation will result in fresh ink only being introduced into the pen.
\Vhat I claim is I 1. A fountain-pen-filling device comprising a U-shaped tube, one arm of which includes a plunger or piston, and a finger-piece extending between the two arms and rigidly securing them together.
2. A fountain-pen-fllling device comprising a bent tube, to one end of which is secured a piston or plunger, and a finger-piece secured to the said tube by which it may be grasped by hand. I
3. A fountain-pen-filling device comprising a bent tube, to one end of which is secured a piston or plunger, the outer end of the other I arm jointed to the main portion of the device and constituting a movable portion.
4. A fountain-pen-filling device consisting of a bent tube comprising two arms, a piston or plunger secured to the outer end of one of the said arms, the other of the said arms having a movable portion, and an elastic connection securing the movable portion to the main portion.
5. A fountain-pen-filling device consisting of a bent tube comprising two arms, a piston orplunger secured to the outer end of one of the said arms, and a section of flexible hose comprising a portion of the other said arm.
6. A fountain-pen-filling device comprising a bent tube, having a thin rubber washer mounted upon the outer end of one of its arms, metallic washers rigidly secured to thetube upon opposite sides of the said rubber washer, and a finger-piece extending from one arm to the other and rigidly connected to both, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
SAMUEL A. VANDEVVATER.
H. BEEKMAN, C. F. WEBSTER.