|Publication number||US769138 A|
|Publication date||Aug 30, 1904|
|Filing date||Jun 9, 1904|
|Priority date||Jun 9, 1904|
|Publication number||US 769138 A, US 769138A, US-A-769138, US769138 A, US769138A|
|Original Assignee||Joseph Hotchner|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATENTED AUG. 30, 19-04.
J. I'IO'ICHNER. ILLUMINATED SIGN. APPLICATION FILE}? JUNE 9, 1904 N0 MODEL.
UNITED STATES Patented August 30, 1904.
PATENT OF CE.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 769,138, dated. August 30, 1904.
7 Application filed June 9, 1904. Serial No. 211,774- (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, J osErH HOTOHNER, a resident of the city of Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Illuminated Signs; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof,.reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates-to illuminated signs, and has for its object to construct raised let-- ters or characters having a hollow center portion covered with a translucent material and attach the same to the groundwork of signs. Characters thus constructed allow the light to shine through their centerportion from theback by night and give the appearance of solid carved characters by day.
Another object is to construct the raised portion of the character by'securing strips of material, such as molding or the like, to the groundwork around its edge, thus forming the outline of the character, and covering the center portion with gauze wire. Said center portion may be gilded the same as the rest of the character, if desired, and through it light may shine for the purpose of illuminating the sign at night. Thus the characters are made to present a handsome and rich appearance by day and are capable .of being brilliantly illuminated by night by means that are entirely concealed and awayfrom the action of the wind and weather.
- With these and other objects in view the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, as will be more fully described, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a front view of my illuminated sign, showing the letter H with its center portion covered with gauze wire. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section ofsaid sign on line 2 2 of Fig. 1, showing a double sign or a sign with letters on two of its faces. Fig. 3 is an enlarged transverse sectional view on line 3 3 of Fig. 1, showing a sign with letters on one face only and with means for re fleeting and screening. the lights so they can- 1, showing the hollow center portion of the letter and means for holding said letter to the 'backing, also showing the gauze wire across the outer face of the letter and means for securingthe same.
In the drawings, 1 in Figs. 1 and 2 is the background, formed into the shape, preferably, of a thin hollow box having two broad flat faces and which may be constructed of wood or other suitable material. On two of the faces of this box are secured raised characters, the letter I-I being shown inthe drawings. This letter is formed in outline on the backing 1 by strips of molding 2 or the like, having beveled edges, said strips being secured to said backing by screws 3 or other suitable fastenings. Across the top face of this letter is secured gauze wire 4 or other similar translucent material,.wh1ch is held in place around the top edge of said letter by screws or nails, the heads of said fastenings then being covered by the molding 5.
At 6 is an aperture or opening made through the groundwork for the admission of light to the center portion of the letters from within the box.
, Fig. 3 shows another form of sign with the letter on one face only. The background of this sign is also made in the form of a thin box within which and on each of its two sides are placed a row of electric lights 7 7. Over these lights are placed reflectors 8 8, which also serve as a screen, so they cannot be seen through the gauze-wire face from without.
These reflectors throw the light from said lamps toward the center of the hollow box and through the apertures 6, causing the face of the letter to be brilliantly illuminated.
It is found in practice that the light as it comes through the apertures 6 into the hollow portion of the letters is diffused by the fine meshof the gauze wire, and the light is nicely distributed over the face of the letter. My construction of an illuminated sign is extremely simple, inexpensive, and practical. By the arrangement of lights within the hollow box and the reflector behind them the light thrown into the center of the letter,
. tion will not warp or-break, as the molding that forms their outline always runs lengthwise of the grain. The raising of these letters is a distinct, novel, and valuable feature. The effect of this construction on an illuminated sign is very striking, and its advantages as an advertising medium over the old method of illuminating is at once apparent.
I am not claiming, broadly, in this application the use of the translucent material covering the hollow portion of the characters, as same is claimed in my application for patent Serial No. 205,766, filed April 30, 1904.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a device of the character described, a backing, characters raised in outline on said backing forming a hollow center portion, and translucent material covering the outer face of the hollow center portion of said characters for the purpose of illuminating the same from the back thereof.
2. In a device of the character described, a backing, a character raised in outline by strips of material placed around its outer edge, said strips being secured to said backing forming a hollow center portion between the said strips, translucent material covering the outer gauze wire covering the outer face of said hollow center portion for the purpose of giving said character the appearance by day of being solid, raised and carved and also to admit light therethrough by night from the back.
5. In a device of the character described, characters raised in outline forming a hollow center portion and translucentmaterial covering the outer face of the hollow center portion of said characters for the purpose of illuminating the same from the back thereof.
6. In a device of the character described, a backing, characters raised in outline on said backing forming a hollow center portion, translucent material covering the outer face of the hollow center portion of said characters for the purpose of illuminating the same from the back thereof, and reflectors around the edges of the characters to hide the lamps and throw the light through the hollow center portion of said characters.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my, hand this lth day of June, A. D. 190;.
JOSEPH H O'ICHNER.
In presence of-- HowA'ni) E. BARLOW, E. I. OGDEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5105568 *||Apr 29, 1991||Apr 21, 1992||Innovative Products Group, Inc.||Illuminated sign having stencil panel and reflector panel|