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Publication numberUS769447 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 6, 1904
Filing dateJan 18, 1904
Priority dateJan 18, 1904
Publication numberUS 769447 A, US 769447A, US-A-769447, US769447 A, US769447A
InventorsWalter Sabin Mckinney
Original AssigneeWalter Sabin Mckinney
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tripod.
US 769447 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED SEPT. 6, 1904.

W. S. MOKINNEY.

TRIPOD.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 18, 1904.

NO MODEL.

Patented September 6, 1904.

UNITED STATE PATENT OFFICE.

WALTER SABIN MOKINNEY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

TRIPOD.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 769,447, ed September 6, 1904.

Application filed January 18, 1904. Serial No. 189,593. (No model.)

To {ZZZ whom, it nmq concern..-

Be it known that I, IVALTER SABIN MCKIN- NEY, of Chicago, Cook county, Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tripods, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to tripods, and particularly to the construction and manner of assembling the parts of a collapsible threelegged support for a theodolite, compass, telescope, camera, and the like, though it is obvious that it might be applied to stands having any number of legs.

Among the salient objects of the present invention are to provide a construction in which the legs may be attached or detached without the use of screws, clamping devices, or the like, and when adjusted to position cannot become accidentally disengaged, to provide a construction in which the bearing connections between the tripod head and legs are of great length in a direction parallel with the plane of the head, thereby uniting the latter with the legs with great rigidity and preventing torsional movement of the upper part of the structure relative to the points of support when set up, to provide a construction in which the legs may be adjusted to various angles of divergence and after being so adjusted may all be simultaneously and by a single movement rigidly locked in fixed relation to each other, to provide a construction which may be quickly and conveniently collapsed as to its legs and dismembered, if desired, and in general to provide a simple, cheap, and rigid structure of the character referred to.

The invention will be readily understood from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in whieh- Figure l is an elevation of a tripod embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of a tripod-head. Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken through the head and one of the legs, showing the relative positions of the parts when assembled. Fig. at is a fragmentary side elevation of a leg. Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of a leg-section at the joint end, and Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view through the leg-joint.

Referring to the drawings, 1 designates a head, preferably made of wood, and having mounted on the under side thereof three castings 2 2 2, each provided with a pair of ears or lugs 3 3, between each pair of which is rigidly mounted a pin 4, preferably hollow, and held a short distance from the casting 2 by the lugs. The lugs 3 are of a peculiar shape, being provided attheir inner sides with guard portions 5 5,(see Figs. 2 and 3,) having curved inner surfaces concentric with the pin 4, the lower ends of said guards extending downwardly approximately even with the lower edge of the pin 4.

Referring to Figs. 3 and 4:, 6 designates as a whole one of the legs, composed in the present instance of two tubular members 7 and 8, telescoping one upon the other and adapted to be locked in adjusted position by means of a thumb-screw 9, passing through a band 10 upon the end of the outer member 7 and into engagement with a tongue 11, Fig. 5, whereby the latter is pressed into engagement with the inner member 8 and the members locked against telescoping movement. \Vithin the upper end of each leg is brazed or otherwise securely fastened a T-shaped fastening 12, provided in the present instance at the ends of the arms with shoulders or hands 13 13 and also in the middle of one side with a projecting segment or stud 1%, having a curved and serrated end. Extending longitudinally throughout the length of the T portion of the casting 12 and into the casting in a direction at right angles to the leg is a slot or socket 15, terminating in the center of said casting and constituting a bearing into which fits the pin i when the leg is attached to the head. The position of the slot in the casting makes it neceseary to lift the leg to a horizontal position or to a position parallel with the plane of the head in order to pass the slot over the pin l, because of the down\vardly-projecting guard (Clearly indicated in Fig. 3.) It is obvious, therefore, that as soon as the outer end of the leg is lowered and the casting turns upon the pin at the leg cannot be removed until lifted to a horizontal position again.

16 designates a casting provided with three downwardly and outwardly deflected arms 17,

rotatably mounted on the under side of the head 1 by means of a thumb-screw 18, which passes through the casting and the head and is also adapted to pass into a tappet-hole in the instrument used upon the tripod. The arms 17 are provided with serrated ends, which are adapted to be turned to register and mesh with the ends of the stud-like projection 14 after the legs have been attached and adjusted to the desired angle, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3. The screw 18 is tightened to hold these arms rigidly in mesh with the stud 14 and at the same time tightens the instrument upon the head. It will thus be seen that the legs are held against a swinging movement out and in, and because of the length of the arms of the casting 12, forming the bearing for the legs, they are rigidly held against lateral or tortional movement, a very important feature when the tripod is used to support a camera having a large expansion or any instrument which must be rigidly and steadily supported when in use.

It is obvious that modification in the details of construction may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I do not therefore limit my invention to the details shown except in so far as they are made the subject of specific claims.

I claim 1. In a tripod, the combination with a head, of a transverse support upon said head and a leg adapted to be connected therewith, provided with a transversely-disposed socket fitting said support and having an opening at one side extending parallel with the pivotal axis of the socket through which said support may enter, the angular position of said opening being at an abrupt angle to the longitudinal axis of the leg, and means holding the parts against separation except when the leg is flexed to an abnormal position relative to the head. 7

2. In a tripod, the combination with a head, of a transverse support upon said head and a leg adapted to be connected therewith, provided with a transversely-disposed socket fitting said support and having an opening at one side extending parallel with the pivotal axis of the socket through which said support may enter, the angular position of said opening being at an abruptangle to the longitudinal axis of the leg, said socket being provided with a circular exterior portion concentric with the axis thereof, and a part upon said head fitting said circular part and holding the parts against separation except when the leg is flexed to an abnormal position relative to the head, substantially as described.

3. In a tripod, the combination with a head, of an extended transverse support upon said head and a leg provided with a transverselydisposed socket portion at one end having therein a longitudinally-extending socket with a longitudinal opening into one side through which said support may enter, the angular position of said opening being at an abrupt angle to the longitudinal axis of the leg, the exterior of said socket portion being circular and concentric with the axis of said socket, and a lug upon said head at each end of and adjacent said support and having curved surfaces concentric with the axis of said socket, holding the parts against separation except when the leg is flexed to an abnormal position relative to the head, substantially as described.

4. In a tripod, the combination with a head, of a purality of legs, and means for attaching each of said legs to said head comprising a comparatively long bearing member secured to said head and a correspondingly long attaching member upon the end of said leg with a longitudinallyextending socket opening into the axis of said attaching member into.

which said bearing member fits, and means for holding said bearing member and said attaching member against separation.

5. A tripod comprising in combination, a head, a plurality of legs, and means for attaching each of said legs to said head, comprising a comparatively long bearing member secured to said head and a correspondingly long attaching member upon the end of said leg with a longitudinally-extending socket opening into the axis of said attaching member into which said bearing member fits, and means for simultaneously locking said legs in variousangles of divergence, substantially as described.

6. A tripod comprising in combination a head, a plurality of legs, and means for pivotally and detachably mounting said legs upon said head, said means comprising a plurality of horizontally-extending bearing members secured to said head, a correspondingly-extending attaching member secured, to each leg and provided with a longitudinally-extending socket opening thereinto adapted to be passed over one of said bearing members, and .a guard member mounted adjacent each bearing member to prevent the unintentional separation of the parts, substantially as described.

7. A tripod comprising in combination a head, a plurality of legs, and means for pivotally and detachably mounting said legs upon said head, said means comprising a plurality of horizontally-extending bearing members secured to said head, a correspondingly-extending attaching member upon each leg and provided with a longitudinally extending socket opening into the axis thereof adapted to be passed over one of said bearing members, a guard member mounted upon said head adjacent each bearing member to prevent the accidental separation of the leg from the head, and means for locking said legs in various angles of divergence, substantially as described.

8. A tripod. comprising a head, a plurality of extensible legs, and means for detachably and adjustably mounting said legs upon said head, comprising a plurality of horizontallyextending bearings mounted upon said head, corresponding attaching members provided with longitudinally-extending sockets opening into the axis thereof secured to each leg, a projecting segment mounted upon said attaching member, an armed member With segment ends rotatably mounted upon said head and adapted to be turned so that the arms thereof register with and engage the project- 1

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2463655 *Sep 6, 1945Mar 8, 1949Temple Jr Nathan EdwardNonslip tripod
US2673636 *May 13, 1949Mar 30, 1954Vermette HowardCollapsible pipe stand
US2687866 *Sep 25, 1951Aug 31, 1954Johnson Aberth JTripod
US2868426 *Jun 16, 1954Jan 13, 1959Groves Howard TStepladder
US3023911 *Apr 4, 1960Mar 6, 1962Garcy CorpExtensible rod for a garment display rack
US3112910 *Jul 25, 1961Dec 3, 1963Hubert Bal FrancoisMulti-purpose telescopic support
US3335989 *Jun 1, 1965Aug 15, 1967Bachmann Emil HeinrichStand for optical instruments
US3718306 *Oct 22, 1970Feb 27, 1973Brewster CorpSupporting feet for panels and the like
US4492354 *Jan 20, 1983Jan 8, 1985R. B. Industries, Inc.Collapsible stand for roller support
US4565263 *Jun 10, 1985Jan 21, 1986Southworth Ted JSawhorse with extendible and contractible leg assemblies
US4767090 *Apr 30, 1986Aug 30, 1988Kar-Hart Productions, Inc.Tripods
US7048241 *Apr 18, 2003May 23, 2006Crain Enterprises, Inc.Geomatic support having hinged legs with hinge lock
US7124985Apr 18, 2003Oct 24, 2006Crain Enterprises, Inc.Geomatic pole support with telescoping legs and locks
US7207534Apr 18, 2003Apr 24, 2007Crain Enterprises, Inc.Geomatic pole support and foot therefor
US7222827Apr 18, 2003May 29, 2007Crain Enterprises, Inc.Telescoping leg lock with thumb actuator
US7240881Jan 17, 2006Jul 10, 2007Crain Enterprises, Inc.Geomatic support having hinged legs with hinge lock
US7374140Jun 1, 2006May 20, 2008Crain Enterprises, Inc.Geomatic pole support with telescoping legs and locks
US7631842Apr 18, 2003Dec 15, 2009Seco Manufacturing Company, Inc.Modular geomatic pole support system
WO2008134698A1 *Apr 30, 2008Nov 6, 2008Ferno WashingtonHigh directional having a configurable number of telescoping legs
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA47B13/021