|Publication number||US7697894 B2|
|Application number||US 11/067,764|
|Publication date||Apr 13, 2010|
|Filing date||Mar 1, 2005|
|Priority date||Mar 1, 2005|
|Also published as||EP1854223A1, EP1854223A4, US20060199533, WO2006092688A2|
|Publication number||067764, 11067764, US 7697894 B2, US 7697894B2, US-B2-7697894, US7697894 B2, US7697894B2|
|Inventors||Martin Zilliacus, Marco Sandrini, Sakari Kotola, Jorma Vartia, Petri Vesikivi|
|Original Assignee||Nokia Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (86), Non-Patent Citations (30), Referenced by (8), Classifications (26), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is related to application Ser. No. 10/801,598, filed Mar. 17, 2004, entitled, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOTE SERVICE INFORMATION, assigned to Nokia Corporation.
1. Field of Invention
The present invention relates to wireless communications. More particularly, the present invention relates to the management of automatically downloaded information received on a wireless communication device via short-range communications.
2. Description of Prior Art
Wireless communication devices (WCD) continue to proliferate in the marketplace due to technological improvements in both the quality of the communications and the functionality of the devices. Devices such as cellular telephones have become commonplace for both personal and business use, allowing users to transmit and receive voice, text and graphical data from a multitude of geographical locations. The communication networks utilized by WCDs span different frequencies and cover different broadcast distances, each having strengths applicable to different communication applications.
Cellular networks facilitate WCD communications over large geographic areas. GSM, a widely employed cellular network which communicates in the 900 MHZ-1.8 GHZ band in Europe and at 1.9 GHZ in the United States, provides voice communication and supports the transmission of textual data via the Short Messaging Service (SMS). SMS allows a WCD to transmit and receive text messages of up to 160 characters. It also provides data transfer to packet networks, ISDN and POTS users at 9.6 Kbps. While cellular networks like GSM are a well-accepted means for transmitting and receiving data, due to cost, traffic and legislative concerns, a cellular network may not be appropriate for all data applications.
Short-range wireless networks provide communication solutions that avoid the problems seen in cellular networks. Bluetooth™ is an example of a short-range wireless technology quickly gaining acceptance in the marketplace. A Bluetooth™ enabled WCD transmits and receives data at a rate of 720 Kbps within a range of 10 meters, and may transmit up to 100 meters with additional power boosting. A user does not actively instigate a Bluetooth™ network. Instead, a plurality of devices within operating range of each other will automatically form a network group called a “piconet”. Any device may promote itself to the master of the piconet, allowing it to control data exchanges with up to seven “active” slaves and 255 “parked” slaves. Active slaves exchange data based on the clock timing of the master. Parked slaves monitor a beacon signal in order to stay synchronized with the master, and wait for an active slot to become available. These devices continually switch between various active communication and power saving modes in order to transmit data to other piconet members.
The multitude of communication networks utilized by WCDs have created new opportunities for businesses to contact potential customers. Advertisers desire to use audio, text and graphical messages to promote goods and services directly to a consumer through a WCD. In order to control the rampant proliferation of advertising, often called “spamming” when referring to unsolicited email messages, many governments have implemented strict controls over how advertisers and information providers may use global cellular networks like GSM. For example, strict new laws are being passed in Korea where 5% of the 220 million cellular text messages sent daily are unsolicited advertisements. Many laws require opt-in for mobile marketing to prevent spam from getting to the consumer. For marketers, getting opt-in acceptance is a real problem. However, these regulatory problems currently do not exist for short-range networks.
Some services currently exist for marketers who desire to communicate information over short-range networks. The Nokia Local Marketing Solution is an information providing architecture for distributing data via short-range networks. A user who walks within transmission range of an access point using short-range communications (e.g., Bluetooth™) has information automatically downloaded to a memory buffer in the WCD. The user must then open a “shortcut” browser to select from various temporarily stored “bookmarks”. The selected bookmark is then permanently saved in the WCD, and in some cases, additional data relevant to the saved bookmark may then be retrieved via a cellular network. Unselected bookmarks are automatically deleted from the memory buffer when space is required to download new content.
iJack™ is a similar service provided by TeliaSonera Finland Oyj that provides graphical information to a user in effective range of a service point. The service point includes a Bluetooth™ broadcast device which may be totally wireless in that the service point may also be programmed wirelessly using a GPRS cellular link to a business. The service point can then simultaneously broadcast information over a piconet containing up to seven Bluetooth™ enabled WCDs. The user requires an iJack™ browser to view the information. After the browser is loaded, information is automatically downloaded to a WCD whenever the user comes into range of a service point. To save the data, the user must open the browser, find the information and manually trigger a download to the WCD.
While advertising over a short-range network may provide an innovative way for a business to reach a target consumer, communicating via this medium is not without its limitations. In both of the aforementioned existing services, a user may be forced to specify a category of information to receive (e.g., “coupons”) that does not adequately limit incoming messages. As a result, the WCD will continue to receive an overabundance of bookmarks. The user must repeatedly perform a manual sort through the downloaded information to indicate bookmarks desired to be saved. Otherwise, these desired bookmarks may inadvertently be discarded as older information is purged to make room in the memory buffer. The labor required for the user to manually maintain downloaded content is multiplied by the number of categories allowed to be downloaded to the WCD, turning an otherwise beneficial function into an unpleasant and tedious chore.
Further, a proliferation of wireless direct-to-consumer advertising may result in a backlash against these companies . Users who find their WCD filled with a plethora of undesired information, including spam, viruses and other unwelcome information, may take steps to prevent these messages from being downloaded. A disgruntled user could turn off the Bluetooth™ reception features of their WCD, which may result in all short-range communications being disabled in the device. This negatively impacts the consumer as well as the advertisers because the user will not be able to receive any advertisements, offers or information from which they might benefit.
As demonstrated above, software-based category filters are not dynamic nor precise enough to substantially improve the situation. Many category classifications include too much breadth to allow a user to define a specific subject matter out of the general field of messages. In addition, some information providers could take liberties with the classification of their messages so that they might bypass a filtering category. Finally, a user may want to receive information relevant to a certain geographic location, or only during a specific time period. For example, a user visiting a shopping mall may want to receive offers or coupons for sales only during the time they spend at that particular shopping mall. A category classification filter would require significant user configuration in order to provide a specific short-term permission in this manner.
Therefore, what is needed is a short-range wireless communication architecture that allows a WCD to receive only messages pertaining to desired offers or topics that may be conditionally implemented in a simple manner.
The instant invention solves the problems present in existing systems by providing a simplified communication solution wherein a user indicates desired subject matter to be downloaded by manually scanning authorization information into a WCD, the authorization information being used to decide which automatically downloaded bookmarks should be permanently retained, without requiring further intervention by the user.
The invention includes, but is not limited to, a method, a computer program product comprising a computer readable storage medium having computer readable program code embodied in the medium, and apparatus for managing information available via wireless connections wherein a user receives service and authentication information via wireless communication to a WCD. The service information, or bookmark, may include audio, text or graphical data. A bookmark is stored temporarily until corresponding service authentication information is also contained within the WCD, or upon the manual selection by a user.
The WCD receives at least part of the service information via short-range wireless communications. For example, the information may be automatically transferred when the WCD comes within range of a Bluetooth™ service point.
The corresponding service authentication is derived from machine-readable data scanned via short-range communication. A user positions a WCD near a displayed target object containing machine-readable data, allowing the WCD to read and retain service authentication information. In at least one embodiment, the scanning function of the WCD provides energy and a clock signal to a passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) transponder, which triggers the device to send a data response containing the service authentication information.
The temporarily stored service information is continually compared to the saved service authentication information. If the service information corresponds to the authentication information, the service information is permanently saved. The service information is then made available on the WCD via a user interface. In some instances, the user may then select the bookmark resulting in additional content being downloaded from a cellular network like GSM.
The invention will be further understood from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment, taken in conjunction with appended drawings, in which:
While the invention has been described in preferred embodiments, various changes can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, as described in the appended claims, in which:
I. Operational Environment
Before describing the invention in detail, it is helpful to describe an environment in which the invention may be used. Accordingly,
WCD 100 is capable of engaging in various types of wireless communications. For instance, WCD 100 may engage in short-range communications 114, as well as long range cellular communications 104 (e.g., GSM). Examples of short-range communications are not limited to Bluetooth™, WLAN (i.e., IEEE 802.11), ultra wideband (UWB) and/or wireless USB transmission. As shown in
When WCD 100 is within coverage area 116 of access point 106, it may enter into a short-range communications connection with access point 106. Once this connection is established, access point 106 may provide information to WCD 100 regarding various available services. This information may include one or more links or shortcuts to such services. These links may be transmitted to WCD 100 in an arrangement or data structure that is referred to herein as a service bookmark 508. Details regarding bookmark 508 are described below with reference to
WCD 100 is also capable of communicating by employing short-range scanning of a target object containing machine-readable data. For instance, RFID communications can be used to scan a target object located within, or in proximity to, an access point 106. For such communications, the target object may include a transponder, which provides data (e.g., tag 500, described below with reference to
Various service providers 110 provide these services. In the environment of
Backbone network 114 is also used for the accumulation of links by access points 106. For instance, each service provider 110 may transmit information regarding its services to access point 106 via a high capacity wireless data network 108. Non-limiting examples of high capacity wireless data networks include unidirectional broadcast networks such as DVB used alone, or in combination with, a cellular network employing for example GPRS. Alternatively, an access point 106 may be connected to the packet network 112 via hardwire network connection 118. The information transmitted from the service provider may include data (e.g., bookmarks) to be collected by WCD 100. In addition, backbone network 114 may be used by WCD 100 to obtain further data from service providers 110 related to bookmark information received from access point 106.
II. Wireless Communication Device
Memory 208 may include random access memory (RAM), read only memory (ROM), and/or flash memory, and stores information in the form of data and software components (also referred to herein as modules). The data stored by memory 208 may be associated with particular software components. In addition, this data may be associated with databases, such as bookmark database 224 seen in
The software components stored by memory 208 include instructions that can be executed by processor 204. Various types of software components may be stored in memory 208. For instance, memory 208 may store software components that control the operation of communication sections 200, 202 and 212. Also, memory 208 may store software components including a firewall 226, the service guide manager 222, bookmark database 224, user interface manager 206, and any required communications utilities modules.
Short-range communications 200 is responsible for functions involving the exchange of information across short-range wireless networks. As described above, examples of such short-range communications 226 are not limited to Bluetooth™, WLAN, UWB and Wireless USB connections. Accordingly, short-range communications 200 performs functions related to the establishment of short-range connections, as well as processing related to the transmission and reception of information via such connections.
Short-range input device 212, as depicted in
Long-range communications 202 performs functions related to the exchange of information across large coverage area networks (such as cellular networks) via an antenna. Therefore, long-range communications 202 may operate to establish data communications sessions, such as General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) sessions and/or Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) sessions. Also, long-range communications 202 may operate to transmit and receive messages, such as short messaging service (SMS) messages and/or multimedia messaging service (MMS) messages.
As shown in
Hardware corresponding to communications sections 200, 202 and 212 provide for the transmission and reception of signals. Accordingly, these portions may include components (e.g., electronics) that perform functions, such as modulation, demodulation, amplification, and filtering. These portions may be controlled by communications modules stored in memory 208.
The elements shown in
Firewall 226 and service guide manager 222 may operate as background processes. This allows for the collection of data (e.g., bookmarks linked to services) without interrupting the user's operation of the device. Over time, the device collects new data. However, in order to handle the device's memory constraints, new service information cannot be collected indefinitely without deleting the older data.
The service guide manager 222 may process and permanently store bookmarks in bookmark database 224. Bookmark database 224 provides for the storage of data (such as service bookmarks). These bookmarks may be stored in various folders, where each folder corresponds to a particular menu. Examples of such folders 802 are shown in
The bookmark database 224 may also store categorical information, such as keywords. The categorical information may be mapped to the stored bookmarks. This advantageously helps a user perform topical searches for particular bookmarks. Such categorical information may accompany data when it is received from a service point.
Service guide manager 222 is also coupled to a user interface manager stored in memory 208. The user interface manager provides functionality, such as a graphical user interface, for the presentation of links to users. In addition, this functionality provides for user selection and activation of links.
The service guide manager 222 may also interact with a communications utilities module, also contained in memory 208, which provides for the establishment of service sessions using long-range communications 202 and/or short-range communications 200. The communications utilities module may include various components that allow the reception of services from remote devices according to protocols, such as the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).
When engaging in WAP communications with a remote server, the device functions as a WAP client. To provide this functionality, the module may include WAP client software having components, such as a Wireless Markup Language (WML) Browser, a WMLScript engine, a Push Subsystem, and a Wireless Protocol Stack.
Applications (not shown) may interact with the WAP client software to provide a variety of communications services. Examples of such communications services include the reception of Internet-based content, such as headline news, exchange rates, sports results, stock quotes, weather forecasts, multilingual phrase dictionaries, shopping and dining information, local transit (e.g., bus, train, and/or subway) schedules, personal online calendars, and online travel and banking services.
The WAP-enabled device may access small files called decks which each include smaller pages called cards. Cards are small enough to fit into a small display area that is referred to herein as a microbrowser. The small size of the microbrowser and the small file sizes are suitable for accommodating low memory devices and low-bandwidth communications constraints imposed by wireless links.
The operation of an embodiment of the present invention will now be described.
When a WCD 100 is placed near the target area an information exchange takes place.
The user will only be able to automatically access bookmarks to which a corresponding tag has been downloaded.
A method for using the invention, according to at least one embodiment, will now be explained in view of
An exemplary user interface is shown in
A benefit of the invention is that it does not matter whether the bookmark or the tag is downloaded first. It will always appear to the user that the desired content appeared as a result of the machine-readable tag data being scanned. This occurs because even if the bookmark was downloaded first, the content related to the bookmark will remain hidden in a temporary state until a corresponding tag has been downloaded.
Accordingly, it will be apparent to persons skilled in the relevant art that various changes in form a and detail can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. This the breadth and scope of the present invention should not be limited by any of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but should be defined only in accordance with the following claims and their equivalents.
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|U.S. Classification||455/41.2, 340/854.7, 455/412.1, 455/411, 455/41.1, 340/854.8, 340/854.6|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W12/08, G06Q30/02, H04W84/10, H04L63/102, H04M1/2755, H04M2250/02, H04M1/72569, H04M1/72572, H04M1/7253, H04M1/72561, H04L63/0492, H04L63/0823, H04W12/06|
|European Classification||H04M1/725F2E, G06Q30/02, H04L63/10B, H04M1/725F1W, H04M1/725F1B1|
|Mar 1, 2005||AS||Assignment|
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Owner name: NOKIA CORPORATION,FINLAND
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