|Publication number||US7699171 B2|
|Application number||US 11/284,696|
|Publication date||Apr 20, 2010|
|Filing date||Nov 21, 2005|
|Priority date||Nov 20, 2004|
|Also published as||US8065857, US8544649, US20060260971, US20100199609, US20100326872|
|Publication number||11284696, 284696, US 7699171 B2, US 7699171B2, US-B2-7699171, US7699171 B2, US7699171B2|
|Inventors||Benedict R. Rivera, Richard Longbottom|
|Original Assignee||Consolidated Container Company Lp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (85), Referenced by (14), Classifications (11), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/629,780 entitled “Stackable Containers and Methods of Manufacturing, Stacking, and Shipping Same,” filed on Nov. 20, 2004, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
In the past, container distributors have packaged irregularly shaped containers in boxes for shipping the containers because the containers could not be stacked and shipped safely on pallets, for example. However, the process of packing the containers into boxes can be costly and time consuming. Thus, there is a need in the art for a more cost- and time-effective method of shipping irregularly-shaped containers.
A stackable container according to various embodiments of the invention includes a plurality of substantially vertical side surfaces that are integrally formed with and extend between a top surface and a bottom surface. The top surface extends between the substantially vertical side surfaces and includes a shoulder portion. The shoulder portion extends upwardly from the top surface and is substantially disposed within the perimeter of the top surface. The bottom surface extends between the substantially vertical side surfaces and defines a stacking recess. The stacking recess extends upwardly from the bottom surface toward an interior of the container defined by the substantially vertical side surfaces. The stacking recess is disposed within a perimeter of the bottom surface such that a surface of the stacking recess is adapted to substantially mate with at least a portion of the shoulder portion of a vertically adjacent container that has substantially the same structure. In a further embodiment, the interface between the top surface and the shoulder portion defines a lip, and the interface between the bottom surface and the stacking recess defines an interface recess. The interface recess is adapted to substantially mate with the lip of the adjacent container.
In one embodiment of the invention, the container further includes a plurality of substantially vertical ribs that extend outwardly from the substantially vertical side surfaces and a plurality of substantially vertical grooves that extend inwardly from the substantially vertical side surfaces. Each of the vertical grooves is adapted to engage one of the substantially vertical ribs of a horizontally adjacent container that has substantially the same structure as the first container.
According to one embodiment of the invention, a method of stacking a plurality of stackable containers is provided that includes the steps of: (1) grouping stackable containers into pairs; (2) wrapping each grouped pair of stackable containers with a first flexible material; (3) positioning a first layer of wrapped stackable containers on a pallet; (4) after the first layer of wrapped stackable containers is positioned on the pallet, stacking a second layer of wrapped stackable containers on top of the first layer; and (5) after the second layer of wrapped stackable containers is positioned on the pallet, wrapping the first and second layers of wrapped stacked containers with a second flexible material having a perforation line. In one embodiment, the second flexible material is wrapped around the first and second layers of wrapped stacked containers such that the perforation line substantially coincides with an interface between the top portions of the wrapped stackable containers in the first layer and the bottom portions of the wrapped stackable container in the second layer.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the method of stacking a plurality of stackable containers further includes the step of removing a top portion of the second flexible material, wherein the top portion is above the perforation line of the second flexible material, by pulling the top portion of the second flexible material away from the plurality of stacked containers.
In the disclosure below, reference will be made to the accompanying drawings, which are not necessarily drawn to scale, and wherein:
This disclosure describes various embodiments of a stackable container, and related manufacturing and shipping methods. The present inventions are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which some, but not all embodiments of the inventions are shown. Indeed, these inventions may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will satisfy applicable legal requirements. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout.
The present invention relates, in various embodiments, to a plastic stackable container that can be used, for example, to store, transport and display a product such as milk or water to consumers. Specifically, stackable containers according to certain embodiments of the present invention are adapted to be vertically and/or horizontally interlocked with other like containers to increase the stability of stacks of the containers. In certain embodiments, this allows the containers to be stacked higher than prior art containers. Also, in various embodiments of the invention, the interlocking nature of the containers allows the containers to be stacked without providing a slip sheet of corrugate between the various vertical layers of containers. However, in other embodiments of the invention, slip sheets may be provided between the various vertical stacked layers of containers.
Structure of Various Embodiments of the Invention
The structure of a stackable container 10 according to one embodiment of the invention is shown in
As may be understood from
In various embodiments of the invention, the container's shoulder portion 22 is substantially centered within a perimeter defined by a portion of the container (e.g., a perimeter defined by the container's top surface 20 or bottom surface 30). Similarly, in a particular embodiment of the invention, the container's neck portion 26 is substantially centered within a perimeter defined by a portion of the container (e.g., the perimeter of the container's top surface 20, bottom surface 30, or shoulder portion 22). In one embodiment of the invention, such as the embodiment shown in
In a particular embodiment of the invention, the container's neck portion 26 defines an outlet opening (not shown) through which liquid may be transferred into and/or out of an interior portion of the container 10. In a particular embodiment, the neck portion 26 is a center-filled neck portion. In one embodiment of the invention, the container 10 includes a removable cap 28 for selectively opening and closing the container's outlet opening.
In one embodiment of the invention, the shoulder portion 22 further defines one or more grooves 24 that extend from a perimeter defined by the neck portion 26 (or adjacent thereto) in a radially outward direction toward the perimeter of the shoulder portion 22. In one embodiment, the grooves 24 increase the top load strength of the container 10.
As may be understood from
As may be understood from
As may be understood from
As may be understood from
In a particular embodiment of the invention, at least a portion of both the container interface lip 25, 125 and the container interface recess 36 is substantially in the form of an arc, and the container interface recess 36 is adapted to substantially mate with the corresponding bottom container's container interface lip 125 along substantially the entire length of the arc. In a particular embodiment of the invention, this arc is greater than about 0.5 inches. In other embodiments of the invention, this arc is between about 0.5 and 6 inches in length.
In a particular embodiment of the invention, the container interface lip 125 and the container interface recess 36 are substantially in the form of a circle. Also, in one embodiment of the invention (e.g., the embodiment shown in
As may be understood from
In one embodiment of the invention, the container's stacking recess 34 is dimensioned so that the corresponding bottom container's neck portion 126 does not substantially engage an interior portion of the container's stacking recess 34 when the container 10 is interlockingly stacked on the corresponding bottom container 110. This allows substantially the entire weight of the container 10 to be supported by other portions of the corresponding bottom container 110 than the corresponding bottom container's neck portion 126 and/or cap portion 128. In a particular embodiment of the invention, at least a portion of the container's stacking recess 34 is about 1.75 to about 2 inches deep.
In one embodiment of the invention, the container 10 is adapted so that when a container 10 is interlockingly stacked on top of a corresponding bottom container 110, substantially all of the weight of the container 10 is supported by the shoulder portion 122 of the corresponding bottom container 110. In a particular embodiment of the invention, the container 10 is adapted so that substantially all of the weight of the container 10 is supported adjacent the perimeter 123 of the corresponding bottom container's shoulder portion 122. In one embodiment, the container 10 is adapted so that substantially all of the weight of the container 10 is supported adjacent the corresponding bottom container's interface lip 125. As noted above, this interface lip 125 may be, for example, substantially circular.
In an alternative embodiment of the invention, the container's stacking recess 34 is dimensioned so that the neck portion 126 of the corresponding bottom container 110 engages at least a portion of the surface of the stacking recess 34 when the container 10 is interlockingly stacked on the corresponding bottom container 110. This allows the corresponding bottom container's neck portion 126 to share some of the load of the container 10.
In various embodiments of the invention (e.g. the embodiment shown in
As may be understood from
In addition, in various embodiments of the invention, one or more of the container's various side surfaces 40, 42, 44, 46 may define one or more ribs (not shown) that are adapted to substantially mate with at least a portion of a groove 70 within a side surface 40, 42, 44, 46 of a corresponding like container (e.g., that is positioned next to the container 10). This may provide lateral support for the containers 10 when the containers 10 are stacked as described herein, and in one embodiment, engaging at least one of the ribs with one of the grooves 70 may prevent horizontal movement of containers that are stacked horizontally adjacent to each other.
In another embodiment, at least one of the grooves 70 extends in a substantially vertical direction from the top surface 20 to the bottom surface 30. In one embodiment (e.g., the embodiment shown in
In addition to the grooves 370 defined in the side surfaces 340, 342, 344, 346, a container 310 according to one embodiment of the invention (e.g., the embodiment shown in
Method of Stacking and Shipping the Containers
Various embodiments of the present invention also relate to a method of stacking containers (such as the containers 10, 110 described above), and for assembling and securing stackable containers (e.g., on a pallet) for shipment. In one embodiment of the invention, to stack a group of stackable containers 10, 110, a user first groups stackable containers 10, 110 in pairs of two and then wraps each pair of containers with a flexible material or film, such as shrink wrap. In a preferred embodiment, the two containers 10, 110 are wrapped together in such a way that their corresponding handles 60 are positioned adjacent one another for easier handling. In a particular embodiment of the invention, the handles 60 of the two containers are tied together for additional support. These wrapped pairs of containers are then positioned on a pallet in alternating directions. For example, in one embodiment of the invention, a first pair of containers is positioned so that the central horizontal axis of the pair of containers runs east-west, and so that a second pair of containers is positioned adjacent the first pair of containers so that the central horizontal axis of the two container combination runs north-south. (Alternatively, the containers could be stacked so that they do not alternate in orientation.)
In one embodiment, the alternated positioning of the various sets of containers 10 helps to provide lateral support for containers 10 when the containers 10 are stacked on top of one another. As noted above, in one embodiment of the present invention, various of the container's side surfaces 40, 42, 44, 46 may define corresponding vertical grooves 70 and ridges (not shown). In one embodiment, the containers 10 are positioned so that these corresponding vertical grooves 70 and ridges interlock to provide additional lateral support to the stacks of containers.
Once a first layer of containers 10 has been formed on the pallet (e.g., to have a substantially rectangular footprint), a second layer of containers 10 is stacked on top of the first layer by again grouping pairs of containers together, individually wrapping each pair, and then interlockingly stacking each of the containers 10 on top of a corresponding bottom container within the first layer of containers as discussed above. This process is continued for each of a plurality of layers. In various embodiments, three, four, five, or more layers of stackable containers 10 can be formed on each pallet.
Once the pallet is full, the various layers of stackable containers 81-85 are covered with shrink wrap 90 (or other suitable protective material, such as cling wrap) so that the protective material substantially covers the side and/or top portions of the stack of containers 78 (see
In one embodiment of the present invention, the shrink wrap bag 90 is custom sized and perforated to accommodate the particular stackable containers being shipped. More specifically, as may be understood from
In a preferred embodiment, a horizontal perforated portion 91-94 is included adjacent each vertical position at which two layers of containers interface. These rows of perforations 91-94 allow a user (for example, an employee at a retail store receiving a pallet of milk containers) to tear off the shrink wrap at the highest perforation 94 in order to expose only the top layer 85 of stackable containers. In one embodiment, the other layers of stackable containers 81-84 remain covered by the shrink wrap. Once the containers in the highest layer 85 have been removed, a user can detach the current top layer of film at the next highest perforation 93 to expose the next layer of stackable containers 84. This process can be continued until the stackable containers of each layer 81-85 have been removed.
As noted above, various portions of the container 10 may be beveled (or chamfered) to provide additional strength to the container 10. For example, in various embodiments of the invention, one or more of the following surfaces of the container 10 are beveled: (1) one or more portions of the perimeter of the container's top surface 20; (2) one or more portions of the container's corner vertical edges; and (3) one or portions of the perimeter of the container's bottom surface 30.
Material Used to Produce the Container
In various embodiments of the present invention, the container 10 may be made, for example, from HDPE, PET, PE, PP, PVC or polycarbonate. However, the container 10 may comprise, or consist of, any other suitable material or combination of materials.
Size and Weight of the Container
While the storage capacity of the stackable container in a particular embodiment of the invention is one gallon, the container's storage capacity may be any suitable amount. For example, in various embodiments of the invention, the container's storage capacity is between about one pint and five gallons.
In one embodiment of the invention, the weight of an empty container is between about 60 and 95 grams. However, the weight of the container may be outside this range in other embodiments of the invention.
Although the container of
Many modifications and other embodiments of the inventions set forth herein will come to mind to one skilled in the art to which these inventions pertain having the benefit of the teachings presented in the foregoing descriptions and the associated drawings. Therefore, it is to be understood that the inventions are not to be limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and that modifications and other embodiments are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims. Although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.
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|U.S. Classification||206/508, 206/509, 220/23.83|
|International Classification||B65D21/036, B65D21/032, B65D21/02|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T29/49826, B65D21/0231, B65D23/10|
|European Classification||B65D21/02E12B, B65D23/10|
|Jul 18, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CONSOLIDATED CONTAINER COMPANY LP, GEORGIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LONGBOTTOM, RICHARD;RIVERA, BENEDICT R.;REEL/FRAME:019570/0827;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060729 TO 20070717
Owner name: CONSOLIDATED CONTAINER COMPANY LP,GEORGIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LONGBOTTOM, RICHARD;RIVERA, BENEDICT R.;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060729 TO 20070717;REEL/FRAME:019570/0827
|Nov 5, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., AS COLLATERAL AGENT, NORTH
Free format text: GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN UNITED STATES PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:CONSOLIDATED CONTAINER COMPANY LP;REEL/FRAME:029244/0970
Effective date: 20120803
|Sep 25, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jun 23, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CITICORP NORTH AMERICA, INC., AS COLLATERAL AGENT,
Free format text: GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN UNITED STATES PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:CONSOLIDATED CONTAINER COMPANY LP;REEL/FRAME:033217/0345
Effective date: 20140617
|Jun 26, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CITICORP NORTH AMERICA, INC., NEW YORK
Free format text: SECOND LIEN PATENT SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:CONSOLIDATED CONTAINER COMPANY LP;REEL/FRAME:033245/0055
Effective date: 20140617
|Sep 10, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., AS COLLATERAL AGENT, GEORGI
Free format text: GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN UNITED STATES PATENTS (ABL CREDIT FACILITY);ASSIGNOR:CONSOLIDATED CONTAINER COMPANY LP;REEL/FRAME:036585/0693
Effective date: 20140903