|Publication number||US7708084 B2|
|Application number||US 11/719,451|
|Publication date||May 4, 2010|
|Filing date||Jul 7, 2006|
|Priority date||Aug 31, 2005|
|Also published as||CN101253027A, CN101253027B, DE102005041448A1, EP1924407A1, EP1924407B1, US20090145617, WO2007025795A1|
|Publication number||11719451, 719451, PCT/2006/64022, PCT/EP/2006/064022, PCT/EP/2006/64022, PCT/EP/6/064022, PCT/EP/6/64022, PCT/EP2006/064022, PCT/EP2006/64022, PCT/EP2006064022, PCT/EP200664022, PCT/EP6/064022, PCT/EP6/64022, PCT/EP6064022, PCT/EP664022, US 7708084 B2, US 7708084B2, US-B2-7708084, US7708084 B2, US7708084B2|
|Inventors||Achim Duesselberg, Andre Ullrich, Kurt Sieber, Thomas Brinkmann|
|Original Assignee||Robert Bosch Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (29), Referenced by (11), Classifications (18), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention described and claimed hereinbelow is also described in German Patent Application DE 10 2005 041 448.6 filed on Aug. 31, 2005. This German Patent Application, whose subject matter is incorporated here by reference, provides the basis for a claim of priority of invention under 35 U.S.C. 119(a)-(d).
The present invention relates to a portable power drill or a drill hammer.
Many kinds of systems for shifting the change-speed gears of portable power drills and drill hammers are known, such as rotatable selector elements and levers with which various operating states can be selected; in these systems, the selector elements must pass through the housing wall.
To that end, it is usual to use selector elements designed as a one-piece component with complex locking contours, mounted on the gearbox. A disadvantage is that producing these complex components requires complicated, expensive tools, and the sealing between the housing wall and the selector element is problematic.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a portable power drill with a gear box which eliminates the disadvantages of the prior art.
In keeping with these objects and with others, one feature of the present invention resides, briefly stated, in a portable power drill or drill hammer, comprising a housing composed of half-shells; a shiftable change-speed gear received in said housing and having a manually hand-rotatable selector element which converts a rotary motion into a shifting motion, said selector element having a circular shell-shaped handle part outer handle part which is joinable with a further circular shell-shaped inner selector part so as to be sealed from outside and inside relative to one of said half shells, said inner selector part having a spring which is configured as leaf spring arranged in a form-locking fashion in said inner selector part, so that it radially overlaps said selector part at both sides and is supported with both overlapping ends inside on said half-shell.
When the portable power drill is designed in accordance with the present invention it has the advantage that an economical selector element is created which can be mounted simply and securely, functions reliably, has a long life, and is sealed.
The invention is described below in further details in terms of an exemplary embodiment, in conjunction with the drawings.
The exploded view in
Adjoining the wobbling prong 42, the percussion mechanism 35 continues with a percussion element 44, which via the swash plate 40 transmits percussive energy, converted from a rotary motion to a translational motion, to a chisel or drill restrained axially displaceably on a drill chuck 50 seated on the driven shaft 46 or on the end thereof.
The shift sleeve 34 has an annular-groovelike slot 33 on its circumference, for engagement by a gearshift fork 52, which is part of a shift plate 54 designed in particular as a one-piece bent sheet-metal part. The shift plate 54 is a sheet-metal part bent into a U, the first leg of which U, with a semicircular recess, embraces the shift sleeve 34 or the slot 33, and the other leg of which U serves as a locking fork 56 and is provided with a tooth hub profile 58, located in a semicircular recess, for engagement with the serrated shaft profile of the driven gear wheel 35. In the aforementioned engagement, the driven gear wheel 35 is simultaneously released from the slaved rotation by the shift sleeve 34 and is locked in a manner secured against relative rotation. Thus with the selector element 59, a selectable rotary position of the driven shaft 46 for chiseling can be fixed. The shift plate 54 is longitudinally displaceable axially parallel to the intermediate shaft 28 via a guide rod 51, which penetrates a guide bore 53 that passes transversely through the gearshift fork 52 and the locking fork 56. For displacement of the shift plate 54, the selector element 59, on the order of a rotary knob, is used; its rotation can be transmitted, via its eccentric cam 59, as a sliding motion to a protrusion 55 of the shift plate 54.
The rotary motion of the electric motor 16 is transmitted via the driving gear wheel 30 to the intermediate shaft 28 and the slaving gear wheel 32. The slaving gear wheel, of sintered material, is in the form of a serrated shaft, whose profile extends over its entire external length. The swash gear wheel 38 can be coupled in a manner fixed against relative rotation to the slaving gear wheel 32 via the suitably positioned shift sleeve 34, and then the rotary motion of the intermediate shaft 28 is converted, via the swash plate 40 and the wobbling prong 42, into a translational motion of the percussion element 44.
The driven gear wheel 35, seated rotatably on the intermediate shaft 28, can be coupled in a manner fixed against relative rotation to the slaving gear wheel 32 via the shift sleeve 28, and part of the driven gear wheel 35 has a serrated shaft profile 31 and 66, which corresponds to the tooth hub profile 29 of the shift sleeve 28, and a further part of the driven gear wheel 35 has a spur gear profile 68 for transmitting rotation to the driving gear wheel 48 of the driven shaft 46. As a result, the rotary motion of the intermediate shaft 28 can be transmitted to the driven shaft 46 and to the drill chuck 50 secured therein, or to a tool insert in the form of a drill or chisel seated therein. The coupling or shifting between the slaving gear wheel 32 and the axially adjacent swash gear wheel 38 or driven gear wheel 35 is effected via the shift sleeve 34, whose positioning is established solely by way of the form lock between the slot 33 and the gearshift fork 52 engaging it, without any friction losses occurring in the operation of the drill hammer 10. Thus the shift sleeve 34, in all three switching positions, remains unsubjected to axial force, resulting in less wear and a longer service life.
If upon axial displacement of the shift sleeve 34 the corresponding serrated shaft/tooth hub profiles of the swash gear wheel 38 or driven gear wheel 35 meet one another on the face end with that of the shift sleeve 34, shifting synchronizing means make the shifting easier. To that end, on their side toward the slaving gear wheel 32, each of the serrated shaft profiles of the swash gear wheel 38 or driven gear wheel 35 has a parallel tooth width reduction 62, 64 of approximately ⅔ of the tooth width over a tooth length of approximately 1 to 2 mm. This leads to a partial widening of the tooth gaps of the serrated shaft profile and facilitates the entry there of the tooth hub teeth of the shift sleeve 34.
In a transitional position in shifting from the percussion drilling mode to the chiseling mode, the drill chuck 50 or the chisel can be rotated by hand into a desired working position. After the shifting to the chiseling mode shifting position, the selected rotary position of the chisel is maintained by way of the locking with the locking fork 56.
The shift travel amounts to approximately 5 mm of displacement distance of the shift sleeve 34, or rotational distance of the selector element 59 to the right or left.
The selector element 59 comprises a shell-like outer, hand-actuatable handle part 100 and an inner selector part 102, centrally fitting into the outer handle part 100, with a cam 74, with which the shifting operation for selecting a gear or changing gears is accomplished. Both parts can be screwed together on a housing shell 13 in a manner that is sealed off from the housing shell; a sealing ring 104 is held in prestressed fashion between the edge of the inner selector part 102 and the inner wall of the housing shell 13.
The inner selector part 102, on its inside, has a rectilinear, groovelike recess 120 for form-locking reception of an elongated, rectilinear leaf spring 103 with a central through hole 107 for a mounting screw 106. The outer ends of the leaf spring 103 have camlike indentations 105, which fit into corresponding associated indentations 113 on the inside of the housing shell 13 and define overloadable adjustment positions of the selector element 59.
The outer handle part 100 can be screwed to the inner selector part 102 by passing a screw through its central through hole 109 to engage a threaded hole 108 of the handle part 100. The inner selector part 102 is aligned with a centering ring 112 of the handle part 100.
The handle part 100 has a twist knob 110 protruding in beamlike fashion, which rests graspably in the user's hand and allows the handle part or the selector element 59 to be easily rotated. The housing shell 13, outside the circumference of the handle part 100, has an outward-protruding stop 114 as well as graphic symbols 116, 117, 118 that can be felt by the hand. The stop 114 corresponds to the beamlike twist knob 110, upon whose rotation, in the chiseling position, the user's hand meets the stop 114 and can tell that the chiseling position has been reached.
Thus an indexing and positional fixation of the selector element 50 and hence of the gearshifting in the selected position is assured.
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|U.S. Classification||173/48, 173/217, 173/47, 173/91, 173/213|
|Cooperative Classification||B25F5/001, B25D2250/045, B25D2250/255, B25D2250/365, B25D16/006, B25D2211/061, B25D2216/0023, B25D2216/0038, B25D2216/0046, B25D2216/0015|
|European Classification||B25F5/00B, B25D16/00M|
|May 16, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DUESSELBERG, ACHIM;ULLRICH, ANDRE;SIEBER, KURT;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:019301/0264;SIGNING DATES FROM 20070423 TO 20070502
Owner name: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH,GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DUESSELBERG, ACHIM;ULLRICH, ANDRE;SIEBER, KURT;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20070423 TO 20070502;REEL/FRAME:019301/0264
|Oct 29, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4