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Publication numberUS771801 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 11, 1904
Filing dateMar 25, 1903
Priority dateMar 25, 1903
Publication numberUS 771801 A, US 771801A, US-A-771801, US771801 A, US771801A
Inventorswilliam e Andrew
Original Assigneewilliam e Andrew
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Smoke-protector.
US 771801 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED OCT. 11, 1904.

W. E, ANDREW. SMOKE PROTECTOR.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 25, 1903.

N0 MODEL.

[NI ENTOR, VbZZIXMwECfl/L draw, 3

I his attorney. I

Patented. October 11, 1904.

PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM E. ANDREW, OF ATLANTIC HIGHLANDS, NEW JERSEY.

SMOKE-PROTECTOR.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 771,801, dated October 11, 1904:.

Application filed March 25, 1903. Serial No. 149,525. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, WILLIAM E. ANDREW, a citizen of the United States, residing at Atlantic Highlands, in the county of Monmouth and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Smoke-Protectors; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention has for its object to provide an improved form of apparatus for protecting persons entering places where there is smoke or dangerous fumes in the atmosphere, enabling the wearer to breathe a supply of good air. while the air from the lungs is exhaled as usual.

With this object in view and with others my invention comprises the construction, arrangement, and combination of parts, as hereinafter set forth, described, and claimed.

In the drawings, representing an apparatus embodying my invention in my preferred form, Figure 1 is a front View of the device in position for use on a person. Fig. 2 is a side view of same, and Fig. 3 is a side view showing the mask in section.

In the several views, in which the characters of reference indicate the same parts, A represents the mask, preferably made of soft rubher, that fits snugly over the upper part of the head and extends down to and snugly fits the upper lip. A plate A preferably elastic, extends under the ears (that are left clear of the mask) and around back of the head, thus securing the mask tightly in place and holding the lower edge of the mask tightly in engagement with the upper lip. There are openings opposite the eyes and also one for the nose, as indicated in Fig. 3.

A plate of rubber A is vulcanized or otherwise secured to the front of the mask to inclose the nose and eye apertures and has a beak portion A to extend in front of the nose, but not of contact therewith, so as to leave a chamber in front of the nostrils. A pair of lenses A A are inserted in the front plate A opposite the eyes of the wearer for obvious reasons.

In order to supply the chamber around the nose with pure air, I provide a suitable reservoir B, preferably in the form of a vest, having a number of tubes or cells 6, which may be put on in the usual manner and secured by buttons or otherwise. A tube B connects the vest-tubes with the nose-chamber and has a suitable valve B by means of which the air in the vest-tubes can be admitted to the nosechamber as desired and the pressure controlled. If desired, any of the well-known forms of pressure-reducing valves may be used, by which the pressure of the air in the nose-chamber can be automatically regulated. An air-pump of any suitable form, such as an ordinary force-pump B, is attached to the vest-tubes, preferably at the lower part of the vest. This pump I preferably have permanently secured to the vest.

This apparatus is especially designed for use by firemen.

The vest can be worn at all times when on duty or can be quickly slipped on when responding to an alarm and adjusted, while the mask can be carried in the pocket, say, of the vest, without being disconnected from the vest-tubes. The tube B is, however, made detachable from the Vest-tubes Z) by any suitable air-tight joint 6 so that the mask and tube may be disconnected from the vest-tubes Z) and carried in a place other than the vest-pocket or for other purposes, as is obvious. When it is necessary for the fireman to enter a smokeladen room, he can quickly slip the mask in place and then pump into the vest-reservoir a supply of pure air, if it is not already sufficientlyfull. Until he enters the room filled with smoke he can breathe, inhale, and exhale through the mouth, which is left entirely free, so that he can give orders and talk whenever necessary; but when he enters a room filled with smoke he turns on the valve B and admits air from the vest-reservoir to the nosechamber and inhales through the nose, inspiring the air from the reservoir, while he exhales through the mouth, taking care not to permit any air to be inhaled through the mouth. When the supply of air in the vestreservoir becomes exhausted, the fireman or other wearer goes to a window, door, or any convenient place Where a supply of pure air can be obtained and again fills the vest-tubes by the attached pump, which can be very quickly accomplished, and he can then return to his work in the smoke-filled room.

Without limiting myself to the details of construction and arrangement hereinbefore set forth, what 1 claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. The combination of a mask arranged to inclose the nose and eyes and exclude the atmosphere therefrom, and having a nose-chamber, and a portion arranged to engage the upper lip and leave the mouth free, and having transparent windows for the eyes, and means for securing the mask to the head, sub stantially as described.

2. The combination of a mask arranged to inclose the nose'and eyes and exclude the atmosphere therefrom, and having a nose-chamber and a portion arranged to engage the upper lip and leave the mouth free, transparent Windows for the eyes, and a band arranged to pass around the head under the ears and secured to the mask at the lip-engaging portion and bind the latter against the lip, sub stantially as described.

3. The combination of a mask arranged to inclose the nose and exclude the atmosphere therefrom, and having a nose-chamber, and

having a portion arranged to engage the upper lip, means for securing the mask to the head, an air-reservoir arranged to be secured to the body, a tube arranged to afford communication between the reservoir and the nose-chamber of the mask, and a valve in said tube, substantially as described.

4. The combination of a mask arranged to inclose the nose, and exclude the atmosphere therefrom, and having a nose-chamber, and having a portion arranged to engage the upper lip, means for securing the mask to the head, a reservoir arranged to be secured to the body, a tube arranged to afford communication between the reservoir and the nose-chamber of the mask, a valve in said tube, and an air-pump secured to the reservoir and arranged to fill the same, substantially as described.

5. The combination of a mask arranged to cover the face above the mouth and having apertures at the nose and eye portions, and a plate secured to the mask around said apertures and arranged to form a chamber in proximity to the nostrils of the wearer, means for securing the mask to the head, transparent windows in said plate for the eyes, and an airreservoir having means of communication with the said nose-chamber, substantially as described.

6. The combination of a mask arranged to inclose the nose and exclude the atmosphere therefrom, and having a nose-chamber, and having a portion arranged to engage the upper lip, means for securing the mask to the head, an air-reservoir arranged to be secured to the body, a detachable tube arranged to afford communication between the reservoir and the nose-chamber of the mask, and a valve in said tube, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in the presence of tWo subscribing Witnesses.

-WILLIAM E. ANDREW.

lVitnesses:

WM. H. REID, E. T. BRANDENBURG.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2792000 *Jan 18, 1954May 14, 1957B S F A Holdings LtdFace mask for use in dust-laden or other contaminated conditions
US3491752 *Jul 5, 1966Jan 27, 1970Abbott LabBreathing apparatus
US4090509 *Nov 18, 1976May 23, 1978Smith Ronald EVital emergency survival time (vest)
US4172454 *Sep 28, 1977Oct 30, 1979Dragerwerk AktiengesellschaftHeat and gas protection suit
US4253454 *May 23, 1979Mar 3, 1981Dragerwerk AktiengesellschaftRespirator package for carrying on a person
US5036845 *Apr 11, 1990Aug 6, 1991Scholley Frank GHose; alternating expanded diameter and narrow diameter storage
US5063923 *Aug 17, 1990Nov 12, 1991Robert PeroniCold weather garment with respiration means
US5127399 *Aug 5, 1991Jul 7, 1992Scholley Frank GFlexible container for compressed gases
US5435305 *May 24, 1993Jul 25, 1995Rankin, Sr.; Pleasant P.Emergency air supply pack
US5517984 *Mar 14, 1995May 21, 1996Stan A. SandersMultiple layer pressurized O2 coil package
US5529061 *Jan 3, 1995Jun 25, 1996Stan A. SandersJacket supported pressurized 02 coil
US5582164 *Nov 20, 1995Dec 10, 1996Stan A. SandersIn a portable pressurized gas assembly
US6345730Jun 13, 2000Feb 12, 2002Mallinckrodt Inc.Adhesively connected polymeric pressure chambers and method for making the same
US6412484Jun 13, 2000Jul 2, 2002Mallinckrodt Inc.Fluid control valve for pressure vessel
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US6502571Jun 13, 2000Jan 7, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.High pressure fitting with dual locking swaging mechanism
US6510850Nov 8, 2000Jan 28, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Emergency breathing apparatus incorporating gas storage vessel comprising a polymeric container system for pressurized fluids
US6513522Jun 13, 2000Feb 4, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Wearable storage system for pressurized fluids
US6513523Nov 8, 2000Feb 4, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Wearable belt incorporating gas storage vessel comprising a polymeric container system for pressurized fluids
US6526968Nov 8, 2000Mar 4, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Utility belt incorporating a gas storage vessel
US6527075Nov 8, 2000Mar 4, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Vehicle incorporating gas storage vessel comprising a polymeric container system for pressurized fluids
US6536425Nov 1, 2000Mar 25, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Litter incorporating gas storage vessel comprising a polymeric container system for pressurized fluids
US6579401Nov 1, 2000Jun 17, 2003Mallinckrodt, Inc.Method for forming a polymeric container system for pressurized fluids
EP1294423A1 *Jun 12, 2001Mar 26, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Wearable storage system for pressurized fluids
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA62B17/04