|Publication number||US7743340 B2|
|Application number||US 10/610,487|
|Publication date||Jun 22, 2010|
|Filing date||Jun 30, 2003|
|Priority date||Mar 16, 2000|
|Also published as||CN101044470A, EP1639428A2, EP1639428A4, EP1639428B1, US20040098462, WO2005006130A2, WO2005006130A3|
|Publication number||10610487, 610487, US 7743340 B2, US 7743340B2, US-B2-7743340, US7743340 B2, US7743340B2|
|Inventors||Eric J. Horvitz, Johnson T. Apacible, Chaitanya D. Sareen|
|Original Assignee||Microsoft Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (171), Non-Patent Citations (98), Referenced by (62), Classifications (43), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation in part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/220,550 filed on Aug. 30, 2002, entitled PRIORITIES GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT, which claims priority to PCT Application Serial No. PCT/US01/08710, filed on Mar. 16, 2001, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/189,801, filed on Mar. 16, 2000, entitled ATTENTIONAL SYSTEMS AND INTERFACES.
This application is also a continuation in part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/220,419 filed on Aug. 30, 2002 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,243,130, entitled NOTIFICATION PLATFORM ARCHITECTURE, which claims priority to PCT Application Serial No. PCT/US01/08711, filed on Mar. 16, 2001, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/189,801, filed on Mar. 16, 2000, entitled ATTENTIONAL SYSTEMS AND INTERFACES. All of the aforementioned applications are incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention relates generally to systems and methods that facilitate communications between devices, systems, processes, and/or individuals. More particularly, the present invention relates to dynamically rendering information for users based upon their focus of attention, cognitive load, and activity.
As computer systems have evolved, users of such systems have had to adapt to rapidly changing technological innovations. This is apparent when considering all the different forms of desktop applications for managing information. Users can literally choose from thousands of different software options for merely utilizing applications on their desktop computers. Often users have at their disposal multiple computers and displays for interfacing to such applications as well. Modern applications range from word processors, spreadsheets, web browsers, calendar systems, email applications, CAD systems and so forth. With the ever increasing numbers of applications however users are finding it difficult to not only properly deploy respective applications but also to manage the enormous amounts of information generated therefrom.
In just one example concerning information management, users as they are working, often are bombarded with dozens of electronic interruptions per day. This can be quite demanding given that most users are quite busy trying to process a given task at hand. These interruptions can be generated from a plurality of sources such as email, scheduling notifications (e.g., generated from electronic calendaring systems), instant message notifications, electronic reminders, voice messages, as well as managing individual notices that may arise when dealing with any given application (e.g., messages that popup while running an application such as automated help or troubleshooting advice). With such disruptions, users are continually challenged to balance the given task at hand with trying to process all the information that may become available during the day.
The computer science and artificial intelligence community consider many aspects relating to how to assist users in a variety of ways with advice and support about tasks and status. In many aspects, these sciences attempt to implement computer innovations that make it easier for users to process information or alternatively to enable computers to more effectively assist users when performing computer-related tasks. Respective innovations from these disciplines however often lead to more applications that are useful in their own right, yet leave the user with an overall greater task of processing increasing amounts information from the various applications.
The challenges of handling information updates and alerts are exacerbated by the growing use of larger display surfaces and multiple display configurations. Users may be directing their attention to different regions and may find it costly to search, find, and potentially interact with graphical renderings of visual “heralds” that provide notification about messages of importance, and potentially also provide access, via one or more user gestures (such as clicking on a region of the displayed herald), to more details about messages or allow the invocation of particular viewers or other applications via gestures, and then return to the region they had been attending to continue to review or interact with other displayed items (e.g., returning to a primary word processing task displayed at a different location on the current screen or another screen). Users may also miss important notifications that are displayed in regions that are not being attended to.
Thus, explicit systems, processes, and designs need to be developed that consider the importance of information to be reviewed by users, and the ease and efficacy at which users will be able to see or have access to the information, while at the same time minimizing information overload and distractions for application users.
The following presents a simplified summary of the invention in order to provide a basic understanding of some aspects of the invention. This summary is not an extensive overview of the invention. It is not intended to identify key/critical elements of the invention or to delineate the scope of the invention. Its sole purpose is to present some concepts of the invention in a simplified form as a prelude to the more detailed description that is presented later.
The present invention relates to a system and methodology for rendering information to users based on their focus of attention and current activities. With the advent of broadening use of notification applications such as email, for example, and the growing importance of subscription-centric notification services, it is of increasing importance to provide users with tools and designs that allow users to have access to awareness of potentially important notifications at minimal cognitive load, and minimal overall disruption. Also, with the increasing size of displays and the growing use of multiple monitors, simple default placement of incoming information at a “main location” may be missed. Thus, the present invention provides attention-sensitive placement and configuration of visual heralds providing notification information, based on a user's determined activity (or other available inputs about focus of visual attention) such as via gaze and pose information.
Visual heralds are dynamically rendered in accordance with the present invention and can be associated with a prioritized messaging system that assigns an urgency value to incoming messages. Such messages can be summarized and dynamically placed in a user's workspace such as a desktop display to control how information is presented to the user and in a manner designed to minimize distraction for the user. An information controller is provided that receives feedback or input from one or more models describing the user's focus of attention and cognitive load, for example, wherein one or more dynamic controls guide various aspects of the visual herald in order to direct how and when the information is presented to the user. Such controls include dynamic positioning of the herald, dynamic sizing controls, dynamic rendering controls such as controlling shapes, colors and dimensions of the herald, dynamic audio controls, dynamic appearance controls (e.g., fading in/fading out) and/or other controls such as timing of how long information is presented to the user. By considering such factors as the user's current focus of attention, and dynamically directing information to the user that minimizes distraction based on the current focus, the present invention facilitates a user's ability to cognitively process information in an efficient manner (e.g., if incoming message is high urgency and user is determined to be not exceedingly busy on some other task based upon a predetermined threshold, move display herald to user's current focus of attention, otherwise slowly fade-out over time).
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, certain illustrative aspects of the invention are described herein in connection with the following description and the annexed drawings. These aspects are indicative of various ways in which the invention may be practiced, all of which are intended to be covered by the present invention. Other advantages and novel features of the invention may become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the drawings.
The present invention relates to a system and method to facilitate efficient and automated processing of electronic notifications by users. A notification system includes an information herald or display object that presents summarized notifications to the users. An information controller receives attentional inputs associated with a respective user to dynamically generate or render the information herald on a display screen or screens in order to facilitate user processing of the summarized notifications. The attentional inputs can be derived from systems such as gaze or head-pose tracking devices wherein such systems can be analyzed by models in order to determine the user's current focus of attention and/or cognitive load. Depending on the attention and/load, the information herald can employ a plurality of dynamic adjustments to facilitate presentation and timing of information to the user. Also, a messaging system such as a prioritization system or notification system, for example, operates in conjunction with the information controller in order to prioritize messages and thus further control operations therein.
As used in this application, the terms “component,” “model,” “controller,” “herald,” “system,” and the like are intended to refer to a computer-related entity, either hardware, a combination of hardware and software, software, or software in execution. For example, a component may be, but is not limited to being, a process running on a processor, a processor, an object, an executable, a thread of execution, a program, and/or a computer. By way of illustration, both an application running on a server and the server can be a component. One or more components may reside within a process and/or thread of execution and a component may be localized on one computer and/or distributed between two or more computers.
As used herein, the term “inference” refers generally to the process of reasoning about or inferring states of the system, environment, and/or user from a set of observations as captured via events and/or data. Inference can be employed to identify a specific context or action, or can generate a probability distribution over states, for example. The inference can be probabilistic—that is, the computation of a probability distribution over states of interest based on a consideration of data and events. Inference can also refer to techniques for executing rule-based, logical policies, or methods employed for composing higher-level events from a set of events and/or data. Such inference results in the construction of new events or actions from a set of observed events and/or stored event data, whether or not the events are correlated in close temporal proximity, and whether the events and data come from one or several event and data sources.
Referring initially to
The system 100 provides attention-sensitive placement and configuration of the information herald 160, based on a user's activity such as via the attention models 140 and/or other available inputs about focus of visual attention such as gaze and pose information described below. In general, the system 100 provides various notification display processes to enable a user to review at the high level, summaries of decisions about how much to attend to incoming messages 110 (e.g., whether to drill down to access the messages in more detail). Various components such as the information controller 130 also, provide an elegant mechanism for automatically “getting the information herald 160 out of the way,” (e.g., via a fading away or timing out of the herald after some time of being displayed without user hover or drill down operations). Such timing out after a wait period, allows users to continue to work as they would be working with or without a glance at the herald—allowing users to send an implicit signal that they are not interested by information presented in the herald 160, i.e., without requiring an explicit user action.
It is noted that the herald 160 can be adapted as a selectable portal to getting more details, e.g., for email, the herald can include just the sender, recipients, subject title and an initial line of an email, but clicking on the message brings up the details at the same location, or jogged slightly away from the current work region.
The user controls 144 can include a plurality of controls for driving/directing the information herald 160 to the user. These can include dynamic positioning controls for controlling coordinate locations of the herald (in the workspace 160 and/or other displays 170), dynamic sizing controls for changing the size of the herald, dynamic content controls for changing the information appearing within or associated with the herald (e.g., on large messages providing summary info, on smaller messages displaying whole message), dynamic rendering controls for changing the appearance of the herald or content therein (e.g., colors, shapes, fonts, dimensions 2D to 3D, and so forth), changing audio cues as described below, and/or providing other dynamic controls such as controlling timing of information display and fading the herald in and out.
Other aspects of the invention include providing an entry point into the controls for decisions about the policies for the rendering of heralds 160, and the positioning and rendering of the heralds inside respective heralds, (e.g., a particular region or button at the right lower, right-hand side of the herald) that allows entry into controls for adjustment in general or for the case at hand (e.g., notice that the user has been typing in the top window, and also working in a Word application, and having available as a state when controls are invoked).
As an example, the heralds 160 can be displayed and controlled by specifying the following user options about the influence of contextual considerations in the position-sensitive rendering of heralds about important information:
More generally, these options can be made available to users to select at any time, via a rich control panel for specifying preferences about heralds, (e.g., with regard to the attention-sensitive positioning). Also, an option can be added that when the herald 160 is accessed and its information is displayed, and if the information or configuration of information is complex, then other open windows or structures associated with the current or other tasks can be moved to the side, or collapsed and minimized in a particular iconic structure or other symbolic representation. When the information from the herald is closed, then the task is restored to what it was like before the herald was accessed (e.g., task jogged back to the position it was in, or “re-hydrated” back up to full size and position it was in). Other controls include herald or general gestures or control that lets a user say, “no, not now” to the herald 160. That is, instead of just going away, the herald can be told to come back again soon when user has a bit more time or has finished something. This can also be coupled with a “snooze” feature, allowing user to say, “later” or “in 5 minutes, please” (come up again in 5 minutes, not now).
In another aspect, the display of information and items associated with hovering or clicking on the herald 160 can be a complex structure which can be provided with one or more “handles” on the structure for closing it all at once. That is, the herald 160 can be analogized to the case of accessing a single email message when clicking on the herald about an important email, and then seeing a single email message, and then closing it. A complex set of windows for other graphical items can also be brought up as part of the structure, and users may be given a way of “closing the whole thing” after some interaction (e.g., via interacting with a selection graphic to close entire structure).
Based upon message urgency for example, the herald can change positions in the appropriate location. For example, the herald position for important information is displayed in the lower right-hand corner of the active window, the window that contains the content that is currently (or was just recently) being worked on active, but if the time for activity has passed and some threshold time has been reached, the item is displayed in the center of the last active monitor, if more time passes, the herald is displayed at a default location (lower right hand side of left most display), and/or if more time passes, user is assumed to be away and the herald is logged via a mechanism that will display important unseen heralds to the user in a particular location when they are sensed as “arriving back” at a system.
Other herald aspects include alerting functions such as a “while you were away, you missed these notices” function. For heralds that would have been displayed if the user was around, when the user returns after time away (e.g., after some time of no activity on system, or in more sophisticated systems, after not being seen to have gazed at the system, or no office activity detected (e.g., acoustical), then, is seen to be back with gaze or other presence, or moves a mouse and breaks a screen saver, etc.), user is displayed with a list of heralds of missed information in some location (e.g., in default spot, where mouse is now, in active initial window, etc.) These options can be coupled with a timing out of importance of heralds, e.g., only the messages from the last 1 hour are showed explicitly, others are clustered into closed links (e.g., labeled “Older than 1 hr”). Sound localization methods, such as stereo acoustical renderings can cognitively localize the audio associated with a herald in a position at or near the location of the physical rendering of the herald.
Attention-sensitive heralds can also appear in lower, right-hand side of an active window (or other locations) and then inch up along the right hand edge of a window toward the middle of the window linearly (or some other function) with the increasing importance of the message. This can also be designed as inching up toward the level of the current or most recent (within time horizon) mouse cursor location (for active mouse). Also, ancillary information (e.g., an email message) can be displayed automatically for very important (without a click or gesture) or automatically after a time if a user doesn't actively click or say, “no” or “not now” etc.
It is to be appreciated that the present invention can employ substantially any coordinate system, including multidimensional coordinate systems, and employ substantially any display format for the information herald 160, wherein the display format can include substantially any shape, color, dimension, code format—including embedded executables, and include combinations of these and other respective formats or attributes. In addition, information retrieved from a message 110 can be directed to substantially any portion of the workspace 150 and/or 170 regardless of any apparent display orderings depicted in the system 100. It is noted that display content can be transformed as it is placed on the workspace 150 and/or 170. For example, the content or information herald 160 could be scaled in a smaller manner such as generating an iconic representation of the content.
The information herald can be provided as part of the graphical user interface in association with the information controller 130 and can be provided as part of and/or in association with the display 150 or 170. The display 150, 170 and/or information herald 160 can be configured via interfaces regarding various aspects of display or content preferences, configurations and/or desired information formatting by the user. The display 150, 170 and/or information herald 160 can include display objects (e.g., icons, buttons, sliders, input boxes, selection options, menus, tabs, and so forth) having multiple dimensions, shapes, colors, text, data and sounds to facilitate optimal control, sizing/resizing, format and/or display of the herald. This can include such aspects as dimensioning the herald, providing feedback regarding displayed content or models, and controlling herald updates. In addition, various menus and alternative screens or display outputs can be provided that perform a plurality of aspects of the present invention. These aspects can also include a plurality of inputs for adjusting and configuring one or more aspects of the present invention. This can include receiving user commands from a mouse, keyboard, speech input and/or other device to effect operations of the display 150, 170 via an associated graphical user interface.
Referring now to
In a basic approach, a visual herald appears in a particular location (e.g., the lower right-hand screen of the right most monitor) when a message with a particular property, e.g., exceeding a preset threshold, arrives. Beyond basic control, the system 200 allows the user to indicate, in a control panel, that the system should employ an “Attention-Sensitive Herald.” via user controls 240. This feature is illustrated in a user interface 300 of
Referring now to
At 520, dwell time of the herald can be shortened or lengthened depending on where the herald is being displayed and/or the user's workload. For example, it may be valuable to extend the time that a herald is displayed when it is being displayed in a default location, potentially far from where the user is working—especially in multiple-monitor situations. If the user is busy, it may be useful to hold up the message for a longer period of time to give the user a chance to review and then make a decision, if the user is interested, to further drill down on the message. At 530, any visual herald that is allowed to fade away without more detailed inspection can be appended to a herald journal or folder that allows a user to inspect the herald later in an efficient manner. The entries of such a journal can be given a lifespan and/or a maximum size, if desired. Such an inspect-able, expandable journal can reduce the need to rush to access the information in a herald if a user happens to be busy.
Proceeding to 602, a notification herald's appearance and location are automatically determined. As noted above, this can include summarizing a notification and placing it within a small display having substantially any form or shape. At 604, message urgency is automatically determined. As described below, one or more classifiers may be employed to automatically assign an urgency value for a message. At 608, the notification herald is automatically placed in a default location within the user's workspace or workspaces. Controls can be provided to enable users to set respective default locations. At 612, user activities are monitored. As noted above, this can include defining attention models that describe/determine the user's focus of attention or other activity.
At 616, a determination is made regarding whether or not the user is ignoring the herald placed at 608. If so, the process proceeds to 620 whereby the herald can be slowly faded over time and dynamically placed into a journal, if desired at 624. If the user is not ignoring the herald at 616, another determination is made regarding message urgency at 628. If a notification is determined to be urgent, the process proceeds to 632 in order to dynamically move the herald closer to the user's focus of attention before proceeding back to 616. If the message is not determined particularly urgent (as defined by a predetermined threshold), the process proceeds back to 620, wherein the herald can be faded and/or placed into a journal at 624.
Spatial and temporal constraints can be considered based on the type of software application, the configuration of displayed information associated with the application, and the current or recent specific interactions with the content, so as to ensure that a herald will not obfuscate important content or disrupt a current interaction, so as to minimize the disruptiveness of the rendering of the herald. For example, the output of a system that moves a herald up towards the height of the position of a current interaction, along the right-hand edge of the active window can be modified to ensure that the herald will not be placed in a position that will overlay the position where a user is currently typing, e.g. a “repellent force field” can be positioned over a user's current work position to ensure that there will not be obfuscation. Thus, a herald can inch up to be as close as possible to the user but avoid being overlayed in a disruptive position. Likewise the current activity can be considered, and a brief “temporal force field” can be applied to delay the rendering. For example, the rendering can be delayed until the current typing sequence comes to an end in a Word processing application, or until a graphic being moved in a graphics application is positioned.
A goal of the models of attention is to infer the cost of different types of interruption given that a user is of a particular attentional state. To achieve this, the present invention considers the utility, u(Di, Aj), capturing the cost of a user in attentional state Aj being disrupted by task or communication event Di. This cost can be assessed as the willingness to pay to avoid a disruption in dollars for each combination. Given a set of dollar values to avoid disruptions, and a probability distribution being inferred over the attentional state of a user, an expected cost of interruption (ECI) can be computed by summing over the utilities, weighted by the likelihood of each state of attention, conditioned on the stream of incoming sensory information. That is, the ECI is
wherein p(Aj|E) is the probability of the attentional state, conditioned on an evidence stream E.
A client event system provides an abstraction tool for coalescing patterns of low-level system events into higher-level events. The present invention considers in the models of attention both low-level and high-level events. For example, low-level states can be captured as the application being used, whether the user is typing, clicking with the mouse, as well as a set of higher-level events such as the pattern of switching among applications (e.g., single application focus versus switching among applications), indications of task completion (e.g., a message being sent, a file being closed, an application being closed, etc.).
For the calendar events, whether a meeting is in progress can be considered, the length of time until the meeting is over, and the location of the meeting. For the acoustical and visual analysis, it can be determined whether conversation or other signal is identified, and whether a user is present near a desktop system, and if so, if the user is gazing at or away from the computer.
An output 2320 depicts inferences about the expected cost of interruption over time for different disruptions Di. In this case, it can be computed, from the inferred probability distribution over the coarse user attentional states the expected dollars a user would be willing to pay to avoid different communication events. The curves in the diagram 2320 represent, from top to bottom, the expected costs associated with six different interruptions, including a telephone call, a pager, a full visual alert with audio chime herald, a thumbnail display with audio chime, a full visual alert without the chime, and a thumbnail display without chime.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a notification platform 2517 can be employed in conjunction with the prioritization system 2512 to direct prioritized messages to one or more notification sinks accessible to users. As will be described in more detail below, the notification platform 2517 can be adapted to receive the prioritized messages 2516 and make decisions regarding when, where, and how to notify the user, for example. As an example, the notification platform 2517 can determine a communications modality (e.g., current notification sink 2518 of the user such as a cell phone, or Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)) and likely location and/or likely focus of attention of the user. If a high importance e-mail were received, for example, the notification platform 2517 can determine the users location/focus and direct/reformat the message to the notification-sink 2518 associated with the user. If a lower priority message 2516 were received, the notification platform 2517 can be configured to leave the e-mail in the user's in-box for later review as desired, for example. As will be described in more detail below, other routing and/or alerting systems 2519 may be utilized to direct prioritized messages 2516 to users and/or other systems.
Turning now to
The context analyzer 2622 stores/analyzes information regarding variables and parameters of a user that influence notification decision-making. For example, the parameters may include contextual information, such as the user's typical locations and attentional focus or activities per the time of day and the day of the week, and additional parameters conditioned on such parameters, such as the devices users tend to have access to in different locations. Such parameters may also be functions of observations made autonomously via one or more sensors. For example, one or more profiles (not shown) may be selected or modified based on information about a user's location as can be provided by a global positioning system (GPS) subsystem, on information about the type of device being used and/or the pattern of usage of the device, and the last time a device of a particular type was accessed by the user. Furthermore, as is described in more detail below, automated inference may also be employed, to dynamically infer parameters or states such as location and attention. The profile parameters may be stored as a user profile that can be edited by the user. Beyond relying on sets of predefined profiles or dynamic inference, the notification architecture can enable users to specify in real-time his or her state, such as the user not being available except for important notifications for the next “x” hours, or until a given time, for example.
The parameters can also include default notification preference parameters regarding a user's preference as to being disturbed by notifications of different types in different settings, which can be used as the basis from which to make notification decisions by the notification engine 2624, and upon which a user can initiate changes. The parameters may include default parameters as to how the user wishes to be notified in different situations (e.g., such as by cell phone, by pager). The parameters can include such assessments as the costs of disruption associated with being notified by different modes in different settings. This can include contextual parameters indicating the likelihoods that the user is in different locations, the likelihoods that different devices are available, and the likelihoods of his or her attentional status at a given time, as well as notification parameters indicating how the user desires to be notified at a given time.
Information stored by the context analyzer 2622, according to one aspect of the present invention is inclusive of contextual information determined by the analyzer. The contextual information is determined by the analyzer 2622 by discerning the user's location and attentional status based on one or more contextual information sources (not shown), as is described in more detail in a later section of the description. The context analyzer 2622, for example, may be able to determine with precision the actual location of the user via a global positioning system (GPS) that is a part of a user's car or cell phone. The analyzer may also employ a statistical model to determine the likelihood that the user is in a given state of attention by considering background assessments and/or observations gathered through considering such information as the type of day, the time of day, the data in the user's calendar, and observations about the user's activity. The given state of attention can include whether the user is open to receiving notification, busy and not open to receiving notification, and can include other considerations such as weekdays, weekends, holidays, and/or other occasions/periods.
The sources 2626-2628, 2630 generate notifications intended for the user and/or other entity. For example, the sources 2626-2628 may include communications, such as Internet and network-based communications, and telephony communications, as well as software services. Notification sources are defined generally herein as that which generates events, which can also be referred to as notifications and alerts, intended to alert a user, or a proxy for the user, about information, services, and/or a system or world event. A notification source can also be referred to as an event source.
For example, e-mail may be generated as notifications by the prioritization system 2630 such that it is prioritized, wherein an application program or system generating the notification assigns the e-mail with a relative priority corresponding to the likely importance or urgency of the e-mail to the user. The e-mail may also be sent without regard to the relative importance to the user. Internet-related services can include notifications including information that the user has subscribed to, such as headlines of current news every so often, and stock quotes, for example.
Notification sources 2626-2628 can themselves be push-type or pull-type sources. Push-type sources are those that automatically generate and send information without a corresponding request, such as headline news and other Internet-related services that send information automatically after being subscribed to. Pull-type sources are those that send information in response to a request, such as e-mail being received after a mail server is polled. Still other notification sources include the following:
The notification sinks 2636-2638 are able to provide notifications to the user. For example, such notification sinks 2636-2638 can include computers, such as desktop and/or laptop computers, handheld computers, cell phones, landline phones, pagers, automotive-based computers, as well as other systems/applications as can be appreciated. It is noted that some of the sinks 2636-2638 can convey notifications more richly than other of the sinks. For example, a desktop computer typically has speakers and a relatively large color display coupled thereto, as well as having a higher bandwidth for receiving information when coupled to a local network or to the Internet. Thus, notifications can be conveyed by the desktop computer to the user in a relatively rich manner. Conversely, many cell phones have a smaller display that can be black and white, and receive information at a relatively lower bandwidth, for example. Correspondingly, the information associated with notifications conveyed by cell phones may generally be shorter and geared towards the phone's interface capabilities, for example. Thus, the content of a notification may differ depending on whether it is to be sent to a cell phone or a desktop computer. According to one aspect of the present invention, a notification sink can refer to that which subscribes, via an event subscription service, for example, to events or notifications.
The notification engine 2624 accesses the information stored and/or determined by the context analyzer, and determines which of the notifications received from the sources 2626-2628 to convey to which of the sinks 2636-2638. Furthermore, the notification engine 2624 can determine how the notification is to be conveyed, depending on which of the sinks 2636-2638 has been selected to send the information to. For example, it may be determined that notifications should be summarized before being provided to a selected sinks 2636-2638.
The invention is not limited to how the engine 2624 makes its decisions as to which of the notifications to convey to which of the notification sinks, and in what manner the notifications are conveyed. In accordance with one aspect, a decision-theoretic analysis can be utilized. For example, the notification engine 2624 can be adapted to infer important uncertainties about variables including a user's location, attention, device availability, and amount of time until the user will access the information if there were no alert. The notification engine 2624 can then make notification decisions about whether to alert a user to a notification, and if so, the nature of the summarization and the suitable device or devices to employ for relaying the notification. In general, the notification engine 2624 determines the net expected value of a notification. In doing so, it can consider the following:
Inferences made about uncertainties thus may be generated as expected likelihoods of values such as the cost of disruption to the user with the use of a particular mode of a particular device given some attentional state of the user, for example. The notification engine 2624 can make decisions as to one or more of the following:
Furthermore, the notification engine 2624 can access information stored in a user profile by the context analyzer 2622 in lieu of or to support a personalized decision-theoretic analysis. For example, the user profile may indicate that at a given time, the user prefers to be notified via a pager, and only if the notification has a predetermined importance level. Such information can be utilized as a baseline from which to start a decision-theoretic analysis, or can be the manner by which the notification engine 2624 determines how and whether to notify the user.
According to one aspect of the present invention, the notification platform architecture 2600 can be configured as a layer that resides over an eventing or messaging infrastructure. However, the invention is not limited to any particular eventing infrastructure.
Furthermore, the architecture can be configured as a layer that resides over a flexible distributed computational infrastructure, as can be appreciated by those of ordinary skill within the art. Thus, the notification platform architecture can utilize an underlying infrastructure as a manner by which sources send notifications, alerts and events, and as a manner by which sinks such as endpoint devices receive notifications, alerts and events, for example. The present invention is not so limited, however.
With reference to
The system bus 2718 can be any of several types of bus structure(s) including the memory bus or memory controller, a peripheral bus or external bus, and/or a local bus using any variety of available bus architectures including, but not limited to, 11-bit bus, Industrial Standard Architecture (ISA), Micro-Channel Architecture (MSA), Extended ISA (EISA), Intelligent Drive Electronics (IDE), VESA Local Bus (VLB), Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI), Universal Serial Bus (USB), Advanced Graphics Port (AGP), Personal Computer Memory Card International Association bus (PCMCIA), and Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI).
The system memory 2716 includes volatile memory 2720 and nonvolatile memory 2722. The basic input/output system (BIOS), containing the basic routines to transfer information between elements within the computer 2712, such as during start-up, is stored in nonvolatile memory 2722. By way of illustration, and not limitation, nonvolatile memory 2722 can include read only memory (ROM), programmable ROM (PROM), electrically programmable ROM (EPROM), electrically erasable ROM (EEPROM), or flash memory. Volatile memory 2720 includes random access memory (RAM), which acts as external cache memory. By way of illustration and not limitation, RAM is available in many forms such as synchronous RAM (SRAM), dynamic RAM (DRAM), synchronous DRAM (SDRAM), double data rate SDRAM (DDR SDRAM), enhanced SDRAM (ESDRAM), Synchlink DRAM (SLDRAM), and direct Rambus RAM (DRRAM).
Computer 2712 also includes removable/non-removable, volatile/non-volatile computer storage media.
It is to be appreciated that
A user enters commands or information into the computer 2712 through input device(s) 2736. Input devices 2736 include, but are not limited to, a pointing device such as a mouse, trackball, stylus, touch pad, keyboard, microphone, joystick, game pad, satellite dish, scanner, TV tuner card, digital camera, digital video camera, web camera, and the like. These and other input devices connect to the processing unit 2714 through the system bus 2718 via interface port(s) 2738. Interface port(s) 2738 include, for example, a serial port, a parallel port, a game port, and a universal serial bus (USB). Output device(s) 2740 use some of the same type of ports as input device(s) 2736. Thus, for example, a USB port may be used to provide input to computer 2712, and to output information from computer 2712 to an output device 2740. Output adapter 2742 is provided to illustrate that there are some output devices 2740 like monitors, speakers, and printers, among other output devices 2740 that require special adapters. The output adapters 2742 include, by way of illustration and not limitation, video and sound cards that provide a means of connection between the output device 2740 and the system bus 2718. It should be noted that other devices and/or systems of devices provide both input and output capabilities such as remote computer(s) 2744.
Computer 2712 can operate in a networked environment using logical connections to one or more remote computers, such as remote computer(s) 2744. The remote computer(s) 2744 can be a personal computer, a server, a router, a network PC, a workstation, a microprocessor based appliance, a peer device or other common network node and the like, and typically includes many or all of the elements described relative to computer 2712. For purposes of brevity, only a memory storage device 2746 is illustrated with remote computer(s) 2744. Remote computer(s) 2744 is logically connected to computer 2712 through a network interface 2748 and then physically connected via communication connection 2750. Network interface 2748 encompasses communication networks such as local-area networks (LAN) and wide-area networks (WAN). LAN technologies include Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI), Copper Distributed Data Interface (CDDI), Ethernet/IEEE 1102.3, Token Ring/IEEE 1102.5 and the like. WAN technologies include, but are not limited to, point-to-point links, circuit switching networks like Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) and variations thereon, packet switching networks, and Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL).
Communication connection(s) 2750 refers to the hardware/software employed to connect the network interface 2748 to the bus 2718. While communication connection 2750 is shown for illustrative clarity inside computer 2712, it can also be external to computer 2712. The hardware/software necessary for connection to the network interface 2748 includes, for exemplary purposes only, internal and external technologies such as, modems including regular telephone grade modems, cable modems and DSL modems, ISDN adapters, and Ethernet cards.
What has been described above includes examples of the present invention. It is, of course, not possible to describe every conceivable combination of components or methodologies for purposes of describing the present invention, but one of ordinary skill in the art may recognize that many further combinations and permutations of the present invention are possible. Accordingly, the present invention is intended to embrace all such alterations, modifications and variations that fall within the spirit and scope of the appended claims. Furthermore, to the extent that the term “includes” is used in either the detailed description or the claims, such term is intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term “comprising” as “comprising” is interpreted when employed as a transitional word in a claim.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4789962 *||Jul 30, 1987||Dec 6, 1988||International Business Machines Corporation||Methods of displaying help information nearest to an operation point at which the help information is requested|
|US5377354||Jun 8, 1993||Dec 27, 1994||Digital Equipment Corporation||Method and system for sorting and prioritizing electronic mail messages|
|US5423043||Jan 21, 1994||Jun 6, 1995||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for creating and monitoring logical associations among desktop objects|
|US5471399||Aug 17, 1992||Nov 28, 1995||Hitachi, Ltd.||Network management system and network status display method|
|US5493692||Dec 3, 1993||Feb 20, 1996||Xerox Corporation||Selective delivery of electronic messages in a multiple computer system based on context and environment of a user|
|US5508817||Mar 19, 1993||Apr 16, 1996||Fujitsu Limited||Electronic mail accounting system|
|US5544321||Jun 7, 1995||Aug 6, 1996||Xerox Corporation||System for granting ownership of device by user based on requested level of ownership, present state of the device, and the context of the device|
|US5555346||Jan 29, 1993||Sep 10, 1996||Beyond Corporated||Event-driven rule-based messaging system|
|US5555376||Dec 3, 1993||Sep 10, 1996||Xerox Corporation||Method for granting a user request having locational and contextual attributes consistent with user policies for devices having locational attributes consistent with the user request|
|US5603054||Jun 7, 1995||Feb 11, 1997||Xerox Corporation||Method for triggering selected machine event when the triggering properties of the system are met and the triggering conditions of an identified user are perceived|
|US5611050||Jun 7, 1995||Mar 11, 1997||Xerox Corporation||Method for selectively performing event on computer controlled device whose location and allowable operation is consistent with the contextual and locational attributes of the event|
|US5615325||Sep 29, 1994||Mar 25, 1997||Intel Corporation||Graphical viewer for heirarchical datasets|
|US5644363||Mar 24, 1995||Jul 1, 1997||The Advanced Learning Corp.||Apparatus for superimposing visual subliminal instructional materials on a video signal|
|US5717877||Jun 6, 1995||Feb 10, 1998||Object Licensing Licensing Corporation||Object-oriented data access framework system|
|US5736974||Apr 1, 1996||Apr 7, 1998||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for improving visibility and selectability of icons|
|US5742905||Sep 19, 1994||Apr 21, 1998||Bell Communications Research, Inc.||Personal communications internetworking|
|US5751965||Mar 21, 1996||May 12, 1998||Cabletron System, Inc.||Network connection status monitor and display|
|US5757916||Oct 6, 1995||May 26, 1998||International Series Research, Inc.||Method and apparatus for authenticating the location of remote users of networked computing systems|
|US5767852||Jun 12, 1996||Jun 16, 1998||International Business Machines Corporation||Priority selection on a graphical interface|
|US5784124||Jun 11, 1996||Jul 21, 1998||Advanced Learning Corp.||Supraliminal method of education with particular application behavior modification|
|US5812865||Mar 4, 1996||Sep 22, 1998||Xerox Corporation||Specifying and establishing communication data paths between particular media devices in multiple media device computing systems based on context of a user or users|
|US5831545||Aug 25, 1995||Nov 3, 1998||Motorola, Inc.||Method and apparatus for adjusting a communication strategy in a radio communication system using location|
|US5852440||Sep 18, 1996||Dec 22, 1998||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and system for facilitating the selection of icons|
|US5859640||Dec 21, 1996||Jan 12, 1999||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for warning a user that feedback has been provided in a graphical user interface|
|US5864848||Jan 31, 1997||Jan 26, 1999||Microsoft Corporation||Goal-driven information interpretation and extraction system|
|US5928330||Sep 6, 1996||Jul 27, 1999||Motorola, Inc.||System, device, and method for streaming a multimedia file|
|US5973612||Apr 4, 1997||Oct 26, 1999||Microsoft Corporation||Flexible object notification|
|US5987234 *||Mar 27, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Hitachi, Ltd||Console apparatus for information processing system|
|US6021403 *||Jul 19, 1996||Feb 1, 2000||Microsoft Corporation||Intelligent user assistance facility|
|US6055505||Dec 30, 1997||Apr 25, 2000||U S West, Inc.||Automatic customer notification system and method|
|US6057842||Apr 29, 1999||May 2, 2000||Quickbuy, Inc.||Display layout generator for graphical representations|
|US6067477||Jan 15, 1998||May 23, 2000||Eutech Cybernetics Pte Ltd.||Method and apparatus for the creation of personalized supervisory and control data acquisition systems for the management and integration of real-time enterprise-wide applications and systems|
|US6067565||Jan 15, 1998||May 23, 2000||Microsoft Corporation||Technique for prefetching a web page of potential future interest in lieu of continuing a current information download|
|US6078322||Sep 30, 1997||Jun 20, 2000||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Methods permitting rapid generation of platform independent software applications executed on a universal client device|
|US6078568||Feb 25, 1997||Jun 20, 2000||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Multiple access communication network with dynamic access control|
|US6094681||Mar 31, 1998||Jul 25, 2000||Siemens Information And Communication Networks, Inc.||Apparatus and method for automated event notification|
|US6101531||Apr 15, 1998||Aug 8, 2000||Motorola, Inc.||System for communicating user-selected criteria filter prepared at wireless client to communication server for filtering data transferred from host to said wireless client|
|US6144363||Dec 16, 1996||Nov 7, 2000||Video Road Digital Inc.||Message status display|
|US6167448||Jun 11, 1998||Dec 26, 2000||Compaq Computer Corporation||Management event notification system using event notification messages written using a markup language|
|US6199106||Sep 14, 1998||Mar 6, 2001||Juno Online Services, Inc.||Electronic mail system with advertising|
|US6256664||Mar 19, 1999||Jul 3, 2001||Bigfix, Inc.||Method and apparatus for computed relevance messaging|
|US6262730||Nov 20, 1998||Jul 17, 2001||Microsoft Corp||Intelligent user assistance facility|
|US6289380||Sep 27, 1999||Sep 11, 2001||Computer Associates Think, Inc.||Network management system using virtual reality techniques to display and simulate navigation to network components|
|US6301609||Sep 8, 1999||Oct 9, 2001||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Assignable associate priorities for user-definable instant messaging buddy groups|
|US6327581||Apr 6, 1998||Dec 4, 2001||Microsoft Corporation||Methods and apparatus for building a support vector machine classifier|
|US6332127||Jan 28, 1999||Dec 18, 2001||International Business Machines Corporation||Systems, methods and computer program products for providing time and location specific advertising via the internet|
|US6337699||Jun 27, 1996||Jan 8, 2002||Sun Microsystems, Inc.||Visualizing degrees of information object attributes|
|US6342908||Mar 22, 1999||Jan 29, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Progressive window organization|
|US6353398||Oct 22, 1999||Mar 5, 2002||Himanshu S. Amin||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US6360101||Dec 31, 1998||Mar 19, 2002||Ericsson Inc.||Cellular phone that displays or sends messages upon its arrival at a predetermined location|
|US6374289||Mar 26, 2001||Apr 16, 2002||Backweb Technologies, Ltd.||Distributed client-based data caching system|
|US6400810||Jul 20, 1999||Jun 4, 2002||Ameritech Corporation||Method and system for selective notification of E-mail messages|
|US6425127||Jan 13, 2000||Jul 23, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and system for controlling visual access by a user to broadcast video segments|
|US6437812||Jun 30, 1999||Aug 20, 2002||Cerebrus Solutions Limited||Graphical user interface and method for displaying hierarchically structured information|
|US6438618||Dec 16, 1998||Aug 20, 2002||Intel Corporation||Method and device for filtering events in an event notification service|
|US6456307||Sep 9, 1998||Sep 24, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Automatic icon generation|
|US6459440 *||Jul 15, 1999||Oct 1, 2002||Motorola, Inc.||Method and apparatus for automatic deletion of a pop-up window|
|US6459913||May 3, 1999||Oct 1, 2002||At&T Corp.||Unified alerting device and method for alerting a subscriber in a communication network based upon the result of logical functions|
|US6463462||Feb 2, 1999||Oct 8, 2002||Dialogic Communications Corporation||Automated system and method for delivery of messages and processing of message responses|
|US6463471||Dec 28, 1998||Oct 8, 2002||Intel Corporation||Method and system for validating and distributing network presence information for peers of interest|
|US6466232||Dec 18, 1998||Oct 15, 2002||Tangis Corporation||Method and system for controlling presentation of information to a user based on the user's condition|
|US6480207||Aug 30, 1999||Nov 12, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Method, apparatus and computer program product for implementing graphical user interface (GUI) window control|
|US6499021||May 26, 1999||Dec 24, 2002||Suhayya Abu-Hakima||Apparatus and method for interpreting and intelligently managing electronic messages|
|US6513026||Jun 17, 2000||Jan 28, 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Decision theoretic principles and policies for notification|
|US6513046||Dec 15, 1999||Jan 28, 2003||Tangis Corporation||Storing and recalling information to augment human memories|
|US6542868||Sep 23, 1999||Apr 1, 2003||International Business Machines Corporation||Audio notification management system|
|US6549219||Apr 9, 1999||Apr 15, 2003||International Business Machines Corporation||Pie menu graphical user interface|
|US6549915||Jun 6, 2001||Apr 15, 2003||Tangis Corporation||Storing and recalling information to augment human memories|
|US6563514 *||Apr 13, 2000||May 13, 2003||Extensio Software, Inc.||System and method for providing contextual and dynamic information retrieval|
|US6577329 *||Feb 25, 1999||Jun 10, 2003||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and system for relevance feedback through gaze tracking and ticker interfaces|
|US6584502||Jun 29, 1999||Jun 24, 2003||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Technique for providing automatic event notification of changing network conditions to network elements in an adaptive, feedback-based data network|
|US6590587||Nov 30, 1999||Jul 8, 2003||Agilent Technologies, Inc.||Monitoring system and method implementing navigation interface logic|
|US6591279||Apr 23, 1999||Jul 8, 2003||International Business Machines Corporation||System and method for computer-based notifications of real-world events using digital images|
|US6593943||Nov 30, 1999||Jul 15, 2003||International Business Machines Corp.||Information grouping configuration for use with diverse display devices|
|US6618716||Jul 30, 1999||Sep 9, 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Computational architecture for managing the transmittal and rendering of information, alerts, and notifications|
|US6622160||Jul 30, 1999||Sep 16, 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Methods for routing items for communications based on a measure of criticality|
|US6650902||Nov 15, 1999||Nov 18, 2003||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Method and apparatus for wireless telecommunications system that provides location-based information delivery to a wireless mobile unit|
|US6672506||Oct 15, 2001||Jan 6, 2004||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Statistical sampling security methodology for self-scanning checkout system|
|US6674720||Sep 29, 1999||Jan 6, 2004||Silicon Graphics, Inc.||Age-based network arbitration system and method|
|US6678719||Dec 20, 1999||Jan 13, 2004||Mediaone Group, Inc.||Virtual workplace intercommunication tool|
|US6697840||Feb 29, 2000||Feb 24, 2004||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Presence awareness in collaborative systems|
|US6714967||Jul 30, 1999||Mar 30, 2004||Microsoft Corporation||Integration of a computer-based message priority system with mobile electronic devices|
|US6741188||Mar 10, 2000||May 25, 2004||John M. Miller||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US6747675||Nov 28, 2000||Jun 8, 2004||Tangis Corporation||Mediating conflicts in computer user's context data|
|US6757362||Mar 6, 2000||Jun 29, 2004||Avaya Technology Corp.||Personal virtual assistant|
|US6781972||Mar 31, 2000||Aug 24, 2004||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Method and system for subscriber-configurable communications service|
|US6791580||Nov 28, 2000||Sep 14, 2004||Tangis Corporation||Supplying notifications related to supply and consumption of user context data|
|US6796505||Jun 17, 2002||Sep 28, 2004||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Terminal locking system|
|US6801223||Nov 28, 2000||Oct 5, 2004||Tangis Corporation||Managing interactions between computer users' context models|
|US6812937||Nov 28, 2000||Nov 2, 2004||Tangis Corporation||Supplying enhanced computer user's context data|
|US6829639||Nov 15, 1999||Dec 7, 2004||Netvision, Inc.||Method and system for intelligent global event notification and control within a distributed computing environment|
|US6837436||Nov 21, 2001||Jan 4, 2005||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Consumer interactive shopping system|
|US6842877||Apr 2, 2001||Jan 11, 2005||Tangis Corporation||Contextual responses based on automated learning techniques|
|US6853634||Dec 14, 1999||Feb 8, 2005||Nortel Networks Limited||Anonymity in a presence management system|
|US6965917||Dec 30, 1999||Nov 15, 2005||Comverse Ltd.||System and method for notification of an event|
|US7010501||Jan 25, 2000||Mar 7, 2006||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Personal shopping system|
|US7016944||Sep 30, 1999||Mar 21, 2006||Apple Computer, Inc.||System and method for passive detection and context sensitive notification of upgrade availability for computer information|
|US7040541||Jan 19, 2000||May 9, 2006||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Portable shopping and order fulfillment system|
|US7063263||Oct 4, 2004||Jun 20, 2006||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Consumer interactive shopping system|
|US7069309||Oct 19, 2000||Jun 27, 2006||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for requesting an event notification over a network|
|US7073129||Apr 12, 2001||Jul 4, 2006||Tangis Corporation||Automated selection of appropriate information based on a computer user's context|
|US7139718||Mar 25, 1998||Nov 21, 2006||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Notification apparatus and method therefor|
|US7155729 *||Nov 3, 2000||Dec 26, 2006||Microsoft Corporation||Method and system for displaying transient notifications|
|US7162238||Mar 8, 2006||Jan 9, 2007||Massie Rodney E||System and method of querying a device, checking device roaming history and/or obtaining device modem statistics when device is within a home network and/or a complementary network|
|US7171378||May 2, 2002||Jan 30, 2007||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Portable electronic terminal and data processing system|
|US7195157||Jun 15, 2006||Mar 27, 2007||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Consumer interactive shopping system|
|US7209955||Apr 10, 2000||Apr 24, 2007||Research In Motion Limited||Notification system and method for a mobile data communication device|
|US7385501||Aug 3, 2005||Jun 10, 2008||Himanshu S. Amin||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US20010030664||Nov 29, 2000||Oct 18, 2001||Shulman Leo A.||Method and apparatus for configuring icon interactivity|
|US20010030667||Dec 22, 2000||Oct 18, 2001||Kelts Brett R.||Interactive display interface for information objects|
|US20010040590||Jul 16, 2001||Nov 15, 2001||Abbott Kenneth H.||Thematic response to a computer user's context, such as by a wearable personal computer|
|US20010040591||Jul 16, 2001||Nov 15, 2001||Abbott Kenneth H.||Thematic response to a computer user's context, such as by a wearable personal computer|
|US20010043231||Jul 16, 2001||Nov 22, 2001||Abbott Kenneth H.||Thematic response to a computer user's context, such as by a wearable personal computer|
|US20010043232||Jul 16, 2001||Nov 22, 2001||Abbott Kenneth H.||Thematic response to a computer user's context, such as by a wearable personal computer|
|US20010049275||Feb 15, 2001||Dec 6, 2001||Pierry Cristiano L. S.||Automated alert state change of user devices for time-based and location-based events|
|US20020032689||Jun 6, 2001||Mar 14, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Storing and recalling information to augment human memories|
|US20020044152||Jun 11, 2001||Apr 18, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Dynamic integration of computer generated and real world images|
|US20020052930||Jun 27, 2001||May 2, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Managing interactions between computer users' context models|
|US20020052963||Jun 27, 2001||May 2, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Managing interactions between computer users' context models|
|US20020054117 *||Jun 15, 2001||May 9, 2002||Van Dantzich Maarten R.||Scope user interface for displaying the priorities and properties of multiple informational items|
|US20020054130||Jun 11, 2001||May 9, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Dynamically displaying current status of tasks|
|US20020054174||Apr 2, 2001||May 9, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Thematic response to a computer user's context, such as by a wearable personal computer|
|US20020078204||Jun 25, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||Dan Newell||Method and system for controlling presentation of information to a user based on the user's condition|
|US20020080155||Jun 11, 2001||Jun 27, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Supplying notifications related to supply and consumption of user context data|
|US20020080156||Jun 11, 2001||Jun 27, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Supplying notifications related to supply and consumption of user context data|
|US20020083025||Apr 2, 2001||Jun 27, 2002||Robarts James O.||Contextual responses based on automated learning techniques|
|US20020083158||Jun 27, 2001||Jun 27, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Managing interactions between computer users' context models|
|US20020087525||Apr 2, 2001||Jul 4, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Soliciting information based on a computer user's context|
|US20020087649||Jun 14, 2001||Jul 4, 2002||Horvitz Eric J.||Bounded-deferral policies for reducing the disruptiveness of notifications|
|US20020099817||Jun 27, 2001||Jul 25, 2002||Abbott Kenneth H.||Managing interactions between computer users' context models|
|US20020171581||Nov 30, 1998||Nov 21, 2002||Leonid Sheynblat||Method and apparatus for providing location-based information via a computer network|
|US20020174199||Oct 17, 2001||Nov 21, 2002||Eric Horvitz||System and method for identifying and establishing preferred modalities or channels for communications based on participants' preferences and contexts|
|US20030028603||Aug 2, 2001||Feb 6, 2003||Siemens Information And Communication Networks, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for automatically summarizing messages stored in a unified multimedia mailboxes|
|US20030046351||Feb 11, 2002||Mar 6, 2003||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Document management system|
|US20030046401||Oct 16, 2001||Mar 6, 2003||Abbott Kenneth H.||Dynamically determing appropriate computer user interfaces|
|US20030046421||Dec 12, 2001||Mar 6, 2003||Horvitz Eric J.||Controls and displays for acquiring preferences, inspecting behavior, and guiding the learning and decision policies of an adaptive communications prioritization and routing system|
|US20030154476||Feb 21, 2003||Aug 14, 2003||Abbott Kenneth H.||Storing and recalling information to augment human memories|
|US20040030753||Jun 30, 2003||Feb 12, 2004||Horvitz Eric J.||Bounded-deferral policies for guiding the timing of alerting, interaction and communications using local sensory information|
|US20040061716||Sep 30, 2002||Apr 1, 2004||Cheung Dennis T.||Centralized alert and notifications repository, manager, and viewer|
|US20040117443||Nov 24, 2003||Jun 17, 2004||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for managing instant messaging|
|US20040143636||Mar 16, 2001||Jul 22, 2004||Horvitz Eric J||Priorities generation and management|
|US20040199663||Jun 18, 2003||Oct 7, 2004||Horvitz Eric J.||Harnessing information about the timing of a user's client-server interactions to enhance messaging and collaboration services|
|US20040201500||Apr 15, 2004||Oct 14, 2004||Miller John M.||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US20040225718||Dec 23, 2003||Nov 11, 2004||Thomas Heinzel||Alert notification engine|
|US20050034078||Apr 14, 2004||Feb 10, 2005||Abbott Kenneth H.||Mediating conflicts in computer user's context data|
|US20050050143||Apr 30, 2003||Mar 3, 2005||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for enhancing instant messaging systems|
|US20050248437||Aug 19, 2003||Nov 10, 2005||At&T Wireless Services, Inc.||Filtered in-box for voice mail, e-mail, pages, web-based information, and faxes|
|US20050266858||Aug 3, 2005||Dec 1, 2005||Miller John M||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US20050272442||Aug 3, 2005||Dec 8, 2005||Miller John M||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US20060019676||Aug 3, 2005||Jan 26, 2006||Miller John M||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|US20070011314||Aug 31, 2006||Jan 11, 2007||Microsoft Corporation||Notification platform architecture|
|US20070214228||May 16, 2007||Sep 13, 2007||Microsoft Corporation||Notification platform architecture|
|US20080090591||Oct 29, 2007||Apr 17, 2008||Miller John M||computer-implemented method to perform location-based searching|
|US20080091537||Oct 29, 2007||Apr 17, 2008||Miller John M||Computer-implemented method for pushing targeted advertisements to a user|
|US20080161018||Mar 10, 2008||Jul 3, 2008||Miller John M||System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system|
|USD494584||Dec 5, 2002||Aug 17, 2004||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Mobile companion|
|EP0375138A2||Nov 10, 1989||Jun 27, 1990||International Business Machines Corporation||Restricting electronic message traffic|
|EP0413537A2||Aug 13, 1990||Feb 20, 1991||Digital Equipment International Limited||Electronic mail message control system|
|EP0420779A3||Aug 29, 1990||Sep 30, 1992||International Business Machines Corporation||User selectable electronic mail management method|
|EP0420779B1||Aug 29, 1990||Jan 31, 1996||International Business Machines Corporation||User selectable electronic mail management method|
|EP0867823A2||Mar 24, 1998||Sep 30, 1998||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Notification apparatus and method therefor|
|EP0867823B1||Mar 24, 1998||May 9, 2007||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Notification apparatus and method therefor|
|EP0905633A2||Jul 2, 1998||Mar 31, 1999||Sharp Corporation||E-Mail sending/receiving system, E-Mail sending/receiving method and recording medium having recorded the method|
|EP0905633A3||Jul 2, 1998||Jul 19, 2000||Sharp Corporation||E-Mail sending/receiving system, E-Mail sending/receiving method and recording medium having recorded the method|
|EP1022670A2||Dec 29, 1999||Jul 26, 2000||Pitney Bowes Limited||Dynamic electronic messaging system|
|GB2328110A||Title not available|
|GB2353679A||Title not available|
|JP1079756A||Title not available|
|JP08314827A||Title not available|
|JPH1079756A||Title not available|
|WO2004025912A3||Aug 22, 2003||May 27, 2004||Ibm||Method and device for e-mail addressing|
|1||Alec Cameron and Hsiang-Lung Wu "Identifying and Localizing Electrical Components: A Case Study of Adaptive Goal-directed Sensing", 1997, 6 pages.|
|2||Andy Harter, et al., A Distributed Location System for the Active Office, IEEE Network, 1994, pp. 62-70.|
|3||Bill N. Schilit, et al., Customizing Mobile Applications, Proceedings USENIX Symposium on Mobile and Location Independent Computing, Aug. 1993, 9 pages.|
|4||Bill N. Schilit, et al., Disseminationg Active Map Information to Mobile Hosts, IEEE Network, 1994, pp. 22-32, vol. 8-No. 5.|
|5||Bill N. Schilit, et al., Disseminationg Active Map Information to Mobile Hosts, IEEE Network, 1994, pp. 22-32, vol. 8—No. 5.|
|6||Bill N. Schilit, et al., The ParcTab Mobile Computing System, IEEE WWOS-IV, 1993, 4 pages.|
|7||Bill Schilit, et al., Context-Aware Computing Applications, In Proceedings of the Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, Dec. 1994. pp. 85-90.|
|8||Bradley J. Rhodes, Remembrance Agent: A continuously running automated information retrieval system, The Proceedings of the First International Conference on The Practical Application of Intelligent Agents and Multi Agent Technology, 1996, pp. 487-495.|
|9||Bradley J. Rhodes, The Wearable Remembrance Agent: A System for Augmented Memory, Personal Technologies Journal Special Issue on Wearable Computing, 1997, 12 pages.|
|10||Bradley J. Rhodes, The Wearable Remembrance Agent: A System for Augmented Theory, The Proceedings of The First International Symposium on Wearable Computers, Oct. 1997, pp. 123-128.|
|11||Breese et al., "Empirical analysis of predictive algorithms for collaborative filtering", Proceedings of the 14th Conference on Uncertainty in AI, 1998 p. 43-52, AUAI, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|12||Breese, et al. Empirical analysis of predictive algorithms for collaborative filtering, in proceedings of the 14th conf on uncertainty in AI, 1998, pp. 43-52, AUAI, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|13||Chaomei Chen, "Visualising semantic spaces and author co-citation networks in digital libraries", 1999, 20 pages.|
|14||Costas Tsatsoulis, Qing Cheng and Hsin-Yen Wei, "Integrating Case-Based Reasoning and Decision Theory", 1997, 10 pages.|
|15||Czerwinski et al., "Visualizing implicit queries for information management and retrieval", Proceedings of CHI'99, ACM SIGCHI Conf on Informational and Knowledge Management, 1999, p. 560-567.|
|16||D. Koller, et al. Toward optimal feature selection, In proceedings of 13th conference on machine learning, 1998, pp. 284-292, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|17||D. Scott McCrickard and C.M. Chewar. Attuning Notification Design to User Goals and Attention Costs. Communications of the ACM, vol. 46 Issue 3, pp. 67-72, 2003.|
|18||Doree Duncan Sehgmann, Cati Laporte, and Stephan Vladimir Bugaj, "The message is the medium", 1997, 12 pages.|
|19||Dumais et al.,"Inductive learning algorithms and representations for text categorization", Proceedings of 7th Intl Conf on Information and Knowledge Management, 1998, pp. 148-155.|
|20||E. Horvitz, et al. The Lumiere project: Bayesian user modeling for inferring the goals and needs of software users, in proceedings of the 14th conf on uncertainty in AI, 1998, pp. 256-265, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|21||EP Search Report dated Jun. 20, 2005 for EP 02025530.|
|22||Eric Horvitz, et al. Models for Attention in Computing and Communication: From Principles to Applications, Communications of the ACM, Mar. 2003, pp. 52-59, vol. 46, No. 3.|
|23||Eric Horvitz, et al. Models of Attention in Computing and Communication: From Principles to Applications, Communications of the ACM, 46(3): 52-29, Mar. 2003.|
|24||Eric Horvitz, et al., Attention-Sensitive Alerting in Computing Systems, Microsoft Research, Aug. 1999.|
|25||Eric Horvitz, et al., In Pursuit of Effective Handsfree Decision Support: Coupling Bayesian Inference, Speech Understanding, and User Models, 1995, 8 pages.|
|26||European Search Report dated Jul. 5, 2004, for Application No. EP 04 00 0621.|
|27||European Search Report dated Sep. 28, 2004 for Application No. EP 05 10 5299, 4 pages.|
|28||Finn V. Jensen, "Bayesian networks basics", Winter 1995/ Spring 1996, 14 pages.|
|29||Francis Chu and Joseph Halpern, "A Decision-Theoretic Approach to Reliable Message Delivery", 15 pages.|
|30||Gary Boone, Concept Features in Re: Agent, an Intelligent Email Agent, 1998, 8 pages.|
|31||Guanling Chen, et al., A Survey of Context-Aware Mobile Computing Research, Dartmouth Computer Science Technical Report, 2000, 16 pages.|
|32||H. Leiberman, Letizia: An Agent that assists web browsing, in proceedings of IJCAI-95, 1995, 6 pages, Montreal Canada, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|33||Horvitz et al., "Display of Information for time-critical decision making" Proceedings of the 11th Conference on uncertainty in AI, 1995, p. 296-305, Montreal, Canada.|
|34||Horvitz et al., "The Lumiere project: Bayesian user modeling for inferring the goals and needs of software users", Proceedings of the 14th conference on uncertainty in AI, 1998, p. 256-265, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|35||Horvitz, "Principles of mixed-initiative user interfaces" Proceedings of CHI'99, ACM SIGCHI Conf on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1999, pp. 159-166, Pitssburgh, PA.|
|36||Horvitz, "Time dependant utility and action under uncertainty", Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Uncertainty in AI, LA, CA, 1991 pp. 151-158, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|37||Horvitz, "Time-critical action:Representations and Application", Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Uncertainty in AI(UAI-97), 1997, pp. 250-257, Providence, RI, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|38||*||Horvitz, Eric, Jocobs, Andy, Hovel, David, Attention Sensitive Alerting, Jul. 1999, in Proceedings of UAI '99, Conference on Uncertainty and Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco. pp. 305-313.|
|39||Horvitz, et al. Display of Information for time-critical decision making, in Proceedings of the 11th Conf on uncertainty in AI, 1995, pp. 296-305, Monetrea, Canada.|
|40||Horvitz, Principles of mixed-initiative user interfaces, in proceedings of CHI'99, ACM SIGCHI Conf on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1999, pp. 159-166, Pittsburgh, PA, ACM.|
|41||Horvitz, Time dependent utility and action under uncertainty, in proceedings of 7th conf on uncertainty in AI, LA, CA, 1991, pp. 151-158, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|42||Horvitz, Time-critical action: representations and application, in proceedings of the 13th conf on uncertainty in AI (UAI-97), 1997, pp. 250-257, Providence, RI, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|43||International Search Report dated Aug. 20, 2002, for International Application Serial No. PCT/US01/08711.|
|44||International Search Report dated Jun. 28, 2006 for International Application Serial No. PCT/US04/19915.|
|45||International Search Report dated Sep. 2, 2002, for International Application Serial No. PCT/US01/08710.|
|46||International Search Report dated Sep. 29, 2003 for PCT Application Serial No. 00/20685, 3 Pages.|
|47||J. Platt, Probabilistic outputs for support vector machines and comparisons to regularized likelihood methods, In Advances in Large Margin Classifiers, 1999, 11 pages, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.|
|48||Jacob Palme, Jussi Karlgren, and Daniel Pargran, "Issues whe designing filters in messaging systems", 1996, 7 pages.|
|49||Jeffrey S. Shell, Ted Selker, and Roel Vertegaal. Interacting with Groups of Computers. Communications of the ACM, vol. 46 Issue 3, pp. 40-46, 2003.|
|50||Jonathan Isaac Helfman and Charles Lee Isbell, "Ishmail: Immedieate Identification of Important Information", 8 pages.|
|51||Juha Takkinen and Nahid Shahmehri, "CAFE: A Conceptual Model for Managing Information in Electronic Mail", 1998, 10 pages.|
|52||Kalakota et al., "Mobile Agents and Mobile Workers", Proceedings of the European Conference on Machine Learning, Apr. 21, 1998, pp. 137-142, Germany.|
|53||Koller et al., "Toward optimal feature selection", Proceedings of 13th conference on machine lerning, 1998, p. 284-293, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|54||Kozierok et al., "A Learning Interface Agent for Scheduled Meetings", Feb. 2003, pp. 81-93.|
|55||Lashkari et al., "Collaborative Interface Agents", Proceedings AAAI, National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Jul. 21, 1994, vol. 1, pp. 444-449.|
|56||Lee et al., "Learning and Predicting User Behavior for Particular Resource Use", Proceedings of the Florida Artifical Intelligence Research Symposium, May 21, 2001, pp. 177-181.|
|57||Leiberman, "Letizia: An Agent that assists web browsing", Proceedings of IJCAI-95, 1995, 6 pgs, Montreal, Canada, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco.|
|58||Loke et al., "Location-Based Personal Agents: A Metaphor for Situated Computing", Parallel Processing, 2000 Internation Workshops, Aug. 21, 000, pp. 17-19.|
|59||M. Billinghurst, et al., An Evaluation of Wearable Information Spaces, Proceedings of the Virtual Reality Annual International Symposium, 1998, 8 pages.|
|60||M. Czerwinski, et al. Visualizing implicit queries for information management and retrieval, in proceedings of CHI'99, ACM SIGCHI Conf on informational and knowledge management, 1999, pp. 560-567, ACM.|
|61||M. Marx, et al, "Clues: Dynamic Personalized Message Filtering", Preceedings of the ACM 1996 Conference on Computer Supportedcooperative Work, Boston, Nov. 16-20, 1996, pp. 113-121.|
|62||M. Sahami, et al. A Bayesian approach to filtering junk email, in Workshop on learning for text categorizations, 1998, 8 pages, AAI Technical Report WS-98-05, AAAI.|
|63||M. Van Dantzich, D. Robbins, E. Horvitz, and M. Czerwinski. Scope: Providing Awareness of Multiple Notifications at a Glance. In Proceedings of AVI 2002, ACM Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, 2002. 11 pages.|
|64||Makoto Iwayama and Takenobu Tokunaga, "Hierarchical Bayesian Clustering for Automatic Text Classification", 1995, 6 pages.|
|65||Mark Billinghurst, et al., Wearable Devices: New Ways to Manage Information, IEEE Computer Society, Jan. 1999, pp. 57-64.|
|66||Mark Billinghurst, Research Directions in Wearable Computing, University of Washington, May 1998, 48 pages.|
|67||Mark Weiser, Some Computer Science Issues in Ubiquitous Computing, Communications of the ACM, Jul. 1993, pp. 75-84, vol. 36 - No. 7.|
|68||Mark Weiser, The Computer for the 21st Century, Scientific American, Sep. 1991, pp. 94-104, vol. 265-No. 3.|
|69||Mark Weiser, The Computer for the 21st Century, Scientific American, Sep. 1991, pp. 94-104, vol. 265—No. 3.|
|70||Marti A. Hearst and Haym Hirsh, "Machine Learning in Information Access Papers from the 1996 AAAI Spring Symposium", 1996, 3 pages.|
|71||Marvin Theimer, et al., Operating System Issues for PDAs, in Fourth Workshop on Workstation Operating Systems, 1993, 7 pages.|
|72||Mike Spreitzer et al., Scalable, Secure, Mobile Computing with Location Information, Communications of the ACM, Jul. 1993, 1 page, vol. 36-No. 7.|
|73||Mike Spreitzer et al., Scalable, Secure, Mobile Computing with Location Information, Communications of the ACM, Jul. 1993, 1 page, vol. 36—No. 7.|
|74||Mike Spreitzer, et al., Architectural Considerations for Scalable, Secure, Mobile Computing with Location Information, In The 14th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, Jun. 1994. pp. 29-38.|
|75||Mike Spreitzer, et al., Providing Location Information in a Ubiquitous Computing Environment, SIGOPS '93, 1993, pp. 270-283.|
|76||Nitin Sawhney and Chris Schmandt, Speaking and Listening on the Run: Design for Wearable Audio Computing, 1998, 8 pages.|
|77||Nitin Sawhney, et al. Nomadic Radio: Speech and Audio Interaction for Contextual Messaging in Nomadic Environments, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, ACM, Sep. 1, 2000, pp. 353-383.|
|78||Partial European Search Report dated Mar. 17, 2005 for EP Application No. 02025530, 3 pages.|
|79||Paul E. Baclace, "Competitive Agents for Information Filtering", Dec. 1999, 1 page.|
|80||Peter Haddawy, "An Overview of Some Recent Developments in Bayesian Problem-Solving Techniques Introduction to This Special Issue", 1999, 9 pages.|
|81||Platt, "Fast Training of Support Vector Machines Using Sequential Minimal Optimization", Advances in Kernel Methods, Support Vector Learning, 1999 p. 41-65, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.|
|82||Platt, Fast training of support vector machines using sequential minimal optimization, in advances in kernel methods, support vector learning, 1999, pp. 41-65 MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.|
|83||Robert M. Losee Jr., "Minimizing information overload: the ranking of electronic messages", 1989, 11 pages.|
|84||Robert M. Losee, Jr., Minimizing information overload: the ranking of electronic messages, Journal of Information Science 15, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., 1989, pp. 179-189.|
|85||Roel Vertegaal. Designing Attentive Interfaces. Proceedings of the Symposium on ETRA 2002: Eye tracking research and applications symposium, pp. 23-30, 2002.|
|86||Roy Want, Active Badges and Personal Interactive Computing Objects, IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 1992, 11 pages, vol. 38 - No. 1.|
|87||Roy Want, et al., The Active Badge Location System, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, Jan. 1992, pp. 91-102, vol. 10 - No. 1.|
|88||S. Dumais, et al. Inductive learning algorithms and representations for text categorization, in proceedings of 7th Intl Conf on Information and Knowledge Management, 1998, pp. 148-155, ACM.|
|89||Sahami et al., "A Bayesian approach to filtering junk email" Workshop on learning for text categorizations, 1998, 8 pgs, AAI technical Report WS-98-05, AAAI.|
|90||Sanguk Noh and Piotr J. Gmytrasiewicz, "Rational Communicative Behavior in Anti-Air Defense", 1998, 8 pages.|
|91||Sofus A. MacSkassy, et al., EmailValet: Learning Email Preferences for Wireless Platforms, Rutgers University, User Modeling 1999 Workshop-Machine Learning for User Modeling, Jun. 3, 1999, 4 pages.|
|92||Sofus A. MacSkassy, et al., EmailValet: Learning Email Preferences for Wireless Platforms, Rutgers University, User Modeling 1999 Workshop—Machine Learning for User Modeling, Jun. 3, 1999, 4 pages.|
|93||T. Joachims, Text categorization with support vector machines: learning with many relevant features, Machine Learning, European Conference on Machine Learning, Apr. 21, 1998, pp. 137-142.|
|94||Thad Eugene Starner, Wearable Computing and Contextual Awareness, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Jun. 1999, 248 pages.|
|95||William Noah Schilt, A System Architecture for Context-Aware Mobile Computing, Columbia University, 1995, 153 pages.|
|96||William W. Cohen, "Learning Rules that Classify E-Mail", 1996, 11 pages.|
|97||Workshop on Wearable Computing Systems, Aug. 19-21, 1996.|
|98||Yu Lo Cyrus Chang, Leslie C. Lander, Horng-Shing Lu and Martin T. Wells, "Bayesian Analysis for Fault Location in Homogeneous Distributed Systems", 1993, 10 pages.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7975015||May 16, 2007||Jul 5, 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Notification platform architecture|
|US8019834||Jun 1, 2009||Sep 13, 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Harnessing information about the timing of a user's client-server interactions to enhance messaging and collaboration services|
|US8024415||Mar 16, 2001||Sep 20, 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Priorities generation and management|
|US8073866||Mar 16, 2006||Dec 6, 2011||Claria Innovations, Llc||Method for providing content to an internet user based on the user's demonstrated content preferences|
|US8078602||Dec 17, 2004||Dec 13, 2011||Claria Innovations, Llc||Search engine for a computer network|
|US8086672||Jun 30, 2004||Dec 27, 2011||Microsoft Corporation||When-free messaging|
|US8086697||Oct 31, 2005||Dec 27, 2011||Claria Innovations, Llc||Techniques for displaying impressions in documents delivered over a computer network|
|US8166392||May 21, 2003||Apr 24, 2012||Microsoft Corporation||Method for automatically assigning priorities to documents and messages|
|US8209634 *||Feb 24, 2004||Jun 26, 2012||Research In Motion Limited||Previewing a new event on a small screen device|
|US8255413||Aug 19, 2005||Aug 28, 2012||Carhamm Ltd., Llc||Method and apparatus for responding to request for information-personalization|
|US8316003||Oct 12, 2009||Nov 20, 2012||Carhamm Ltd., Llc||Updating content of presentation vehicle in a computer network|
|US8468462 *||Oct 9, 2007||Jun 18, 2013||Honeywell International, Inc.||Display management in a multi-window display|
|US8521827 *||Jan 25, 2002||Aug 27, 2013||Carhamm Ltd., Llc||Presentation of information to end-users|
|US8547330||May 23, 2012||Oct 1, 2013||Trading Technologies International, Inc.||System and method for display management based on user attention inputs|
|US8560429||Jan 10, 2012||Oct 15, 2013||Trading Technologies International, Inc.||System and method for assisted awareness|
|US8566413||Oct 27, 2008||Oct 22, 2013||Microsoft Corporation||Bounded-deferral policies for guiding the timing of alerting, interaction and communications using local sensory information|
|US8595630||Apr 5, 2010||Nov 26, 2013||Blackberry Limited||Method and apparatus for providing minimal status display|
|US8631353 *||Jan 26, 2012||Jan 14, 2014||Blackberry Limited||Previewing a new event on a small screen device|
|US8631419||Jun 29, 2007||Jan 14, 2014||Microsoft Corporation||System and methods for disruption detection, management, and recovery|
|US8639505 *||Apr 20, 2009||Jan 28, 2014||Nvoq Incorporated||Method and systems for simplifying copying and pasting transcriptions generated from a dictation based speech-to-text system|
|US8689238||Dec 23, 2011||Apr 1, 2014||Carhamm Ltd., Llc||Techniques for displaying impressions in documents delivered over a computer network|
|US8706651||Apr 3, 2009||Apr 22, 2014||Microsoft Corporation||Building and using predictive models of current and future surprises|
|US8719280||Feb 8, 2013||May 6, 2014||Google Inc.||Person-based information aggregation|
|US8751500||Feb 8, 2013||Jun 10, 2014||Google Inc.||Notification classification and display|
|US8854302||Aug 16, 2013||Oct 7, 2014||Trading Technologies International, Inc.||System and method for display management based on user attention inputs|
|US8892674||Oct 27, 2008||Nov 18, 2014||Microsoft Corporation||Integration of a computer-based message priority system with mobile electronic devices|
|US9058817 *||Dec 11, 2013||Jun 16, 2015||Nvoq Incorporated||Method and systems for simplifying copying and pasting transcriptions generated from a dictation based speech-to-text system|
|US9098111||Jun 22, 2012||Aug 4, 2015||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Focus guidance within a three-dimensional interface|
|US9100357||May 15, 2014||Aug 4, 2015||Google Inc.||Notification classification and display|
|US9104768||Apr 2, 2014||Aug 11, 2015||Google Inc.||Person-based information aggregation|
|US9282587||Nov 16, 2012||Mar 8, 2016||Google Technology Holdings, LLC||Method for managing notifications in a communication device|
|US9386102||Sep 29, 2014||Jul 5, 2016||Panasonic Intellectual Property Corporation Of America||Gateway apparatus, communication apparatus, apparatus co-operation network system, and apparatus co-operation method|
|US9423878||Feb 24, 2012||Aug 23, 2016||Blackberry Limited||Electronic device and method of displaying information in response to a gesture|
|US9465440||Sep 14, 2012||Oct 11, 2016||Blackberry Limited||Electronic device and method of displaying information in response to a gesture|
|US9471145||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 18, 2016||Blackberry Limited||Electronic device and method of displaying information in response to a gesture|
|US9495446||Mar 1, 2010||Nov 15, 2016||Gula Consulting Limited Liability Company||Method and device for publishing cross-network user behavioral data|
|US20030145060 *||Jan 25, 2002||Jul 31, 2003||Martin Anthony G.||Presentation of information to end-users|
|US20040143636 *||Mar 16, 2001||Jul 22, 2004||Horvitz Eric J||Priorities generation and management|
|US20040254998 *||Jun 30, 2004||Dec 16, 2004||Microsoft Corporation||When-free messaging|
|US20050120306 *||Feb 24, 2004||Jun 2, 2005||Research In Motion Limited||Previewing a new event on a small screen device|
|US20070214228 *||May 16, 2007||Sep 13, 2007||Microsoft Corporation||Notification platform architecture|
|US20070271504 *||May 21, 2003||Nov 22, 2007||Eric Horvitz||Method for automatically assigning priorities to documents and messages|
|US20090006574 *||Jun 29, 2007||Jan 1, 2009||Microsoft Corporation||System and methods for disruption detection, management, and recovery|
|US20090094549 *||Oct 9, 2007||Apr 9, 2009||Honeywell International, Inc.||Display management in a multi-window display|
|US20090119385 *||Oct 27, 2008||May 7, 2009||Microsoft Corporation||Integration of a computer-based message priority system with mobile electronic devices|
|US20090187580 *||Jan 19, 2008||Jul 23, 2009||International Business Machines Corporation||Integrated view of multi-sourced information objects|
|US20090271191 *||Apr 20, 2009||Oct 29, 2009||Sandcherry, Inc.||Method and systems for simplifying copying and pasting transcriptions generated from a dictation based speech-to-text system|
|US20090299934 *||Jun 1, 2009||Dec 3, 2009||Microsoft Corporation||Harnessing information about the timing of a user's client-server interactions to enhance messaging and collaboration services|
|US20100287498 *||May 7, 2009||Nov 11, 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||User interface command disambiguation in a multi-window operating environment|
|US20100309512 *||May 12, 2010||Dec 9, 2010||Atsushi Onoda||Display control apparatus and information processing system|
|US20110071964 *||Apr 3, 2009||Mar 24, 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Building and using predictive models of current and future surprises|
|US20110107257 *||Jan 3, 2011||May 5, 2011||AOL, Inc.||Focus stealing prevention|
|US20120102400 *||Oct 22, 2010||Apr 26, 2012||Microsoft Corporation||Touch Gesture Notification Dismissal Techniques|
|US20120179978 *||Jan 26, 2012||Jul 12, 2012||Research In Motion Limited||Previewing a new event on a small screen device|
|US20130063383 *||Oct 25, 2012||Mar 14, 2013||Research In Motion Limited||Electronic device and method of displaying information in response to detecting a gesture|
|US20130073986 *||Sep 14, 2012||Mar 21, 2013||Brian Dean Heikes||Focus Stealing Prevention|
|US20130219272 *||Feb 22, 2012||Aug 22, 2013||International Business Machines Corporation||Monitoring and guiding user input among multiple computer program user interfaces|
|US20130307764 *||Sep 28, 2012||Nov 21, 2013||Grit Denker||Method, apparatus, and system for adapting the presentation of user interface elements based on a contextual user model|
|US20140157162 *||Oct 23, 2013||Jun 5, 2014||Apple Inc.||Method and apparatus for displaying a window for a user interface|
|US20140201272 *||Jan 14, 2013||Jul 17, 2014||International Business Machines Corporation||Adjusting the display of social media updates to varying degrees of richness based on environmental conditions and importance of the update|
|US20140201650 *||Oct 25, 2013||Jul 17, 2014||International Business Machines Corporation||Adjusting the display of social media updates to varying degrees of richness based on environmental conditions and importance of the update|
|US20150347075 *||May 30, 2014||Dec 3, 2015||Immersion Corporation||Haptic notification manager|
|U.S. Classification||715/808, 715/809, 715/774, 715/710, 715/711, 715/772|
|International Classification||G06F9/46, G06F, G06Q10/00, G06F3/048, H04L29/06, H04L29/08, G05B19/404, H04L12/58|
|Cooperative Classification||H04L67/26, H04L67/18, H04L69/329, H04L67/306, H04L67/22, H04L67/36, G06Q10/107, H04L29/06, G06Q10/10, H04L51/043, H04L51/36, G05B19/404, G06F9/542, G06F3/048, H04L51/26, H04L51/24, G06F2209/544|
|European Classification||G06Q10/10, G06Q10/107, G06F9/54B, G06F3/048, H04L51/36, H04L51/24, H04L29/08N25, H04L29/06, G05B19/404, H04L29/08N21, H04L29/08N29U, H04L29/08N35|
|Jun 30, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT CORPORATION, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HORVITZ, ERIC J.;APACIBLE, JOHNSON T.;SAREEN, CHAITANYA D.;REEL/FRAME:014284/0202
Effective date: 20030630
Owner name: MICROSOFT CORPORATION,WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HORVITZ, ERIC J.;APACIBLE, JOHNSON T.;SAREEN, CHAITANYA D.;REEL/FRAME:014284/0202
Effective date: 20030630
|Nov 26, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 9, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MICROSOFT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034541/0477
Effective date: 20141014