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Publication numberUS775320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 22, 1904
Filing dateJan 23, 1904
Priority dateJan 23, 1904
Publication numberUS 775320 A, US 775320A, US-A-775320, US775320 A, US775320A
InventorsArthur C Van Kirk
Original AssigneeArthur C Van Kirk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Centrifugal machine.
US 775320 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED NOV. 22, 1904.

A. G. VAN KIRK.

GENTRIFUGAL MACHINE.

APPLICATION FILED JAN23,1904.

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5'14 00 mToz m w a B a K% n Q 6 v r Hum W HM a No. 775,320. PATENTED NOV. 22, 1904. A. G. VAN KIRK.

GENTRIFUGAL MACHINE.

- APPLICATION FILED JAN. 23, 1904.

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A. G. VAN KIRK.

GBNTRIPUGAL MAGHINE.

APPLICATION FILED JAN.23,1904.

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l/ iimcoaco glwue'nfoz firiar C Wanfi'zrk. @331 61 3mm UNITED STATES Patented November 22, 1904.

ARTHUR O. VAN KIRK, OF TIFFIN, OHIO.

CENTRIFUGAL MACHINE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 775,320, dated November 22, 1904, Application filed January 23, 1904. Serial Nu. 190,318- No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, ARTHUR O. VAN KIRK, a citizen of the United States, residing at Tifiin, in the county of Seneca and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Centrifugal Machines, of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to provide an improved centrifugal machine for removing solid matter from liquids; and my invention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section of a machine embodying my invention; Fig. 2, a side view of the same, and Fig. 3 a cross-section through the separating-chamber.

The separating chamber A is rotatably mounted in frame B and is driven at a high rate of speed by means of pulley C. At its lower end chamber A is provided with the discharge-opening a, discharging into the annular trough a, which is provided with a discharge-trough (f. The lower end of the bottom blade E is preferably turned downward to form a lip or wing e, which forces any solid matter on the bottom of chamber A up to and out of opening a. The chamber A carries a discharge-wing (4 which rotates in trough a and serves to force solid matter therein up to and out through spout (1/ At its upper end chamber A is provided with a discharge-opening a and is given a bearing on cone D by means of the bearing-sleeve a, which is carried by lugs a in opening (0*. Surrounding the upper portion of chamberAis a dischargetrough ([7, provided with a discharge-spout a In chamber A is mounted the feed-cone D, which carries screw-blades E, adapted to rotate in chamber A. The feed-cone D is rotatably mounted on shaft F, which is adjustably mounted in frame B by means of set-screw G. At its upper end coneD is given a bearing I) in frame B. At its top the cone D is preferably provided with wings (Z, which impart a preliminary rotation to matter fed into the open upper end of the cone, and toward its lower end with an opening (Z, provided with a shield (Z secured to one of the blades E a short distance in front of opening d. At its lower end the chamber A is provided with a hollow shaft H, surrounding shaft F and provided with a sprocket wheel It. The sprocket-wheel 7a drives a sprocket-wheel I, which is mounted on a shaft J, which carries a sprocket K. The sprocket K drives sprocket f on shaft F. It will be observed that the sprocketf is slightly larger than the sprocket 72 and that sprockets I and K are the same size, so that by this arrangement shaft F, and consequently cone D and blades E, will be rotated in the same direction as chamber A, but at a slightly-lower speed. Oollarf prevents vertical movement of shaft F. A circular blade L of a diameter slightly larger than the diameter of opening a is secured to cone D just below opening a and above blades E.

In operation when the mixture to be separated is fed to the upper open end of cone D it is given a preliminary rotation by wings (l and passes down and out through opening (Z under the influence of the centrifugal force, the shield (Z serving to prevent undue disturbance in surrounding matter. Under the influence of centrifugal force solid matter, which is heavier than the liquid in the mixture, collects on the walls of chamber A, and lighter matter around cone D. As chamber A rotates in the same direction as cone D, but at a slightly faster speed, it will cause the solid matter collecting on its walls to travel down the blades E and out through discharge-opening a. The

lighter matter collecting around cone D will be prevented from passing out through opening (6* by blade L and accumulating around cone D will be forced to travel down the blades E and out through opening a. The liquid in the mixture follows the course of arrow X X, traveling up the blades E and out through opening a into trough a whence it is discharged through spout a.

By running the cone D and blades E faster than chamber A or by reversing the direction of chamber A and cone D screw-blades E, having an opposite pitch or left-hand thread, may be used. It will be observed by these means matter either heavier or lighter may be removed from a liquid.

Owing to the fact that the discharge-opening (Z in cone D is in the lower and narrower portion of chamber A, the heavier matter will at once settle and be discharged, while any lighter matter passing upwardly with the water will come under the influence of a much greater centrifugal force in the upper and wider portion of chamber A and be thrown out against the chamber-walls, to be carried down and discharged by the action of blades E.

While I have shown and described the preferred means for carrying my invention into effect, it is obvious that this is capable of variation without departing from. the spirit of my invention. I therefore do not wish to be limited to the exact construction shown in the drawings; but

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. The combination in a centrifugal machine of a separating-chamber mounted to rotate on a vertical axis; screw-blades in the chamber mounted to rotate coaxially with, but at a different speed from that of the chamber; a discharge-opening for the solid matter located near the bottom of the chamber; a dischargeopening for the liquid located near the center portion of the top of the chamber and a shield adapted to prevent the direct flow of material from the blades through the liquid-discharge opening, substantially as specified.

2. The combination in a centrifugal machine of a separating-chamber mounted to rotate; screw-blades in the chamber mounted to rotate at a different speed from that of the chamber; a discharge-opening for the solid matter located at the discharge end of the blades; a discharge-opening for the liquid located at the opposite end of the blades; and a shield adapted to prevent direct flow of material from the blades through the liquid-discharge opening, substantially as specified.

3. The combination of chamber A; feedpipe D having a discharge-opening into chamber A; screw-blades E on pipe D; dischargeopenings at and a for discharge of the liquid and solid matter respectively; a discharge-lip e on the bottom blade E; and means for rotating the chamber and feed-pipe at different speeds, substantially as specified.

4. The combination of chamber A; feedpipe D having a discharge-opening into chamber A; wings (Z in pipe D; screw-blades E on pipe D; discharge-openings a and a for discharge of the liquid and solid matter respectively; a discharge-lip e on the bottom blade E; and means for rotating the chamber and feed-pipe at different speeds, substantially as specified.

5. The combination of chamber A; feedpipe D having a discharge-opening into chamber A; screw-blades E on pipe D; dischargeopenings a and a for discharge of the liquid and solid matter respectively; a discharge-lip e on the bottom blade E; trough a" and discharge-wing (4 operating therein; and means for rotating the chamber and feed-pipe at different speeds, substantially as specified.

6. The combination in a centrifugal machine of chamber A having an upper wider portion and alower narrower portion; discharge-openings a and a cone D having a dischargeopening d in its lower portion protected by shield (Z screw blades E on cone D; and means for rotating chamber A and cone D at different speeds, but in the same direction, substantially as specified.

7. The combination in a centrifugal machine of chamber Ahaving an upper wider portion and a lower narrower portion; discharge-openings a and a; discharge troughs a and (r cone D having a discharge-opening CZ in its lower portion protected by shield (Z screwblades E on cone D; lip e on blades E and wing on chamber A; and means for rotating chamber A and cone D at different speeds, but in the same direction, substantially as specified.

8. The combination in a centrifugal machine of chamber A; discharge-openings a and (0*; discharge-troughs a and a cone D carried by shaft F and having a discharge-opening CZ and shield (Z screwblades E on cone D; lip on blades E and wing a on chamber A; pulley C for rotating chamber A; hollow shaft H carrrying sprocket-wheel it; shaft J carrying sprocket-wheels I and K; sprocket-wheel f on shaft F; and set-screw G for adjusting shaft F, substantially as specified.

ARTHUR (J. VAN KIRK.

i/Vitnesses:

GEORGE M. HOKE, JOHN L. FRIEDEL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2578456 *Jul 31, 1946Dec 11, 1951Centrifuge Mechanical EquipmenCentrifugal separator
US2612314 *Mar 28, 1949Sep 30, 1952Lewis L HuelsdonkCentrifuge
US2625320 *Jun 20, 1950Jan 13, 1953Bird Machine CoCentrifuge for rapid extraction of fine particles from suspensions
US2734681 *Apr 24, 1951Feb 14, 1956 schmiedel
US2878943 *Apr 20, 1955Mar 24, 1959Z & W Machine Products IncOil and chip separator
US2907517 *Apr 17, 1957Oct 6, 1959Z & W Mfg CorpLiquid from metal scrap separator
US3235087 *Oct 8, 1962Feb 15, 1966Brown Citrus Machinery CorpApparatus for separation of liquids from solids
US3245613 *Dec 17, 1962Apr 12, 1966Combustion EngCentrifuge outlet
US3253777 *May 8, 1963May 31, 1966Combustion EngCollecting and conveying mechanism
US3289926 *Oct 14, 1964Dec 6, 1966Flottweg Motorenwerk Dr GeorgScrew conveyor for a bowl centrifuge
US3368747 *Sep 2, 1966Feb 13, 1968Pennsalt Chemicals CorpCentrifuge
US4381849 *Jun 29, 1981May 3, 1983Bird Machine Company, Inc.Solids-liquid slurry separating centrifuge
US5176616 *Feb 18, 1992Jan 5, 1993Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz AktiengesellschaftMethod and apparatus for the after-treatment of the thick material in the thick material discharge region of a solid bowl worm centrifuge
US5584791 *Nov 17, 1993Dec 17, 1996Thomas Broadbent & Sons Ltd.Decanting centrifuges with improved compression
US6155964 *Mar 1, 1999Dec 5, 2000Hutchison-Hayes International, Inc.Centrifuge drive system providing optimum performance
DE942918C *Feb 3, 1951May 9, 1956Eisen & Stahlind AgZentrifuge mit stetiger Fuellung und Austragung des Schleudergutes
Classifications
International ClassificationB04B1/20
Cooperative ClassificationB04B1/20
European ClassificationB04B1/20