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Publication numberUS7754431 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 12/578,255
Publication dateJul 13, 2010
Filing dateOct 13, 2009
Priority dateNov 30, 2007
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCA2706881A1, CN101932938A, CN101932938B, EP2227693A2, EP2227693A4, US7816084, US8785156, US20090155798, US20100062444, US20110015259, US20130079392, WO2009073478A2, WO2009073478A3, WO2009073478A9
Publication number12578255, 578255, US 7754431 B2, US 7754431B2, US-B2-7754431, US7754431 B2, US7754431B2
InventorsBrian Z. Ring, Douglas T. Ross, Robert S. Seitz, Rodney A. Beck
Original AssigneeApplied Genomics, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
selecting a taxane or taxane derivative for chemotherapy of the cancer patient when the TLE3 (transducin-like enhancer of split 3) expression is present; paclitaxel; docetaxel
US 7754431 B2
Abstract
Methods of using TLE3 as a marker for predicting the likelihood that a patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy. Methods of using TLE3 as a marker for selecting a chemotherapy for a cancer.
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Claims(17)
1. A method for selecting a chemotherapy for a breast cancer patient comprising steps of:
providing a cancer sample from a breast cancer patient;
detecting the presence of expression of TLE3 in the cancer sample; and
selecting a taxane or taxane derivative for chemotherapy of the cancer patient when the TLE3 expression is present.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of detecting comprises steps of:
providing a negative control sample;
detecting a level of TLE3 expression in the negative control sample;
detecting a level of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample; and
comparing the level of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample with the level of TLE3 expression in the negative control sample.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of detecting comprises steps of:
providing a positive control sample;
detecting a level of TLE3 expression in the positive control sample;
detecting a level of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample; and
comparing the level of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample with the level of TLE3 expression in the positive control sample.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of detecting comprises contacting the cancer sample with an interaction partner that binds a TLE3 polypeptide.
5. The method of claim 4, wherein the interaction partner is an antibody.
6. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of detecting comprises contacting the cancer sample with one or more primers that hybridize with a TLE3 polynucleotide.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the taxane is paclitaxel.
8. The method of claim 6, wherein the taxane is docetaxel.
9. The method of claim 4, wherein the step of selecting comprises selecting a taxane for chemotherapy.
10. The method of claim 9, wherein the taxane is paclitaxel.
11. The method of claim 9, wherein the taxane is docetaxel.
12. The method of claim 5, wherein the step of selecting comprises selecting a taxane for chemotherapy.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the taxane is paclitaxel.
14. The method of claim 12, wherein the taxane is docetaxel.
15. The method of claim 6, wherein the step of selecting comprises selecting a taxane for chemotherapy.
16. The method of claim 15, wherein the taxane is paclitaxel.
17. The method of claim 15, wherein the taxane is docetaxel.
Description
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/277,920, filed Nov. 25, 2008, which claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/991,487, filed Nov. 30, 2007, both of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.

SEQUENCE LISTING

In accordance with 37 C.F.R. §1.52(e)(5), a Sequence Listing in the form of a text file (entitled “Sequence Listing.txt,” created on Oct. 13, 2009, and 90 kilobytes) is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

A major challenge of cancer treatment is the selection of chemotherapies that maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity for a given patient. Assays for cell surface markers, e.g., using immunohistochemistry (IHC), have provided means for dividing certain cancers into subclasses. For example, one factor considered in prognosis and treatment decisions for breast cancer is the presence or absence of the estrogen receptor (ER). ER-positive breast cancers typically respond much more readily to hormonal therapies such as tamoxifen, which acts as an anti-estrogen in breast tissue, than ER-negative cancers. Though useful, these analyses only in part predict the clinical behavior of breast cancers. There is phenotypic diversity present in cancers that current diagnostic tools fail to detect. As a consequence, there is still much controversy over how to stratify patients amongst potential treatments in order to optimize outcome (e.g., for breast cancer see “NIH Consensus Development Conference Statement: Adjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer, Nov. 1-3, 2000”, J. Nat. Cancer Inst. Monographs, 30:5-15, 2001 and Di Leo et al., Int. J. Clin. Oncol. 7:245-253, 2002). In particular, there is currently no tool for predicting a patient's likely response to treatment with paclitaxel, a chemotherapeutic with particularly adverse side-effects. There clearly exists a need for improved methods and reagents for classifying cancers and thereby selecting therapeutic regimens that maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity for a given patient.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

We have identified a correlation between the expression of TLE3 (transducin-like enhancer of split 3, Entrez Gene ID 7090) and a cancer's response to chemotherapy. This correlation has been demonstrated using TLE3 antibodies and samples from breast cancer cohorts which include both treated and untreated patients with known outcome. The inventors have also observed that binding of TLE3 antibodies in samples from treated ovarian cancer patients correlates with improved prognosis. In one aspect, the present invention therefore provides methods of using TLE3 as a marker for predicting the likelihood that a patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy. In another aspect, the present invention provides methods of using TLE3 as a marker for deciding whether to administer chemotherapy to a cancer patient. In yet another aspect, the present invention provides methods of using TLE3 as a marker for selecting a chemotherapy for a cancer patient.

Expression of TLE3 can be detected using any known method. Thus, while the inventive methods have been exemplified by detecting TLE3 polypeptides using antibodies, in certain embodiments TLE3 polynucleotides may be detected using one or more primers as is well known in the art.

In general, TLE3 can be used in conjunction with other markers or clinical factors (e.g., stage, tumor size, node characteristics, age, etc.) to further improve the predictive power of the inventive methods.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE APPENDIX

This patent application refers to material comprising a table and data presented as Appendix A immediately after the section entitled “Exemplification” and immediately before the section entitled “Other Embodiments.” Specifically, Appendix A is a table that lists a variety of markers that could be used in a panel in conjunction with the TLE3 marker in an inventive method. The table includes the antibody ID, parent gene name, Entrez Gene ID, known aliases for the parent gene, peptides that may be used in preparing antibodies and exemplary antibody titers for staining Using the parent gene name, Entrez Gene ID and/or known aliases for the parent gene, a skilled person can readily obtain the nucleotide (and corresponding amino acid) sequences for each and every one of the parent genes that are listed in Appendix A from a public database (e.g., GenBank, Swiss-Prot or any future derivative of these). The nucleotide and corresponding amino acid sequences for each and every one of the parent genes that are listed in Appendix A are hereby incorporated by reference from these public databases. Antibodies with IDs that begin with S5 or S6 may be obtained from commercial sources as indicated.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 compares IHC images of TLE3-negative (S0643−) and TLE3-positive (S0643+) samples from breast cancer patients.

FIG. 2 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using all patients in the Huntsville Hospital (HH) breast cancer cohort after classification based on staining with an antibody raised against the TLE3 marker. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this breast cancer cohort (HR=0.573, p<0.004).

FIG. 3 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using all patients in the Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPI) breast cancer cohort after classification based on staining with an antibody raised against the TLE3 marker. The selected patients in the RP cohort were all triple negative for the ER (estrogen receptor, Entrez GeneID 2099), PR (progesterone receptor, Entrez GeneID 5241) and HER-2 markers (v-erb-b2 erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2, Entrez GeneID 2064). Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this breast cancer cohort (HR=0.24, p<0.011).

FIG. 4 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 1 that did not receive chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker loses its correlation with prognosis in breast cancer patients that did not receive chemotherapy (HR=0.788, p=0.49).

FIG. 5 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 1 that did receive chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, the correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis was restored in patients that did receive chemotherapy (HR=0.539, p<0.013).

FIG. 6 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 2 that did receive chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this subset of breast cancer patients (HR=0.194, p=0.010). These results parallel those obtained in FIG. 5 with the HH cohort.

FIG. 7 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 5 that received CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients (HR=0.398, p<0.019).

FIG. 8 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 5 that received CA (cyclophosphamide and adriamycin) or CAF (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy (with or without a taxane). Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, the correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis loses significance in this subset of treated patients (HR=0.666, p=0.22).

FIG. 9 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 8 that received CA or CAF chemotherapy only (i.e., without a taxane). Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, there is no correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis in this subset of treated patients (HR=1.03, p=0.95).

FIG. 10 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 8 that received CA or CAF in combination with a taxane. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, the correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis was restored in this subset of treated patients (HR=0.114, p=0.038).

FIG. 11 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received CA chemotherapy only (i.e., without a taxane). Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, there is no correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis in this subset of treated patients (HR=0.759, p=0.81).

FIG. 12 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received CA in combination with a taxane. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients (HR=0.142, p=0.011).

FIG. 13 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received a taxane or CMF. Some of the patients receiving a taxane also received CA. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients (HR=0.137, p=0.011).

FIG. 14 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. The sample size was small (N=12); however, as shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker showed significant correlation with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients when measured using the Fisher Exact Test (p=0.005).

FIGS. 15-17 show Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients with stage II+ (FIG. 15), stage IIb+ (FIG. 16) and stage III+ (FIG. 17) cancers were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. In each case, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlated with improved prognosis across these subsets of treated patients. The sample size was small in the subset of FIG. 17 (N=19); however significance was obtained when measured using the Fisher Exact Test (p=0.020).

FIG. 18 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) ovarian cancer cohort. All patients received paclitaxel. Most patients also received platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin). Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlated with prognosis in these treated patients (HR=0.64, p<0.049).

DEFINITIONS

Binds—When an interaction partner “binds” a marker they are linked by direct non-covalent interactions.

Cancer markers—“Cancer markers” or “markers” are molecular entities that are detectable in cancer samples. Generally, markers may be polypeptides (e.g., TLE3 protein) or polynucleotides (e.g., TLE3 mRNA) that are indicative of the expression of a gene (e.g., TLE3 gene) and present within the cancer sample, e.g., within the cytoplasm or membranes of cancerous cells and/or secreted from such cells.

Cancer sample—As used herein, the term “cancer sample” or “sample” is taken broadly to include cell or tissue samples removed from a cancer patient (e.g., from a tumor, from the bloodstream, etc.), cells derived from a tumor that may be located elsewhere in the body (e.g., cells in the bloodstream or at a site of metastasis), or any material derived from such a sample. Derived material may include, for example, nucleic acids or proteins extracted from the sample, cell progeny, etc. In one embodiment, a cancer sample may be a tumor sample.

Correlation—“Correlation” refers to the degree to which one variable can be predicted from another variable, e.g., the degree to which a cancer's response to therapy can be predicted from the expression of a marker in a cancer sample. A variety of statistical methods may be used to measure correlation between two variables, e.g., without limitation the student t-test, the Fisher exact test, the Pearson correlation coefficient, the Spearman correlation coefficient, the Chi squared test, etc. Results are traditionally given as a measured correlation coefficient with a p-value that provides a measure of the likelihood that the correlation arose by chance. A correlation with a p-value that is less than 0.05 is generally considered to be statistically significant. Preferred correlations have p-values that are less than 0.01, especially less than 0.001.

Hybridized—When a primer and a marker are physically “hybridized” with one another as described herein, they are non-covalently linked by base pair interactions.

Interaction partner—An “interaction partner” is an entity that binds a polypeptide marker. For example and without limitation, an interaction partner may be an antibody or a fragment thereof that binds a marker. In general, an interaction partner is said to “bind specifically” with a marker if it binds at a detectable level with the marker and does not bind detectably with unrelated molecular entities (e.g., other markers) under similar conditions. Specific association between a marker and an interaction partner will typically be dependent upon the presence of a particular structural feature of the target marker such as an antigenic determinant or epitope recognized by the interaction partner. In general, it is to be understood that specificity need not be absolute. For example, it is well known in the art that antibodies frequently cross-react with other epitopes in addition to the target epitope. Such cross-reactivity may be acceptable depending upon the application for which the interaction partner is to be used. Thus the degree of specificity of an interaction partner will depend on the context in which it is being used. In general, an interaction partner exhibits specificity for a particular marker if it favors binding with that partner above binding with other potential partners, e.g., other markers. One of ordinary skill in the art will be able to select interaction partners having a sufficient degree of specificity to perform appropriately in any given application (e.g., for detection of a target marker, for therapeutic purposes, etc.). It is also to be understood that specificity may be evaluated in the context of additional factors such as the affinity of the interaction partner for the target marker versus the affinity of the interaction partner for other potential partners, e.g., other markers. If an interaction partner exhibits a high affinity for a target marker and low affinity for non-target molecules, the interaction partner will likely be an acceptable reagent for diagnostic purposes even if it lacks specificity.

Primer—A “primer” is an oligonucleotide entity that physically hybridizes with a polynucleotide marker. In general, a primer is said to “hybridize specifically” with a marker if it hybridizes at a detectable level with the marker and does not hybridize detectably with unrelated molecular entities (e.g., other markers) under similar conditions. Specific hybridization between a marker and a primer will typically be dependent upon the presence of a particular nucleotide sequence of the target marker which is complementary to the nucleotide sequence of the primer. In general, it is to be understood that specificity need not be absolute. The degree of specificity of a primer will depend on the context in which it is being used. In general, a primer exhibits specificity for a particular marker if it favors hybridization with that partner above hybridization with other potential partners, e.g., other markers. One of ordinary skill in the art will be able to select primers having a sufficient degree of specificity to perform appropriately in any given application. It is also to be understood that specificity may be evaluated in the context of additional factors such as the affinity of the primer for the target marker versus the affinity of the primer for other potential partners, e.g., other markers. If a primer exhibits a high affinity for a target marker and low affinity for non-target molecules, the primer will likely be an acceptable reagent for diagnostic purposes even if it lacks specificity.

Response—The “response” of a cancer to therapy may represent any detectable change, for example at the molecular, cellular, organellar, or organismal level. For instance, tumor size, patient life expectancy, recurrence, or the length of time the patient survives, etc., are all responses. Responses can be measured in any of a variety of ways, including for example non-invasive measuring of tumor size (e.g., CT scan, image-enhanced visualization, etc.), invasive measuring of tumor size (e.g., residual tumor resection, etc.), surrogate marker measurement (e.g., serum PSA, etc.), clinical course variance (e.g., measurement of patient quality of life, time to relapse, survival time, etc.).

Small molecule—A “small molecule” is a non-polymeric molecule. A small molecule can be synthesized in a laboratory (e.g., by combinatorial synthesis) or found in nature (e.g., a natural product). A small molecule is typically characterized in that it contains several carbon-carbon bonds and has a molecular weight of less than about 1500 Da, although this characterization is not intended to be limiting for the purposes of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

As noted above, we have identified a correlation between the expression of TLE3 (transducin-like enhancer of split 3, Entrez Gene ID 7090) in a cancer sample and a cancer's response to chemotherapy. As described in the Examples, this correlation has been demonstrated using TLE3 antibodies and samples from two breast cancer cohorts which include both treated and untreated patients with known outcome. We have also shown that this predictive model is consistent when applied to samples from a cohort of treated ovarian cancer patients. We have also demonstrated the utility of TLE3 for predicting response to specific types of chemotherapies including treatments which involve the administration of cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics, e.g., methotrexate and taxanes. Since these chemotherapeutics have known utility across different cancer types, these results suggest that the inventive methods will also be useful in predicting their efficacy across different cancer types.

Predicting Response to Chemotherapy and Selecting Chemotherapy

In one aspect, the present invention provides methods of using TLE3 as a marker for predicting the likelihood that a patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy. In general, these methods involve providing a cancer sample from a cancer patient, determining whether TLE3 is expressed in the cancer sample, and predicting the likelihood that the patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy based upon a result of the step of determining. In one embodiment, the step of predicting comprises predicting that the patient's cancer is likely to respond to chemotherapy based upon the presence of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample. In one embodiment, the step of predicting comprises predicting that the patient's cancer is unlikely to respond to chemotherapy based upon the absence of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample.

In certain embodiments, a negative control sample is provided and the step of determining comprises detecting a level of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample and the negative control sample and comparing the level of expression of TLE3 in the cancer sample and the negative control sample. In general, the negative control sample can be any sample that does not reproducibly express TLE3. In one embodiment, the negative control sample can be a sample that does not reproducibly bind TLE3 antibodies. In one embodiment, the negative control sample can be a sample that does not reproducibly produce a detectable level of TLE3 mRNA. In one embodiment, the negative control sample can be from a patient with a TLE3-negative cancer. In one embodiment, the negative control sample can be from a patient without cancer. In certain embodiments the negative control sample may originate from the same tissue type as the cancer in question (e.g., breast tissue when considering breast cancer). In other embodiments, the negative control sample may originate from a different tissue type or even a different organism, or a cell line.

Additionally or alternatively, in certain embodiments, a positive control sample is provided and the step of determining comprises detecting a level of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample and the positive control sample and comparing the level of expression of TLE3 in the cancer sample and the positive control sample. In general, the positive control sample can be any sample that reproducibly expresses TLE3. In one embodiment, the negative control sample can be a sample that reproducibly bind TLE3 antibodies. In one embodiment, the negative control sample can be a sample that reproducibly produces a detectable level of TLE3 mRNA. In one embodiment, the positive control sample can be from a patient with a TLE3-positive cancer. In certain embodiments the positive control sample may originate from the same tissue type as the cancer in question (e.g., breast tissue when considering breast cancer). In other embodiments, the positive control sample may originate from a different tissue type or even a different organism, or cell line.

Expression of TLE3 can be determined using any known method.

In one embodiment, TLE3 polypeptides may be detected using an interaction partner that binds a TLE3 polypeptide (e.g., TLE3 protein or an antigenic fragment thereof). For example, as described below one may use a TLE3 antibody as an interaction partner and detect TLE3 expression by contacting the cancer sample with the TLE3 antibody. In such embodiments, the inventive methods may involve providing a cancer sample from a cancer patient, contacting the cancer sample with an antibody directed to TLE3, and predicting the likelihood that the patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy based upon binding of the antibody to the cancer sample. In one embodiment, the step of predicting may comprise predicting that the patient's cancer is likely to respond to chemotherapy based upon binding of the antibody to the cancer sample. In another embodiment, the step of predicting may comprise predicting that the patient's cancer is unlikely to respond to chemotherapy based upon lack of binding of the antibody to the cancer sample.

In another embodiment, TLE3 polynucleotides may be detected using one or more primers that hybridize with a TLE3 polynucleotide (e.g., a TLE3 mRNA, cDNA or RNA). In such embodiments, the inventive methods may involve providing a cancer sample from a cancer patient, contacting the cancer sample with one or more primers that hybridize with TLE3, and predicting the likelihood that the patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy based upon hybridization of the one or more primers to the cancer sample. In one embodiment, the step of predicting may comprise predicting that the patient's cancer is likely to respond to chemotherapy based upon hybridization of the one or more primers to the cancer sample. In another embodiment, the step of predicting may comprise predicting that the patient's cancer is unlikely to respond to chemotherapy based upon lack of hybridization of the one or more primers to the cancer sample.

In another aspect, the present invention provides methods for deciding whether to administer chemotherapy to the cancer patient based upon the likelihood that the patient's cancer will respond to chemotherapy. In one embodiment, the step of deciding comprises deciding to administer chemotherapy to the cancer patient based upon the presence of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample. In one embodiment, the step of deciding comprises deciding not to administer chemotherapy to the cancer patient based upon the absence of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample.

In yet another aspect, the present invention provides methods for selecting a chemotherapy for a cancer patient. In general, these methods comprise providing a cancer sample from a cancer patient, determining whether TLE3 is expressed in the cancer sample, and selecting a chemotherapy for the cancer patient based upon the results of the step of determining. In one embodiment, the step of selecting comprises selecting a chemotherapy based upon the presence of TLE3 expression in the cancer sample.

As described in the Examples, we have demonstrated that TLE3 expression correlates with response to chemotherapy with methotrexate (see FIG. 7) and taxanes (see FIGS. 10, 12 and 13). Methotrexate and taxanes are thought to be cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics (e.g., see Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, IX. Chemotherapy of Neoplastic Diseases Chapter 51. Antineoplastic Agents, 11th Edition, Laurence L. Brunton, editor-in-chief, John S. Lazo and Keith L. Parker, Associate Editors). Cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics exhibit their mechanism of action within a specific phase of the cell cycle in contrast to non-cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics that work equally with all phases including the resting phase (G0). Other plant alkaloids besides the taxanes have also been classified in the literature as cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics as have other antimetabolites besides methotrexate. In contrast, many alkylating agents such as cisplatin and cyclophosamide have been classified as non-cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics. Our results suggest that the predictive power of TLE3 may extend to other cell cycle specific chemotherapeutics besides methotrexate and taxanes.

In some embodiments, the inventive methods may therefore be used to select, or decide whether to administer, a cell cycle specific chemotherapeutic. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used to select, or decide whether to administer, an antimetabolite. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used to select, or decide whether to administer, a plant alkaloid. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used to select, or decide whether to administer, methotrexate. In another embodiment, the inventive methods may be used to select, or decide whether to administer, a taxane. In one embodiment the taxane is paclitaxel. In one embodiment the taxane is docetaxel.

In each case it will be appreciated that these chemotherapeutics may be administered alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutics as is known in the art and discussed below. It will also be appreciated that the present invention encompasses methods in which the selected chemotherapeutic is a methotrexate or taxane derivative, i.e., a compound with a structure which is derived from methotrexate or a taxane. Derivatives will typically share most of the structure of the parent compound but may include different substituents, heteroatoms, ring fusions, levels of saturation, isomerism, stereoisomerism, etc. at one or more positions within the parent compound. Without limitation, the following U.S. Patents describe the preparation of exemplary methotrexate derivatives that could be employed according to an inventive method: U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,559,149 and 4,374,987. Without limitation, the following U.S. Patents describe the preparation of exemplary taxane derivatives that could be employed according to an inventive method: U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,074,945; 7,063,977; 6,906,101; 6,649,778; 6,596,880; 6,552,205; 6,531,611; 6,482,963; 6,482,850; 6,462,208; 6,455,575; 6,441,026; 6,433,180; 6,392,063; 6,369,244; 6,339,164; 6,291,690; 6,268,381; 6,239,167; 6,218,553; 6,214,863; 6,201,140; 6,191,290; 6,187,916; 6,162,920; 6,147,234; 6,136,808; 6,114,550; 6,107,332; 6,051,600; 6,025,385; 6,011,056; 5,955,489; 5,939,567; 5,912,263; 5,908,835; 5,869,680; 5,861,515; 5,821,263; 5,763,477; 5,750,561; 5,728,687; 5,726,346; 5,726,318; 5,721,268; 5,719,177; 5,714,513; 5,714,512; 5,703,117; 5,698,582; 5,686,623; 5,677,462; 5,646,176; 5,637,723; 5,621,121; 5,616,739; 5,606,083; 5,580,899; 5,476,954; 5,403,858; 5,380,916; 5,254,703; and 5,250,722. The entire contents of each of the aforementioned patents and any other reference which is cited herein is hereby incorporated by reference.

Methotrexate acts by inhibiting the metabolism of folic acid and has been approved for the treatment of bladder cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, choriocarcinoma, head and neck cancer, leptomeningeal cancer, leukemia (acute meningeal, acute lymphoblastic, acute lymphocytic), lymphoma (Burkitt's, childhood, non-Hodgkin's), mycosis fungoides, primary unknown cancer and lymphatic sarcoma (Methotrexate in BC Cancer Agency Cancer Drug Manual, 2007). Methotrexate has also been shown to be useful for treating esophageal cancer, lung cancer and testicular cancer (Methotrexate in UpToDate, 2007). In certain embodiments, the inventive methods comprise a step of selecting, or deciding whether to administer, methotrexate in combination with one or more additional chemotherapeutics. For example, methotrexate is commonly administered to cancer patients as a combination called CMF which also includes cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil.

Taxanes are diterpenes produced by the plants of the genus Taxus. Taxanes can be obtained from natural sources or produced synthetically. Taxanes include paclitaxel (TAXOL™) and docetaxel (TAXOTERE™). Taxanes work by interfering with normal microtubule growth during cell division. In certain embodiments, the inventive methods comprise a step of selecting, or deciding whether to administer, a taxane (e.g., paclitaxel or docetaxel) in combination with one or more additional chemotherapeutics. For example, taxanes are commonly administered to cancer patients in combination with cyclophosphamide and adriamycin (doxorubicin) and optionally 5-fluorouracil (i.e., with CA or CAF).

Paclitaxel has been approved for the treatment of breast cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, lung cancer and ovarian cancer (Paclitaxel in BC Cancer Agency Cancer Drug Manual, 2007 and Mekhail and Markman, Expert Opin. Pharmacother. 3:755-66, 2002). Paclitaxel has also been shown to be useful in treating cervical cancer (pp. 1124-34 in AHFS 2005 Drug Information. Bethesda, Md.: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2005), endometrial cancer (Paclitaxel in BC Cancer Agency Cancer Drug Manual, 2007), bladder cancer (Paclitaxel in UpToDate, 2007), head and neck cancer (Paclitaxel in UpToDate, 2007), leukemia (Paclitaxel in UpToDate, 2007) and malignant melanoma (Paclitaxel in UpToDate, 2007). Side effects of paclitaxel include hypersensitivity reactions such as flushing of the face, skin rash, or shortness of breath. Patients often receive medication to prevent hypersensitivity reactions before they take paclitaxel. Paclitaxel can also cause temporary damage to the bone marrow. Bone marrow damage can cause a person to be more susceptible to infection, anemia, and bruise or bleed easily. Other side effects may include joint or muscle pain in the arms or legs; diarrhea; nausea and vomiting; numbness, burning, or tingling in the hands or feet; and loss of hair.

Docetaxel has been approved for the treatment of breast cancer (Aapro, Seminars in Oncology 25(5 Suppl 12):7-11, 1998; Nabholtz et al., Journal of Clinical Oncology 17(5):1413-24, 1999; Sjostrom et al., European Journal of Cancer 35(8):1194-201, 1999; and Burstein et al., Journal of Clinical Oncology 18(6):1212-9, 2000), non-small cell lung cancer (Fossella et al., Journal of Clinical Oncology 18(12):2354-62, 2000 and Hainsworth et al., Cancer 89(2):328-33, 2000) and ovarian cancer (Kaye et al., European Journal of Cancer 33(13):2167-70, 1997). Docetaxel has also been shown to be useful in treating esothelioma (Vorobiof et al., Proc Am Soc Clin Oncol 19:578a, 2000), prostate cancer (Picus et al., Seminars in Oncology 26(5 Suppl 17):14-8, 1999 and Petrylak et al., Journal of Clinical Oncology 17(3):958-67, 1999), urothelial transitional cell cancer (Dimopoulos et al., Annals of Oncology 10(11):1385-8, 1999 and Pectasides et al., European Journal of Cancer 36(1):74-9, 2000), head and neck cancer (Docetaxel in USP DI, 2000 and Couteau et al., British Journal of Cancer 81(3):457-62, 1999) and small cell lung cancer (Smyth et al., European Journal of Cancer 30A(8):1058-60, 1994).

Our observation that improved response to chemotherapy is observed for both breast and ovarian cancer patients that are TLE3-positive suggests that the inventive methods may be useful across different cancer types. Our observation that TLE3 expression is associated with improved response to treatment with methotrexate and taxanes further suggest that the inventive methods may be applicable across cancers that respond to these chemotherapeutics. As discussed above, this includes without limitation breast cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, bladder cancer, gastric cancer, head and neck cancer, and leukemia.

In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has breast cancer. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has ovarian cancer. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has lung cancer. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has bladder cancer. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has gastric cancer. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has head and neck cancer. In one embodiment, the inventive methods may be used with a cancer patient that has leukemia.

As demonstrated in the Examples, in one embodiment, the correlation between TLE3 expression and response to chemotherapy was observed with breast cancer patients that are triple negative for the ER (estrogen receptor, Entrez GeneID 2099), PR (progesterone receptor, Entrez GeneID 5241) and HER-2 markers (v-erb-b2 erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2, Entrez GeneID 2064). In certain embodiments, the inventive methods may therefore be used with breast cancer patients that belong to this class.

As demonstrated in the Examples, the correlation between TLE3 expression and response to chemotherapy was found to also exist when treatment was administered in a neoadjuvant setting. Thus, in certain embodiments, the inventive methods may be used with patients receiving chemotherapy in a neoadjuvant setting. In other embodiments, the chemotherapy may be administered in an adjuvant setting.

As demonstrated in the Examples, the correlation between TLE3 expression and response to chemotherapy was also found to be independent of stage. Thus, in certain embodiments, the inventive methods may be used with patients with a stage II+ (i.e., stage II or greater) cancer. In certain embodiments, the inventive methods may be used with patients with a stage IIb+ or a stage III+ cancer.

Detecting TLE3 Expression

As mentioned above, expression of TLE3 can be determined using any known method. In one embodiment, TLE3 expression may be determined by detecting TLE3 polypeptide markers using interaction partners (e.g., antibodies). In another embodiment, TLE3 expression may be determined by detecting TLE3 polynucleotide markers using primers.

Detecting TLE3 Polypeptide Markers

TLE3 polypeptide markers may be detected using any interaction partner that binds a TLE3 polypeptide marker (which could be a TLE3 protein or an antigenic fragment thereof). Thus, any entity that binds detectably to the TLE3 marker may be utilized as an interaction partner in accordance with the present invention, so long as it binds the marker with an appropriate combination of affinity and specificity.

Particularly preferred interaction partners are antibodies, or fragments (e.g., F(ab) fragments, F(ab′)2 fragments, Fv fragments, or sFv fragments, etc.; see, for example, Inbar et al., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 69:2659, 1972; Hochman et al., Biochem. 15:2706, 1976; and Ehrlich et al., Biochem. 19:4091, 1980; Huston et al., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 85:5879, 1998; U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,091,513 and 5,132,405 to Huston et al.; and U.S. Pat. No. 4,946,778 to Ladner et al., each of which is incorporated herein by reference). In certain embodiments, interaction partners may be selected from libraries of mutant antibodies (or fragments thereof). For example, collections of antibodies that each include different point mutations may be screened for their association with a marker of interest. Yet further, chimeric antibodies may be used as interaction partners, e.g., “humanized” or “veneered” antibodies as described in greater detail below.

When antibodies are used as interaction partners, these may be prepared by any of a variety of techniques known to those of ordinary skill in the art (e.g., see Harlow and Lane, Antibodies: A Laboratory Manual, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1988, see also the Examples). For example, antibodies can be produced by cell culture techniques, including the generation of monoclonal antibodies, or via transfection of antibody genes into suitable bacterial or mammalian cell hosts, in order to allow for the production of recombinant antibodies. In one technique, an “immunogen” comprising an antigenic portion of a marker of interest (or the marker itself) is initially injected into any of a wide variety of mammals (e.g., mice, rats, rabbits, sheep or goats). In this step, a marker (or an antigenic portion thereof) may serve as the immunogen without modification. Alternatively, particularly for relatively short markers, a superior immune response may be elicited if the marker is joined to a carrier protein, such as bovine serum albumin or keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). The immunogen is injected into the animal host, preferably according to a predetermined schedule incorporating one or more booster immunizations and the animals are bled periodically. Polyclonal antibodies specific for the marker may then be purified from such antisera by, for example, affinity chromatography using the marker (or an antigenic portion thereof) coupled to a suitable solid support. An exemplary method is described in the Examples.

If desired for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, monoclonal antibodies specific for TLE3 may be prepared, for example, using the technique of Kohler and Milstein, Eur. J. Immunol. 6:511, 1976 and improvements thereto. Briefly, these methods involve the preparation of immortal cell lines capable of producing antibodies having the desired specificity (i.e., reactivity with the marker of interest). Such cell lines may be produced, for example, from spleen cells obtained from an animal immunized as described above. The spleen cells are then immortalized by, for example, fusion with a myeloma cell fusion partner, preferably one that is syngeneic with the immunized animal. A variety of fusion techniques may be employed. For example, the spleen cells and myeloma cells may be combined with a nonionic detergent for a few minutes and then plated at low density on a selective medium that supports the growth of hybrid cells, but not myeloma cells. A preferred selection technique uses HAT (hypoxanthine, aminopterin, thymidine) selection. After a sufficient time, usually about 1 to 2 weeks, colonies of hybrids are observed. Single colonies are selected and their culture supernatants tested for binding activity against the marker. Hybridomas having high reactivity and specificity are preferred.

Monoclonal antibodies may be isolated from the supernatants of growing hybridoma colonies. In addition, various techniques may be employed to enhance the yield, such as injection of the hybridoma cell line into the peritoneal cavity of a suitable vertebrate host, such as a mouse. Monoclonal antibodies may then be harvested from the ascites fluid or the blood. Contaminants may be removed from the antibodies by conventional techniques, such as chromatography, gel filtration, precipitation and extraction. TLE3 may be used in the purification process in, for example, an affinity chromatography step.

It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to using antibodies or antibody fragments as interaction partners. In particular, the present invention also encompasses the use of synthetic interaction partners that mimic the functions of antibodies. Several approaches to designing and/or identifying antibody mimics have been proposed and demonstrated (e.g., see the reviews by Hsieh-Wilson et al., Acc. Chem. Res. 29:164, 2000 and Peczuh and Hamilton, Chem. Rev. 100:2479, 2000). For example, small molecules that bind protein surfaces in a fashion similar to that of natural proteins have been identified by screening synthetic libraries of small molecules or natural product isolates (e.g., see Gallop et al., J. Med. Chem. 37:1233, 1994; Gordon et al., J. Med. Chem. 37:1385, 1994; DeWitt et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90:6909, 1993; Bunin et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91:4708, 1994; Virgilio and Ellman, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116:11580, 1994; Wang et al., J. Med. Chem. 38:2995, 1995; and Kick and Ellman, J. Med. Chem. 38:1427, 1995). Similarly, combinatorial approaches have been successfully applied to screen libraries of peptides and proteins for their ability to bind a range of proteins (e.g., see Cull et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89:1865, 1992; Mattheakis et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91:9022, 1994; Scott and Smith, Science 249:386, 1990; Devlin et al., Science 249:404, 1990; Corey et al., Gene 128:129, 1993; Bray et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 31:5811, 1990; Fodor et al., Science 251:767, 1991; Houghten et al., Nature 354:84, 1991; Lam et al., Nature 354:82, 1991; Blake and Litzi-Davis, Bioconjugate Chem. 3:510, 1992; Needels et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90:10700, 1993; and Ohlmeyer et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90:10922, 1993). Similar approaches have also been used to study carbohydrate-protein interactions (e.g., see Oldenburg et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89:5393, 1992) and polynucleotide-protein interactions (e.g., see Ellington and Szostak, Nature 346:818, 1990 and Tuerk and Gold, Science 249:505, 1990). These approaches have also been extended to study interactions between proteins and unnatural biopolymers such as oligocarbamates, oligoureas, oligosulfones, etc. (e.g., see Zuckermann et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114:10646, 1992; Simon et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89:9367, 1992; Zuckermann et al., J. Med. Chem. 37:2678, 1994; Burgess et al., Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 34:907, 1995; and Cho et al., Science 261:1303, 1993). Yet further, alternative protein scaffolds that are loosely based around the basic fold of antibody molecules have been suggested and may be used in the preparation of inventive interaction partners (e.g., see Ku and Schultz Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:6552, 1995). Antibody mimics comprising a scaffold of a small molecule such as 3-aminomethylbenzoic acid and a substituent consisting of a single peptide loop have also been constructed. The peptide loop performs the binding function in these mimics (e.g., see Smythe et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116:2725, 1994). A synthetic antibody mimic comprising multiple peptide loops built around a calixarene unit has also been described (e.g., see U.S. Pat. No. 5,770,380 to Hamilton et al.).

Any available strategy or system may be utilized to detect association between an interaction partner and the TLE3 marker. In certain embodiments, association can be detected by adding a detectable label to the interaction partner. In other embodiments, association can be detected by using a labeled secondary interaction partner that binds specifically with the primary interaction partner, e.g., as is well known in the art of antigen/antibody detection. The detectable label may be directly detectable or indirectly detectable, e.g., through combined action with one or more additional members of a signal producing system. Examples of directly detectable labels include radioactive, paramagnetic, fluorescent, light scattering, absorptive and colorimetric labels. Examples of indirectly detectable include chemiluminescent labels, e.g., enzymes that are capable of converting a substrate to a chromogenic product such as alkaline phosphatase, horseradish peroxidase and the like.

Once a labeled interaction partner has bound the TLE3 marker, the complex may be visualized or detected in a variety of ways, with the particular manner of detection being chosen based on the particular detectable label, where representative detection means include, e.g., scintillation counting, autoradiography, measurement of paramagnetism, fluorescence measurement, light absorption measurement, measurement of light scattering and the like.

In general, association between an interaction partner and the TLE3 marker may be assayed by contacting the interaction partner with a cancer sample that includes the marker. Depending upon the nature of the sample, appropriate methods include, but are not limited to, immunohistochemistry (IHC), radioimmunoassay, ELISA, immunoblotting and fluorescence activates cell sorting (FACS). In the case where the protein is to be detected in a tissue sample, e.g., a biopsy sample, IHC is a particularly appropriate detection method. Techniques for obtaining tissue and cell samples and performing IHC and FACS are well known in the art.

Where large numbers of samples are to be handled (e.g., when simultaneously analyzing several samples from the same patient or samples from different patients), it may be desirable to utilize arrayed and/or automated formats. In certain embodiments, tissue arrays as described in the Examples may be used. Tissue arrays may be constructed according to a variety of techniques. According to one procedure, a commercially-available mechanical device (e.g., the manual tissue arrayer MTA1 from Beecher Instruments of Sun Prairie, Wis.) is used to remove an 0.6-micron-diameter, full thickness “core” from a paraffin block (the donor block) prepared from each patient, and to insert the core into a separate paraffin block (the recipient block) in a designated location on a grid. In preferred embodiments, cores from as many as about 400 patients (or multiple cores from the same patient) can be inserted into a single recipient block; preferably, core-to-core spacing is approximately 1 mm. The resulting tissue array may be processed into thin sections for staining with interaction partners according to standard methods applicable to paraffin embedded material.

Whatever the format, and whatever the detection strategy, identification of a discriminating titer can simplify binding studies to assess the desirability of using an interaction partner. In such studies, the interaction partner is contacted with a plurality of different samples that preferably have at least one common trait (e.g., tissue of origin), and often have multiple common traits (e.g., tissue of origin, stage, microscopic characteristics, etc.). In some cases, it will be desirable to select a group of samples with at least one common trait and at least one different trait, so that a titer is determined that distinguishes the different trait. In other cases, it will be desirable to select a group of samples with no detectable different traits, so that a titer is determined that distinguishes among previously indistinguishable samples. Those of ordinary skill in the art will understand, however, that the present invention often will allow both of these goals to be accomplished even in studies of sample collections with varying degrees of similarity and difference.

As discussed above and in the Examples, the inventors have applied these techniques to samples from breast and ovarian cancer patients. The invention also encompasses the recognition that markers that are secreted from the cells in which they are produced may be present in serum, enabling their detection through a blood test rather than requiring a biopsy specimen. An interaction partner that binds to such markers represents a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention.

In general, the results of such an assay can be presented in any of a variety of formats. The results can be presented in a qualitative fashion. For example, the test report may indicate only whether or not the TLE3 marker was detected, perhaps also with an indication of the limits of detection. Additionally the test report may indicate the subcellular location of binding, e.g., nuclear versus cytoplasmic and/or the relative levels of binding in these different subcellular locations. The results may be presented in a semi-quantitative fashion. For example, various ranges may be defined and the ranges may be assigned a score (e.g., 0 to 5) that provides a certain degree of quantitative information. Such a score may reflect various factors, e.g., the number of cells in which the marker is detected, the intensity of the signal (which may indicate the level of expression of the marker), etc. The results may be presented in a quantitative fashion, e.g., as a percentage of cells in which the marker is detected, as a concentration, etc. As will be appreciated by one of ordinary skill in the art, the type of output provided by a test will vary depending upon the technical limitations of the test and the biological significance associated with detection of the marker. For example, in certain circumstances a purely qualitative output (e.g., whether or not the marker is detected at a certain detection level) provides significant information. In other cases a more quantitative output (e.g., a ratio of the level of expression of the marker in two samples) is necessary.

Detecting TLE3 Polynucleotide Markers

Although in many cases detection of polypeptide markers using interaction partners such as antibodies may represent the most convenient means of determining whether TLE3 is expressed in a particular sample, the inventive methods also encompass the use of primers for the detection of polynucleotide markers. A variety of methods for detecting the presence of a particular polynucleotide marker are known in the art and may be used in the inventive methods. In general, these methods rely on hybridization between one or more primers and the polynucleotide marker.

Any available strategy or system may be utilized to detect hybridization between primers and the TLE3 polynucleotides (which could be a TLE3 mRNA, a cDNA produced by RT-PCR from mRNA, RNA produced from such cDNA, etc.). In certain embodiments, hybridization can be detected by simply adding a detectable label to the primer. In other embodiments, hybridization can be detected by using a labeled secondary primer that hybridizes specifically with the primary primer (e.g., a region of the primary primer that does not hybridize with the TLE3 marker). In yet other embodiments it may be advantageous to amplify the TLE3 marker within the cancer sample by PCR using a set of primers designed to amplify a region of the TLE3 gene. The resulting product can then be detected, e.g., using a labeled secondary primer that hybridizes with the amplified product. Those skilled in the art will appreciate variations on these embodiments.

Considerations for primer design are well known in the art and are described, for example, in Newton, et al. (eds.) PCR: Essential data Series, John Wiley & Sons; PCR Primer: A Laboratory Manual, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., 1995; White, et al. (eds.) PCR Protocols: Current methods and Applications, Methods in Molecular Biology, The Humana Press, Totowa, N.J., 1993. In addition, a variety of computer programs known in the art may be used to select appropriate primers.

In general, a detectable label may be directly detectable or indirectly detectable, e.g., through combined action with one or more additional members of a signal producing system. Examples of directly detectable labels include radioactive, paramagnetic, fluorescent, light scattering, absorptive and colorimetric labels. Examples of indirectly detectable include chemiluminescent labels, e.g., enzymes that are capable of converting a substrate to a chromogenic product such as alkaline phosphatase, horseradish peroxidase and the like.

Once a labeled primer has hybridized with the TLE3 marker, the complex may be visualized or detected in a variety of ways, with the particular manner of detection being chosen based on the particular detectable label, where representative detection means include, e.g., scintillation counting, autoradiography, measurement of paramagnetism, fluorescence measurement, light absorption measurement, measurement of light scattering and the like.

In general, hybridization between a primer and the TLE3 marker may be assayed by contacting the primer with a cancer sample that includes the marker. Depending upon the nature of the cancer sample, appropriate methods include, but are not limited to, microarray analysis, in situ hybridization, Northern blot, and various nucleic acid amplification techniques such as PCR, RT-PCR, quantitative PCR, the ligase chain reaction, etc.

Identification of Novel Therapies

The predictive power of TLE3 is useful according to the present invention not only to classify cancers with respect to their likely responsiveness to known therapies, but also to identify potential new therapies or therapeutic agents that could be useful in the treatment of cancer.

Indeed, TLE3 represents an attractive candidate for identification of new therapeutic agents (e.g., via screens to detect compounds or entities that bind or hybridize to the marker, preferably with at least a specified affinity and/or specificity, and/or via screens to detect compounds or entities that modulate (i.e., increase or decrease) expression, localization, modification, or activity of the marker. Thus, in one embodiment the present invention provides methods comprising steps of contacting a test compound with a cell expressing the TLE3 marker (e.g., individual engineered cells or in the context of a tissue, etc.); and determining whether the test compound modulates the expression, localization, modification, or activity of the TLE3 marker. In many instances, interaction partners or primers (e.g., antisense or RNAi primers) themselves may prove to be useful therapeutics.

Thus the present invention provides interaction partners and primers that are themselves useful therapeutic agents. For example, binding by an antibody raised against TLE3 to cancerous cells might inhibit growth of those cells. Alternatively or additionally, interaction partners defined or prepared according to the present invention could be used to deliver a therapeutic agent to a cancer cell. In particular, interaction partners (e.g., an antibody raised against TLE3) may be coupled to one or more therapeutic agents. Suitable agents in this regard include radionuclides and drugs. Preferred radionuclides include 90Y, 123I, 125I, 131I, 186Re, 188Re, 211At and 212Bi. Preferred drugs include chlorambucil, ifosphamide, meclorethamine, cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, cisplatin, procarbazine, decarbazine, carmustine, cytarabine, hydroxyurea, mercaptopurine, methotrexate, paclitaxel, docetaxel, thioguanine, 5-fluorouracil, actinomycin D, bleomycin, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, etoposide, vinblastine, vincristine, L-asparginase, adrenocorticosteroids, canciclovir triphosphate, adenine arabinonucleoside triphosphate, 5-aziridinyl-4-hydroxylamino-2-nitrobenzamide, acrolein, phosphoramide mustard, 6-methylpurine, etoposide, benzoic acid mustard, cyanide and nitrogen mustard.

According to such embodiments, the therapeutic agent may be coupled with an interaction partner by direct or indirect covalent or non-covalent interactions. A direct interaction between a therapeutic agent and an interaction partner is possible when each possesses a substituent capable of reacting with the other. For example, a nucleophilic group, such as an amino or sulfhydryl group, on one may be capable of reacting with a carbonyl-containing group, such as an anhydride or an acid halide, or with an alkyl group containing a good leaving group (e.g., a halide) on the other. Indirect interactions might involve a linker group that is itself non-covalently bound to both the therapeutic agent and the interaction partner. A linker group can function as a spacer to distance an interaction partner from an agent in order to avoid interference with association capabilities. A linker group can also serve to increase the chemical reactivity of a substituent on an agent or an interaction partner and thus increase the coupling efficiency. An increase in chemical reactivity may also facilitate the use of agents, or functional groups on agents, which otherwise would not be possible.

It will be evident to those skilled in the art that a variety of bifunctional or polyfunctional reagents, both homo- and hetero-functional (such as those described in the catalog of the Pierce Chemical Co., Rockford, Ill.), may be employed as the linker group. Coupling may be effected, for example, through amino groups, carboxyl groups, sulfhydryl groups or oxidized carbohydrate residues. There are numerous references describing such methodology, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,671,958, to Rodwell et al. It will further be appreciated that a therapeutic agent and an interaction partner may be coupled via non-covalent interactions, e.g., ligand/receptor type interactions. Any ligand/receptor pair with a sufficient stability and specificity to operate in the context of the invention may be employed to couple a therapeutic agent and an interaction partner. To give but an example, a therapeutic agent may be covalently linked with biotin and an interaction partner with avidin. The strong non-covalent binding of biotin to avidin would then allow for coupling of the therapeutic agent and the interaction partner. Typical ligand/receptor pairs include protein/co-factor and enzyme/substrate pairs. Besides the commonly used biotin/avidin pair, these include without limitation, biotin/streptavidin, digoxigenin/anti-digoxigenin, FK506/FK506-binding protein (FKBP), rapamycin/FKBP, cyclophilin/cyclosporin and glutathione/glutathione transferase pairs. Other suitable ligand/receptor pairs would be recognized by those skilled in the art, e.g., monoclonal antibodies paired with a epitope tag such as, without limitation, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), c-myc, FLAG® and maltose binding protein (MBP) and further those described in Kessler pp. 105-152 of Advances in Mutagenesis” Ed. by Kessler, Springer-Verlag, 1990; “Affinity Chromatography: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology)” Ed. by Pascal Baillon, Humana Press, 2000; and “Immobilized Affinity Ligand Techniques” by Hermanson et al., Academic Press, 1992.

Where a therapeutic agent is more potent when free from the interaction partner, it may be desirable to use a linker group which is cleavable during or upon internalization into a cell. A number of different cleavable linker groups have been described. The mechanisms for the intracellular release of an agent from these linker groups include cleavage by reduction of a disulfide bond (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,489,710 to Spitler), by irradiation of a photolabile bond (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,625,014 to Senter et al.), by hydrolysis of derivatized amino acid side chains (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,638,045 to Kohn et al.), by serum complement-mediated hydrolysis (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,671,958 to Rodwell et al.) and by acid-catalyzed hydrolysis (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,569,789 to Blattler et al.).

In certain embodiments, it may be desirable to couple more than one therapeutic agent to an interaction partner. In one embodiment, multiple molecules of an agent are coupled to one interaction partner molecule. In another embodiment, more than one type of therapeutic agent may be coupled to one interaction partner molecule. Regardless of the particular embodiment, preparations with more than one agent may be prepared in a variety of ways. For example, more than one agent may be coupled directly to an interaction partner molecule, or linkers that provide multiple sites for attachment can be used.

Alternatively, a carrier can be used. A carrier may bear the agents in a variety of ways, including covalent bonding either directly or via a linker group. Suitable carriers include proteins such as albumins (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,507,234 to Kato et al.), peptides, and polysaccharides such as aminodextran (e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,699,784 to Shih et al.). A carrier may also bear an agent by non-covalent bonding or by encapsulation, such as within a liposome vesicle (e.g., U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,429,008 to Martin et al. and 4,873,088 to Mayhew et al.). Carriers specific for radionuclide agents include radiohalogenated small molecules and chelating compounds. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,735,792 to Srivastava discloses representative radiohalogenated small molecules and their synthesis. A radionuclide chelate may be formed from chelating compounds that include those containing nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the donor atoms for binding the metal, or metal oxide, radionuclide. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,673,562 to Davison et al. discloses representative chelating compounds and their synthesis.

When interaction partners are themselves therapeutics, it will be understood that, in many cases, any interaction partner that binds the same marker may be so used.

In one preferred embodiment of the invention, the therapeutic agents (whether interaction partners or otherwise) are antibodies, e.g., an antibody against the TLE3 marker. As is well known in the art, when using an antibody or fragment thereof for therapeutic purposes it may prove advantageous to use a “humanized” or “veneered” version of an antibody of interest to reduce any potential immunogenic reaction. In general, “humanized” or “veneered” antibody molecules and fragments thereof minimize unwanted immunological responses toward antihuman antibody molecules which can limit the duration and effectiveness of therapeutic applications of those moieties in human recipients.

A number of “humanized” antibody molecules comprising an antigen binding portion derived from a non-human immunoglobulin have been described in the art, including chimeric antibodies having rodent variable regions and their associated complementarity-determining regions (CDRs) fused to human constant domains (e.g., see Winter et al., Nature 349:293, 1991; Lobuglio et al., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 86:4220, 1989; Shaw et al., J. Immunol. 138:4534, 1987; and Brown et al., Cancer Res. 47:3577, 1987), rodent CDRs grafted into a human supporting framework region (FR) prior to fusion with an appropriate human antibody constant domain (e.g., see Riechmann et al., Nature 332:323, 1988; Verhoeyen et al., Science 239:1534, 1988; and Jones et al. Nature 321:522, 1986) and rodent CDRs supported by recombinantly veneered rodent FRs (e.g., see European Patent Publication No. 519,596, published Dec. 23, 1992). It is to be understood that the invention also encompasses “fully human” antibodies produced using the XenoMouse™ technology (AbGenix Corp., Fremont, Calif.) according to the techniques described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,075,181.

Yet further, so-called “veneered” antibodies may be used that include “veneered FRs”. The process of veneering involves selectively replacing FR residues from, e.g., a murine heavy or light chain variable region, with human FR residues in order to provide a xenogeneic molecule comprising an antigen binding portion which retains substantially all of the native FR protein folding structure. Veneering techniques are based on the understanding that the antigen binding characteristics of an antigen binding portion are determined primarily by the structure and relative disposition of the heavy and light chain CDR sets within the antigen-association surface (e.g., see Davies et al., Ann. Rev. Biochem. 59:439, 1990). Thus, antigen association specificity can be preserved in a humanized antibody only wherein the CDR structures, their interaction with each other and their interaction with the rest of the variable region domains are carefully maintained. By using veneering techniques, exterior (e.g., solvent-accessible) FR residues which are readily encountered by the immune system are selectively replaced with human residues to provide a hybrid molecule that comprises either a weakly immunogenic, or substantially non-immunogenic veneered surface.

Preferably, interaction partners suitable for use as therapeutics (or therapeutic agent carriers) exhibit high specificity for the target marker (e.g., TLE3) and low background binding to other markers. In certain embodiments, monoclonal antibodies are preferred for therapeutic purposes.

Pharmaceutical Compositions

As mentioned above, the present invention provides new therapies and methods for identifying these. In certain embodiments, an interaction partner or primer may be a useful therapeutic agent. Alternatively or additionally, interaction partners defined or prepared according to the present invention bind to markers (e.g., TLE3) that serve as targets for therapeutic agents. Also, inventive interaction partners may be used to deliver a therapeutic agent to a cancer cell. For example, interaction partners provided in accordance with the present invention may be coupled to one or more therapeutic agents.

The invention includes pharmaceutical compositions comprising these inventive therapeutic agents. In general, a pharmaceutical composition will include a therapeutic agent in addition to one or more inactive agents such as a sterile, biocompatible carrier including, but not limited to, sterile water, saline, buffered saline, or dextrose solution. The pharmaceutical compositions may be administered either alone or in combination with other therapeutic agents including other chemotherapeutic agents, hormones, vaccines and/or radiation therapy. By “in combination with”, here and elsewhere in the specification, it is not intended to imply that the agents must be administered at the same time or formulated for delivery together, although these methods of delivery are within the scope of the invention. In general, each agent will be administered at a dose and on a time schedule determined for that agent. Additionally, the invention encompasses the delivery of the inventive pharmaceutical compositions in combination with agents that may improve their bioavailability, reduce or modify their metabolism, inhibit their excretion, or modify their distribution within the body. Although the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention can be used for treatment of any subject (e.g., any animal) in need thereof, they are most preferably used in the treatment of humans.

The pharmaceutical compositions of this invention can be administered to humans and other animals by a variety of routes including oral, intravenous, intramuscular, intra-arterial, subcutaneous, intraventricular, transdermal, rectal, intravaginal, intraperitoneal, topical (as by powders, ointments, or drops), bucal, or as an oral or nasal spray or aerosol. In general the most appropriate route of administration will depend upon a variety of factors including the nature of the agent (e.g., its stability in the environment of the gastrointestinal tract), the condition of the patient (e.g., whether the patient is able to tolerate oral administration), etc. At present the intravenous route is most commonly used to deliver therapeutic antibodies. However, the invention encompasses the delivery of the inventive pharmaceutical composition by any appropriate route taking into consideration likely advances in the sciences of drug delivery.

General considerations in the formulation and manufacture of pharmaceutical agents may be found, for example, in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19th ed., Mack Publishing Co., Easton, Pa., 1995.

EXEMPLIFICATION Example 1 Raising Antibodies

This example describes a method that was employed to generate the TLE3 antibodies used in these Examples. Similar methods may be used to generate an antibody that binds to any marker of interest (e.g., to proteins that are or are derived from other markers listed in Appendix A). In some cases, antibodies may be obtained from commercial sources (e.g., Chemicon, Dako, Oncogene Research Products, NeoMarkers, etc.) or other publicly available sources (e.g., Imperial Cancer Research Technology, etc.).

Materials and Solutions

    • Anisole (Cat. No. A4405, Sigma, St. Louis, Mo.)
    • 2,2′-azino-di-(3-ethyl-benzthiazoline-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) (Cat. No. A6499, Molecular Probes, Eugene, Oreg.)
    • Activated maleimide Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (Cat. No. 77106, Pierce, Rockford, Ill.)
    • Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (Cat. No. 77600, Pierce, Rockford, Ill.)
    • Phosphoric Acid (H3PO4) (Cat. No. P6560, Sigma)
    • Glacial Acetic Acid (Cat No. BP1185-500, Fisher)
    • EDC (EDAC) (Cat No. 341006, Calbiochem)
    • 25% Glutaraldehyde (Cat No. G-5882, Sigma)
    • Glycine (Cat No. G-8898, Sigma)
    • Biotin (Cat. No. B2643, Sigma)
    • Boric acid (Cat. No. B0252, Sigma)
    • Sepharose 4B (Cat. No. 17-0120-01, LKB/Pharmacia, Uppsala, Sweden)
    • Bovine Serum Albumin (LP) (Cat. No. 100 350, Boehringer Mannheim, Indianapolis, Ind.)
    • Cyanogen bromide (Cat. No. C6388, Sigma)
    • Dialysis tubing Spectra/Por Membrane MWCO: 6-8,000 (Cat. No. 132 665, Spectrum Industries, Laguna Hills, Calif.)
    • Dimethyl formamide (DMF) (Cat. No. 22705-6, Aldrich, Milwaukee, Wis.)
    • DIC (Cat. No. BP 592-500, Fisher)
    • Ethanedithiol (Cat. No. 39, 802-0, Aldrich)
    • Ether (Cat. No. TX 1275-3, EM Sciences)
    • Ethylenediaminetetraacetatic acid (EDTA) (Cat. No. BP 120-1, Fisher, Springfield, N.J.)
    • 1-ethyl-3-(3′ dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide, HCL (EDC) (Cat. no. 341-006, Calbiochem, San Diego, Calif.)
    • Freund's Adjuvant, complete (Cat. No. M-0638-50B, Lee Laboratories, Grayson, Ga.)
    • Freund's Adjuvant, incomplete (Cat. No. M-0639-50B, Lee Laboratories)
    • Fritted chromatography columns (Column part No. 12131011; Frit Part No. 12131029, Varian Sample Preparation Products, Harbor City, Calif.)
    • Gelatin from Bovine Skin (Cat. No. G9382, Sigma)
    • Goat anti-rabbit IgG, biotinylated (Cat. No. A 0418, Sigma)
    • HOBt (Cat. No. 01-62-0008, Calbiochem)
    • Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) (Cat. No. 814 393, Boehringer Mannheim)
    • HRP-Streptavidin (Cat. No. S 5512, Sigma)
    • Hydrochloric Acid (Cat. No. 71445-500, Fisher)
    • Hydrogen Peroxide 30% w/w (Cat. No. H1009, Sigma)
    • Methanol (Cat. No. A412-20, Fisher)
    • Microtiter plates, 96 well (Cat. No. 2595, Corning-Costar, Pleasanton, Calif.)
    • N— Fmoc protected amino acids from Calbiochem. See '97-'98 Catalog pp. 1-45.
    • N— Fmoc protected amino acids attached to Wang Resin from Calbiochem. See '97-'98 Catalog pp. 161-164.
    • NMP (Cat. No. CAS 872-50-4, Burdick and Jackson, Muskegon, Mich.)
    • Peptide (Synthesized by Research Genetics. Details given below)
    • Piperidine (Cat. No. 80640, Fluka, available through Sigma)
    • Sodium Bicarbonate (Cat. No. BP328-1, Fisher)
    • Sodium Borate (Cat. No. B9876, Sigma)
    • Sodium Carbonate (Cat. No. BP357-1, Fisher)
    • Sodium Chloride (Cat. No. BP 358-10, Fisher)
    • Sodium Hydroxide (Cat. No. SS 255-1, Fisher)
    • Streptavidin (Cat. No. 1 520, Boehringer Mannheim)
    • Thioanisole (Cat. No. T-2765, Sigma)
    • Trifluoroacetic acid (Cat. No. TX 1275-3, EM Sciences)
    • Tween-20 (Cat. No. BP 337-500, Fisher)
    • Wetbox (Rectangular Servin' Saver™ Part No. 3862, Rubbermaid, Wooster, Ohio)
    • BBS—Borate Buffered Saline with EDTA dissolved in distilled water (pH 8.2 to 8.4 with HCl or NaOH), 25 mM Sodium borate (Borax), 100 mM Boric Acid, 75 mM NaCl and 5 mM EDTA.
    • 0.1 N HCl in saline as follows: concentrated HCl (8.3 ml/0.917 liter distilled water) and 0.154 M NaCl
    • Glycine (pH 2.0 and pH 3.0) dissolved in distilled water and adjusted to the desired pH, 0.1 M glycine and 0.154 M NaCl.
    • 5× Borate 1× Sodium Chloride dissolved in distilled water, 0.11 M NaCl, 60 mM Sodium Borate and 250 mM Boric Acid.
    • Substrate Buffer in distilled water adjusted to pH 4.0 with sodium hydroxide, 50 to 100 mM Citric Acid.
    • AA solution: HOBt is dissolved in NMP (8.8 grams HOBt to 1 liter NMP). Fmoc-N-a-amino at a concentration at 0.53 M.
    • DIC solution: 1 part DIC to 3 parts NMP.
    • Deprotecting solution: 1 part Piperidine to 3 parts DMF.
    • Reagent R: 2 parts anisole, 3 parts ethanedithiol, 5 parts thioanisole and 90 parts trifluoroacetic acid.
      Equipment
    • MRX Plate Reader (Dynatech, Chantilly, Va.)
    • Hamilton Eclipse (Hamilton Instruments, Reno, Nev.)
    • Beckman TJ-6 Centrifuge (Model No. TJ-6, Beckman Instruments, Fullerton, Calif.)
    • Chart Recorder (Recorder 1 Part No. 18-1001-40, Pharmacia LKB Biotechnology)
    • UV Monitor (Uvicord SII Part No. 18-1004-50, Pharmacia LKB Biotechnology)
    • Amicon Stirred Cell Concentrator (Model 8400, Amicon, Beverly, Mass.)
    • 30 kD MW cut-off filter (Cat. No. YM-30 Membranes Cat. No. 13742, Amicon)
    • Multi-channel Automated Pipettor (Cat. No. 4880, Corning Costar, Cambridge, Mass.)
    • pH Meter Corning 240 (Corning Science Products, Corning Glassworks, Corning, N.Y.)
    • ACT396 peptide synthesizer (Advanced ChemTech, Louisville, Ky.)
    • Vacuum dryer (Box from Labconco, Kansas City, Mo. and Pump from Alcatel, Laurel, Md.).
    • Lyophilizer (Unitop 600sl in tandem with Freezemobile 12, both from Virtis, Gardiner, N.Y.)
      Peptide Selection

Peptide or peptides against which antibodies would be raised were selected from within the protein sequence of interest using a program that uses the Hopp/Woods method (described in Hopp and Woods, Mol. Immunol. 20:483, 1983 and Hopp and Woods, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78:3824, 1981). The program uses a scanning window that identifies peptide sequences of 15-20 amino acids containing several putative antigenic epitopes as predicted by low solvent accessibility. This is in contrast to most implementations of the Hopp/Woods method, which identify single short (˜6 amino acids) presumptive antigenic epitopes. Occasionally the predicted solvent accessibility was further assessed by PHD prediction of loop structures (described in Rost and Sander, Proteins 20:216, 1994). Preferred peptide sequences display minimal similarity with additional known human proteins. Similarity was determined by performing BLASTP alignments, using a wordsize of 2 (described in Altschul et al., J. Mol. Biol. 215:403, 1990). All alignments given an EXPECT value less than 1000 were examined and alignments with similarities of greater than 60% or more than four residues in an exact contiguous non-gapped alignment forced those peptides to be rejected. When it was desired to target regions of proteins exposed outside the cell membrane, extracellular regions of the protein of interest were determined from the literature or as defined by predicted transmembrane domains using a hidden Markov model (described in Krogh et al., J. Mol. Biol. 305:567, 2001). When the peptide sequence was in an extracellular domain, peptides were rejected if they contained N-linked glycosylation sites. As shown in Appendix A, for the preparation of TLE3 antibodies a single peptide was used having the amino acid sequence KNHHELDHRERESSAN (SEQ ID NO. 383). Appendix A provides one to three peptide sequences that can be used in preparing antibodies against other markers.

Peptide Synthesis

The sequence of the desired peptide was provided to the peptide synthesizer. The C-terminal residue was determined and the appropriate Wang Resin was attached to the reaction vessel. The peptide or peptides were synthesized C-terminus to N-terminus by adding one amino acid at a time using a synthesis cycle. Which amino acid is added was controlled by the peptide synthesizer, which looks to the sequence of the peptide that was entered into its database. The synthesis steps were performed as follows:

    • Step 1—Resin Swelling: Added 2 ml DMF, incubated 30 minutes, drained DMF.
    • Step 2—Synthesis cycle (repeated over the length of the peptide)
      • 2a—Deprotection: 1 ml deprotecting solution was added to the reaction vessel and incubated for 20 minutes.
      • 2b—Wash Cycle
      • 2c—Coupling: 750 ml of amino acid solution (changed as the sequence listed in the peptide synthesizer dictated) and 250 ml of DIC solution were added to the reaction vessel. The reaction vessel was incubated for thirty minutes and washed once. The coupling step was repeated once.
      • 2d—Wash Cycle
    • Step 3 Final Deprotection: Steps 2a and 2b were performed one last time.

Resins were deswelled in methanol (rinsed twice in 5 ml methanol, incubated 5 minutes in 5 ml methanol, rinsed in 5 ml methanol) and then vacuum dried.

Peptide was removed from the resin by incubating 2 hours in reagent R and then precipitated into ether. Peptide was washed in ether and then vacuum dried. Peptide was resolubilized in diH2O, frozen and lyophilized overnight.

Conjugation of Peptide with Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin

Peptide (6 mg) was conjugated with Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH). If the selected peptide includes at least one cysteine, three aliquots (2 mg) can be dissolved in PBS (2 ml) and coupled to KLH via glutaraldehyde, EDC or maleimide activated KLH (2 mg) in 2 ml of PBS for a total volume of 4 ml. When the peptide lacks cysteine (as in the TLE3 peptide), two aliquots (3 mg) can be coupled via glutaraldehyde and EDC methods.

Maleimide coupling can be accomplished by mixing 2 mg of peptide with 2 mg of maleimide-activated KLH dissolved in PBS (4 ml) and incubating 4 hr.

EDC coupling can be accomplished by mixing 2 mg of peptide, 2 mg unmodified KLH, and 20 mg of EDC in 4 ml PBS (lowered to pH 5 by the addition of phosphoric acid), and incubating for 4 hours. The reaction is then stopped by the slow addition of 1.33 ml acetic acid (pH 4.2). When using EDC to couple 3 mg of peptide, the amounts listed above are increased by a factor of 1.5.

Glutaraldehyde coupling occurs when 2 mg of peptide are mixed with 2 mg of KLH in 0.9 ml of PBS. 0.9 ml of 0.2% glutaraldehyde in PBS is added and mixed for one hour. 0.46 ml of 1 M glycine in PBS is added and mixed for one hour. When using glutaraldehyde to couple 3 mg of peptide, the above amounts are increased by a factor of 1.5.

The conjugated aliquots were subsequently repooled, mixed for two hours, dialyzed in 1 liter PBS and lyophilized.

Immunization of Rabbits

Two New Zealand White Rabbits were injected with 250 μg (total) KLH conjugated peptide in an equal volume of complete Freund's adjuvant and saline in a total volume of 1 ml. 100 μg KLH conjugated peptide in an equal volume of incomplete Freund's Adjuvant and saline were then injected into three to four subcutaneous dorsal sites for a total volume of 1 ml two, six, eight and twelve weeks after the first immunization. The immunization schedule was as follows:

Day 0 Pre-immune bleed, primary immunization
Day 15 1st boost
Day 27 1st bleed
Day 44 2nd boost
Day 57 2nd bleed and 3rd boost
Day 69 3rd bleed
Day 84 4th boost
Day 98 4th bleed

Collection of Rabbit Serum

The rabbits were bled (30 to 50 ml) from the auricular artery. The blood was allowed to clot at room temperature for 15 minutes and the serum was separated from the clot using an IEC DPR-6000 centrifuge at 5000 g. Cell-free serum was decanted gently into a clean test tube and stored at −20° C. for affinity purification.

Determination of Antibody Titer

All solutions with the exception of wash solution were added by the Hamilton Eclipse, a liquid handling dispenser. The antibody titer was determined in the rabbits using an ELISA assay with peptide on the solid phase. Flexible high binding ELISA plates were passively coated with peptide diluted in BBS (100 μl, 1 μg/well) and the plate was incubated at 4° C. in a wetbox overnight (air-tight container with moistened cotton balls). The plates were emptied and then washed three times with BBS containing 0.1% Tween-20 (BBS-TW) by repeated filling and emptying using a semi-automated plate washer. The plates were blocked by completely filling each well with BBS-TW containing 1% BSA and 0.1% gelatin (BBS-TW-BG) and incubating for 2 hours at room temperature. The plates were emptied and sera of both pre- and post-immune serum were added to wells. The first well contained sera at 1:50 in BBS. The sera were then serially titrated eleven more times across the plate at a ratio of 1:1 for a final (twelfth) dilution of 1:204,800. The plates were incubated overnight at 4° C. The plates were emptied and washed three times as described.

Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG (100 μl) was added to each microtiter plate test well and incubated for four hours at room temperature. The plates were emptied and washed three times. Horseradish peroxidase-conjugated Streptavidin (100 μl diluted 1:10,000 in BBS-TW-BG) was added to each well and incubated for two hours at room temperature. The plates were emptied and washed three times. The ABTS was prepared fresh from stock by combining 10 ml of citrate buffer (0.1 M at pH 4.0), 0.2 ml of the stock solution (15 mg/ml in water) and 10 μl of 30% hydrogen peroxide. The ABTS solution (100 μl) was added to each well and incubated at room temperature. The plates were read at 414 nm, 20 minutes following the addition of substrate.

Preparation of Peptide Affinity Purification Column:

The affinity column was prepared by conjugating 5 mg of peptide to 10 ml of cyanogen bromide-activated Sepharose 4B and 5 mg of peptide to hydrazine-Sepharose 4B. Briefly, 100 μl of DMF was added to peptide (5 mg) and the mixture was vortexed until the contents were completely wetted. Water was then added (900 μl) and the contents were vortexed until the peptide dissolved. Half of the dissolved peptide (500 μl) was added to separate tubes containing 10 ml of cyanogen-bromide activated Sepharose 4B in 0.1 ml of borate buffered saline at pH 8.4 (BBS) and 10 ml of hydrazine-Sepharose 4B in 0.1 M carbonate buffer adjusted to pH 4.5 using excess EDC in citrate buffer pH 6.0. The conjugation reactions were allowed to proceed overnight at room temperature. The conjugated Sepharose was pooled and loaded onto fitted columns, washed with 10 ml of BBS, blocked with 10 ml of 1 M glycine and washed with 10 ml 0.1 M glycine adjusted to pH 2.5 with HCl and re-neutralized in BBS. The column was washed with enough volume for the optical density at 280 nm to reach baseline.

Affinity Purification of Antibodies

The peptide affinity column was attached to a UV monitor and chart recorder. The titered rabbit antiserum was thawed and pooled. The serum was diluted with one volume of BBS and allowed to flow through the columns at 10 ml per minute. The non-peptide immunoglobulins and other proteins were washed from the column with excess BBS until the optical density at 280 nm reached baseline. The columns were disconnected and the affinity purified column was eluted using a stepwise pH gradient from pH 7.0 to 1.0. The elution was monitored at 280 nm and fractions containing antibody (pH 3.0 to 1.0) were collected directly into excess 0.5 M BBS. Excess buffer (0.5 M BBS) in the collection tubes served to neutralize the antibodies collected in the acidic fractions of the pH gradient.

The entire procedure was repeated with “depleted” serum to ensure maximal recovery of antibodies. The eluted material was concentrated using a stirred cell apparatus and a membrane with a molecular weight cutoff of 30 kD. The concentration of the final preparation was determined using an optical density reading at 280 nm. The concentration was determined using the following formula: mg/ml=OD280/1.4.

It will be appreciated that in certain embodiments, additional steps may be used to purify antibodies of the invention. In particular, it may prove advantageous to repurify antibodies, e.g., against one of the peptides that was used in generating the antibodies. It is to be understood that the present invention encompasses antibodies that have been prepared with such additional purification or repurification steps. It will also be appreciated that the purification process may affect the binding between samples and the inventive antibodies.

Example 2 Preparing and Staining Tissue Arrays

This example describes a method that was employed to prepare the tissue arrays that were used in the Examples. This example also describes how the antibody staining was performed.

Tissue arrays were prepared by inserting full-thickness cores from a large number of paraffin blocks (donor blocks) that contain fragments of tissue derived from many different patients and/or different tissues or fragments of tissues from a single patient, into a virgin paraffin block (recipient block) in a grid pattern at designated locations in a grid. A standard slide of the paraffin embedded tissue (donor block) was then made which contained a thin section of the specimen amenable to H & E staining A trained pathologist, or the equivalent versed in evaluating tumor and normal tissue, designated the region of interest for sampling on the tissue array (e.g., a tumor area as opposed to stroma). A commercially available tissue arrayer from Beecher Instruments was then used to remove a core from the donor block which was then inserted into the recipient block at a designated location. The process was repeated until all donor blocks had been inserted into the recipient block. The recipient block was then thin-sectioned to yield 50-300 slides containing cores from all cases inserted into the block.

The selected antibodies were then used to perform immunohistochemical staining using the DAKO Envision+, Peroxidase IHC kit (DAKO Corp., Carpenteria, Calif.) with DAB substrate according to the manufacturer's instructions. FIG. 1 shows exemplary IHC staining images of samples that are TLE3-negative (S0643−) and TLE3-positive (S0643+).

Example 3 TLE3 Expression Correlates with Response to Chemotherapy in Cancer Patients

Tumor samples from two different breast cancer cohorts—Huntsville Hospital (HH) and Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RP)—were stained with the TLE3 antibody of Example 1. Treatment and recurrence data were available for all patients in both cohorts. FIG. 2 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using all patients in the HH cohort after classification based on staining with the TLE3 antibody. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this breast cancer cohort (HR=0.573, p=0.004). FIG. 3 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated in a similar fashion using all patients in the RP cohort. As with the HH cohort, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker was found to correlate with improved prognosis (HR=0.239, p=0.011).

In order to determine whether TLE3 expression is correlated with response to chemotherapy, separate Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves were generated using HH cohort patients that did or did not receive chemotherapy (FIGS. 4 and 5, respectively). As shown in FIG. 4, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker lost its correlation with prognosis in patients that did not receive chemotherapy (HR=0.788, p=0.490). However, as shown in FIG. 5, the correlation was restored in patients that did receive chemotherapy (HR=0.539, p=0.013). These results demonstrate that TLE3 expression is correlated with improved response to chemotherapy (i.e., TLE3-positive cancers are more likely to respond to chemotherapy than TLE-3 negative cancers). Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort that received chemotherapy are consistent with this prediction model (see FIG. 6, HR=0.194, p=0.010). Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the UAB ovarian cancer cohort that received chemotherapy are also consistent with this prediction model (see FIG. 18, HR=0.64, p=0.049).

Example 4 Specific Chemotherapeutic Correlations

Since different patients in the HH and RP cohorts received different types of chemotherapy we were also able to determine whether TLE3 expression correlates with response to specific types of chemotherapy.

FIG. 7 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 5 that received CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in FIG. 7, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients (HR=0.398, p=0.019). Based on the results below which demonstrated a loss of correlation for patients in the HH cohort that were treated with CA (cyclophosphamide and adriamycin, HR=1.000) or CAF (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil, HR=1.000) we were able to establish that the predictive correlation in FIG. 7 is between TLE3 binding and treatment with methotrexate (see also FIG. 9 which combines the CA and CAF treated subsets, HR=1.030).

FIG. 8 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the HH breast cancer cohort of FIG. 5 that received CA or CAF chemotherapy (with or without a taxane). As shown in the Figure, the correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis loses significance in this subset of treated patients (HR=0.666, p=0.22). When the curves were generated using patients that received CA or CAF chemotherapy only (i.e., without a taxane) the significance was further reduced (see FIG. 9, HR=1.030, p=0.95). However, the correlation was restored in patients that received CA or CAF in combination with a taxane (see FIG. 10, HR=0.114, p=0.038). These results demonstrate a correlation between TLE3 binding and treatment with a taxane.

FIG. 11 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received CA chemotherapy only (i.e., without a taxane). Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, there is no correlation between antibody binding to the TLE3 marker and prognosis in this subset of treated patients (HR=0.759, p=0.81). The correlation was restored when the curves were generated using patients that received CA chemotherapy in combination with a taxane (see FIG. 12, HR=0.153, p=0.018). These results support the results of FIGS. 8 and 9 that were obtained using samples from the HH cohort.

FIG. 13 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received a taxane or CMF. Some of the patients receiving a taxane also received CA. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. As shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlates with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients (HR=0.137, p=0.011).

FIG. 14 shows Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients in this subset were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. The sample size was small (N=12); however, as shown in the Figure, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker showed significant correlation with improved prognosis across this subset of treated patients when measured using the Fisher Exact Test (p=0.005). In addition, of the 12 patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, two received CA (both showed recurrence) while ten received CA with a taxane (seven showed recurrence, three did not). Notably, the three patients that did not show any recurrence were the only patients with TLE3-positive samples. These results are significant since they show that the correlation between TLE3 binding and response to chemotherapy applies irrespective of whether treatment is administered in an adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting.

FIGS. 15-17 show Kaplan-Meier recurrence curves that were generated using patients in the RP breast cancer cohort of FIG. 6 that received chemotherapy. Recurrence data from TLE3-positive and TLE3-negative patients with stage II+ (FIG. 15), stage IIb+ (FIG. 16) and stage III+ (FIG. 17) cancers were used to generate the top and bottom curves, respectively. In each case, antibody binding to the TLE3 marker correlated with improved prognosis across these subsets of treated patients. The sample size was small in the subset of FIG. 17 (N=19); however significance was obtained when measured using the Fisher Exact Test (p=0.020). These results are of clinical importance since they demonstrate that the predictive power of the TLE3 marker is independent of stage and remains significant even in patients with the worst prognosis (e.g., stage III+ patients).

Example 5 Bivariate Analysis

In order to confirm that the predictive power of TLE3 is independent of other clinical factors (e.g., age, tumor size, nodes status, necrosis, etc.) we performed bivariate statistical analysis using results from the RP breast cohort. The results are summarized in Table 1 below. As shown in the Table, prediction using TLE3 remained significant in all bivariate analyses demonstrating its independence of other clinical factors.

TABLE 1
Bivariate Analysis
HR for p for
Factor 1 Factor 2 N TLE3 TLE3 HR P
TLE3 81 0.239 0.0110
TLE3 Age 81 0.223 0.0082 0.967 0.1200
TLE3 Tumor Size 78 0.219 0.0077 1.292 0.0002
TLE3 Nodes Met Ca1 79 0.252 0.0150 1.066 0.0086
TLE3 Necrosis 72 0.232 0.0100 1.903 0.2600
TLE3 Vasc. Lymph Inv.2 74 0.205 0.0071 0.412 0.0790
TLE3 Stage 80 0.284 0.0280 2.063 0.0130
TLE3 Contains Tax3 70 0.168 0.0061 2.749 0.0980
1Nodes found with metastatic cancer.
2Vascular lymphatic invasion.
3Taxane containing regimens.

Appendix A
ENTREZ PEPTIDE 1 PEPTIDE 2 PEPTIDE 3
GENE (SEQ ID (SEQ ID (SEQ ID
AGI ID GENE NAME ID ALIASES NO.) NO.) NO.) TITER
S0011 vav 3 oncogene 10451 VAV3; VAV3 ONCOGENE; ONCOGENE TEESINDEDIY EKRTNGLR DYISKSKED 1:90-
VAV3; vav 3 oncogene KGLPDLIDE RTPKQVD VKLK (3) 1:300
(1) (2)
S0017 WAP four-disul- 10406 WFDC2; WAP5; dJ461P17.6; major EKTGVCPELQ PNDKEGSC RDQCQVDT 1:25-
fide core domain epididymis-specific protein ADQNCTQE PQVNIN (5) QCPGQMK 1:500
2 E4; epididymal secretory pro- (4) (6)
tein E4; WAP four-disulfide
core domain 2; WAP domain
containing protein HE4-V4;
epididymis-specific, whey-
acidic protein type, four-
disulfide core WAP four-
disulfide
S0018 secretoglobin, 4250 UGB2; MGB1; SCGB2A2; mamma- SKTINPQVSK DDNATTNAI NQTDETLSN 1:300-
family 2A, globin 1; secretoglobin, TEYKELLQE DELKEC (8) VEVFMQ 1:1000
member 2 family 2A, member 2 (7) (9)
S0020 PPAR binding 5469 RB18A; TRIP2; PPARGBP; PBP; SSDDGIRPLP DGKSKDKP NKTKKKKSS 1:100
protein CRSP1; PPARBP; CRSP200; EYSTEKHKK PKRKKADTE RLPPEK
DRIP230; PPAR-BINDING PROTEIN; (10) (11) (12)
PPARG binding protein; PPAR
binding protein; CRSP, 200-KD
SUBUNIT; PEROXISOME PROLIFERA-
TOR-ACTIVATED RECEPTOR-BINDING
PROTEIN; THYROID HORMONE RE-
CEPTOR INTERACTOR 2; RECOGN
S0021 hypothetical 222256 FLJ23834; hypothetical protein KNKEPLTKKG KLTCTDLDS EVDYENPS 1:200-
protein FLJ23834 FLJ23834 ETKTAERD SPRSFRYS NLAAGNKYT 1:2500
(13) (14) (15)
S0022 cytochrome P450 199974 CYP4Z1; cytochrome P450 4Z1; KTLQVFNPLR QHFAIIECKV RKFLAPDHS 1:50-
4Z1 cytochrome P450, family 4, FSRENSEKIH AVALT (17) RPPQPVRQ 1:500
sub-family Z, polypeptide 1 (16) (18)
S0024 RAS-like, 85004 RERG; RAS-like, estrogen- MAKSAEVKLA VLPLKNILDE YELCREVRR 1:900-
estrogen-regu- regulated, growth-inhibitor IFGRAGVGK IKKPKN (20) RRMVQGKT 1:2700
lated, growth- (19) (21)
inhibitor
S0032 fatty acid bind- 2170 MDGI; O-FABP; FABP3; FABP11; TKPTTIIEKNG KNTEISFKL HLQKWDGQ 1:225
ing protein 3, H-FABP; FATTY ACID-BINDING DILTLKTH GVEFDE ETTLVRE
muscle and heart PROTEIN, SKELETAL MUSCLE; (22) (23) (24)
(mammary-derived Fatty acid-binding protein
growth 3, muscle; fatty acid
inhibitor) binding protein 11; FATTY
ACID-BINDING PROTEIN, MUSCLE
AND HEART; fatty acid binding
protein 3, muscle and heart
(mammary-de
S0036 gamma-aminobuty- 2568 GABRP; GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID DGNDVEFTW LQQMAAKD KRKISFASIE 1:250-
ric acid (GABA) RECEPTOR, PI; GABA-A RECEPTOR, LRGNDSVRG RGTTKEVEE ISSDNVDYS 1:500
A receptor, pi PI POLYPEPTIDE; gamma-aminobu- LEH (25) VS (26) D (27)
tyric acid (GABA) A receptor,
pi
S0037 annexin A8 244 ANX8; ANXA8; annexin VIII; QRQQIAKSFK REIMKAYEE EEYEKIANK 1:30-
annexin A8 AQFGKDLTE DYGSSLEED SIEDSIKSE 1:40
(28) IQ (29) (30)
S0039 CDNA FLJ25076 134111 similar to 3110006E14Rik pro- EGGSLVPAA RKAGKSKK KTHEKYGW 1:50-
fis, clone tein; CDNA FLJ25076 fis, clone RQQHCTQVR SFSRKEAE VTPPVSDG 1:30000
CBL06117 CBL06117 SRR (31) (32) (33)
S0040 ATP-binding cas- 5243 P-gp; PGY1; CLCS; ABCB1; MDLEGDRNG NLEDLMSNI RGSQAQDR 1:200-
sette, sub- ABC20; CD243; GP170; MDR1; GAKKKN (34) TNRSDINDT KLSTKEA 1:400
family B doxorubicin resistance; col- G (35) (36)
(MDR/TAP), chicin sensitivity; P-GLYCO-
member 1 PROTEIN 1; multidrug resis-
tance 1; P glycoprotein 1;
ATP-binding cassette sub-
family B member 1; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY B,
MEMBER 1; ATP-bin
S0041 ATP-binding cas- 5244 MDR3; PGY3; PFIC-3; ABCB4; MDLEAAKNG NFSFPVNFS KNSQMCQK 1:60-
sette, sub- ABC21; MDR2/3; P-GLYCOPROTEIN TAWRPTSAE LSLLNPGK SLDVETDG 1:300
family B 3; MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE 3; P- (37) (38) (39)
(MDR/TAP), glycoprotein-3/multiple drug
member 4 resistance-3; P glycoprotein
3/multiple drug resistance 3;
ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family B (MDR/TAP), member 4;
ATP-binding cassette, sub
S0042 ATP-binding cas- 4363 ABCC1; MRP1; GS-X; ABC29; MALRGFCSA KNWKKECA DSIERRPVK 1:40-
sette, sub- multidrug resistance protein; DGSD (40) KTRKQPVK DGGGTNS 1:500
family C MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE-ASSOCI- (41) (42)
(CFTR/MRP), ATED PROTEIN 1; multiple drug
member 1 resistance-associated protein;
multiple drug resistance pro-
tein 1; ATP-BINDING CASSETTE,
SUBFAMILY C, MEMBER 1; ATP-
binding cassette, sub-fami
S0043 ATP-binding cas- 1244 MRP2; cMRP; CMOAT; ABCC2; MLEKFCNSTF SILCGTFQF ENNESSNN 1:50-
sette, sub- ABC30; DJS; MULTIDRUG RESIS- WNSSFLDSP QTLIRT (44) PSSIAS 1:333
family C TANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 2; E (43) (45)
(CFTR/MRP), canalicular multispecific or-
member 2 ganic anion transporter; MUL-
TISPECIFIC ORGANIC ANION
TRANSPORTER, CANALICULAR; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY C,
MEMBER 2; ATP-binding
cassette,
S0044 ATP-binding cas- 10257 MOAT-B; MRP4; MOATB; ABCC4; QEVKPNPLQ DEISQRNRQ VQDFTAFW 1:20-
sette, sub- EST170205; MULTIDRUG RESIS- DANICSR LPSDGKK DKASETPTL 1:100
family C TANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 4; (46) (47) Q (48)
(CFTR/MRP), MULTISPECIFIC ORGANIC ANION
member 4 TRANSPORTER B; ATP-binding
cassette, sub-family C, member
4; ATP-BINDING CASSETTE, SUB-
FAMILY C, MEMBER 4; ATP-bind-
ing cassette, sub-family C
(CFT
S0045 ATP-binding cas- 8714 MOAT-D; ABC31; MLP2; ABCC3; MDALCGSGE RKQEKQTA DPQSVERK 1:2000
sette, sub- E5T90757; cMOAT2; MULTIDRUG LGSKFWDSN RHKASAA TISPG
family C RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN (49) (50) (51)
(CFTR/MRP), 3; canicular multispecific or-
member 3 ganic anion transporter; CAN-
ALICULAR MULTISPECIFIC ORGANIC
ANION TRANSPORTER 2; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY C,
MEMBER 3; ATP-binding cas
S0046 ATP-binding cas- 10057 MOAT-C; ABCC5; MRP5; MKDIDIGKEYI RDREDSKF SKHESSDV 1:100-
sette, sub- EST277145; ABC33; SMRP; IPSPGYRS RRTRPLEC NCRRLER 1:450
family C pABC11; MOATC; MULTIDRUG RE- (52) QD (53) (54)
(CFTR/MRP), SISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 5;
member 5 canalicular multispecific or-
ganic anion transporter C;
ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family C, member 5; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY C,
MEMBER 5; ATP-bi
S0047 ATP-binding cas- 368 MRP6; ARA; E5T349056; ABCC6; MAAPAEPCA DPGVVDSS HTLVAENAM 1:50
sette, sub- MOATE; PXE; MLP1; ABC34; GQGVWNQTE SSGSAAGK NAEK (57)
family C ANTHRACYCLINE RESISTANCE- PE (55) D (56)
(CFTR/MRP), ASSOCIATED PROTEIN; MULTIDRUG
member 6 RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN
6; ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family C, member 6; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY C,
MEMBER 6; ATP-binding
cassette,
S0048 ATP-binding cas- 8647 BSEP; ABCB11; PFIC-2; SPGP; MSDSVILRSIK TNSSLNQN QEVLSKIQH 1:600
sette, sub- PGY4; PFIC2; ABC16; SISTER OF KFGEEND MTNGTR GHTIIS
family B P-GLYCOPROTEIN; bile salt ex- (58) (59) (60)
(MDR/TAP), port pump; progressive famil-
member 11 ial intrahepatic cholestasis
2; ABC member 16, MDR/TAP sub-
family; ATP-BINDING CASSETTE,
SUBFAMILY B, MEMBER 11; ATP-
binding cassette, sub-fam
S0049 ATP-binding cas- 23456 MTABC2; E5T20237; MABC2; GADDPSSVT NAVASPEFP KPNGIYRKL 1:10-
sette, sub- M-ABC2; ABCB10; MITOCHONDRIAL AEEIQR (61) PRFNT (62) MNKQSFISA 1:25
family B ABC PROTEIN 2; ATP-BINDING (63)
(MDR/TAP), CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY B, MEMBER
member 10 10; ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family B, member 10; ATP-
binding cassette, sub-family B
(MDR/TAP), member 10
S0050 transporter 1, 6890 RING4; ABC17; D6S114E; ABCB2; MASSRCPAP QGGSGNPV EFVGDGIYN 1:80
ATP-binding cas- TAP1; APT1; PEPTIDE TRANS- RGCR (64) RR (65) NTMGHVHS
sette, sub- PORTER PSF1; TRANSPORTER, ABC, (66)
family B MHC, 1; ABC transporter, MHC
(MDR/TAP) 1; antigen peptide transporter
1; peptide supply factor 1;
ABC TRANSPORTER, MHC, 1; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY B,
MEMBER 2; TRANSPORTER
S0052 ATP-binding cas- 6833 SUR1; MRP8; PHHI; ABC36; MPLAFCGSE DHLGKEND EIREEQCAP 1:25-
sette, sub- ABCC8; HRINS; sulfonylurea NHSAAYR VFQPKTQFL HEPTPQG 1:150
family C receptor (hyperinsulinemia); (67) G (68) (69)
(CFTR/MRP), SULFONYLUREA RECEPTOR, BETA-
member 8 CELL HIGH-AFFINITY; ATP-
binding cassette, sub-family
C, member 8; ATP-BINDING
CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY C, MEMBER
8; ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family C
S0053 ATP-binding cas- 10060 ABCC9; ABC37; sulfonylurea re- MSLSFCGNNI QRVNETQN DEIGDDSW 1:25-
sette, sub- ceptor 2A; ATP-BINDING CAS- SS (70) GTNNTTGIS RTGESSLPF 1:50
family C SETTE, SUBFAMILY C, MEMBER 9; E (71) E (72)
(CFTR/MRP), ATP-binding cassette, sub-
member 9 family C (CFTR/MRP), member 9;
ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family C, member 9 isoform
SUR2B; ATP-binding cassette,
sub-family C, member 9 isoform
S0055 integral mem- 9445 E25B; ABRI; E3-16; FBD; BRI2; MVKVTFNSAL QTIEENIKIF HDKETYKLQ 1:450 -
brane protein 2B BRICD2B; ITM2B; BRI GENE; AQKEAKKDE EEEEVE (74) RRETIKGIQ 1:500
BRICHOS domain containing 2B; PK (73) KRE (75)
integral membrane protein 2B
S0057 ankyrin 3, node 288 ankyrin-G; ANK3; ankyrin-3, MAHAASQLK HKKETESD EGFKVKTKK 1:750
of Ranvier node of Ranvier; ankyrin 3 KNRDLEINAE QDDEIEKTD EIRHVEKKS
(ankyrin G) isoform 1; ankyrin 3 isoform E (76) RRQ (77) HS (78)
2; ankyrin 3, node of Ranvier
(ankyrin G)
S0058 hypothetical 80004 FLJ21918; hypothetical protein ERALAAAQR TAGMKDLLS DPPRTVLQA 1:20
protein FLJ21918 FLJ21918 CHKKVMKER VFQAYQ PKEWVCL
(79) (80) (81)
S0059 tripartite 23650 ATDC; TRIM29; tripartite mo- MEAADASRS ELHLKPHLE EGEGLGQS 1:50-
motif-containing tif-containing 29; ataxia- NGSSPEARD GAAFRDHQ LGNFKDDLL 1:3000
29 telangiectasia group D- AR (82) (83) N (84)
associated protein; tripartite
motif protein TRIM29 isoform
alpha; tripartite motif pro-
tein TRIM29 isoform beta
S0059P tripartite 23650 ATDC; TRIM29; tripartite mo- ELHLKPHLEG N/A N/A 1:30-
2 motif-containing tif-containing 29; ataxia- AAFRDHQ 1:90
29 telangiectasia group D- (85)
associated protein; tripar-
tite motif protein TRIM29 iso-
form alpha; tripartite motif
protein TRIM29 isoform beta
S0063 iroquois homeo- 79191 IRX3; iroquois homeobox GSEERGAGR KIWSLAETA KKLLKTAFQ 1:200-
box protein 3 protein 3 GSSGGREE TSPDNPRR PVPRRPQN 1:1200
(86) S (87) HLD (88)
S0068 RAS-like, 85004 RERG; RAS-like, estrogen- RRSSTTHVK N/A N/A 1:500-
estrogen-regu- regulated, growth-inhibitor QAINKMLTKIS 1:40000
lated, growth- S (89)
inhibitor
S0070 G protein- 26996 GPCR150; GPR160; putative G MRRKNTCQN NETILYFPFS KVQIPAYIE 1:10-
coupled receptor protein-coupled receptor; G FMEYFCISLA SHSSYTVRS MNIPLVILCQ 1:100
160 protein-coupled receptor 160 F (90) KK (91) (92)
S0072 S100 calcium 6279 CP-10; L1Ag; CALPROTECTIN; MLTELEKALN RDDLKKLLE KMGVAAHK 1:6500-
binding protein 60B8AG; S100A8; MIF; CAGA; SIIDVYHK TECPQYIRK KSHEESHKE 1:10000
A8 (calgranulin NIF; MRP8; MA387; CFAG; CGLA (93) KGAD (94) (95)
A) S100A8/S100A9 COMPLEX; cystic
fibrosis antigen; S100
calcium-binding protein A8;
S100 calcium binding protein
A8 (calgranulin A)
S0073 forkhead box A1 3169 HNF3A; MGC33105; TCF3A; FOXA1; PESRKDPSG HGLAPHES EQQHKLDF 1:100-
forkhead box A1; HEPATOCYTE ASNPSADS QLHLKGD KAYEQALQY 1:2700
NUCLEAR FACTOR 3-ALPHA; (96) (97) S (98)
hepatocyte nuclear factor 3,
alpha
S0073P forkhead box A1 3169 HNF3A; MGC33105; TCF3A; FOXA1; HGLAPHESQ N/A N/A 1:50-
2 forkhead box A1; HEPATOCYTE LHLKGD (99) 1:450
NUCLEAR FACTOR 3-ALPHA;
hepatocyte nuclear factor 3,
alpha
S0074 trefoil factor 3 7033 TFF3; trefoil factor 3 (intes- EEYVGLSAN RVDCGYPH VPWCFKPL 1:2500-
(intestinal) tinal); trefoil factor 3, QCAVPAKDR VTPKECN QEAECTF 1:30000
HITF, human intestinal trefoil VD (100) (101) (102)
factor
S0074P trefoil factor 3 7033 TFF3; trefoil factor 3 (intes- VPWCFKPLQ N/A N/A 1:400-
3 (intestinal) tinal); trefoil factor 3, EAECTF 1:810
HITF, human intestinal trefoil (103)
factor
S0076x keratin 17 3872 PC2; PCHC1; KRT17; K17; KKEPVTTRQV QDGKVISSR SSSIKGSSG 1:200
1 CYTOKERATIN 17; keratin 17 RTIVEE EQVHQTTR LGGGSS
(104) (105) (106)
S0078 kynureninase (L- 8942 3.7.1.3; XANTHURENICACIDURIA; DEEDKLRHFR KPREGEETL EERGCQLTI 1:180-
kynurenine KYNU; HYDROXYKYNURENINURIA; ECFYIPKIQD RIEDILEVIE TFSVPNKDV 1:200
hydrolase) KYNURENINASE DEFICIENCY; (107) KE (108) FQE (109)
XANTHURENIC ACIDURIA;
kynureninase (L-kynurenine
hydrolase)
S0079 solute carrier 25800 SLC39A6; LIV-1 protein, estro- DHNHAASGK EEPAMEMK QRYSREELK 1:200-
family 39 (zinc gen regulated; solute carrier NKRKALCPD RGPLFSHLS DAGVATL 1:800
transporter), family 39 (zinc transporter), HD (110) SQNI (111) (112)
member 6 member 6; solute carrier fami-
ly 39 (metal ion transporter),
member 6
S0081 N-acetyltrans- 9 AAC1; 2.3.1.5; NAT1; arylamine MDIEAYLERI QMWQPLELI FNISLQRKL 1:10-
ferase 1 (aryla- N-acetyltransferase-1; ACETYL- GYKKSRNKL SGKDQPQV VPKHGDRF 1:240
mine N-acetyl- CoA: ARYLAMINE N- DLE (113) PCVFR FTI (115)
transferase) ACETYLTRANSFERASE; ARYLAMINE (114)
N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE 1; N-
acetyltransferase 1 (arylamine
N-acetyltransferase); aryla-
mide acetylase 1 (N-acetyl-
transferase 1)
S0086 X-box binding 7494 XBP2; TREB5; XBP1; X-box- RQRLTHLSPE EKTHGLVVE QPPFLCQW 1:180-
protein 1 binding protein-1; X BOX- EKALRRKLKN NQELRQRL GRHQPSWK 1:400
BINDING PROTEIN 1; X BOX- R (116) GMD (117) PLMN (118)
BINDING PROTEIN 2; X-box
binding protein 1
S0088 claudin 10 9071 CPETRL3; OSP-L; CLDN10; clau- NKITTEFFDPL FSISDNNKT EDFKTTNPS 1:333-
din 10; claudin 10 isoform a; FVEQK (119) PRYTYNGAT KQFDKNAY 1:1000
claudin 10 isoform b (120) V (121)
S0090 sparc/osteonec- 9806 KIAA0275; testican-2; SPOCK2; EGDAKGLKE EWCFCFWR EEEGEAGE 1:100-
tin, cwcv and TESTICAN 2; SPARC/OSTEONECTIN, GETPGNFME EKPPCLAEL ADDGGYIW 1:800
kazal-like do- CWCV, AND KAZAL-LIKE DOMAINS DE (122) ER (123) (124)
mains proteo- PROTEOGLYCAN 2; sparc/osteo-
glycan nectin, cwcv and kazal-like
(testican) 2 domains proteoglycan
(testican) 2
S0091 lipocalin 2 3934 UTEROCALIN; NGAL; LCN2; DKDPQKMYA KKCDYWIRT ENFIRESKY 1:100
(oncogene 24p3) NEUTROPHIL GELATINASE- TIYE (125) FVPGCQ LGLPEN
ASSOCIATED LIPOCALIN; ONCOGEN- (126) (127)
IC LIPOCALIN 24P3; lipocalin 2
(oncogene 24p3)
S0092 paired box gene 7849 PAX8; paired box gene 8; DDSDQDSCR RQHYPEAY NTPLGRNLS 1:30-
8 paired box gene 8 isoform LSIDSQ ASPSHTK THQTYPVVA 1:100
PAX8C; paired box gene 8 iso- (128) (129) D (130)
form PAX8D; paired box gene 8
isoform PAX8E; paired box gene
8 isoform PAX8A; paired box
gene 8 isoform PAX8B; PAIRED
DOMAIN GENE 8 PAX8/PPARG
FUSION GENE
S0093 mesothelin 10232 CAK1; SMR; MSLN; mesothelin; RLVSCPGPLD KMSPEDIRK SPEELSSVP 1:500
MEGAKARYOCYTE-POTENTIATING QDQQE WNVTSLETL PSSIWAVRP
FACTOR; SOLUBLE MPF/MESO- (131) K (132) QD (133)
THELIN-RELATED PROTEIN; meso-
thelin isoform 2 precursor;
mesothelin isoform 1 precur-
sor; megakaryocyte potentiat-
ing factor precursor; ANTIGEN
RECOGNIZED BY MONOCLONAL
ANTIBODY
S0094 kallikrein 6 5653 Bssp; PRSS18; KLK6; Klk7; EEQNKLVHG ELIQPLPLER GKTADGDF 1:150-
(neurosin, zyme) SP59; PRSS9; MGC9355; protease GPCDKTSH DCSANT PDTIQC 1:300
M; kallikrein 6 preproprotein; (134) (135) (136)
protease, serine, 18; pro-
tease, serine, 9; kallikrein 6
(neurosin, zyme)
S0095 Rap guanine nu- 10411 bcm910; MGC21410; REQWPERRR KVNSAGDAI QQLKVIDNQ 1:250-
cleotide ex- 9330170P05Rik; EPAC; RAPGEF3; CHRLENGCG GLQPDAR RELSRLSRE 1:1000
change factor cAMP-GEFI; RAP guanine- NA (137) (139) LE (140)
(GEF) 3 nucleotide-exchange factor 3;
EXCHANGE PROTEIN ACTIVATED BY
cAMP; RAP guanine-nucleotide-
exchange factor (GEF) 3; cAMP-
REGULATED GUANINE NUCLEOTIDE
EXCHANGE FACTOR I; RAP GUANINE
NUCLE
S0096 ATPase, H+ 525 Vma2; VPP3; ATP6V1B1; RTA1B; REHMQAVTR KKSKAVLDY DEFYSREG 1:100-
transporting, 3.6.3.14; VATB; ATP6B1; V- NYITHPR HDDN (142) RLQDLAPDT 1:800
lysosomal 56/58 ATPase B1 subunit; H+-ATPase (141) AL (143)
kDa, V1 subunit beta 1 subunit; H(+)-trans-
B, isoform 1 porting two-sector ATPase, 58
(Renal tubular kD subunit; vacuolar proton
acidosis with pump, subunit 3; endomembrane
deafness) proton pump 58 kDa subunit;
ATPase, H+ transporting, lysos
S0097 frizzled homolog 8325 FZ-8; hFZ8; FZD8; frizzled 8; KQQDGPTKT ELRVLSKAN RRGGEGGE 1:100-
8 (Drosophila) frizzled homolog 8 HKLEKLMIR AIVPGLSGG ENPSAAKG 1:500
(Drosophila); FRIZZLED, (144) E (145) HLMG (146)
DROSOPHILA, HOMOLOG OF, 8
S0099 histone 1, H2ba 255626 HIST1H2BA; histone 1, H2ba MPEVSSKGA GFKKAVVKT KEGKKRKR 1:333-
TISKK (147) QK (148) TRKE (149) 1:500
S0110 hypothetical 84259 MGC2714; hypothetical protein RYAFDFARDK SVFYQYLEQ EDGAWPVL 1:500-
protein MGC2714 MGC2714 DQRSLDID SKYRVMNK LDEFVEWQ 1:2500
(150) DQ (151) KVRQTS
(152)
S0117 reproduction 8 7993 D8S2298E; REP8; reproduction SFKSPQVYLK RKKQQEAQ EDIGITVDTV 1:200-
8; Reproduction/chromosome 8 EEEEKNEKR GEKASRYIE LILEEKEQT 1:375
(153) (154) N (155)
S0119 slit homolog 1 6585 SLIT3; MEGF4; SLIL1; Slit-1; KAFRGATDLK DERCEEGQ DGTSFAEEV 1:900
(Drosophila) SLIT1; slit homolog 1 NLRLDKNQ EEGGCLPR EKPTKCGC
(Drosophila); SLIT, (156) PQ (157) ALCA (158)
DROSOPHILA, HOMOLOG OF, 1;
MULTIPLE EPIDERMAL GROWTH
FACTOR-LIKE DOMAINS 4
S0122 leucyl-tRNA 23395 6.1.1.4; MGC26121; KIAA0028; QRIKEQASKI HAKTKEKLE KSPQPQLLS 1:150
synthetase 2, LEURS; LARS2; leucine trans- SEADKSKPKF VTWEKMSK NKEKAEARK
mitochondrial lase; leucine-tRNA ligase; (159) SKHN (160) (161)
LEUCYL-tRNA SYNTHETASE, MITO-
CHONDRIAL; leucyl-tRNA synthe-
tase 2, mitochondrial; leucyl-
tRNA synthetase 2, mitochon-
drial precursor
S0123 homeo box D4 3233 HOX4B; HOXD4; HHO.C13; HOX- MLFEQGQQA KDQKAKGIL HSSQGRLP 1:100-
5.1; HOMEOBOX D4; HOMEOBOX 4B; LELPECT HSPASQSP EAPKLTHL 1:500
HOMEOBOX X; homeo box D4; (162) ERS (163) (164)
homeobox protein Hox-D4;
Hox-4.2, mouse, homolog of
homeo box X
S0124 sphingosine-1- 8879 KIAA1252; SPL; SGPL1; KRGARRGGW KIVRVPLTK QFLKDIRES 1:990-
phosphate lyase sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase KRKMPSTDL MMEVDVR VTQIMKNPK 1:1500
1 1 (165) (166) A (167)
S0126 HBxAg transacti- 55789 XTP1; HBxAg transactivated SKQGVVILDD VQTFSRCIL LKKPFQPFQ 1:450-
vated protein 1 protein 1 KSKELPHW CSKDEVDLD RTRSFRM 1:1600
(168) EL (169) (170)
S0132 SRY (sex deter- 6662 SRA1; CMD1; CMPD1; SOX9; SRY- MNLLDPFMK NTFPKGEPD KNGQAEAE 1:100 -
mining region BOX 9; transcription factor MTDEQEKGL LKKESEEDK EATEQTHIS 1:500
Y)-box 9 (campo- SOX9; SRY-RELATED HMG-BOX GENE S (171) (172) PN (173)
melic dysplasia 9; SEX REVERSAL, AUTOSOMAL, 1;
autosomal sex- SRY (sex-determining region
reversal) Y)-box 9 protein; SRY (sex-
determining region Y)-box 9
(campomelic dysplasia, auto-
somal sex-reversal); SRY (
S0137 cadherin, EGF 1952 Flamingo1; CELSR2; EGFL2; QASSLRLEPG ELKGFAERL RSGKSQPS 1:1800-
LAG seven-pass KIAA0279; MEGF3; CDHF10; EGF- RANDGDWH QRNESGLD YIPFLLREE 1:5000
G-type receptor like-domain, multiple 2; epi- (174) SGR (175) (176)
2 (flamingo dermal growth factor-like 2;
homolog, multiple epidermal growth
Drosophila) factor-like domains 3; cad-
herin EGF LAG seven-pass G-
type receptor 2; cadherin,
EGF LAG seven-pass G-type
receptor 2
S0139 gamma-glutamyl 8836 3.4.19.9; GGH; gamma-glutamyl RRSDYAKVA KNFTMNEKL EFFVNEARK 1:2500-
hydrolase hydrolase precursor; gamma- KIFYNLSIQSF KKFFNVLTT NNHHFKSE 1:30000
(conjugase, glutamyl hydrolase (conjugase, DD (177) N (178) SEE (179)
folylpolygamma- folylpolygammaglutamyl
glutamyl hydrolase)
hydrolase)
S0140 bullous pemphi- 667 BP240; FLJ13425; FLJ32235; KNTQAAEALV QENQPENS KQMEKDLA 1:250-
goid antigen 1, FLJ21489; FLJ30627; CATX-15; KLYETKLCE KTLATQLNQ FQKQVAEK 1:20000
230/240 kDa KIAA0728; BPAG1; dystonin; (180) (181) QLK (182)
hemidesmosomal plaque protein;
bullous pemphigoid antigen 1,
230/240 kDa; bullous pemphi-
goid antigen 1 (230/240 kD);
bullous pemphigoid antigen 1
isoform 1eA precursor; bullo
S0143 fatty acid 2194 2.3.1.85; OA-519; FASN; EFVEQLRKEG DRHPQALE REVRQLTLR 1:5000-
synthase MGC14367; MGC15706; fatty acid VFAKEVR AAQAELQQ KLQELSSKA 1:30000
synthase (183) HD (184) DE (185)
S0143P fatty acid 2194 2.3.1.85; OA-519; FASN; REVRQLTLRK N/A N/A 1:200-
3 synthase MGC14367; MGC15706; fatty acid LQELSSKADE 1:630
synthase (186)
S0144 matrix metallo- 4323 MMP-X1; 3.4.24.-; MMP14; AYIREGHEKQ DEASLEPGY RGSFMGSD 1:500-
proteinase 14 MTMMP1; MT1-MMP; membrane- ADIMIFFAE PKHIKELGR EVFTYFYK 1:20000
(membrane- type-1 matrix metalloprotein- (187) (188) (189)
inserted) ase; matrix metalloproteinase
14 preproprotein; MATRIX
METALLOPROTEINASE 14, MEM-
BRANE-TYPE; matrix metal-
loproteinase 14 (membrane-
inserted); membrane-type
matrix metalloprotein
S0147 cystatin A 1475 STF1; CSTA; STFA; cystatin AS; MIPGGLSEAK NETYGKLEA DLVLTGYQV 1:100-
(stefin A) cystatin A (stefin A) PATPEIQEIV VQYKTQ DKNKDDELT 1:5000
(190) (191) GF (192)
S0149 transient recep- 55503 TRPV6; ECAC2; CAT1; CATL; RQEHCMSEH QGHKWGES RACGKRVS 1:400-
tor potential CALCIUM TRANSPORTER 1; CALCIUM FKNRPACLGA PSQGTQAG EGDRNGSG 1:20000
cation channel, TRANSPORTER-LIKE PROTEIN; R (193) AGK (194) GGKWG
subfamily V, EPITHELIAL CALCIUM CHANNEL 2 (195)
member 6 transient receptor potential
cation channel, subfamily V,
member 6
S0156 fatty acid 2173 B-FABP; FABP7; FABPB; MRG; MVEAFCATW QVGNVTKP KVVIRTLSTF 1:100-
binding protein mammary-derived growth inhibi- KLTNSQN TVIISQE KNTE (198) 1:20000
7, brain tor-related; FATTY ACID- (196) (197)
BINDING PROTEIN 7; FATTY ACID-
BINDING PROTEIN, BRAIN; fatty
acid binding protein 7, brain
S0158 cadherin 3, type 1001 CDHP; HJMD; PCAD; CDH3; pla- RAVFREAEVT QEPALFSTD QKYEAHVP 1:150-
1, P-cadherin cental cadherin; CADHERIN, LEAGGAEQE NDDFTVRN ENAVGHE 1:2000
(placental) PLACENTAL; cadherin 3, P- (199) (200) (201)
cadherin (placental); calcium-
dependent adhesion protein,
placental; cadherin 3, type 1
preproprotein; cadherin 3,
type 1, P-cadherin (placental)
S0165 chemokine (C-X-C 2919 MGSA-a; NAP-3; CXCL1; SCYB1; KKIIEKMLNSD N/A N/A 1:100-
motif) ligand 1 GROa; GRO1, FORMERLY; GRO PRO- KSN (202) 1:500
(melanoma growth TEIN, ALPHA; GRO1 ONCOGENE,
stimulating ac- FORMERLY; MELANOMA GROWTH
tivity, alpha) STIMULATORY ACTIVITY, ALPHA;
GRO1 oncogene (melanoma
growth-stimulating activity);
CHEMOKINE, CXC MOTIF, LIGAND
1; GRO1 oncogene (melanoma
grow
S0171 baculoviral IAP null BIRC5; baculoviral IAP repeat- GKPGNQNSK QAEAPLVPL NCFLTERKA 1:22500-
repeat-contain- containing 5 (survivin) NEPPKKRER SRQNK QPDE (205) 1:30000
ing 5 (survivin) ER (203) (204)
S0193 procollagen- 5352 PLOD2; LYSYL HYDROXYLASE 2; EFDTVDLSAV NKEVYHEK KQVDLENV 1:20000
lysine, 2-oxo- LYSINE HYDROXYLASE 2 DVHPN (206) DIKVFFDKA WLDFIRE
glutarate 5- PROCOLLAGEN-LYSINE, 2- K (207) (208)
dioxygenase OXOGLUTARATE 5-DIOXYGENASE 2;
(lysine hydroxy- procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglu-
lase) 2 tarate 5-dioxygenase (lysine
hydroxylase) 2; procollagen-
lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-
dioxygenase (lysine hydroxy-
lase) 2 isoform
S0202 PTK7 protein 5754 PTK7; CCK4; protein-tyrosine LKKPQDSQLE KAKRLQKQ KDRPSFSEI 1:500-
tyrosine kinase kinase PTK7; colon carcinoma EGKPGYLD PEGEEPEM ASALGDSTV 1:800
7 kinase-4; PTK7 protein tyro- (209) E (210) DSKP (211)
sine kinase 7; PTK7 protein
tyrosine kinase 7 isoform e
precursor; PTK7 protein tyro-
sine kinase 7 isoform a pre-
cursor; PTK7 protein tyrosine
kinase 7 isoform d precursor;
S0211 cytochrome P450, 1549 CYPIIA7; P450-IIA4; 1.14.14.1; KRGIEERIQE DRVIGKNRQ NPQHFLDD 1:500-
family 2, sub- CPA7; CYP2A7; CPAD; CYTOCHROME ESGFLIE PKFEDRTK KGQFKKSD 1:2500
family A, poly- P450, SUBFAMILY IIA, POLYPEP- (212) (213) (214)
peptide 7 TIDE 7; cytochrome P450, sub-
family IIA (phenobarbital-
inducible), polypeptide 7;
cytochrome P450, family 2,
subfamily A, polypeptide 7;
cytochrome P450, family 2, su
S0218 solute carrier 222962 SLC29A4; solute carrier family RHCILGEWLP KQRELAGN RNAHGSCL 1:20-
family 29 29 (nucleoside transporters), ILIMAVFN TMTVSYMS HASTANGSI 1:50
(nucleoside member 4 (215) (216) LAGL (217)
transporters),
member 4
S0221 solute carrier 9153 HCNT2; SLC28A2; HsT17153; ELMEKEVEPE KARSFCKTH KNKRLSGM 1:500-
family 28 SPNT1; CONCENTRATIVE NUCLEO- GSKRTD ARLFKK EEWIEGEK 1:1200
(sodium-coupled SIDE TRANSPORTER 2; SODIUM- (218) (219) (220)
nucleoside DEPENDENT PURINE NUCLEOSIDE
transporter), TRANSPORTER 1; solute carrier
member 2 family 28 (sodium-coupled
nucleoside transporter),
member 2
S0223 angiopoietin- 51129 HFARP; FIAF; ANGPTL4; PGAR; EGSTDLPLAP KVAQQQRH DHKHLDHE 1:30-
like 4 angiopoietin-like 4; FASTING- ESRVDPE LEKQHLR VAKPARRK 1:10000
INDUCED ADIPOSE FACTOR; PPARG (221) (222) RLPE (223)
ANGIOPOIETIN-RELATED PROTEIN;
HEPATIC FIBRINOGENIANGIOPOIE-
TIN-RELATED PROTEIN
S0235 carcinoembryonic 1048 CEACAM5; CD66e; carcinoembryo- KLTIESTPFNV KSDLVNEEA KPVEDKDAV 1:500-
antigen-related nic antigen-related cell adhe- AEGKEC TGQFRVYP AFTCEPEAQ 1:4500
cell adhesion sion molecule 5 (224) ELPK (225) (226)
molecule 5
S0237 podocalyxin-like 5420 podocalyxin-like; Gp200; PCLP; DEKLISLICRA KDKWDELK DSWIVPLDN 1:1000-
PODXL; PODOCALYXIN-LIKE VKATFNPAQD EAGVSDMK LTKDDLDEE 1:2000
PROTEIN; podocalyxin-like K (227) LGD (228) EDTHL (229)
precursor
S0238 xenotropic and 9213 X3; XPR1; X RECEPTOR; SYG1, EAVVTNELED RRYRDTKR KARDTKVLI 1:100-
polytropic re- YEAST, HOMOLOG OF; xenotropic GDRQKAMKR AFPHLVNAG EDTDDEANT 1:500
tro virus and polytropic retrovirus LR (230) K (231) (232)
receptor receptor
S0241 glycyl-tRNA 2617 GlyRS; GARS; CMT2D; 6.1.1.14; RKRVLEAKEL RHGVSHKV EARYPLFEG 1:500-
synthetase SMAD1; GLYCYL-tRNA SYNTHETASE; ALQPKDDIVD DDSSGSIGR QETGKKETI 1:7500
glycine tRNA ligase; Charcot- (233) RYAR (234) EE (235)
Marie-Tooth neuropathy,
neuronal type, D
S0244 dachshund homo- 1602 DACH1; FLJ10138; dachshund DLAGHDMGH EKQVQLEKT EADRSGGR 1:100-
log 1 homolog (Drosophila); ESKRMHIEKD ELKMDFLRE TDAERTIQD 1:3000
(Drosophila) DACHSHUND, DROSOPHILA, E (236) RE (237) GR (238)
HOMOLOG OF; dachshund homolog
1 (Drosophila); dachshund
homolog 1 isoform a; dachshund
homolog 1 isoform b; dachshund
homolog 1 isoform c
S0251 transcription 29841 TFCP2L2; LBP-32; MGR; GRHL1; EALYPQRRS DYYKVPRE DKYDVPHD 1:5400
factor CP2-like mammalian grainyhead; LBP pro- YTSEDEAWK RRSSTAKPE KIGKIFKKCK
2 tein 32; transcription CP2- (239) VE (240) K (241)
like 2; leader-binding protein
32 isoform 2; leader-binding
protein 32 isoform 1
S0253 lysosomal as- 55353 LAPTM4B; lysosomal associated DPDQYNFSS EYIRQLPPN DTTVLLPPY 1:500-
sociated protein protein transmembrane 4 beta SELGGDFEF FPYRDD DDATVNGA 1:2000
transmembrane MDD (242) (243) AKE (244)
4 beta
S0255 cyclin E2 9134 CYCE2; CCNE2; cyclin E2; G1/S- RREEVTKKH KESRYVHD DFFDRFMLT 1:1000-
specific cyclin E2; cyclin E2 QYEIR (245) KHFEVLHSD QKDINK 1:2000
isoform 2; cyclin E2 isoform LE (246) (247)
3; cyclin E2 isoform 1
S0260 nicastrin 23385 KIAA0253; nicastrin; NCSTN; ESKHFTRDLM ETDRLPRCV ESRWKDIRA 1:2400-
APH2; ANTERIOR PHARYNX DEFEC- EKLKGRTSR RSTARLAR RIFLIASKEL 1:5400
TIVE 2, C. ELEGANS, HOMOLOG OF (248) (249) E (250)
S0265 FXYD domain 5349 MAT-8; MAT8; PLML; FXYD3; KVTLGLLVFL SEWRSSGE KCKCKFGQ 1:400-
containing ion phospholemman-like protein; AGFPVLDAND QAGR (252) KSGHHPGE 1:1200
transport regu- MAMMARY TUMOR, 8-KD; FXYD do- LED (251) (253)
lator 3 main-containing ion transport
regulator 3; FXYD domain con-
taining ion transport regula-
tor 3; FXYD domain containing
ion transport regulator 3 iso-
form 2 precursor; FXYD domai
S0267 immunoglobulin 3321 EWI-3; V8; IGSF3; immunoglobin KVAKESDSVF EREKTVTGE KRAEDTAG 1:200-
superfamily, superfamily, member 3; immuno- VLKIYHLRQE FIDKESKRP QTALTVMRP 1:250
member 3 globulin superfamily, member 3 D (254) K (255) D (256)
S0270 signal trans- 10254 STAM2B; STAM2; DKFZp564C047; KVARKVRALY ETEVAAVDK EIKKSEPEP 1:1000-
ducing adaptor Hbp; STAM2A; SIGNAL-TRANSDUC- DFEAVEDNE LNVIDDDVE VYIDEDKMD 1:9000
molecule (SH3 ING ADAPTOR MOLECULE 2; signal (257) (258) R (259)
domain and ITAM transducing adaptor molecule
motif) 2 2; STAM-like protein contain-
ing SH3 and ITAM domains 2;
signal transducing adaptor
molecule (SH3 domain and ITAM
motif) 2
S0273 dickkopf homolog 22943 DKK1; DKK-1; SK; dickkopf-1 DEECGTDEY RGEIEETITE N/A 1:400-
1 (Xenopus like; dickkopf (Xenopus CASPTRGGD SFGNDHSTL 1:500
laevis) laevis) homolog 1; dickkopf (260) D (261)
homolog 1 (Xenopus laevis);
DICKKOPF, XENOPUS, HOMOLOG OF,
1
S0280 solute carrier 65010 SLC26A6; solute carrier family MDLRRRDYH DTDIYRDVA EFYSDALKQ 1:1800-
family 26, 26, member 6 MERPLLNQE EYSEAKE RCGVDVDF 1:2400
member 6 HLEE (262) (263) LISQKKK
(264)
S0286 WNT inhibitory 11197 WIF1; WIF-1; WNT inhibitory DAHQARVLIG ERRICECPD KRYEASLIH 1:90
factor 1 factor 1; Wnt inhibitory FEEDILIVSE GFHGPHCE ALRPAGAQL
factor-1 precursor (265) K (266) R (267)
S0288 preferentially 23532 MAPE; PRAME; OPA-INTERACTING KRKVDGLSTE KEGACDELF DIKMILKMV 1:1200
expressed anti- PROTEIN 4; Opa-interacting AEQPFIPVE SYLIEKVKR QLDSIEDLE
gen in melanoma protein OIP4; preferentially (268) KK (269) (270)
expressed antigen in melanoma;
melanoma antigen preferential-
ly expressed in tumors
S0295 prostaglandin E 9536 PGES; TP53112; MGST1L1; RLRKKAFANP RSDPDVER RVAHTVAYL 1:100-
synthase PP1294; PP102; PTGES; EDALR (271) CLRAHRND GKLRAPIR 1:2400
MGC10317; PIG12; MGST1-L1; (272) (273)
MGST-IV; MGST1-like 1; p53-
INDUCED GENE 12; prostaglandin
E synthase; p53-induced apop-
tosis protein 12; prostaglan-
din E synthase isoform 2;
prostaglandin E synthase
isoform 1; micros
S0296 solute carrier 8140 SLC7A5; MPE16; D16S469E; CD98; KRRALAAPAA EAREKMLAA MIWLRHRKP 1:300-
family 7 LAT1; 4F2 light chain; Mem- EEKEEAR KSADGSAP ELERPIK 1:5000
(cationic amino brane protein E16; L-TYPE (274) AGE (275) (276)
acid transpor- AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER 1;
ter, y+ system), Solute carrier family 7, mem-
member 5 ber 5; solute carrier family 7
(cationic amino acid trans-
porter, y+ system), member 5
S0296P solute carrier 8140 SLC7A5; MPE16; D165469E; CD98; KRRALAAPAA N/A N/A 1:225-
1 family 7 LAT1; 4F2 light chain; Mem- EEKEEAR 1:3150
(cationic amino brane protein E16; L-TYPE (277)
acid transpor- AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER 1;
ter, y+ system), Solute carrier family 7,
member 5 member 5; solute carrier
family 7 (cationic amino acid
transporter, y+ system),
member 5
S0297 v-maf 7975 FLJ32205; NFE2U; MAFK; NFE2, KPNKALKVKK KRVTQKEEL RLELDALRS 1:333-
musculoaponeuro- 18-KD SUBUNIT; nuclear factor EAGE (278) ERQRVELQ KYE (280) 1:800
tic fibrosarcoma erythroid-2, ubiquitous (p18); QEVEK (279)
oncogene homolog NUCLEAR FACTOR ERYTHROID 2,
K (avian) UBIQUITOUS SUBUNIT; v-maf mus-
culoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma
oncogene homolog K (avian);
v-maf avian musculoaponeurotic
fibrosarcoma oncogen
S0301 signal peptide, 57758 SCUBE2; signal peptide, CUB KMHTDGRSC KKGFKLLTD KRTEKRLRK 1:3500-
CUB domain, domain, EGF-like 2 LEREDTVLEV EKSCQDVD AIRTLRKAV 1:5400
EGF-like 2 TE (281) E (282) HRE (283)
S0303 gamma-amino- 2564 GABRE; GABA-A RECEPTOR, EPSI- RVEGPQTES EETKSTETE KWENFKLEI 1:300-
butyric acid LON POLYPEPTIDE; GAMMA- KNEASSRD TGSRVGKLP NEKNSWKL 1:500
(GABA) A recep- AMINOBUTYRIC ACID RECEPTOR, (284) E (285) FQFD (286)
tor, epsilon EPSILON; gamma-aminobutyric
acid (GABA) A receptor, epsi-
lon; gamma-aminobutyric acid
(GABA) A receptor, epsilon
isoform 2; gamma-aminobutyric
acid (GABA) A receptor,
epsilon is
S0305 S100 calcium 6281 CAL1L; GP11; p10; 42C; DKGYLTKEDL KDPLAVDKI N/A 1:8332-
binding protein S100A10; ANX2LG; CLP11; Ca[1]; RVLMEKE MKDLDQCR 1:24996
A10 (annexin II CALPACTIN I, p11 SUBUNIT; AN- (287) DGK (288)
ligand, calpac- NEXIN II, LIGHT CHAIN; CAL-
tin I, light PACTIN I, LIGHT CHAIN; S100
polypeptide calcium-binding protein A10
(p11)) (annexin II ligand, calpactin
I, light polypeptide (p11));
S100 calcium binding protein
A10
S0311 v-myb myeloblas- 4605 MYBL2; MGC15600; MYB-RELATED MSRRTRCED EEDLKEVLR RRSPIKKVR 1:750-
tosis viral on- GENE BMYB; MYB-related protein LDELHYQDTD SEAGIELIIE KSLALDIVD 1:5000
cogene homolog B; v-myb myeloblastosis viral SD (289) DDIR (290) ED (291)
(avian)-like 2 oncogene homolog (avian)-like
2; V-MYB AVIAN MYELOBLASTOSIS
VIRAL ONCOGENE HOMOLOG-LIKE 2
S0312 nucleoside 4860 NP; 2.4.2.1; nucleoside phos- EDYKNTAEW DERFGDRF KVIMDYESL 1:1000-
phosphorylase phorylase; PURINE- LLSHTKHR PAMSDAYD EKANHEE 1:3600
NUCLEOSIDE: ORTHOPHOSPHATE (292) RTMRQR (294)
RIBOSYLTRANSFERASE; purine (293)
nucleoside phosphorylase; PNP
NUCLEOSIDE PHOSPHORYLASE
DEFICIENCY; ATAXIA WITH DE-
FICIENT CELLULAR IMMUNITY
S0314 chaperonin con- 22948 KIAA0098; CCT5; chaperonin DQDRKSRLM KGVIVDKDF RMILKIDDIR 1:6000-
taining TCP1, containing TCP1, subunit 5 GLEALKSHIM SHPQMPKK KPGESEE 1:30000
subunit 5 (epsilon) AAK (295) VED (296) (297)
(epsilon)
S0315 non-metastatic 4830 GAAD; NME1; NDPKA; 2.7.4.6; RLQPEFKPKQ KFMQASED DSVESAEKE 1:9000-
cells 1, protein NM23-H1; AWD NM23H1B; GZMA- LEGTMANCE LLKEHYVDL IGLWFHPEE 1:18000
(NM23A) ex- ACTIVATED DNase; NUCLEOSIDE R (298) KDR (299) LVD (300)
pressed in DIPHOSPHATE KINASE-A; AWD,
DROSOPHILA, HOMOLOG OF;
METASTASIS INHIBITION FACTOR
NM23; nucleoside-diphosphate
kinase 1 isoform b; NONMETA-
STATIC PROTEIN 23, HOMOLOG 1;
nucleo
S0316 squalene 6713 SQLE; 1.14.99.7; squalene KSPPESENKE RDGRKVTVI DHLKEPFLE 1:1000-
epoxidase epoxidase; squalene QLEARRRR ERDLKEPDR ATDNSHLR 1:10000
monooxygenase (301) (302) (303)
S0319 pregnancy- 29948 OKL38; pregnancy-induced DLEVKDWMQ EYHKVHQM RHQLLCFKE 1:900
induced growth growth inhibitor; PREGNANCY- KKRRGLRNS MREQSILSP DCQAVFQD
inhibitor INDUCED GROWTH INHIBITOR OKL38 R (304) SPYEGYR LEGVEK
(305) (306)
S0326 mal, T-cell 114569 MAL2; mal, T-cell differentia- GPDILRTYSG CSLGLALRR N/A 1:120-
differentiation tion protein 2 AFVCLE WRP (308) 1:1200
protein 2 (307)
S0330 aldo-keto re- 1645 1.1.1.213; 2-ALPHA-HSD; RYLTLDIFAG N/A N/A 1:2500-
ductase family 1.3.1.20; 20-ALPHA-HSD; PPNYPFSDEY 1:75000
1, member C 1/2 MGC8954; H-37; HAKRC; MBAB; (309)
(dihydrodiol C9; DDH1; AKR1C1; trans-1,2-
dehydrogenase 1; dihydrobenzene-1,2-diol dehy-
20-alpha (3- drogenase; chlordecone reduc-
alpha)-hydroxy- tase homolog; aldo-keto reduc-
steroid dehydro- tase C; 20 alpha-hydroxyster-
genase) oid dehydrogenase; hepatic
dihydrodiol
S0330- aldo-keto re- 1645 1.1.1.213; 2-ALPHA-HSD; RYLTLDIFAG N/A N/A 1:600
x1 ductase family 1.3.1.20; 20-ALPHA-HSD; PPNYPFSDEY
1, member C 1/2 MGC8954; H-37; HAKRC; MBAB; (310)
(dihydrodiol C9; DDH1; AKR1C1; trans-1,2-
dehydrogenase 1; dihydrobenzene-1,2-diol de-
20-alpha (3- hydrogenase; chlordecone re-
alpha)-hydroxy- ductase homolog; aldo-keto
steroid dehydro- reductase C; 20 alpha-hydroxy-
genase) steroid dehydrogenase; hepatic
dihydrodiol
S0331 aldo-keto re- 8644 HA1753; 1.1.1.188; DD3; HYFNSDSFAS N/A N/A 1:300-
ductase family hIuPGFS; HSD17B5; 1.3.1.20; HPNYPYSDE 1:999
1, member C3 (3- 1.1.1.213; AKR1C3; KIAA0119; Y (311)
alpha hydroxy- HAKRB; HAKRe; trans-1,2-dihy-
steroid dehydro- drobenzene-1,2-diol dehydro-
genase, type II) genase; chlordecone reductase
homolog; dihydrodiol dehydro-
genase 3; prostaglandin F syn-
thase; ALDO-KETO REDUCTASE B;
3-
S0331- aldo-keto re- 8644 HA1753; 1.1.1.188; DD3; HYFNSDSFAS N/A N/A 1:150-
x1 ductase family hIuPGFS; HSD17B5; 1.3.1.20; HPNYPYSDE 1:300
1, member C3 (3- 1.1.1.213; AKR1C3; KIAA0119; Y (312)
alpha hydroxy- HAKRB; HAKRe; trans-1,2-dihy-
steroid dehydro- drobenzene-1,2-diol dehydro-
genase, type II) genase; chlordecone reductase
homolog; dihydrodiol dehydro-
genase 3; prostaglandin F syn-
thase; ALDO-KETO REDUCTASE B;
3-
S0332 aldo-keto re- 1645 1.1.1.213; 2-ALPHA-HSD; RYVVMDFLM N/A N/A 1:300-
ductase family 1.3.1.20; 20-ALPHA-HSD; DHPDYPFSD 1:400
1, member C4 MGC8954; H-37; HAKRC; MBAB; EY (313)
(dihydrodiol C9; DDH1; AKR1C1; trans-1,2-
dehydrogenase 1; dihydrobenzene-1,2-diol dehy-
20-alpha (3- drogenase; chlordecone reduc-
alpha)-hydroxy- tase homolog; aldo-keto reduc-
steroid tase C; 20 alpha-hydroxyster-
dehydrogenase) oid dehydrogenase; hepatic
dihydrodiol
S0332- aldo-keto re- 1645 1.1.1.213; 2-ALPHA-HSD; RYVVMDFLM N/A N/A 1:75-
x1 ductase family 1.3.1.20; 20-ALPHA-HSD; DHPDYPFSD 1:150
1, member C4 MGC8954; H-37; HAKRC; MBAB; C9; EY (314)
(dihydrodiol DDH1; AKR1C1; trans-1,2-di-
dehydrogenase 1; hydrobenzene-1,2-diol dehydro-
20-alpha (3- genase; chlordecone reductase
alpha)-hydroxy- homolog; aldo-keto reductase
steroid C; 20 alpha-hydroxysteroid de-
dehydrogenase) hydrogenase; hepatic
dihydrodiol
S0336 chromosome 20 140809 C20orf139; chromosome 20 open DPAKVQSLV RETIPAKLV N/A 1:1600-
open reading reading frame 139 DTIREDPD QSTLSDLR 1:2400
frame 139 (315) (316)
S0342 solute carrier 154091 SLC2A12; solute carrier family SDTTEELTVIK N/A N/A 1:400-
family 2 (facil- 2 (facilitated glucose trans- SSLKDE 1:1250
itated glucose porter), member 12 (317)
transporter),
member 12
S0343 solute carrier 154091 SLC2A12; solute carrier family HSRSSLMPLR N/A N/A 1:50-
family 2 (facil- 2 (facilitated glucose trans- NDVDKR 1:125
itated glucose porter), member 12 (318)
transporter),
member 12
S0357 HTPAP protein 84513 HTPAP; HTPAP protein YRNPYVEAE N/A N/A 1:100-
YFPTKPMFVI 1:300
A (319)
S0364 KIAA0746 protein 23231 KIAA0746; KIAA0746 protein KKFPRFRNRE N/A N/A 1:200-
LEATRRQRM 1:300
D (320)
S0367 peroxisomal 122970 PTE2B; peroxisomal acyl-CoA SGNTAINYKH N/A N/A 1:200-
acyl-CoA thioesterase 2B SSIP (321) 1:600
thioesterase 2B
S0374 chloride intra- 53405 CLIC5; chloride intracellular DANTCGEDK N/A N/A 1:5000-
cellular channel channel 5 GSRRKFLDG 1:9000
5 DE (322)
S0380 keratinocyte 200634 KRTCAP3; keratinocyte associ- QLEEMTELES N/A N/A 1:2000-
associated ated protein 3 PKCKRQENE 1:9000
protein 3 Q (323)
S0384 FERM, RhoGEF 10160 p63RhoGEF; CDEP; FARP1; QADGAASAP N/A N/A 1:100
(ARHGEF) and chondrocyte-derived ezrin-like TEEEEEVVKD
pleckstrin do- protein; FERM, RhoGEF, and R (324)
main protein 1 pleckstrin domain protein 1;
(chondrocyte- FERM, ARHGEF, AND PLECKSTRIN
derived) DOMAIN-CONTAINING PROTEIN 1;
FERM, RhoGEF (ARHGEF) and
pleckstrin domain protein 1
(chondrocyte-derived)
S0388 trichorhino- 7227 GC79; TRPS1; TRPS1 GENE; SGDSLETKED N/A N/A 1:600
phalangeal trichorhinophalangeal syndrome QKMSPKATE
syndrome I I; zinc finger transcription E (325)
factor TRPS1
S0396 cytochrome, 1576 1.14.14.1; HLP; CYP3A3; RKSVKRMKE N/A N/A 1:15
P450, family 3, CYP3A4; P450C3; NF-25; CP33; SRLEDTQKH
subfamily A, CP34; P450-III, STEROID-INDUC- RV (326)
polypeptide 4 IBLE; nifedipine oxidase; glu-
cocorticoid-inducible P450;
CYTOCHROME P450PCN1; P450,
FAMILY III; P450-III, steroid
inducible; cytochrome P450,
subfamily IIIA, polypeptide 4;
S0398 FAT tumor sup- 2195 CDHF7; FAT; cadherin ME5; FAT KIRLPEREKP N/A N/A 1:45-
pressor homolog tumor suppressor precursor; DRERNARRE 1:200
1 (Drosophila) cadherin-related tumor sup- P (327)
pressor homolog precursor;
cadherin family member 7 pre-
cursor; homolog of Drosophila
Fat protein precursor; FAT
tumor suppressor homolog 1
(Drosophila); FAT TUMOR
SUPPRESS
S0401 granulin 2896 ACROGRANIN; PROEPITHELIN; RGTKCLRRE N/A N/A 1:600-
PROGRANULIN; PEPI; PCDGF; APRWDAPLR 1:3000
granulin; GRN; EPITHELIN DP (328)
PRECURSOR
S0404 N-myc downstream 10397 HMSNL; TARG1; CMT4D; RTP; GTRSRSHTS N/A N/A 1:100-
regulated gene 1 PROXY1; NDRG1; GC4; NMSL; EGTRSRSHT 1:900
TDD5; RIT42; NDR1; differenti- SE (329)
ation-related gene 1 protein;
nickel-specific induction
protein Cap43; protein regu-
lated by oxygen-1; NMYC DOWN-
STREAM-REGULATED GENE 1; re-
ducing agents and tunicamycin-
respon
S0411 fatty acid bind- 2171 PAFABP; EFABP; E-FABP; FABP5; EETTADGRKT N/A N/A 1:1800
ing protein 5 PA-FABP; FATTY ACID-BINDING QTVCNFTD
(psoriasis- PROTEIN, EPIDERMAL; FATTY (330)
associated) ACID-BINDING PROTEIN 5; FATTY
ACID-BINDING PROTEIN, PSORIA-
SIS-ASSOCIATED; fatty acid
binding protein 5 (psoriasis-
associated)
S0413 cyclin-dependent 1028 WBS; p57(KIP2); BWCR; CDKN1C; AKRKRSAPE N/A N/A 1:2700
kinase inhibitor BWS; Beckwith-Wiedemann syn- KSSGDVP
1C (p57, Kip2) drome; cyclin-dependent kinase (331)
inhibitor 1C (p57, Kip2)
S0414 alpha-methyl- 23600 AMACR; 5.1.99.4; ALPHA-METHYL- RVDRPGSRY N/A N/A 1:100
acyl-CoA ACYL-CoA RACEMASE; AMACR DE- DVSRLGRGK
racemase FICIENCY; AMACR ALPHA-METHYL- RS (332)
ACYL-CoA RACEMASE DEFICIENCY;
alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
isoform 1; alpha-methylacyl-
CoA racemase isoform 2
S0415 gamma-amino- 2562 MGC9051; GABRB3; GABA-A ETVDKLLKGY N/A N/A 1:600-
butyric acid RECEPTOR, BETA-3 POLYPEPTIDE; DIRLRPD 1:1800
(GABA) A recep- GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID (333)
tor, beta 3 RECEPTOR, BETA-3; gamma-
aminobutyric acid (GABA) A
receptor, beta 3; gamma-amino-
butyric acid (GABA) A recep-
tor, beta 3 isoform 2 precur-
sor; gamma-aminobutyric acid
(GABA) A rece
S0417 HSV-1 stimula- 22879 HSRG1; KIAA0872; HSV-1 stim- APGGAEDLE N/A N/A 1:9000
tion-related ulation-related 1; HSV-1 stim- DTQFPSEEAR
gene 1 ulation-related gene 1 E (334)
S0425 tumor necrosis 27242 TNFRSF21; DR6; BM-018; TNFR- RKSSRTLKKG N/A N/A 1:9000
factor receptor related death receptor 6; PRQDPSAIVE
superfamily, tumor necrosis factor receptor (335)
member 21 superfamily, member 21; tumor
necrosis factor receptor
superfamily, member 21
precursor
S0429 jumonji domain 221037 JMJD1C; TRIP8; jumonji domain GSESGDSDE N/A N/A 1:1200
containing 1C containing 1C; THYROID HORMONE SESKSEQRTK
RECEPTOR INTERACTOR 8 R (336)
S0432 chromosome 9 null C9orf140; chromosome 9 open EADSGDARR N/A N/A 1:90-
open reading reading frame 140 LPRARGERR 1:300
frame 140 RH (337)
S0440 cell division 994 3.1.3.48; CDC25B; cell divi- RLERPQDRD N/A N/A 1:350-
cycle 25B sion cycle 25B; cell division TPVQNKRRR 1:3600
cycle 25B isoform 4; cell di- S (338)
vision cycle 25B isoform 5;
cell division cycle 25B iso-
form 1; cell division cycle
25B isoform 2; cell division
cycle 25B isoform 3
S0445 laminin, beta 1 3912 LAMB1; LAMININ, BETA-1; CUTIS DRVEDVMME N/A N/A 1:600-
LAXA-MARFANOID SYNDROME; RESQFKEKQ 1:1800
laminin, beta 1; laminin, beta E (339)
1 precursor; LAMB1 NEONATAL
CUTIS LAXA WITH MARFANOID
PHENOTYPE
S0447 papillary renal 5546 TPRC; MGC17178; MGC4723; PRCC; DEAFKRLQG N/A N/A 1:4000-
cell carcinoma proline-rich protein PRCC; KRNRGREE 1:6000
(translocation- RCCP1 PRCC/TFE3 FUSION GENE; (340)
associated) papillary renal cell carcinoma
(translocation-associated);
RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPIL-
LARY, 1 GENE; papillary renal
cell carcinoma translocation-
associated gene product
S0455 tumor necrosis 8743 APO2L; TL2; Apo-2L; TNFSF10; RFQEEIKENT N/A N/A 1:900
factor (ligand) Apo-2 ligand; APO2 LIGAND; KNDKQ (341)
superfamily, TNF-RELATED APOPTOSIS-INDUCING
member 10 LIGAND; TNF-related apoptosis
inducing ligand TRAIL; tumor
necrosis factor (ligand)
superfamily, member 10; TUMOR
NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPER-
FAMILY, MEMBER 10
S0459 titin 7273 connectin; TMD; titin; CMD1G; KRDKEGVRW N/A N/A 1:2700-
CMPD4; TTN; FLJ32040; CMH9, TKCNKKTLTD 1:8100
included; titin isoform N2-A; (342)
titin isoform N2-B; titin iso-
form novex-1; titin isoform
novex-2; titin isoform novex-
3; cardiomyopathy, dilated 1G
(autosomal dominant); TTN
CARDIOMYOPATHY, FAMILIAL
S0469 DNA fragmenta- 1676 DFF45; DFF1; DFFA; ICAD; DFF- KEGSLLSKQE N/A N/A 1:600
tion factor, 45 45; INHIBITOR OF CASPASE- ESKAAFGEE
kDa, alpha poly- ACTIVATED DNase; DNA FRAGMEN- (343)
peptide TATION FACTOR, 45-KD, ALPHA
SUBUNIT; DNA fragmentation
factor, 45 kDa, alpha poly-
peptide; DNA fragmentation
factor, 45 kD, alpha subunit;
DNA fragmentation factor, 45
kD, alp
S0494 caspase 2, 835 ICH-1L/1S; CASP2; ICH1; CASP- ESDAGKEKLP N/A N/A 1:2000
apoptosis- 2; ICH-1 protease; caspase 2 KMRLPTRSD
related cysteine isoform 3; caspase 2 isoform (344)
protease (neural 4; NEDD2 apoptosis regulatory
precursor cell gene; caspase 2 isoform 2 pre-
expressed, de- cursor; caspase 2 isoform 1
velopmentally preproprotein; NEURAL PRECUR-
down-regulated SOR CELL EXPRESSED, DEVELOP-
2) MENTALLY DOWNREGULATED 2;
S0501 G1 to S phase 2935 GSPT1; eRF3a; ETF3A; GST1, ERDKGKTVE N/A N/A 1:15000
transition 1 YEAST, HOMOLOG OF; PEPTIDE VGRAYFETEK
CHAIN RELEASE FACTOR 3A; G1- (345)
TO S-PHASE TRANSITION 1; G1 to
S phase transition 1
S0502 GCN5 general 2648 hGCN5; GCN5L2; GCN5 (general EKFRVEKDKL N/A N/A 1:9000
control of control of amino-acid synthe- VPEKR
amino-acid sis, yeast, homolog)-like 2; (346)
synthesis 5- GCN5 general control of amino-
like 2 (yeast) acid synthesis 5-like 2
(yeast); General control of
amino acid synthesis, yeast,
homolog-like 2
S0503 geminin, DNA 51053 GMNN; geminin, DNA replication EVAEKRRKAL N/A N/A 1:333
replication inhibitor YEALKENEK
inhibitor (347)
S0507 ADP-ribosylation 64225 ARL6IP2; ADP-ribosylation ENYEDDDLV N/A N/A 1:8000-
factor-like 6 factor-like 6 interacting NSDEVMKKP 1:9000
interacting protein 2 (348)
protein 2
S0511 DNA replication 51659 Pfs2; DNA replication complex PKADEIRTLV N/A N/A 1:2000
complex GINS GINS protein PSF2 KDMWDTR
protein PSF2 (349)
S0524 ankyrin repeat 55608 ANKRD10; ankyrin repeat domain RKRCLEDSE N/A N/A 1:4500
domain 10 10 DFGVKKARTE
(350)
S0527 potassium null KCTD2; potassium channel EPKSFLCRLC N/A N/A 1:900-
channel tetra- tetramerisation domain CQEDPELDS 1:1500
merisation do- containing 2 (351)
main containing
2
S0528 rabconnectin-3 23312 RC3; KIAA0856; rabconnectin-3 EEYDRESKS N/A N/A 1:350-
SDDVDYRGS 1:1200
(352)
S0538 acidic (leucine- 81611 ANP32E; acidic (leucine-rich) CVNGEIEGLN N/A N/A 1:1200
rich) nuclear nuclear phosphoprotein 32 DTEKELEF
phosphoprotein family, member E (353)
32 family,
member E
S0544 chromosome 9 84904 C9orf100; chromosome 9 open EQRARWERK N/A N/A 1:40-
open reading r eading frame 100 RACTARE 1:240
frame 100 (354)
S0545 Hpall tiny 27037 D22S1733E; HTF9C; Hpall tiny ERKQLECEQ N/A N/A 1:900-
fragments locus fragments locus 9C; Hpall tiny VLQKLAKE 1:5400
9C fragments locus 9C isoform2; (355)
Hpall tiny fragments locus 9C
isoform 1
S0546 cell division 157313 CDCA2; cell division cycle RNSETKVRR N/A N/A 1:1200
cycle associated associated 2 STRLQKDLEN
2 (356)
S0553 mitotic phos- 129401 MP44; NUP35; LOC129401; SDYQVISDRQ N/A N/A 1:3000-
phoprotein 44 NUCLEOPORIN, 35-KD; mitotic TPKKDE 1:5400
phosphoprotein 44 (357)
S0557 SMC4 structural 10051 SMC4L1; CAPC; hCAP-C; chromo- DIEGKLPQTE N/A N/A 1:200
maintenance of some-associated polypeptide C; QELKE (358)
chromosomes 4- SMC4 (structural maintenance
like 1 (yeast) of chromosomes 4, yeast)-like
1; SMC4 structural maintenance
of chromosomes 4-like 1
(yeast); structural mainten-
ance of chromosomes (SMC)
family member, chromosome-ass
S0564 phosphatidyl- 9791 KIAA0024; PSSA; PTDSS1; DDVNYKMHF N/A N/A 1:1000-
serine synthase phosphatidylserine synthase 1 RMINEQQVE 1:8000
1 D (359)
S0565 polo-like kinase 5347 2.7.1.-; PLK1; STPK13; polo- ENPLPERPRE N/A N/A 1:10-
1 (Drosophila) like kinase (Drosophila); polo KEEPVVR 1:100
(Drosophia)-like kinase; (360)
SERINE/THREONINE PROTEIN
KINASE 13; polo-like kinase 1
(Drosophila)
S0567 Pirin 8544 Pirin; PIR REQSEGVGA N/A N/A 1:240
RVRRSIGRPE
(361)
S0578 ATP-binding 21 ABCA3; ABC3; LBM180; ABC-C; PRAVAGKEE N/A N/A 1:1500
cassette, sub- EST111653; ABC transporter 3; EDSDPEKALR
family A(ABC1), ATP-binding cassette 3; ATP- (362)
member 3 BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER
3; ATP-BINDING CASSETTE, SUB-
FAMILY A, MEMBER 3; ATP-bind-
ing cassette, sub-family A
member 3; ATP-binding cas-
sette, subfamily A (ABC1),
memb
S0579 ATP-binding 10347 ABCX; ABCA7; ABCA-SSN; autoan- EKADTDMEG N/A N/A 1:300-
cassette, sub- tigen SS-N; macrophage ABC SVDTRQEK 1:400
family A (ABC1), transporter; SJOGREN SYNDROME (363)
member 7 ANTIGEN SS-N; ATP-BINDING
CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY A, MEMBER
7; ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family A (ABC1), member 7;
ATP-binding cassette, sub-
family A, member 7 isoform a;
A
S0581 ATP-binding 22 ABCB7; Atm1p; ASAT; ABC7; RVQNHDNPK N/A N/A 1:4000-
cassette, sub- E5T140535; ABC TRANSPORTER 7; WEAKKENISK 1:10000
family B ATP-binding cassette 7; ATP- (364)
(MDR/TAP), BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER
member 7 7; Anemia, sideroblastic, with
spinocerebellar ataxia; ATP-
BINDING CASSETTE, SUBFAMILY
B, MEMBER 7; ATP-binding cas-
sette, sub-family B, member
S0585 ATP-binding 94160 MRP9; ABCC12; MULTIDRUG RSPPAKGAT N/A N/A 1:500
cassette, sub- RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN GPEEQSDSL
family C 9; ATP-BINDING CASSETTE, K (365)
(CFTR/MRP), SUBFAMILY C, MEMBER 12; ATP-
member 12 binding cassette, sub-family C
(CFTR/MRP), member 12
S0586 ATP-binding 9429 ABC15; MXR1; ABCP; EST157481; REEDFKATEII N/A NA 1:333-
cassette, sub- MRX; ABCG2; BCRP1; BMDP; EPSKQDKP 1:400
family G MITOXANTRONE-RESISTANCE (366)
(WHITE), member PROTEIN; mitoxantrone resis-
2 tance protein; placenta speci-
fic MDR protein; ATP-BINDING
CASSETTE TRANSPORTER,
PLACENTA-SPECIFIC; breast can-
cer resistance protein; ATP-
BINDING CASS
S0593 solute carrier 28234 OATP1B3; SLC21A8; OATP8; DKTCMKWST N/A N/A 1:500-
organic anion SLCO1B3; ORGANIC ANION TRANS- NSCGAQ 1:2400
transporter PORTER 8; solute carrier or- (367)
family, member ganic anion transporter fam-
1B3 ily, member 1B3; SOLUTE CAR-
RIER FAMILY 21, MEMBER 8 (OR-
GANIC ANION TRANSPORTER);
solute carrier family 21
(organic anion transporter),
member 8
S0597 solute carrier 9356 ROAT1; MGC45260; HOAT1; PAHT; DANLSKNGG N/A N/A 1:3000
family 22 (or- SLC22A6; PAH TRANSPORTER; LEVWL (368)
ganic anion para-aminohippurate transpor-
transporter), ter; renal organic anion
member 6 transporter 1; solute carrier
family 22 member 6 isoform b;
solute carrier family 22 mem-
ber 6 isoform c; solute car-
rier family 22 member 6
isoform
S0604 solute carrier 7355 UGT2; UGTL; UGAT; SLC35A2; EPFLPKLLTK N/A N/A 1:2400
family 35 (UDP- UGT1; UDP-galactose translo- (369)
galactose cator; UDP-GALACTOSE TRANS-
transporter), PORTER, ISOFORM 2; UGALT UDP-
member A2 GALACTOSE TRANSPORTER, ISOFORM
1; solute carrier family 35
(UDP-galactose transporter),
member A2; solute carrier
family 35 (UDP-galactose
transpo
S0607 cell division 994 3.1.3.48; CDC25B; cell divi- RKSEAGSGA N/A N/A 1:1800
cycle 25B sion cycle 25B; cell division ASSSGEDKE
cycle 25B isoform 4; cell di- N (370)
vision cycle 25B isoform 5;
cell division cycle 25B iso-
form 1; cell division cycle
25B isoform 2; cell division
cycle 25B isoform 3
S0609 stearoyl-CoA 6319 SCD; acyl-CoA desaturase; DDIYDPTYKD N/A N/A 1:2000-
desaturase stearoyl-CoA desaturase KEGPSPKVE 1:5000
(delta-9- (delta-9-desaturase); fatty (371)
desaturase) acid desaturase
S0611 mitogen- 6300 SAPK3; p38gamma; SAPK-3; p38- QSDEAKNNM N/A N/A 1:100
activated pro- GAMMA; PRKM12; MAPK12; ERK3; KGLPELEKKD
tein kinase 12 ERK6; EXTRACELLULAR SIGNAL- (372)
REGULATED KINASE 6; mitogen-
activated protein kinase 3;
stress-activated protein
kinase 3; mitogen-activated
protein kinase 12
S0612 nuclear factor 4791 LYT-10; LYT10; NFKB2; ONCOGENE SRPQGLTEAE N/A N/A 1:4500
of kappa light LYT 10; TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR QRELEQEAK
polypeptide gene NFKB2; NFKB, p52/p100 SUBUNIT; (373)
enhancer in B- LYMPHOCYTE TRANSLOCATION
cells 2 CHROMOSOME 10; NUCLEAR FACTOR
(p49/p100) KAPPA-B, SUBUNIT 2; Nuclear
factor of kappa light chain
gene enhancer in B-cells 2;
nuclear factor of kappa I
S0613 tumor necrosis 958 Bp50; TNFRSF5; MGC9013; CDW40; RVQQKGTSE N/A N/A 1:250-
factor receptor CD40 antigen; CD40L receptor; TDTIC (374) 1:270
superfamily, B CELL-ASSOCIATED MOLECULE
member 5 CD40; CD40 type II isoform; B
cell surface antigen CD40;
nerve growth factor receptor-
related B-lymphocyte activa-
tion molecule; tumor necrosis
factor receptor superfam
S0614 Epstein-Barr 10148 EBI3; IL27, EBI3 SUBUNIT; VRLSPLAERQ N/A N/A 1:1200-
virus induced EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS-INDUCED LQVQWE 1:3000
gene 3 GENE 3; INTERLEUKIN 27, EBI3 (375)
SUBUNIT; Epstein-Barr virus
induced gene 3; Epstein-Barr
virus induced gene 3 precursor
S0616 zinc finger 58495 ZNF339; zinc finger protein RRSLGVSVR N/A N/A 1:2500
protein 339 339 SWDELPDEK
R (376)
S0617 DAB2 interacting 153090 DAB2IP; DAB2 interacting DEGLGPDPP N/A N/A 1:600
protein protein HRDRLRSK
(377)
S0618 protein tyrosine 8500 MGC26800; LIP1; PPFIA1; LIP 1; SGKRSSDGS N/A N/A 1:150
phosphatase, LAR-interacting protein 1; LSHEEDLAK
receptor type, PTPRF interacting protein al- (378)
f polypeptide pha 1 isoform a; PTPRF inter-
(PTPRF), inter- acting protein alpha 1 isoform
acting protein b; protein tyrosine phospha-
(liprin), alpha tase, receptor type, f poly-
1 peptide (PTPRF), interacting
protein (liprin), alpha 1
S0631 RGM domain fam- 56963 RGMA; REPULSIVE GUIDANCE SQERSDSPEI N/A N/A 1:600
ily, member A MOLECULE; RGM domain family, CHYEKSFHK
member A (379)
S0633 hypothetical 144347 LOC144347; hypothetical KVNPEPTHEI N/A N/A 1:100-
protein protein LOC144347 RCNSEVK 1:200
LOC144347 (380)
S0639 tetratricopep- 57217 TTC7; tetratricopeptide repeat RELREVLRTV N/A N/A 1:2000-
tide repeat domain 7 ETKATQN 1:3000
domain 7 (381)
S0640 protein C (in- 5624 PROC; 3.4.21.69; PROC DEFICI- RDTEDQEDQ N/A N/A 1:1000-
activator of ENCY PROTEIN C; THROMBOPHILIA, VDPRLIDGK 1:1800
coagulation fac- HEREDITARY, DUE TO PC (382)
tors Va and DEFICIENCY; PROTEIN C DEFICI-
VIIIa) ENCY, CONGENITAL THROMBOTIC
DISEASE DUE TO; protein C (in-
activator of coagulation fac-
tors Va and VIIIa)
S0643 transducin-like 7090 HsT18976; KIAA1547; ESG3; KNHHELDHR N/A N/A 1:200-
enhancer of TLE3; transducin-like enhancer ERESSAN 1:1440
split 3 (E(sp1) protein 3; enhancer of split (383)
homolog, groucho 3; transducin-like
Drosophila) enhancer of split 3 (E(sp1)
homolog, Drosophila)
S0645 frizzled homolog 8324 FzE3; FZD7; frizzled 7; SDGRGRPAF N/A N/A 1:900
7 (Drosophila) frizzled homolog 7 PFSCPRQ
(Drosophila); Frizzled, (384)
drosophila, homolog of, 7
S0646 solute carrier 6520 MDU1; 4T2HC; SLC3A2; NACAE; GSKEDFDSLL N/A N/A 1:3600-
family 3 (acti- 4F2HC; 4F2 HEAVY CHAIN; CD98 QSAKK (385) 1:5400
vators of di- HEAVY CHAIN; CD98 MONOCLONAL
basic and neu- ANTIBODY 44D7; ANTIGEN DEFINED
tral amino acid BY MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY 4F2,
transport), mem- HEAVY CHAIN; antigen identi-
ber 2 fied by monoclonal antibodies
4F2, TRA1.10, TROP4, and T43;
SOLUTE CARRIER FAMILY 3
S0648 KIAA0738 gene 9747 KIAA0738; KIAA0738 gene EYRNQTNLPT N/A N/A 1:200
product product ENVDK (386)
S0651 phospholipase A2 22925 PLA2IR; PLA2-R; PLA2R1; QKEEKTWHE N/A N/A 1:3600
receptor 1, PLA2G1R; PHOSPHOLIPASE A2 RE- ALRSCQADN
180 kDa CEPTOR, 180-KD; phospholipase (387)
A2 receptor 1, 180 kDa
S0654 KIAA0182 protein 23199 KIAA0182; KIAA0182 protein EKAEEGPRK N/A N/A 1:400
REPAPLDK
(388)
S0659 thymidine kinase 7084 TK2; THYMIDINE KINASE, EQNRDRILTP N/A N/A 1:300
2, mitochondrial MITOCHONDRIAL; thymidine ENRK (389)
kinase 2, mitochondrial
S0663 chromosome 14 64430 C14orf135; chromosome 14 open RDWYIGLVSD N/A N/A 1:900
open reading reading frame 135 EKWK (390)
frame 135
S0665 KIAA1007 protein 23019 KIAA1007; KIAA1007 protein; DSYLKTRSPV N/A N/A 1:1500-
adrenal gland protein AD-005; TFLSDLR 1:3000
KIAA1007 protein isoform a; (391)
KIAA1007 protein isoform b
S0670 DKFZP566O1646 25936 DC8; DKFZP566O1646 protein KCRGETVAK N/A N/A 1:900
protein EISEAMKS
(392)
S0672 B-cell 605 BCL7A; B-cell CLL/lymphoma-7; QRGSQIGRE N/A N/A 1:800
CLL/lymphoma 7A B-cell CLL/lymphoma 7A PIGLSGD
(393)
S0673 likely ortholog 28987 ART-4; NOB1P; adenocarcinoma KPPQETEKG N/A N/A 1:50
of mouse nin antigen recognized by T HSACEPEN
one binding lymphocytes 4; likely ortholog (394)
protein of mouse nin one binding
protein
S0676 guanine nucleo- 2768 RMP; NNX3; GNA12; GUANINE ERRAGSGAR N/A N/A 1:1200-
tide binding NUCLEOTIDE-BINDING PROTEIN, DAERE (395) 1:2400
protein (G pro- ALPHA-12; guanine nucleotide
tein) alpha 12 binding protein (G protein)
alpha 12
S0677 GrpE-like 1, 80273 HMGE; GRPEL1; HUMAN SEQKADPPAT N/A N/A 1:500-
mitochondrial MITOCHONDRIAL GrpE PROTEIN; EKTLLE 1:1000
(E. coli) GrpE-like 1, mitochondrial (396)
(E. coli); GrpE, E. COLI,
HOMOLOG OF, 1
S0684 hypothetical 91607 FLJ34922; hypothetical protein EAEWSQGVQ N/A N/A 1:8100
protein FLJ34922 FLJ34922 GTLRIKKYLT
(397)
S0687 hypothetical 54942 FLJ20457; hypothetical protein EESKSITEGL N/A N/A 1:600-
protein FLJ20457 FLJ20457 LTQKQYE 1:1260
(398)
S0691 solute carrier 23657 CCBR1; SLC7A11; xCT; cystine/ QNFKDAFSG N/A N/A 1:1000-
family 7, (ca- glutamate transporter; SYSTEM RDSSITR 1:1575
tionic amino Xc(−) TRANSPORTER-RELATED (399)
acid transpor- PROTEIN; SOLUTE CARRIER FAMILY
ter, y+ system) 7, MEMBER 11; solute carrier
member 11 family 7, (cationic amino acid
transporter, y+ system) member
11
S0692 glutamate- 2729 GLCLC; GCLC; 6.3.2.2; GCS; EKIHLDDANE N/A N/A 1:100-
cysteine ligase, GAMMA-GLUTAMYLCYSTEINE SYNTHE- SDHFEN 1:400
catalytic TASE, CATALYTIC SUBUNIT; glu- (400)
subunit tamate-cysteine ligase, cata-
lytic subunit
S0695 integrin, beta 4 3691 ITGB4; INTEGRIN, BETA-4; TEDVDEFRNK N/A N/A 1:2700-
integrin, beta 4 LQGER (401) 1:4050
S0702 solute carrier 8140 SLC7A5; MPE16; D165469E; CD98; KGDVSNLDP N/A N/A 1:21160-
family 7 (ca- LAT1; 4F2 light chain; Mem- NFSFEGTKLD 1:178200
tionic amino brane protein E16; L-TYPE V (402)
acid transpor- AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER 1;
ter, y+ system), Solute carrier family 7, mem-
member 5 ber 5; solute carrier family 7
(cationic amino acid transpor-
ter, y+ system), member 5
S0705 breast cancer 25855 DKFZp564A063; BRMS1; breast KARAAVSPQ N/A N/A 1:1000-
metastasis sup- cancer metastasis-suppressor KRKSDGP 1:2000
pressor 1 1; breast cancer metastasis (403)
suppressor 1
S0706 KiSS-1 3814 MGC39258; KISS1; KiSS-1 RQIPAPQGAV N/A N/A 1:180
metastasis- metastasis-suppressor; KISS 1 LVQREKD
suppressor METASTIN; malignant melanoma (404)
metastasis-suppressor; KISS1
METASTASIS SUPPRESSOR
S0708 cofactor re- 9439 DKFZp434H0117; CRSP133; SUR2; SVKEQVEKIIC N/A N/A 1:2430
quired for Sp1 DRIP130; CRSP3; mediator; NLKPALK
transcriptional transcriptional co-activator (138)
activation, sub- CRSP130; CRSP, 130-KD SUBUNIT;
unit 3, 130 kDa CRSP 130-kD subunit; 133 kDa
transcriptional co-activator;
130 kDa transcriptional co-
activator; vitamin D3 receptor
interacting protein; c
S5002 keratin 14 3861 CK; KRT14; K14; EBS4; EBS3; Antibody obtained from Chemicon 1:50
(epidermolysis cytokeratin 14; CK 14; KERA-
bullosa simplex, TIN, TYPE I CYTOSKELETAL 14;
Dowling-Meara, keratin 14 (epidermolysis
Koebner) bullosa simplex, Dowling-
Meara, Koebner)
S5003 keratin 17 3872 PCHC1; PC; PC2; 39.1; KRT17; Antibody obtained from Dako 1:10-
K17; CYTOKERATIN 17; VERSION 1:25
1; CK 17; KERATIN, TYPE I
CYTOSKELETAL 17
S5004 keratin 18 3875 K18; CYK18; KRT18; CYTOKERATIN Antibody obtained from Dako 1:200-
18; CK 18; KERATIN, TYPE I 1:400
CYTOSKELETAL 18
S5005 keratin 18 3875 K18; CYK18; KRT18; CYTOKERATIN Antibody obtained from Becton 1:50-
18; CK 18; KERATIN, TYPE I Dickinson 1:100
CYTOSKELETAL 18
S5012 tumor-associated 4072 TROP1; LY74; Ep-CAM; GA733-2; Antibody obtained from Oncogene 1:40
calcium signal EGP40; MK-1; CO17-1A; EPCAM; Research Products (Calbiochem)
transducer 1
M4S1; KSA; TACSTD1; EGP; MK-1
antigen; EPITHELIAL CELLULAR
ADHESION MOLECULE; GASTRO-
INTESTINAL TUMOR-ASSOCIATED
ANTIGEN 2, 35-KD GLYCOPROTEIN;
tumor-associated calcium
signal transducer 1 precurso
S5014 estrogen recep- 2100 ER-BETA; ESR-BETA; ESR2; Erb; Antibody obtained from Oncogene 1:2500
tor 2 (ER beta) ESRB; NR3A2; ESTROGEN RECEP- Research Products (Calbiochem)
TOR, BETA; estrogen receptor 2
(ER beta)
S5038 mucin 1, 4582 PEMT; MUC1; episialin; EMA; Antibody obtained from Imperial 1:1
transmembrane PUM; H23AG; CD227; PEM; Cancer Research Technology (ICRT)
CARCINOMA-ASSOCIATED MUCIN;
H23 antigen; TUMOR-ASSOCIATED
MUCIN; DF3 antigen; peanut-
reactive urinary mucin;
mucin 1, transmembrane; poly-
morphic epithelial mucin;
MUCIN 1, URINARY; MUCIN,
TUMOR-ASSOCIATE
S5044 transferrin re- 7037 P90; TR; TFRC; TFR; CD71; T9; Antibody obtained from NeoMarkers 1:20
ceptor TRFR; ANTIGEN CD71; TRANSFER-
(p90, CD71) RIN RECEPTOR PROTEIN; trans-
ferrin receptor (p90, CD71)
S5045 v-erb-b2 2064 HER-2; ERBB2; NGL; P185ERBB2; Antibody obtained from NeoMarkers 1:600
erythroblastic HER2; C-ERBB-2; NEU; MLN 19;
leukemia viral EC 2.7.1.112; TKR1 HERSTATIN;
oncogene homolog NEU PROTO-ONCOGENE; ONCOGENE
2, neuro/ ERBB2; RECEPTOR PROTEIN-
glioblastoma TYROSINE KINASE ERBB-2
derived oncogene PRECURSOR; ONCOGENE NGL,
homolog (avian) NEUROBLASTOMA- OR
GLIOBLASTOMA-DERIVED; TYROSINE
KINASE-TYPE CELL
S5047 major vault 9961 MVP; LRP; VAULT1; LUNG Antibody obtained from NeoMarkers 1:300
protein RESISTANCE-RELATED PROTEIN
MAJOR VAULT PROTEIN, RAT,
HOMOLOG OF
S5064 tumor protein 8626 LMS; TP73L; KET; SHFM4; p73H; Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
p73-like EEC3; TP63; p51; TUMOR PRO-
TEIN p63; TUMOR PROTEIN p73-
LIKE; p53-RELATED PROTEIN p63;
tumor protein 63 kDa with
strong homology to p53
S5065 estrogen re- 2099 ER; NR3A1; ESR1; Era; ESR; ER- Antibody obtained from Dako 1:20
ceptor 1 ALPHA; ESRA; ESTRADIOL RECEP-
TOR; ESTROGEN RECEPTOR, ALPHA;
estrogen receptor 1 (alpha)
S5066 v-erb-b2 2064 HER-2; ERBB2; NGL; P185ERBB2; Antibody obtained from Dako 1:300
erythroblastic HER2; C-ERBB-2; NEU; MLN 19;
leukemia viral EC 2.7.1.112; TKR1 HERSTATIN;
oncogene homolog NEU PROTO-ONCOGENE; ONCOGENE
2, neuro/ ERBB2; RECEPTOR PROTEIN-
glioblastoma TYROSINE KINASE ERBB-2
derived oncogene PRECURSOR; ONCOGENE NGL,
homolog (avian) NEUROBLASTOMA- OR
GLIOBLASTOMA-DERIVED; TYROSINE
KINASE-TYPE CELL
S5067 cathepsin D 1509 CTSD; MGC2311; CPSD; EC Antibodyobtained from Dako 1:20-
(lysosomal 3.4.23.5; cathepsin D prepro- 1:50
aspartyl protein; Cathepsin D precur-
protease) sor; cathepsin D (lysosomal
aspartyl protease);
S5069 CA 125 n/a Antibody obtained from Dako 1:20
S5070 CA 15-3 n/a Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
S5071 CA 19-9 n/a Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
S5072 v-myc myelo- 4609 c-Myc; MYC; ONCOGENE MYC; Myc Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
cytomatosis proto-oncogene protein;
viral oncogene PROTOONCOGENE HOMOLOGOUS TO
homolog (avian) MYELOCYTOMATOSIS VIRUS; v-myc
myelocytomatosis viral onco-
gene homolog (avian); v-myc
avian myelocytomatosis viral
oncogene homolog; Avian myelo-
cytomatosis viral (v-myc) onco
S5073 cadherin 1, type 999 CDH1; Cadherin-1; Arc-1; ECAD; Antibody obtained from Dako 1:100-
1, E-cadherin CDHE; Uvomorulin; LCAM; 1:150
(epithelial) Epithelial-cadherin precursor;
cell-CAM 120/80; CADHERIN,
EPITHELIAL; calcium-dependent
adhesion protein, epithelial;
cadherin 1, E-cadherin
(epithelial); cadherin 1, type
1 preproprotein; cadherin 1,
S5074 glutathione S- 2950 GSTP1; DFN7; GSTP1-1; GST3; Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
transferase pi GSTPP; GST class-pi;
glutathione transferase; EC
2.5.1.18; glutathione S-trans-
ferase pi; GST, CLASS PI;
deafness, X-linked 7; GLUTA-
THIONE S-TRANSFERASE 3;
GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASE, PI;
FAEES3 GLUTATHIONE S-
TRANSFERASE PI PSEUD
S5075 tumor protein 7157 p53; TP53; TRP53; PHOSPHOPRO- Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
p53 (Li-Fraumeni TEIN P53; TRANSFORMATION-
syndrome) RELATED PROTEIN 53; TUMOR
SUPPRESSOR P53; CELLULAR
TUMOR ANTIGEN P53; tumor
protein p53 (Li-Fraumeni
syndrome)
S5076 progesterone 5241 NR3C3; PR; PGR; PROGESTERONE Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
receptor RESISTANCE; PSEUDOCORPUS
LUTEUM INSUFFICIENCY
PROGESTERONE RECEPTOR
S5077 trefoil factor 1 7031 Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50-
(breast cancer, 1:100
estrogen-
inducible se-
quence
expressed in)
S5079 enolase 2, 2026 NSE; ENO2; 2-phospho-D- Antibody obtained from Dako 1:400
(gamma, glycerate hydro-lyase; ENO-
neuronal) LASE, GAMMA; neurone-specific
enolase; ENOLASE, NEURON-
SPECIFIC; 2-phospho-D-
glycerate hydrolyase; EC
4.2.1.11; Neural enolase;
enolase-2, gamma, neuronal;
neuron specific gamma enolase;
enolase 2, (gamma,
S5080 B-cell CLL/ 596 BCL2; FOLLICULAR LYMPHOMA; Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
lymphoma 2 APOPTOSIS REGULATOR BCL-2;
B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2; B-cell
ymphoma protein 2 alpha; B-
cell lymphoma protein 2 beta;
ONCOGENE B-CELL LEUKEMIA 2
LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC LYMPHATIC,
TYPE 2
S5081 retinoblastoma 1 5925 p105-Rb; PP110; Retinoblas- Antibody obtained from Dako 1:20
(including toma-1; RB; RB1; RETINOBLAS-
osteosarcoma) TOMA-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN; RB
OSTEOSARCOMA, RETINOBLASTOMA-
RELATED; retinoblastoma 1
(including osteosarcoma)
S5082 synaptophysin 6855 SYP; Synaptophysin; Major Antibody obtained from Dako 1:50
synaptic vesicle protein P38
S5083 BCL2-associated 581 BAX; BCL2-associated X pro- Antibody obtained from Dako 1:500
X protein tein; APOPTOSIS REGULATOR BAX,
MEMBRANE ISOFORM ALPHA
S5086 estrogen recep- 2100 ER-BETA; ESR-BETA; ESR2; Erb; Antibody obtained from Abcam 1:200
tor 2 (ER beta) ESRB; NR3A2; ESTROGEN RECEP-
TOR, BETA; estrogen receptor 2
(ER beta)
S5087 mucin 1, 4582 PEMT; MUC1; episialin; EMA; Antibody obtained from Zymed 1:200-
transmembrane PUM; H23AG; CD227; PEM; 1:1600
CARCINOMA-ASSOCIATED MUCIN;
H23 antigen; TUMOR-ASSOCIATED
MUCIN; DF3 antigen; peanut-
reactive urinary mucin; mucin
1, transmembrane; polymorphic
epithelial mucin; MUCIN 1,
URINARY; MUCIN, TUMOR-
ASSOCIATE
S6001 estrogen recep- 2099 ER; NR3A1; ESR1; Era; ESR; ER- Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
tor 1 ALPHA; ESRA; ESTRADIOL RECEP-
TOR; ESTROGEN RECEPTOR, ALPHA;
estrogen receptor 1 (alpha)
S6002 progesterone 5241 NR3C3; PR; PGR; PROGESTERONE Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
receptor RESISTANCE; PSEUDOCORPUS
LUTEUM INSUFFICIENCY
PROGESTERONE RECEPTOR
S6003 v-erb-b2 2064 HER-2; ERBB2; NGL; P185ERBB2; Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
erythroblastic C-ERBB-2; NEU; MLN 19;
leukemia viral EC 2.7.1.112; TKR1 HERSTATIN;
oncogene homolog NEU PROTO-ONCOGENE; ONCOGENE
2, neuro/ ERBB2; RECEPTOR PROTEIN-
glioblastoma TYROSINE KINASE ERBB-2
derived oncogene PRECURSOR; ONCOGENE NGL,
homolog (avian) NEUROBLASTOMA- OR
GLIOBLASTOMA-DERIVED; TYROSINE
KINASE-TYPE CELL
S6004 B-cell CLL/ 596 BCL2; FOLLICULAR LYMPHOMA; Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
lymphoma 2 APOPTOSIS REGULATOR BCL-2;
B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2; B-cell
lymphoma protein 2 alpha; B-
cell lymphoma protein 2 beta;
ONCOGENE B-CELL LEUKEMIA 2
LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC LYMPHATIC,
TYPE 2
S6005 keratin 5 3852 KRT5; EBS2; Keratin-5; K5; Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
(epidermolysis CYTOKERATIN 5; CK 5; 58 KDA
bullosa simplex, CYTOKERATIN; KERATIN, TYPE II
Dowling-Meara/ CYTOSKELETAL 5; keratin 5
Kobner/Weber- (epidermolysis bullosa sim-
Cockayne types) plex, Dowling-Meara/Kobner/
Weber-Cockayne types)
S6006 tumor protein 7157 p53; TP53; TRP53; PHOSPHOPRO- Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
p53 (Li-Fraumeni TEIN P53; TRANSFORMATION-
syndrome) RELATED PROTEIN 53; TUMOR
SUPPRESSOR P53; CELLULAR TUMOR
ANTIGEN P53; tumor protein p53
(Li-Fraumeni syndrome)
S6007 KI67 n/a Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
S6008 epidermal growth 1956 S7; EGFR; 2.7.1.112; ERBB; ON- Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
factor receptor COGENE ERBB; ERBB1 SPECIES
(erythroblastic ANTIGEN 7; V-ERB-B AVIAN
leukemia viral ERYTHROBLASTIC LEUKEMIA VIRAL
(v-erb-b) onco- ONCOGENE HOMOLOG; epidermal
gene homolog, growth factor receptor (avian
avian) erythroblastic leukemia viral
(v-erb-b) oncogene homolog)
S6011 enolase 2, 2026 NSE; ENO2; 2-phospho-D- Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
(gamma, glycerate hydro-lyase; ENO-
neuronal) LASE, GAMMA; neurone-specific
enolase; ENOLASE, NEURN-
SPECIFIC; 2-phospho-D-
glycerate hydrolyase; EC
4.2.1.11; Neural enolase;
enolase-2, gamma, neuronal;
neuron specific gamma enolase;
enolase 2, (gamma,
S6012 thyroid 7080 benign chorea; chorea, heredi- Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
transcription tary benign; NK-2 (Drosophila)
factor 1 homolog A (thyroid nuclear
factor); Thyroid transcription
factor 1 (NK-2, Drosophila,
homolog of, A); BCH; BHC;
TEBP; TTF1; NKX2A; TTF-1;
NKX2.1
S6013 v-erb-b2 2064 HER-2; ERBB2; NGL; P185ERBB2; Antibody obtained from US Labs 1:1
erythroblastic HER2; C-ERBB-2; NEU; MLN 19;
leukemia viral EC 2.7.1.112; TKR1 HERSTATIN;
oncogene homolog NEU PROTO-ONCOGENE; ONCOGENE
2, neuro/ ERBB2; RECEPTOR PROTEIN-
glioblastoma TYROSINE KINASE ERBB-2
derived oncogene PRECURSOR; ONCOGENE NGL,
homolog (avian) NEUROBLASTOMA- OR
GLIOBLASTOMA-DERIVED; TYROSINE
KINASE-TYPE CELL

OTHER EMBODIMENTS

Other embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from a consideration of the specification or practice of the invention disclosed herein. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with the true scope of the invention being indicated by the following claims.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8785156 *Nov 27, 2012Jul 22, 2014Clarient Diagnostic Services, Inc.TLE3 as a marker for chemotherapy
US20130079392 *Nov 27, 2012Mar 28, 2013Clarient Diagnostic Services, Inc.Tle3 as a marker for chemotherapy
Classifications
U.S. Classification435/6.16, 436/63, 436/64
International ClassificationC12Q1/68, G01N33/48
Cooperative ClassificationG01N33/6893, G01N33/57449, C12Q2600/106, C12Q1/6886, G01N33/57415
European ClassificationG01N33/574C4, G01N33/574C22, C12Q1/68M6B
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Owner name: APPLIED GENOMICS, INC., ALABAMA