US 776140 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED NOV. 29, 1904.
D. H. MANAHAN.
APPLIUATION FILED JULY 16. 1904.
' Inventon I Httornegs Witnesse UNITED STATES Patented November 29, 1904.
DENNIS H. MANAHAN, OF SHAYVNEE, OKLAHOMA TERRITORY, ASSIGNOR OF ONE ITIIIRI) TO JOHN J. & ROBERT J. I). BRADLEY, OF SHAWNEE,
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 776,140, dated November 29, 1904.
Application filed July 16, 1904. Serial No. 216,856. (No model.)
To all w/wm, it may concern:
Be it known that 1, Demos I-I. MANAHAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Shawnee, in the county of Pottawatomie, Oklahoma Territory, have invented a new and useful Bottle, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to bottles of the type known as breakable necks, and has for its :0 object to produce a comparatively simple inexpensive device of this character in which after the bottle has been once filled and sealed its contents cannot be removed without breaking the neck, thereby destroying the bottle and preventing fraudulent reuse of the latter.
' To these ends the invention comprises the novel features of construction and combination of parts more fully hereinafter described.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is 2 a side sectional elevation of a bottle embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a similar View showing the sections of the bottle partially disconnected. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1.
2 5 Referring to the drawings, it will be seen that my improved bottle comprises as a whole a pair of sections or portions 1 and 2, formed with fiat meeting-faces 3, whereby they may when assembled, as hereinafter explained, lie
snugly one against the other, these sections or portions being, however, independent to the extent that each has a hollow body or chamber t and a reduced, preferably solid, neck 5, terminating at its upper end in an en- 3 5 larged portion or head 6, and that each section is provided at a suitable point in its flat normally inner side 3 with a discharge-opening 7, designed to be closed by a cork or other closure 8.
4 The neck 5 of each of the bottle-sections has formed therein at its point of juncture with the head 6 a transverse groove or channel 9, while in the head there is formed a transverse opening or seat 10, the openings or 45 seats 10 in the heads being adapted when the bottle-sections are assembled to communicate one with the other and to eonjointly receive a locking device 11, comprising a body or support 12, carrying a pair of oppositely-disposed spring-actuated engaging members or 5 pawls 13. The body 12 is preferably in the form of an oblong bar of metal or other suitable material, While the pawls are pivoted at their inner ends to the body and provided, re spectively, at their outer ends with depending engaging portions or hooks 14:, adapted for engagement with shoulders or abutments 15, formed in the heads 6 in proper relation to the seats 10, the pawls or members 13 being normally pressed to engaging position by means of a leaf-spring l6, appropriately attached to the body and common to both the pawls.
Adjacent to the lower end or bottom of the bottle-sections there is provided an interlock comprising a pair of recessed ears or hooks 17, formed upon the section 1, and respec tively on opposite sides thereof, and adapted for engagement with cooperating lugs or trunnions 18, formed upon the section 2.
In practice the sections 1 and 2, each of which, is adapted to contain one-half of the contents ofthe bottle as a whole, after being filled and corked are arranged with their flat faces 3 meeting and with the hooks 17 in engagement with the lugs 18, the locking device 11 having been previously inserted, or, that is, the appropriate portion thereof, into one of the seats 10 and with one of the members 13 in engagement with the adjacent 30 shoulder 15. Now upon the upper ends of the bottlesection being brought together the appropriate remaining portion of the locking device 11 will enter its seat 10 in the other head 6, and the second member or 8 5 pawl 13 will spring automatically into en gagement with the second and corresponding shoulder 15, whereby the sections of the bottle will be securely locked together. It is apparent that under this arrangement access 9 cannot be had to the corks 8,Which lie, as before stated, between the meetingfaces 3, without breaking the necks 5 of the bottle-sections and that consequently the contents of the bottle after being once filled and sealed cannot be removed without destroying the bottle sufliciently to prevent its fraudulent reuse. It may be mentioned that the grooves 9 are for the purpose of allowing the necks to be readily fractured when it is desired to open the bottle and that when the sections 1 and 2 are brought into assemblage there will in practice be disposed between the faces 3 suitable cushioning members 19, of rubber or other suitable material.
From the foregoing it will be seen that I produce a comparatively simple inexpensive device admirably adapted for the attainment of the ends in view, it being understood that minor changes in the details herein set forth may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is 1. A plurality of receptacles having discharge-ports, and means for locking said receptacles in assembled position to prevent access to said ports.
2. A plurality of receptacles, each having a discharge-port, and means including a frangible element for locking said receptacles in assembled position to prevent access to the ports.
3. A plurality of receptacles, each having a discharge-port, a locking means for holding said receptacles in assembled position for preventing access to the discharge-ports, and a frangible casing for the lock.
4. A pair of receptacles adapted for assemblage with a wall of one disposed toward a wall of the other, said walls of the receptacles being provided with discharge ports, and means for connecting the receptacles one to the other.
5. A pair of receptacles adapted for assemblage with a wall of one meeting a wall of the other, said walls of the receptacles being provided with discharge-ports, and means for locking the receptacles one to the other.
6. A bottle comprising a pair of sections adapted for assemblage with a wall of one disposed toward a wall of the other, said walls of the sections being provided with dischargeopenings, and means for connecting the sections one with the other.
7. A bottle comprising a pair of sections adapted for assemblage with a wall of one meeting a wall of the other, the meeting walls of the sections being provided respectively with discharge-ports, and means for locking the sections one to the other.
8. A bottle comprising a pair of sections having breakable necks and adapted for assemblage with a wall of one disposed toward a wall of the other, said walls of the sections being provided with discharge-ports, means for interlocking the bodies of the sections, and means for connecting the breakable necks one to the other.
9. A bottle comprising a pair of sections adapted for assemblage with a wall of one disposed toward a wall of the other, said walls being provided respectively with dischargeopenings, means for detachably connecting the bodies of the sections one to the other, breakable necks provided upon the sections and terminating in heads, the latter being provided with seats and with abutments in appropriate relation to the seats, and a locking device adapted to rest within the seats and engage the abutments for interlocking the breakable necks.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aifixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
DENNIS H. MANAHAN.
J OHN J. BRADLEY, V. H. HANSMEYER.