|Publication number||US7784397 B2|
|Application number||US 10/598,721|
|Publication date||Aug 31, 2010|
|Filing date||Feb 25, 2005|
|Priority date||Mar 8, 2004|
|Also published as||DE602005005642D1, DE602005005642T2, EP1725711A1, EP1725711B1, US20080271610, WO2005085521A1|
|Publication number||10598721, 598721, PCT/2005/129, PCT/DK/2005/000129, PCT/DK/2005/00129, PCT/DK/5/000129, PCT/DK/5/00129, PCT/DK2005/000129, PCT/DK2005/00129, PCT/DK2005000129, PCT/DK200500129, PCT/DK5/000129, PCT/DK5/00129, PCT/DK5000129, PCT/DK500129, US 7784397 B2, US 7784397B2, US-B2-7784397, US7784397 B2, US7784397B2|
|Inventors||Lars Vedsted, Soren Vedsted, Kjeld Holmstrup|
|Original Assignee||Laitram, L.L.C.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (2), Classifications (12), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a method of heating or cooling including freezing of foodstuffs in a rotating closed pipe serpent.
The invention moreover relates to a product for heating or cooling including freezing of foodstuffs in a rotating closed pipe serpent.
The patent description U.S. Pat. No. 5,275,091 discloses a method and a product for heating or cooling foodstuffs, where the foodstuffs along with liquid for heating are carried into a closed rotating pipe serpent, and where the foodstuffs are cooked in the time it takes to pass through the whole screw conveyor.
It is in addition stated in the mentioned patent description that two spirals or helix structures can be linked together with the purpose of getting a continuous process with respectively heating in the first spiral and cooling in the next spiral.
It has been found, however, that this prior art as described in the above mentioned US patent involves some drawbacks.
Because the applied pipe serpents in a cross section of the axis of rotation are circular, the foodstuffs, which are feed into the spiral, will slide through the spiral without effectively being mixed with the liquid during the transport.
This has got the drawback that the foodstuffs such as shrimps, which clump together at the entry point of the spiral, will be transported through the spiral in the same lump. This will again imply that the different types of foodstuff, which are outermost placed, will heat-insulate from the inner foodstuffs of the lump, resulting in an inhomogeneous heating of each individual piece of foodstuff.
This inhomogeneous heating has the impact that some of the different types of foodstuff will not be sufficiently heated while other types of foodstuff can get superheated.
The result of the inhomogeneous heating- or cooling process is that the quality of the final product will be poor.
It is furthermore a problem with the multi-unit processes that foodstuffs from a spiral, must be guided into the next spiral, either by pumping in a conveying pipe or via a belt conveyor. The mentioned methods of transmission entails that the transmission of foodstuff will be delayed and/or the foodstuffs are placed under strain or the process will be more complicated or expensive due to the need for extra components or machinery parts.
Accordingly, an object of the invention is to improve the known method and the known product.
The object of the invention is achieved by a method characterized in that the rotating closed pipe serpent in a cross section of the axis of rotation is shaped non-circular such as waved or multi angled including triangle- or four-sided shape.
In this way it thus becomes possible to avoid that the different types of foodstuff form lumps. This is avoided by the non-circular design of the spiral, which ensures that clogging is split and is mingled at each touch with the non-circular shape. When clogging is avoided the single types of foodstuff such as shrimps will become homogeneously heated, which ensures a high quality of the final product.
It is also a characteristic feature of the invention that the entry point of the rotating closed pipe serpent, where the foodstuffs are conveyed, is shaped as an ejector pipe with an increased area of cross section from the point of entry toward the outflow into the pipe serpent.
The rotating closed pipe serpent will, in case the lower pipe volume is covered with fluid or liquid, act and/or work as an Archimedean spiral pump, and thereby create a vacuum on the entrance side of the pipe serpent. This vacuum can be used to suck foodstuff into the pipe serpent. The suction or absorption capacity can, however, be increased in a significant scale by the use of a so-called ejector pipe in the point of entry, where the ejector pipe is characteristic in that the cross-sectional area of the pipe is increased from the input opening towards the rotating closed pipe serpent.
The enhanced absorption capacity ease conveyance of foodstuffs to the rotating pipe serpent whether the foodstuff is added in a continuous process or in so-called batches.
As mentioned, the invention also relates to a product.
This product is characterized in that the rotating closed pipe serpent in a cross section of the axis of rotation is shaped non-circular such as waved or multi angled including triangle- or four-sided shape.
Hereby a good mixture of foodstuff, such as shrimps, is ensured, which is feed into the pipe serpent, with homogeneous temperature processing of each single food element, which ensures a high quality of the end product.
The invention will now be explained more fully with reference to the drawing, in which:
The food items, and possible additives including one or more liquids of fluids, are conveyed at the feeding hopper 1, from where it is sucked or pumped into the rotating closed pipe serpent 4 via the ejector pipe 2.
The ejector pipe is characterized in that the inner cross-sectional area is increased from the entry funnel 1 towards the rotating closed pipe serpent 4, whereby a suction established via the pipe serpent is increased, and in doing so the conveyance of food items as well as related items such as liquid or fluid is eased.
The closed pipe serpent is rotating around an axis, which passes through the centre of the two end-pipe bearings 3 and 6. The pipe serpent is enclosed of a shielding 5.
The shielding 5 can be built liquid proof, whereby the pipe serpent can rotate in liquid or fluid as indicated by a height of liquid 12. If the pipe serpent is rotating in a liquid, the liquid could e.g. be heated and thereby assist the hot-shaping of food items, which passes through the pipe serpent 4.
In case the pipe serpent 4 is rotating in a fluid and/or liquid proof protective casing, the pipe serpent can also be sprinkled with heated or cool liquid and/or fluid with the purpose of assisting to the cooking or preparation of food items, as previously mentioned by rotation of a pipe serpent in a liquid and/or fluid. By sprinkling or e.g. by conveyance of steam the total weight of the food processing product can be reduced significantly in relation to rotation in liquid. This can be very attractive e.g. if the food processing product is used on board shrimp trawlers.
When the rotating pipe serpent is enclosed in the protective casing, the whole of the construction will be suitable to use on board ships in which the food machining process could be carried out even in relatively rough sea.
Cooling and freezing of food items can also be made if the food items in the pipe serpent are mixed with supercooled salt water, which can bring the food items down to a temperature below −20 degrees Celsius.
When the food items have passed through the whole of the closed rotating pipe serpent 4, they are guided away from the screw conveyor via the outlet pipe 7. In case the rotating closed pipe serpent 4 is filled with water to an extent where the lower part of the pipework is covered, the rotation pipe serpent will function as an Archimedean spiral pump, which can both create vacuum on the conveying side 1 and excess pressure on the output side, whereby the processed food items along with the liquid in the pipe are pressed through the outlet pipe 7 into the drainage grid 8, where the finished food items are separated from the liquid, with which the food items have been lead through the pipe serpent. The liquid can via the return pipe 9 be channeled back to the entrance funnel 1 and thereby be reused, in practice often after an expedient filtering.
When the conveyance liquid is reused the energy consumption for e.g. heating can be reduced to a minimum.
There can be used engines for rotating the closed pipe serpent 4, these are not shown on the drawing, but can be built-in in the console 10 or the console 13, which can also contain pumps, heating elements, filters, thermal sensors, videocameras, computers or anything else that is supposed to be used in a partially or fully automatic process control.
The consoles 10 and 13 can therefore with advantage be provided with inspection hatches 11, which eases the control and maintenance of the product.
As it will appear from
The product will therefore be outermost gentle towards the food items, which are being processed, with high quality of the finished product as a result, as well as cleaning can normally be carried out simply by flushing the pipe serpent with a cleaning solving and/or fluid.
The use of the shown type of transition pipe 20 can in some applications expose the food items for more load and stress than intended. This can happen in case the food items have got to be pumped up through the pipes in order to achieve a potential energy, ensuring that the transfer into the next pipe serpent can be driven solely by the use of gravity.
In order to achieve an optimum thermal processing of the food items the system is operated by a control unit 27, which typically consists of some programmable digital electronic units including microprocessors. The control unit 27 controls via a control signal 28, the speed of the loading chute 25, whereby the quantity and the speed of the food items, which are conveyed into the screw conveyor 19, can be controlled.
The control unit 27 can simultaneously, via a control signal 29, control the speed of rotation of the screw conveyor 19, which is typically used for heating food items.
As an input parameter for the controls the control unit 27 can e.g. use the temperature of the food items in the rotating pipe serpent, which via a signal cable 30 can be transmitted from the spiral 19 to the control unit 27.
By the use of the above mentioned procedure it is thus possible to synchronize the supply of food items with the rotational speed of the spiral, e.g. controlled by the temperature of the content of the pipe serpent or controlled by the absorption capacity at the entry point of the spiral, which is a function of the angular position of the spiral.
By the use of a control unit 27 other parameters than the temperature and/or the absorption capacity at the entry point can obviously be used for regulation, just like other functions than the speed of the loading chute and the rotational speed of the spiral 19 can be adjusted.
By the use of a control unit 27 the entire thermal machining process can be optimized, so that the final product will get a pre-process specified high and uniform quality.
The detailed description of the modules with reference to
Any combination or any number of closed rotating pipe serpents including any sequence of thermal foodstuff processing is a part of the invention.
In addition the invention includes any other procedures and/or devices than the above directly described or shown, including all combinations of procedures and/or devices, which can indirectly be derived from the above figures or text.
Appropriate embodiments of products included in the invention can with advantage often be manufactured from non-toxic rust-proof materials such as rust-proof steel alloys.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8800647 *||Nov 7, 2011||Aug 12, 2014||I-Nan Kao||High speed swirling type centrifugal revolving pipeline device|
|US20130115046 *||Nov 7, 2011||May 9, 2013||I-Nan Kao||High speed swirling type centrifugal revolving pipeline device|
|U.S. Classification||99/356, 417/67, 99/478, 426/520, 99/470, 426/524, 426/519, 99/483|
|International Classification||A23L3/22, D21F5/18|
|Sep 8, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LAITRAM MACHINERY APS, DENMARK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SELCON APS;REEL/FRAME:018222/0418
Effective date: 20060508
Owner name: LAITRAM, L.L.C., LOUISIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LAITRAM MACHINERY APS;REEL/FRAME:018222/0446
Effective date: 20060907
Owner name: SELCON APS, DENMARK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:VEDSTED, MR. LARS;VEDSTED, MR. SOREN;HOLMSTRUP, MR. KJELD;REEL/FRAME:018222/0384
Effective date: 20060508
|Apr 11, 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 31, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 21, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20140831