US 778446 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1%.??8446. PATENTED DEC. 27, 1904. J. A. CLARK & w. E. BEACH.
' BALING PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED MAR.30,19( )4.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
No.3778,446. PATENTED DEC. 27, 1904. .J. A. .GLARK & w. E. BEACH.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 30,1904.
2 SHEETSSHBBT 2.
, WITNESSES: I f wrozes M CL) mau -M Alforney Patent ed December 27, 1904.
P TENT OFFICE.
JAMES A. CLARK AND WALTER E. BEACH, OF R TERRITORY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 778,446, dated December 27, 1904.
Application filed March 30, 1904. Serial No. 200,783.
To aZZ' whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, J AMES A. CLARK and WALTER E. BEAoI-I, citizens of the United States, residing at Ringwood, in the county of Woods and Territory of Oklahoma, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Baling-Presses, of which the following is a specification.
. The invention relates to baling presses which may be adapted to compress various products, but is particularly applicable to broom-corn presses, and is intended to pro,
duce a strong, simple, and improved device of this character wherein by means of two oppositely-disposed baling-chambers and a reciprocating follower the material in one baling-chamber is compressed while the other is receiving its charge.
The invention consists of certain novel features of construction, as hereinafter set forth and described, and especially pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of our press, showing one of the balingchambers open and the other closed. Fig. 2
is a detailed perspective view of the followerv with one of its faces partially broken away, showing its construction and the manner in which it is attached to the press-box.
A re presents the press-box. It is construct.- ed of wood or other suitable material, is rectangular in cross-section, and in use is arranged horizontally, as shown. It is divided into two oppositely-disposed baling-chambers or compartments by means of a reciprocating follower D. The follower is formed of two oppositely-disposed faces 6 e, securely bolted or otherwise fastened to inner portions f and f, having a metal bar [2 dividing and passing centrally between them and project ing beyond the perpendicular edges of the follower, as shown in Fig. 2. These projections of the bar 72, when the follower is attached to the press pass through two parallel longitudinal slots 2' and c", formed in and extending throughout the entire length of each of the sides B and B of the press-box." The slots c' and c" are so arranged as to register one with the other and are of sufficient width to permit theprojections of the follower-bar to pass backward and forward along them without friction. These projections of the follower-bar each extend beyond the outer faces of the sides B and B of the press-box and there by means of screw-threads formed in them engage and travel upon similar parallel screw-threaded shafts H and-H, longitudinally disposed upon each side of the pressbox. These shafts H and H are onlyscrewthreaded for about two-fifths of their length in the center, thus preventing the follower and its attachments from jamming against either end of the press-box.
The ends C and C of the press-box project slightly beyond its sides and are reinforced at their top and bottom by the strips (0 and to. These strips (0 and a are provided with a series of studs a fastened in their upper edges opposite the extremities of the grooves 0 hereinafter described. Secured to the outer faces of the sides'B and B at their extremities, and tothe inner projecting faces of the ends C and C are the angle-plates in and Z0, so arranged as to cover the slots and a" for a short distance at each end. The shafts H and H are diminished near their extremities, and these diminished portions pass through and are journaled in the angle-plates Z5 and and the projecting portions of the ends O and O, and each shaft correspondingly terminates in a sprocket-wheel F and F, respectively, at one end and at the other in a hand-crank G and G, respectively. These hand-cranks are adapted to rotate the shafts in either direction and to thereby cause -the follower to move backward or forward, as desired. The
INGWVOOD, OKLAHOMA two sprocket-wheels F and F are of like diameter and are operatively connected by the sprocket-chain I.
The upper edge of the follower has a longitudinal groove running through its center,
and extending from end to end of this groove is the rod on, having its extremities journaled under the metal caps or plates 12, fastened to the ends of the upper edge of the follower. The longitudinal groove is'intersected at right angles by the transverse grooves 0, which are of equal depth therewith and may be of any desired number.
Each of these transverse grooves 0 meets a vertical groove 0, formed in each face of the follower. A corresponding series of Vertical grooves 0 is formed in the inner face of each end of the press-box, and both the grooves 0 and 0 are so disposed that the lower extremities of like grooves in each series meet a common slot formed in the bottom of the pressbox. Resting in the grooves 0 and projecting from and formed integral with the rod on are a corresponding number of parallel rods or fingers p, which may be braced together by a cross-piece (7, the whole forming a linger-board. The fingers of the linger-board are of such length that when it is swung either to one side or the other of the press and the door upon that side closed their extremities will be held beneath that door. Each linger is provided at its outer extremity with an eye p.
Fastened upon the inner faces of the sides B and B at their ends and so disposed as to cover for a suitable distance the extremities of the slots 2' and z" are the plates r and 1. Fitted within the slots e'and e" are the oblong blocks (Z and cl, two on each side. These blocks are rectangular in cross-section. They bear against each face of the projections of the follower-bar, and their own inner faces are cut away through a portion of their length, and in the depressions thus formed are seated and firmly secured the metal strips 9. These strips have their inner extremities bent at right angles, and the projecting portions thus formed are bolted or otherwise secured to the respective faces of the follower. The blocks (Z and (Z are so arranged that they slide backward and forward in the slots 71 and i, which serve as guides for them. The length of the blocks (7 and cl is so adjusted with relation to the guiding-slots that when the follower is at a point equally distant between the two ends of the baling-box these blocks do not extend throughout the entire length of the slots. The distance between the outer ends of the blocks and the end walls of the press-box then marks the distance through which the follower may travel in either direction. The length of these blocks and of the inner plates 9 and g is so adjusted with relation to each other that when the follower has been moved to the utmost point of compression in either direction the extremities of all the blocks will still be covered from within by the plates, thus always keeping the slots closed from within, so that none of the material to be baled can ever protrude through the sides of the press, and thus interfere with its operation or destroy the symmetry of the completed bale.
The bottom of the press-box is formed of a series of spaced strips Z). (Shown in the drawings as extending slightly beyond the body of the press.) These strips are of such number and are so disposed that the spaced intervals between them will form a series of slots corresponding with and meeting the lower extrem itics of the series of grooves u and 0', formed in the follower and the ends of the press-box, as before described. The strips 6 are reinforced by four cross-pieces 0, arranged one at each end of the bottom of the pressbox and the other two at such inter als as to engage the lower screw-threaded ends of the metal strips 8 and a, which pass through them and are secured on the under side by suitable nuts. (Not shown in the drawings.)
The press-box is strengthened by means of longitudinal brace-rods d and zfi, which extend from end to end of the press on each side of the top and bottom and are secured on the outer faces of the ends of the press by means of bolt-heads and nuts. The press at its rear side is also provided with a third longitudinal rod u, running from end to end.disposed a little above the plane of the top edge of the rear wall of the press-box and secured in eyes formed on the extended ends of the metal strips s. To this rod 10 are hinged the doors E and E of the respective balingchambers of the pressbox. These doors are so placed that when shut they completely close the baling-chambers at their ends; but they arenotof sullieient width to extend to the center of the press-box, which is consequently left open. The reason for this construction is that when the material in one chamber is under pressure the follower is forced beyond the center line of the press, so that if the doors of the baling-ehambers extended to the center lineof the press the door of the chamber under pressure would overlap the empty chamber and interfere with the charging and the placing of thebimling-wires. These doors E and E are provided on their upper faces with raised rectangular pieces 1*, extending from front to rear and having the metal strips w bolted to them. These strips extend beyond the rear edge of the doors, where they are bent into eyes and loosely ongage the rod 1! and serve as hinges for the doors. They are held against longitudinal displacement by means of the strips .v, which bear against the outer side of each hinge, respectively.
At the front of the press-box the rectangular bars :r are hinged to the upper bracerod 6 by means of the metal strips to which they are secured. These strips have their outer ends bent at right angles forming lugs and are of such length and so disposed with relation to the doors E and E that when these doors are closed and the hinged bars :nswung upward these lugs will closely litover and engage the ends of the metal strips 1/1, and thus prevent the doors from being opened until the blocks a: are swung outward and downward and the lugs thus disengaged. llinged to the top surface of each of the doors is a hook .2, having its point bent at right angles to the shank and being preferably recand yet permitting the same to be readily and speedily opened. The bar as and the hinges to which it is attached are held against longitudinal displacement by means of the four strips 8, which are so disposed that one will bear against the outer side of each hinge respectively. These strips .9 at the front and the corresponding strips 8 at the back of the press are placed in relatively the same positions and all are bolted or otherwise fastened to the sides of the press box and extend through the cross-pieces c and are secured on their under sides, as before described,thus giving additional rigidity and strength to the press-box.
When the press is in operation, the door of the baling-chamber to be charged is opened. Loops are formed in one end of the bindingwires, and these loops are passed over the studs a in the ends of the press-box. The finger-board is lifted into a perpendicular position, and the other ends of the binding-wires are passed through the eyes formed in the extremities of the fingers, and the intermediate portions of the binding-wires are disposed so as to rest in the grooves formed in the inner face of the end of the press-box and the opposed face of the follower and in the slots in the bottom of the press-box. The balingchamber is then filled with loose material and the finger-board swung down over the charged end of the press, where it will rest on top of the proposed bale and there hold the ends of the binding-wires in position. The door of the baling-chamber is closed and the bar 00 and the hook z adjusted. The hand-cranks G and G are then turned, so as to move the follower toward the charged end of'the press until a suflicient degree of pressure has been exerted and the bale reduced to proper size.
As before explained, the doors of the baling-chambers do not extend to the central portion of the press-box, which is left open;
but when the loose material is fed into one of the chambers and the finger-board swung to that side and the door closed upon the ends of the fingers the material in the open portion of the press is held under the fingers of fastened without danger of the compressed bale bulging upward.
Through the forward travel of the follower incident to the compression of the bale the extremities of the fingers of the finger-board will have been brought to or almost to the end of the press when the bale is sufficiently reduced, thus bringing the two opposite ends of the different binding-wires together or almost together and in such a position that they can be readily fastened to each other when the door of the baling-chamber is opened. While the material in one end of the press is being compressed the other baling-chamber may be opened and filled, and when the first bale is completed the operation of the press can be reversed. When the pressure is removed,
the completed bale is lifted from the press by.
means of the derrick and crane K.
Having described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In abaling-press, the combination of a press-box having parallehlongitudinal slots in its sides, a'reciprocating follower located in the press-box, means attached to the follower for forcing the ends of baling-wires together, projections on the follower extending through the slots and engaging threaded shafts, means for operating the shafts, blocks attached to the follower and traveling in the slots, plates secured to the inner faces of the sides and covering each extremity of the slots, doors hinged to the press-box, and means for fastening the doors, comprising hinged bars carrying lugs adapted to engage the doors and hooks fastened to the'doors and adapted to engage the hinged-bars, substantially as set forth and for the purpose described.
2. In a baling-press, the combination of a press-box with a follower adapted to travel therein, and provided with means for forcing the inner ends of binding-wires forward in its line of travel, and overthe upper surface of the material to be baled, comprising a rod longitudinally disposed upon the upper edge of the follower and having its extremities journaled thereto, together with a series of parallel integral rods spaced upon this longitudinal rod, and extending at right angles thereto, substantially as described.
3. In a baling-press having oppositely-disposed baling-chambers, the combination of a reciprocating follower with a device for attaching binding-wires, comprising a' rod longitudinally disposed upon the upper edge of the follower, and having its extremites journaled thereto, together with a series of parallel, integral rods spaced upon the longitueither face of the follower into its line of travel, substantially as described.
4. In a baling-press, the combination of a press-box having oppositely-disposed balingnames to this specification in the presence of chambers, doors hinged to the press-box and two subscribing Witnesses.
means for fastening the doors, comprising s a Y hinged bars having lugs adapted to engage g igg gs 1 5 the upper surface of the doors, and hooks fastened to the doors and adapted to engage the \Vitnesses:
hinged bars, substantially as described. C. L. VAL'IERS,
In testimony whereof We have signed our J. W. COURTNEY.