|Publication number||US7801495 B2|
|Application number||US 12/421,264|
|Publication date||Sep 21, 2010|
|Filing date||Apr 9, 2009|
|Priority date||Dec 15, 2004|
|Also published as||US7536156, US20060128447, US20090191823|
|Publication number||12421264, 421264, US 7801495 B2, US 7801495B2, US-B2-7801495, US7801495 B2, US7801495B2|
|Inventors||Steven Tischer, Samuel N. Zellner|
|Original Assignee||At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (28), Referenced by (1), Classifications (7), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 11/013,126, filed Dec. 15, 2004 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,536,156, assigned to the assignee of the present application, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference in its entirety as if set forth fully herein.
This invention relates to electronic systems, devices and operational methods, and more specifically to disposable electronic systems, devices and operational methods.
Disposable electronic devices are being increasingly made and used. As used herein, a “disposable electronic device” means an electronic device that includes a housing, electronic circuitry in the housing, and a non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery in the housing that is configured to temporarily power the electronic circuitry until the non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery discharges.
For example, it is known to provide greeting cards that play a tune, such as “Happy Birthday”, upon opening. Moreover, disposable electronic devices may be included with children's fast food meals, and may include voice recorders, lights and/or other electronic features. These disposable electronic devices may be used to promote a movie, book, television program or other entertainment venture.
Disposable electronic devices according to some embodiments of the present invention include a housing, a user interface in the housing, and a short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver in the housing. A controller is provided in the housing that is configured to control the user interface and the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver. A non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery also is provided in the housing that is configured to power the user interface, the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver, and the controller, until the non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery discharges. By providing a short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver in a disposable electronic device housing, according to some embodiments of the present invention, new forms of disposable, proximity-based communications systems, devices and methods may be provided.
In some embodiments, the user interlace includes a light source, a sound source and/or a user input device, such as a key or button. In some embodiments, the controller is configured to receive a message from the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver, and to control the user interface and to transmit a message via the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver in response thereto. In still other embodiments, the controller is configured to receive a message from the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver, and to control the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver to transmit a message in response thereto and in further response to occurrence of a predetermined condition. In some embodiments, the predetermined condition comprises activation of the user interface and/or expiration of a predetermined time. In still other embodiments, the controller is configured to ignore receipt of a message from the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver in response to occurrence of a predetermined condition.
In some embodiments, the housing has an external appearance that is related to an entertainment event where the disposable electronic device is distributed or used. In other embodiments, the housing also includes an admission ticket for the entertainment event.
Other embodiments of the invention provide an entertainment method for a venue wherein messages are caused to pass among a plurality of disposable electronic devices at the venue that are carried by attendees of the venue. The disposable electronic devices include a housing, a short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver in the housing that is configured to receive and transmit messages, and a non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery in the housing that is configured to power the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver until the non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery discharges.
In some embodiments, prior to causing the messages to pass among the devices, the plurality of disposable electronic devices are distributed to the attendees of the venue. In other embodiments, the disposable electronic devices are caused to emit audible and/or visible signals in response to the messages that pass among the plurality of devices at the venue. In still other embodiments, the electronic devices continue to emit the audible and/or visible signals until the non-replaceable, non-rechargeable batteries discharge. The audible and/or visible signals may be emitted sequentially and/or simultaneously by the electronic devices in response to the messages. Moreover, in other embodiments, the messages contain therein attendee input selections that are provided to a user interface of a respective device by a respective attendee. In yet other embodiments, an initial message is loaded in at least one of the disposable electronic devices, to thereby cause the messages to pass among the plurality of devices.
In yet other embodiments of the invention, a plurality of first disposable electronic devices are provided at a first venue. In these embodiments, messages may also be caused to pass among a plurality of second disposable electronic devices at a second venue that are carried by attendees of the second venue. At least one of the first disposable electronic devices is linked with at least one of the second disposable electronic devices via a wide area network.
Communication methods according to other embodiments of the invention cause two or more disposable electronic devices that are carried by two or more individuals, to interact with one another in response to the two or more disposable electronic devices being proximate to one another. In other embodiments, the devices interact with each other by causing the devices to emit audible and/or visible signals sequentially and/or simultaneously in response to the devices being proximate to one another. Moreover, in other embodiments, the devices cease interacting with one another in response to the devices no longer being proximate to one another. In some embodiments, these interactions are independent of interaction by the two or more individuals with the two or more disposable electronic devices. Accordingly, autonomous, disposable, proximity-based communications, systems, methods and/or electronic devices may be provided, to allow unique instantiations according to various embodiments of the present invention.
It will be understood that embodiments of the invention have been described above primarily in connection with devices and methods. However, analogous communications and/or entertainment systems may be provided according to other embodiments of the present invention.
Other systems, methods, and/or computer program products will be or become apparent to one with skill in the art upon review of the following drawings and detailed description. It is intended that all such additional systems, methods, and/or computer program products be included within this description, be within the scope of the present invention, and be protected by the accompanying claims.
The present invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which illustrative embodiments of the invention are shown. However, this invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being “coupled” or “connected” to another element, it can be directly coupled or connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. In contrast, when an element is referred to as being “directly coupled” or “directly connected” to another element, there are no intervening elements present. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout. As used herein the term “and/or” includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items and may be abbreviated by “/”.
It will also be understood that, although the terms first, second, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, these elements should not be limited by these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one element from another element. Thus, a first device discussed below could be termed a second device without departing from the teachings of the present invention.
The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the singular forms “a”, “an” and “the” are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms “comprises,” “comprising,” “includes” and/or “including” when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof.
Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. It will be further understood that terms, such as those defined in commonly used dictionaries, should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of the relevant art and will not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense unless expressly so defined herein.
The present invention is described in part below with reference to block diagrams of methods, systems, devices and computer program products according to embodiments of the invention. It will be understood that a block of the block diagrams, and combinations of blocks in the block diagrams, may be implemented at least in part by computer program instructions. These computer program instructions may be provided to a controller of a device, such that the instructions, which execute via the controller create means, modules, devices or methods for implementing the functions/acts specified in the block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be stored in a memory on the device that can direct a controller of a device to function in a particular manner, such that the instructions stored in the memory produce an article of manufacture including computer-readable program code which implements the functions/acts specified in block diagram block or blocks. The computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a controller of a device to cause a series of operational steps to be performed to produce a computer implemented process such that the instructions which execute on the controller provide steps for implementing the functions/acts specified in the block diagram block or blocks.
It should also be noted that in some alternate implementations, the functions/acts noted in the blocks may occur out of the order noted in the flowcharts. For example, two blocks shown in succession may in fact be executed substantially concurrently or the blocks may sometimes be executed in the reverse order, depending upon the functionality/acts involved.
Still referring to
The controller 140 in the housing 110 can include a logic circuit and/or a general purpose and/or special purpose processor which may run under stored program control. The controller 140 is configured to control the user interface and the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver 130, to provide entertainment and/or communication systems and/or methods, as will be described in detail below. The controller 140 may include a microprocessor or an Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) in some embodiments. For simplicity, however, in some embodiments, the controller 140 may include a small number of logic gates that can be configured to execute a limited set of functions without providing the full functionality of a microprocessor or an ASIC. The non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery 150 includes any battery or batteries (or other electricity storage source) having sufficient power to temporarily power the user interface 120, the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver 130 and a logic circuit 140, for a finite period of time, which may be on the order of hours or days, until the non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery discharges. Thereafter, the housing 110 may be used as a passive toy without the user interface 120, the wireless transceiver 130 and the controller 140 being operable.
Still referring to
In some embodiments, the transceiver 130 may use two directional antennas that are oriented, for example, at 90° angles from each other, so that transmissions are only received in a first direction and are transmitted in a second direction. In other embodiments, other techniques may be used to receive transmissions in one direction and to transmit in another direction. Moreover, in still other embodiments, omnidirectional transmitting and receiving, or transmitting and receiving in the same direction, may be used.
Still referring to
Referring to Block 710, the portable electronic devices may be distributed at the venue, for example upon admission to the venue or as part of a food package or ticket that is distributed at the venue, or may be distributed outside the venue in an area that is adjacent the venue or remote from the venue. Thus, for example, disposable electronic devices may be mailed to attendees of an event together with, or as, their tickets.
Referring now to Block 720, messages are caused to pass among a plurality of disposable electronic devices at the venue that are carried by attendees at the venue. In these embodiments, the disposable electronic devices can include a housing, a short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver in the housing that is configured to receive and transmit the messages, and a non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery in the housing that is configured to power the short range, unlicensed wireless transceiver, until the non-replaceable, non-rechargeable battery discharges. Accordingly, in these embodiments, messages may be relayed from device to device, when the devices are proximate one another at the venue.
Additional discussion of various embodiments of the present invention now will be provided. Embodiments of the present invention can provide autonomous, disposable, proximity-based communications systems, methods and/or devices that can provide unique instantiations, such as group-modulated lighting, voting and/or collaborative content control. These instantiations may be provided within a proximity and also may be distributed via wide area networks. Accordingly, embodiments of the invention can allow the rapid assembly of large groups of people to inter-network and dynamically create unique, proximity-centric instantiations anonymously.
Some embodiments of the present invention may arise from a recognition that the cost of disposable electronic devices has drastically decreased, so that toys now being given away with fast food restaurant meals can include voice recorders, lights and/or other electronic features. These devices may be augmented, according to various embodiments of the present invention, to include simple inter-networking wireless transceivers (receivers and transmitters), and can be provided with an ability to perform a very limited set of responses to provide unique instantiations. Entertaining, advertising-related and/or other displays of inter-networked disposable devices thereby may be created.
Some embodiments of the present invention can create an electronic analog to concertgoers holding up cigarette lighters in the 1960s, or breaking chemical plastic candles in the 1990s, or cell phones being used to call outsiders by concertgoers in the 2000s. Electronic analogs also may be created to the even earlier “wave”, where each person/group in a larger group act together to create a ripple, create a word, or simply create an entertaining large scale instantiation. Other events have used the issuance of specific cards to specific attendees with instructions on how and when to hold up a specific card in order to create an enormous word. Embodiments of the present invention can provide electronic analogs to these instantiations, as well as unique instantiations that can be created by virtue of the unlicensed wireless transceivers and controllers that are provided in the housings of disposable electronic devices according to various embodiments of the present invention.
Embodiments of the present invention may be used at any venue where groups of people gather, such as at concerts, road races, waiting rooms, sports games, restaurants, theatres, etc. Disposable electronic devices, systems and methods according to embodiments of the present invention can be used to automatically entertain, to advertise, to instantiate visible patterns, such as letters and/or logos, and/or to provide automatically coordinated distributed content instantiation. Various configurations may be implemented. For example, a single participant can initiate a beginning of an electronic “wave” that, in turn, is rippled through the rest of the participants. An alternative trigger may come from the venue itself, as was illustrated in
Other embodiments of the present invention can provide an input interface on the disposable devices themselves, as was illustrated in
As was also illustrated in
Accordingly, some embodiments of the present invention can leverage an ad hoc network for entertainment purposes and/or for specific letter and/or logo instantiations in a crowd, to show things on a very large scale. Each device within the transmit/receive distance limits can be triggered by a message, and can pass on a trigger message. The local event at each individual device could be to light the light for a set duration, or the duration setting also could be transmitted. There could, therefore, be a ripple effect to the transmission of visible communications, with the visible decay and dying out of the first to be lit.
Many other instantiations can be provided according to other embodiments of the present invention. For example, as was described in connection with
In other embodiments, the instantiation need not necessarily be light, but could also be a buzzer or one of several tones, or all other manners of outputs. Accordingly, embodiments of the present invention can create “group art” using sound, light and/or other outputs.
Added input features also can be included on a disposable electronic device according to other embodiments of the present invention, to facilitate altering the ad hoc interaction. For example, the inclusion of a “yes” button and a “no” button of
In other embodiments, the yes/no buttons of
Embodiments of the present invention can, therefore, provide entertainment, collaboration, internetworking and/or communication. The housing of electronic devices according to embodiments of the invention may be configured to look like a cheap cell phone, a doll or any other object. Moreover, as described in
In the drawings and specification, there have been disclosed embodiments of the invention and, although specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the invention being set forth in the following claims.
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|U.S. Classification||455/90.3, 455/41.2, 455/556.1, 455/575.1|
|Feb 1, 2011||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Feb 25, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4