|Publication number||US7802733 B2|
|Application number||US 11/650,099|
|Publication date||Sep 28, 2010|
|Filing date||Jan 5, 2007|
|Priority date||Jan 5, 2007|
|Also published as||CA2668681A1, CA2668681C, US20080164331, WO2008085810A1|
|Publication number||11650099, 650099, US 7802733 B2, US 7802733B2, US-B2-7802733, US7802733 B2, US7802733B2|
|Inventors||Randall Paul Schmitt|
|Original Assignee||Masco Corporation Of Indiana|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (53), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (6), Classifications (14), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to a fluid delivery control system. More particularly, the present invention relates to an electronic control system including a dual analog operator interface for controlling the temperature and flow rate of water delivered in a shower.
Manual shower controls including separate rotary handles or knobs for controlling the temperature and flow rate of water are known in the art. For example, the Monitor 1700 Series shower controls available from Delta Faucet Company include a pressure balanced shower control valve with mechanical coupling to a temperature control handle and a flow control handle. The operation of the handles of such a valve is generally considered to be intuitive and simple.
It is well known to replace mechanical controls for shower valves with electronics. However, such electronic shower controls sometimes present an unfamiliar and confusing interface to the operator. As such, users often prefer more traditional user interfaces.
Accordingly, it is desirable to provide an electronic user interface for use with an electrically operable control valve, while maintaining a familiar and traditional visual appearance and user friendly operation.
According to an illustrative embodiment of the present disclosure, a fluid delivery control system includes a first fluid control valve, a first actuator operably coupled to the first fluid control valve, and a controller in communication with the first actuator. A flow control member is in communication with the controller, and a temperature control member is in communication with the controller. The flow control member is supported for rotation about a rotational axis and is configured to provide a flow control signal to the controller in response to rotation. The temperature control member is supported for rotation about the rotational axis and is configured to provide a temperature control signal to the controller in response to rotation relative to the flow control member. The controller is configured to cause the first actuator to adjust a fluid flow rate in response to the flow control signal and to adjust a fluid temperature in response to the temperature control signal.
According to a further illustrative embodiment of the present disclosure, a flow control member is supported for rotation, and a flow potentiometer is operably coupled to the flow control member and configured to generate a flow control signal in response to relative rotation of the flow control member. The fluid delivery control system further includes a temperature control member supported for rotation relative to the flow control member, and a temperature potentiometer operably coupled to the temperature control member and configured to generate a temperature control signal in response to relative rotation of the temperature control member.
According to another illustrative embodiment of the present disclosure, a fluid delivery control system includes a mounting member, a flow control handle supported by the mounting member, and a temperature control handle supported by the mounting member. An outer shaft adapter is operably coupled to the flow control handle, and an inner shaft operator is operably coupled to the temperature control handle. A flow input detector is supported within, and operably coupled to, the outer shaft adapter for providing a flow control signal. A temperature input detector is supported by the outer shaft adapter and is operably coupled to the inner shaft operator for providing a temperature control signal.
Additional features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the following detailed description of the illustrative embodiment exemplifying the best mode of carrying out the invention as presently perceived.
The detailed description of the drawings particularly refers to the accompanying figures in which:
Referring initially to
As shown in
With further reference to
While separate first and second valves 36 and 38, and associated actuators 32 and 34 are illustrated, it should be appreciated that a single mixing valve and actuator may be substituted therefor.
With reference now to
The central opening 60 contains a plurality of ridges or splines 80 around its perimeter, and is sized so as to matingly engage a valve sprocket 81 including teeth or splines 82 extending from the top of a connector 84. As the flow control handle 14 is placed upon the connector 84, the teeth 82 around the valve sprocket 81 engage the mating ridges 80 of the flow control handle 14, thereby allowing the flow control handle 14 to adjust the connector 84 by rotating the flow control handle 14.
The rotational limit stop 56 is sized to be received within the perimeter lip 64 of the flow control knob 14. The rotational limit stop 56 comprises a substantially circular disk 86 including a hot temperature stop 88. Adjacent the stop 88, and running partially around the outer circumference, are a plurality of teeth 90. As may be appreciated, the stop 88 may be rotationally positioned within the flow control body 58, thereby changing the relative position of the hot temperature stop 88. In the illustrated embodiment of the drawings, the temperature handle 16 is permitted to rotate approximately 180 degrees from the cold temperature stop 74 to the hot temperature stop 88. This relative angular rotation may be varied depending upon the relative positioning of the rotational limit stop 56 within the flow control body 58.
Additional details regarding the rotational limit stop 56 are provided in U.S. Pat. No. 6,758,242 to Jones et al., which is expressly incorporated by reference herein.
An inner shaft operator 92 is received with the connector 84 and includes an upwardly extending connecting shaft 94 having a pair of flats 95. The connecting shaft 94 is received within an opening 96 of the body portion 52 of the temperature control handle 16. Cooperating flats 97 of the opening 96 prevent relative rotation between the shaft 94 and the body portion 52. A conventional fastener 98, such as a screw, may be threadably received within the connecting shaft 94, thereby securing the temperature control handle 16 to the inner shaft operator 92.
Annular seals, illustratively o-rings 99 and 101, are provided intermediate the inner shaft operator 92 and the connector 84. The o-rings 99 and 101 provide a fluid seal between the inner shaft operator 92 and the connector 84 while providing a selective coupling therebetween. More particularly, outer surfaces of the o-rings 99 and 101 frictionally engage the inner shaft operator 92 and the connector 84 to provide a rotational coupling or lock which may be released by the application of sufficient rotational force or torque to the temperature control handle 16.
The connecting shaft 94 extends through an opening 100 formed within the connector 84. Limit stops 102 and 104 formed inside the side wall 106 of the connector 84 may limit the rotation of the inner shaft operator 92 to approximately 180 degrees (
With further reference to
The outer cap 118 includes an internal tab 134 (
The electrical sensor module 110 includes an outer shaft adapter or housing 144 having an outer shaft upper adapter 146 and an outer shaft lower adapter 148 which are fixed together, illustratively through an adhesive or epoxy, to provide a moisture proof seal therebetween. A tab 149 supported by the outer shaft lower adapter 148 is configured to be received within a slot 151 formed within the outer shaft upper adapter 146 for proper alignment (
Each potentiometer 150 and 152 illustratively includes a plurality of contacts 158 which are connected by wires 160 to the controller 30 (
Annular seals, illustratively o-rings 182 and 184 are provided intermediate the wall 24 of mounting member 22 and the outer shaft upper adapter 146 and the outer shaft lower adapter 148, respectively. The o-rings 182 and 184 provide a fluid seal between the housing 144 and the mounting member 22 while providing a selective coupling therebetween. More particularly, outer surfaces of the o-rings 182 and 184 frictionally engage the inner surface of cylindrical wall 24 of mounting member 22 and the outer surface of housing 144 to provide a rotational coupling or lock which may be released by the application of sufficient rotational force or torque to the flow control handle 14.
In operation, the dual-potentiometer sensor module 110 provides two separate analog electrical input signals 186 and 188 to the controller 30 (
Within the housing 144 of module 110, each potentiometer body 154, 155 is constrained and each potentiometer shaft 156, 157 is free to rotate. As a user rotates the temperature control handle 16, the inner shaft operator 92 rotates therewith in opposition to the frictional force of the o-rings 99 and 101. The inner shaft operator 92 thereby causes the shaft 157 of the temperature potentiometer 152 to rotate, as the body 155 is fixed in position within the housing 144 of the module 110. Temperature control signal 188 is thereby sent to the controller 30. The controller 30 subsequently establishes a temperature setpoint and controls the water flow through valves 36 and 38 to provide fluid to outlet 44 having a temperature substantially equal to the setpoint as illustratively measured by the temperature sensor 47.
As a user rotates the flow control handle 14, the connector 84 rotates due to the engagement of the splines 80, 82. The connector 84 causes the outer housing 144 of the control module 110 to rotate since they are rotationally coupled, thereby causing the body 154 of the flow potentiometer 150 to rotate. However, the shaft 156 of the flow potentiometer 150 is fixed in position within the support 112. As such, the body 154 of the flow potentiometer 150 rotates relative to the shaft 156. Flow control signal 186 is thereby sent to the controller 30. The controller 30 subsequently controls operation of the first and second valves 36 and 38 through control signals 190 and 192 to adjust the flow to the output line 44.
As the flow potentiometer 150 is rotated with the housing 144, the temperature potentiometer 152 is also rotated. However, due to frictional engagement with the o-rings 99 and 101, inner shaft operator 92 rotates with the connector 84 and the housing 144, such that there is no relative rotation between the shaft 157 and the body 155 of the temperature potentiometer 152. As such, rotation of the volume control handle 14 by itself does not result in relative rotation between the shaft 157 and body 155 of the temperature potentiometer 152 and no resulting temperature control signal is sent to the controller 30.
The rotation of the temperature handle 16 and of the flow handle 14 are combined to produce no relative motion to the temperature potentiometer 152, while producing the desired flow control signal 186 from the flow potentiometer 150. This combination provides one handle 14 for flow control and a separate handle 16 for temperature control. This combination gives the ability to change desired flow without changing temperature and at the same time the ability to change desired temperature without changing flow.
It may be appreciated that the user interface 10 may be located remotely from the hot and cold water supply lines. Thereby the user interface 10 may be located conveniently in locations away from water pipes. The interface 10 may be supported on a wall with only the need for a small hole and electrical cable routing to the controller 30. While the mounting member illustrated is a modified valve body, other mounting members may be easily substituted therefor. However retrofitting existing valve bodies provides for convenient installation.
Although the invention has been described in detail with reference to certain preferred embodiments, variations and modifications exist within the spirit and scope of the invention as described and defined in the following claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4359186||Jul 28, 1981||Nov 16, 1982||Friedrich Grohe Armaturenfabrik Gmbh & Co.||Mixing valve arrangement|
|US4399836||Apr 14, 1981||Aug 23, 1983||Marotta Scientific Controls, Inc.||Self-contained closed-loop electrically operated valve|
|US4406398||Dec 21, 1981||Sep 27, 1983||Perkins Jean K||Fluid temperature blending control|
|US4420811||Feb 5, 1981||Dec 13, 1983||Price-Pfister Brass Mfg. Co.||Water temperature and flow rate selection display and control system and method|
|US4439654||Sep 29, 1982||Mar 27, 1984||Motorola, Inc.||Waterproof control knob assembly with integral switch|
|US4682728 *||Aug 27, 1985||Jul 28, 1987||Oudenhoven Martin S||Method and apparatus for controlling the temperature and flow rate of a fluid|
|US4688273||Feb 21, 1985||Aug 25, 1987||Lyng Industrier A/S||Sanitary system for supply of hot and cold water, and thermostatically controlled valve for such system|
|US4688277||Feb 20, 1986||Aug 25, 1987||Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.||Automatic faucet apparatus|
|US4711392||Dec 10, 1985||Dec 8, 1987||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Mixing valve apparatus|
|US4842191||May 5, 1988||Jun 27, 1989||American Standard Inc.||Temperature-controlled mixing fitting|
|US4854498||Jun 8, 1988||Aug 8, 1989||Stayton L Dean||Shower temperature control system|
|US4869287||Sep 6, 1988||Sep 26, 1989||Pepper Robert B||Ultrasonically operated water faucet|
|US4888834||Feb 23, 1988||Dec 26, 1989||Malmros Holding, Inc.||Bathing system|
|US4931938||Mar 7, 1986||Jun 5, 1990||David Hass||Microcomputer controlled faucet|
|US4945943||Apr 17, 1989||Aug 7, 1990||Kolator Water Dynamics, Inc.||Computerized water faucet|
|US4969598||Aug 22, 1989||Nov 13, 1990||Memry Plumbing Products Corp.||Valve control|
|US4981156 *||Nov 17, 1989||Jan 1, 1991||Masco Corporation Of Indiana||Temperature and volume control valve assembly|
|US5050062||Feb 6, 1989||Sep 17, 1991||Hass David N||Temperature controlled fluid system|
|US5092560||Feb 20, 1991||Mar 3, 1992||Chen Jan Sun||Automatic flow control water tap with manual control function|
|US5123593||Jan 23, 1990||Jun 23, 1992||Rundle Gregory E||Manual override heat sensitive valve|
|US5358213||Mar 31, 1993||Oct 25, 1994||Pilolla Joseph J||Faucet having automatic and manual control capability|
|US5397099||Dec 15, 1993||Mar 14, 1995||Pilolla; Joseph J.||Sink arrangement with faucet having dual operational mode|
|US5417404||Oct 22, 1993||May 23, 1995||Varden; Arnold||Geared ball valve|
|US5504950||Jul 7, 1994||Apr 9, 1996||Adams Rite Sabre International||Variable temperature electronic water supply system|
|US5755262||Jan 28, 1997||May 26, 1998||Pilolla; Joseph J.||Electrically actuatable faucet having manual temperature control|
|US5868311||Sep 3, 1997||Feb 9, 1999||Cretu-Petra; Eugen||Water faucet with touchless controls|
|US5879559||Oct 7, 1996||Mar 9, 1999||Erie Manufacturing Company||Valve controller for water conditioning system|
|US5944255||Aug 29, 1997||Aug 31, 1999||Shirmohamadi; Manuchehr||Shower water automatic temperature controller|
|US6003170||May 29, 1998||Dec 21, 1999||Friedrich Grohe Ag||Single-lever faucet with electronic control|
|US6056201||Oct 8, 1998||May 2, 2000||Ta; Su Chao||Water temperature detecting and controlling device|
|US6341389||Feb 1, 2001||Jan 29, 2002||Friedrich Grohe Ag & Co. Kg||Single-lever faucet with manual or automatic flow control|
|US6341731||May 11, 1999||Jan 29, 2002||Masco Corporation||Thermostatic mixing valve with sequential manual control|
|US6351603||Dec 22, 2000||Feb 26, 2002||Arwa Technologies, Inc.||Automatic water heating system|
|US6446875||Mar 20, 2001||Sep 10, 2002||Darrell G. Brooks||Water temperature and pressure control system|
|US6629645||Jan 30, 2002||Oct 7, 2003||Aqualisa Products Limited||Water mixing valve apparatus|
|US6676024||Sep 5, 2002||Jan 13, 2004||Masco Corporation||Thermostatic valve with electronic control|
|US6705534||Apr 12, 2002||Mar 16, 2004||Craig D. Mueller||Shower control system|
|US6758242||Mar 19, 2002||Jul 6, 2004||Masco Corporation Of Indiana||Spring-loaded rotational limit stop|
|US6802335||Jan 23, 2003||Oct 12, 2004||Masco Corporation Of Indiana||Faucet handle retainer|
|US6874535||May 19, 2003||Apr 5, 2005||Arichell Technologies, Inc.||Device and method for operating at least two valves|
|US6879863||Apr 9, 2003||Apr 12, 2005||Kohler Co.||User interface for controlling a whirlpool tub|
|US6883541||Mar 24, 2003||Apr 26, 2005||Hydrotek Corporation||Manual-automatic water faucet|
|US6962168||Jan 14, 2004||Nov 8, 2005||Masco Corporation Of Indiana||Capacitive touch on/off control for an automatic residential faucet|
|US20060231636||Apr 19, 2005||Oct 19, 2006||Schmitt Randall P||Fluid mixer|
|US20060231637||Apr 19, 2005||Oct 19, 2006||Schmitt Randall P||Fluid mixer|
|US20060231638||Apr 19, 2005||Oct 19, 2006||Jeffrey Belz||Electronic proportioning valve|
|US20070001018||Jul 1, 2005||Jan 4, 2007||Schmitt Randall P||Manual override for electronic proportioning valve|
|DE3407796A1||Mar 2, 1984||Sep 12, 1985||Grohe Armaturen Friedrich||Electronically operated valve device for mixing fluids|
|DE3430176A1||Aug 16, 1984||Mar 21, 1985||Frank Robards||Device for mixing hot and cold water|
|GB2143343A||Title not available|
|GB2270858A||Title not available|
|JPS6337411A||Title not available|
|KR890001016B1||Title not available|
|1||Aqualisa Products Limited, "ilux Bath with wall mounted spout," downloaded on Jul. 28, 2009 from http://www.aqualisa.co.uk/Our-products/Browse-showers-by-range/ilux-Digital2/ilux-Bath/, 2 pgs., Westerham, Kent, UK.|
|2||Precision MIL Style RV2, Precision Series N-1 Watt ¼'' shaft diameter, undated, 3 pgs.|
|3||Precision MIL Style RV2, Precision Series N—1 Watt ¼″ shaft diameter, undated, 3 pgs.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8820705||Jul 13, 2011||Sep 2, 2014||Masco Corporation Of Indiana||Faucet handle with angled interface|
|US9194110||Mar 7, 2013||Nov 24, 2015||Moen Incorporated||Electronic plumbing fixture fitting|
|US9464414 *||Aug 28, 2013||Oct 11, 2016||Smartap A.Y Ltd.||Household electronic mixing-valve device|
|US9567734||Jul 30, 2014||Feb 14, 2017||Delta Faucet Company||Faucet handle with angled interface|
|US20140069516 *||Aug 28, 2013||Mar 13, 2014||Smartap A.Y Ltd||Household Electronic Mixing-Valve Device|
|US20150369392 *||Jun 19, 2015||Dec 24, 2015||Kohler Co.||Trim system for fluid control valve|
|U.S. Classification||236/12.12, 251/129.11, 236/12.17, 137/597, 236/12.15, 137/607|
|International Classification||G05D23/13, F16K11/16, F16K11/20, F16K31/02|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T137/87692, G05D23/1393, Y10T137/87249|
|May 9, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MASCO CORPORATION OF INDIANA, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHMITT, RANDALL PAUL;REEL/FRAME:019271/0759
Effective date: 20070326
|Mar 19, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 24, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DELTA FAUCET COMPANY, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MASCO CORPORATION OF INDIANA;REEL/FRAME:035168/0845
Effective date: 20150219