|Publication number||US780662 A|
|Publication date||Jan 24, 1905|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 1904|
|Priority date||Jan 16, 1904|
|Publication number||US 780662 A, US 780662A, US-A-780662, US780662 A, US780662A|
|Inventors||Harry B Jessup|
|Original Assignee||Harry B Jessup|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
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@f5 @w44 Jawa/@- UNITED STATES Patented January V24, 1905.A
lPATENT OFFICE. l
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 780,662, dated January 24, 1905.
Applicationiiled January 16, 1904. Serial No. 189,244.
To @ZZ whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that I, HARRY B. .InssUIg a citizen of the United States, residing at Minneapolis, in the countyof Hennepin and, State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oandy-Oartons;iand I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilledin the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to'cartons or lpaper boxes especially adapted for Vvuse to contain candies and to be placed within a lpail or similar shipping-receptacle, and has for its object to improve the same in the several particulars hereinafter noted.
f The invention consists of the novel devices and combinations of devices hereinafter described, and defined in the claim.
As is a well-known fact, it is the common practice to employ7 cartons to hold candies and to pack these cartons in a pail for shipping, and it is of course very important that the entire space of the pail be'utilized,and hence it is desirable to have a plurality of boxes of such shape that they will iit together and completely iill the pail. It is also desirable to havea carton of such form that when removed from the pail and opened up it will afford a tray adapted to contain the candies. These desirable features I accomplish in my invention, which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and wherein like characters indicate like parts throughout the several views.
Figure 1 is a plan view of a candy-pail filled with my improved cartons. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the said pail with some parts broken away. Fig. 3 is a perspective View showing, one of my improved tray-forming cartons. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the carton shown in Fig.,3 converted into a tray, those portions thereof which are torn off being indicated by dotted lines; and Fig. 5 isa plan view showing the flat paper blank from which the convertible carton tray is constructed. f
The numeral 1 indicates the candypail, which, as is usual, flares slightly toward its top.
I will iirst describe the cartons or boxes with regard only to their general form and without regard tothe manner in which they are put together and made up. To iill the cross-section of the pail, I provide five cartons, the central member lbeing rectangular in cross-section and the surrounding cartons 2 being segmental and duplicates one of the other'. More specifically stated, the four surrounding cartons 2 have segmental outer surfaces that fit the interior surface of the pail, have flat bottoms which correspond in extent to and iit against the adjacent sides of the square central carton 1, and have diverging end walls that radiate from the corners of the rectangular central box or carton.
Two layers of the above-noted supplemental cartons are employed to fill the pail, and as a tapered flaring pail is usually employed the marginal or supplemental box-sections 2 are tapered slightly in a vertical direction to conform to the tapered pail. This vtaper of course will necessitate the making of the marginal cartons 2 of the lower layer slightly smaller than the corresponding cartons of the upper layer. rIhe central rectangular cartons l of both layers maybe of the same size, and these central cartons may be made up in any suitable way, not necessary for the purposes of this case to further consider.
By reference to Fig. l it will be noted that the ends of the marginal cartons 2 lie in planes which radiate from the axis of the pail, or, in other words, lie in radii of the arc of the cylindrical outer walls of the said marginal cartons.
Aside from the novel relation of the supplemental cartons the outer or marginal cartons 2involve novel features of construction, which will now be more fully considered. These cartons in view of their form described and in view of certain features presently to be noted are after they are opened up adapted to afford trays for holding the candy or other material. Each carton 2 is preferably made up from a single blank of quite light but tough paper, which is formedl with flaring segmental sides 4, flaring end- 4forming sections 5, and an approximately rectangular bottom-forming section 6. The end sections 5 are formed with cover or lid extensions 7 and with segmental corner-folds IOO 5a. The segmental sides 4 are adapted to be turned upward at the dotted lines y, While the ends 5 are adapted to be turned upward on the dotted lines y. rlhe corner-folds 5 are adapted to be bent or folded on the dotted lines y2, while the lid-sections 7 are adapted to be folded on the lines g3 when the box or carton is made up as shown in Fig. 3. The folded sides 4 are preferably interlocked with the folds 5a by lips 5b on the latter, which engage slits 4a of the former.
One of the cover-sections 7 is formed at its end With a head 7, which is adapted to engage with slits 7b of the underlapped top section to interlock the said two top sections 7. The said folded top sections 7 are also preferably provided with lateral interlocking heads 7c, which engage with slits 4b in the sides 4 to interlock the said sides to the said cover-seetions. rlhe cover-sections 7 are further preferably provided with downturned lips 7 d, Which are adapted to be interlapped with the edges of the sides 4 on the inner sides thereof. As is evident, the carton made up and interlocked as above described and as illustrated in Fig. 3 will be very securely held and will be comparatively rigid.
On the dotted lines g3 in the preferred construction are rows of p erforations, which adapt the cover-sections 7 to be easily torn off When it is desired to convert the carton into a tray, such as indicated by full lines in Fig. 4. In Fig. 4 the parts which are torn o are indicated by dotted lines. It is evident that the tray shown in Fig. 4 will afford a very convenient device to hold candies and will, in fact, hold all of the original contents of the iilled carton.
The entire device is extremely cheap to make, will leave no waste space in the pail, and the fact that the cartons are adapted to be used as trays and that the iilled cartons themselves have ample bases on which to rest will recommend them to the trade generally. It will of course be understood that the device described is capable of modiiications within the scope of my invention as herein set forth and claimed.
In some instances the folds 5 would be secured to the sides 4 by adhesive material or by wire fastenings.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is as follows:
A carton having a Hat bottom, divergil'ig ends and bulging top, said top being formed by extensions of said ends, and having interlocking engagement with each other and with the sides of the carton, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HARRY B. JESSUP.
E. H. KELIHER, F. l). MERCHANT
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