Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS7814721 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/661,980
PCT numberPCT/IT2004/000547
Publication dateOct 19, 2010
Filing dateOct 5, 2004
Priority dateDec 4, 2003
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCA2579557A1, EP1694929A1, US20080271397, WO2005054598A1
Publication number11661980, 661980, PCT/2004/547, PCT/IT/2004/000547, PCT/IT/2004/00547, PCT/IT/4/000547, PCT/IT/4/00547, PCT/IT2004/000547, PCT/IT2004/00547, PCT/IT2004000547, PCT/IT200400547, PCT/IT4/000547, PCT/IT4/00547, PCT/IT4000547, PCT/IT400547, US 7814721 B2, US 7814721B2, US-B2-7814721, US7814721 B2, US7814721B2
InventorsGabriele Raineri
Original AssigneeGabriele Raineri
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Double fret-shaped improved sheath for laying floors and/or linings with tiles, parquet, moquette, wall-paper, panel coatings and the like, as well as their quick pulling away in case of their replacement
US 7814721 B2
Abstract
A fret-shaped sheath for laying floors and/or linings and their following quick pulling away in case of replacement, including a fixed sheath (1) and a removable sheath (2) able to fit each other by their frets, wherein removable sheath is provided with elements suitably disposed along the joint surfaces between the sheaths and able to form rooms close to the joint surfaces which are prevented from being filled with glue or mortar of cement in order to retain the capability of being deformed of the joint surfaces between the fixed sheath and the removable sheath.
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(21)
1. A fret-shaped sheath for laying at least one of floors and linings and being configured for quick pulling away in case of replacement, said fret-shaped sheath including:
a fixed sheath; and
a removable sheath, said fixed sheath and said removable sheath being configured to fit each other by their frets,
wherein said removable sheath is provided with means suitably disposed along joint surfaces between said fixed sheath and said removable sheath and that form compartments close to said joint surfaces between said fixed sheath and said removable sheath which are prevented from being filled with glue or mortar of cement, said compartments each including a space between one of the walls forming said compartment.
2. The sheath according to claim 1, wherein said fixed sheath is provided with recesses and projections which are able to fit the corresponding projections and recesses of said removable sheath, respectively, said recesses and projections being shaped essentially like a dove tail.
3. The sheath according to claim 2, wherein the joint surfaces between said fixed sheath and said removable sheath are made of an elastic material.
4. The sheath according to claim 1, wherein only said removable sheath is capable of being deformed during removal or dismantling, said fixed sheath being prevented from deforming once a concrete bed of a supporting wall for said fret-shaped sheath is set.
5. The sheath according to claim 1, wherein only corners of fret projections of said removable sheath are capable of being deformed to get free of said fixed sheath, said deformation being possible owing to said compartments being free of glue or mortar of cement.
6. The sheath according to claim 1, wherein said means preventing said compartments from being filled consists of a sloped wall located near each inside corner of said removable sheath.
7. The sheath according to claim 6, wherein said sloped wall is parallel to the fret and is fastened to said removable sheath only by one longer side of said sloped wall, an other side of said sloped wall being freely movable and ending at a short distance from an inside surface of said removable sheath to prevent the mortar of cement from filling accidentally said compartment covered by said sloped wall that must remain empty to allow bending and deformation of generally vertical walls of the fret with respect to a horizontal wall.
8. The sheath according to claim 7, further comprising a projecting rib acting as a protective shield against the glue or cement is arranged at the free side of the sloped wall on a surface of the removable sheath in order to prevent the glue from entering accidentally the area between said sloped wall and an underlying one of said compartments that must remain empty.
9. The sheath according to claim 6, wherein the sloped wall is fastened longitudinally to said removable sheath at both sides and two walls of said removable sheath ending at the corner thereof are separated from each other so that said sloped wall connects structurally a horizontal wall of said removable sheath and an adjacent, essentially vertical wall of said removable sheath.
10. The sheath according to claim 6, wherein said sloped wall is a hollow bead which is opened longitudinally at the corner of said removable sheath facing said fixed sheath so that each said bead connects a horizontal wall of the removable sheath to an adjacent, essentially vertical wall of said removable sheath, thus preventing the compartment at said corner from being filled by the glue.
11. The sheath according to claim 1, wherein, for applications in which at least one of an underground bed and walls suffer from particular humidity problems, there are provided transpiration channels for outlet of vapour which are disposed just beneath said fixed sheath along the fret thereof.
12. The sheath according to claim 11, wherein said transpiration channels are formed by a bead of said fixed sheath having a cross section shaped like an umbrella which runs longitudinally inside the fret of said fixed sheath and rests with its “wings” or laps on two respective ribs slightly in relief with respect to a surface of the fret so as to form longitudinal channels which are not filled by the glue from a concrete bed or a wall for said fret-shaped sheath.
13. The sheath according to claim 12, wherein even when humidity cannot enter directly said fixed sheath and said removable sheath, said transpiration channels being configured so that the humidity travels along the fret of said channels until peripheral surfaces of at least one of a floor and a wall formed by said fret-shaped sheath and is dispersed to the environment.
14. The sheath according to claim 12, wherein a cross section shape of said bead has corrugated “wings” or generally triangular wings.
15. The sheath according to claim 1, wherein outer sides of said fixed sheath and said removable sheath are provided with ribs parallel to the fret and also shaped like a dove tail in order to improve seaming and sticking of said fixed sheath to a concrete bed or a wall as well as tiles or plaster to said removable sheath.
16. The sheath according to claim 1, configured for inside and outside plasters, wherein said fixed sheath and said removable sheath provide thermal insulation due to a “thermal shear” given by the two sheaths that are different and separated even if they penetrate each other, and
wherein said fixed sheath and said removable sheath are of plastic material so as to provide insulation from humidity and at least one of said fixed sheath and said removable sheath is not provided with through-holes.
17. The sheath according to claim 15, configured for anchoring finishing plasters to walls causes a clear break to propagation of cracks and settling between the wall and the plaster just because of the presence of two sheaths that are different and separated even if they penetrate each other, so that said fret-shaped sheath provides a mechanical anchorage due to the outside dove-tail scoring or ribbings and the shape of the fret as well.
18. The sheath according to claim 17, wherein anchorage of said fixed sheath and said removable sheath to the walls also by means of dowels in addition to cement glue prevents partition walls from sudden collapse suddenly in case of earthquake as said fixed sheath and said removable sheath act as stiffening means that give stability to the partition walls, so that a stabilizing action prevents or slackens the sudden collapse of the walls, even when it does not increase the resistance of the walls, and gives occupants a longer time to leave a building containing the walls.
19. The sheath according to claim 2, wherein only said removable sheath is capable of being deformed during removal or dismantling, said fixed sheath being prevented from deforming once a concrete bed of a supporting wall for said fret-shaped sheath is set.
20. The sheath according to claim 13, wherein a cross section shape of said bead has corrugated “wings” or generally triangular wings.
21. A fret-shaped sheath for laying at least one of floors and linings and being configured for quick pulling away in case of replacement, said fret-shaped sheath including:
a fixed sheath; and
a removable sheath, said fixed sheath and said removable sheath being configured to fit each other by their frets and are connected to each other only by their shapes,
wherein said removable sheath is provided with means suitably disposed along joint surfaces between said fixed sheath and said removable sheath and that form compartments close to said joint surfaces between said fixed sheath and said removable sheath which are prevented from being filled with glue or mortar of cement.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to building and more particularly an improved fret-shaped flexible sheath to be used for laying floors and/or linings of any type to allow their following quick pulling away in case of their replacement as well as a new laying without restoring the concrete bed below.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Usually, demolishing works are necessary to replace floors and tile linings as well as moquette, parquet or wall-paper and, in case, also the concrete bed below by means of tools and/or electrical or pneumatic percussion machines with evident well-known troubles involved by such activities as far as both noise and production of dust and debris is concerned and cost and demolition times as well.

Laying methods using sheaths in the name of the same applicant are known, however, the dismantling. i.e. lifting and removing the removable sheaths to which the tiles are applied from the fixed sheath anchored to the bed or the wall is effectively difficult.

These problems are essentially due to the fact that the cement glue used to fix the tiles to the removable sheath fills all rooms and grooves of the fret-shaped sheath, thus hindering the elastic deformation of the joint surfaces between the two (removable and fixed) sheaths and then make it particularly hard and difficult to pull away the tiles.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The main object of the present invention is to overcome such problems by providing a removable fret-shaped sheath provided with means able to retain the capability of being deformed of the joint surfaces between the two fixed and removable sheaths.

This has been accomplished according to the present invention by providing a removable sheath provided with partitions suitably disposed along the joint surfaces between the two sheaths to prevent the glue or mortar of cement from filling such joint surfaces.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other objects will be more readily apparent from the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings that show just by way of example some preferred embodiments with variations.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional view in which the two fret-shaped fixed and removable sheaths according to a first embodiment of the invention are not assembled on one another, and an enlarged view of a detail;

FIG. 2 is a front view of the two sheaths assembled on one another, and an enlarged view of a detail;

FIGS. 3 and 4 are three-dimensional views similar to the view of FIG. 1 but showing the fixed sheath and the removable sheath, respectively;

FIG. 5 is a front view of the two sheaths assembled on one another, in which several embodiments of the upper removable sheath are shown;

FIG. 6 shows a cross section of a second embodiment of the invention particularly used for concrete beds and/or walls with humidity problems;

FIG. 7 is a variation of the second embodiment of FIG. 6.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

With particular reference to FIG. 2, the disclosed fret-shaped sheaths consists of fixed fret-shaped sheath 1 bound to the concrete bed and a removable fret-shaped sheath 2 which is able to fit the other sheath and on which the plaster is then laid or the tiles or the like are glued.

According to the invention, the recesses and the projections of fixed sheath 1 which are able to fit the projections and the recesses of the removable sheath, respectively, are shaped essentially like a dove tail. Thus, the reciprocal joint between the fret-shaped sheaths is just due to the elasticity of the material which they are made of.

In particular, as the fixed fret-shaped sheath 1 cannot be deformed once the concrete bed of the supporting wall is set, it is evident that only removable sheath 2 is capable of being deformed during removal or dismantling. More specifically, only the sharp corners of the fret projections of removable sheath 2 are capable of being deformed to get free of fixed sheath 1. To this end, according to a peculiar feature of the invention, such corners are provided with means 4 able to prevent the inside room 5 of removable sheath 2 close to said sharp corners from being filled with glue or mortar, the setting of which would prevent said deformation that is necessary for an easy disengagement of the sheaths from each other.

In the disclosed embodiment, said means preventing the inside rooms 5 close to the fitted sharp corners of fixed 1 and removable 2 sheaths from being filled consists of a sloped wall or partition 4 located near each inside corner of removable sheath 2, preferably between the horizontal wall and the adjacent generally vertical wall.

Said sloped wall 4 is parallel to the fret and is fastened to the sheath only by one of its longer side, the other side being freely movable and ending at a short distance from the inside surface of removable sheath 2 to prevent the mortar of cement from filling accidentally room 5 covered by sloped wall 4 that must remain empty to allow the bending and the deformation of the generally vertical walls of the fret with respect to the horizontal wall. An embodiment of said sloped wall 4 can be seen in the enlarged detail of FIG. 2 and in FIG. 5. As can be seen from the figures, it is preferable that a projecting rib 4A acting as a protective shield against the cement glue which will be used, for instance, to glue the tiles is arranged at the free side of the sloped wall 4 on the surface of the removable sheath 2 in order to prevent the glue from entering accidentally the area between sloped wall 4 and the underlying room that must remain empty. Still in FIG. 5 there are shown some variations of sloped wall 4 indicate at B, C and D, respectively. They are able to keep a room free of cement glue at the corners of the projecting portions of the fret-shaped removable sheath 2, which projections fit into corresponding recesses of fixed sheath 1. In the variations shown there, the sloped wall (or partition) B, C and D is fastened longitudinally to removable sheath 2 at both sides and the two walls of removable sheath 2 ending at the corner are separated from each other. In other words, in such variations, sloped wall 4 connects structurally the horizontal wall to its two adjacent, essentially vertical walls.

It should be appreciated that in the variation indicated at B in FIG. 5 said sloped wall is replaced by a kind of hollow bead which is opened longitudinally at the corner facing fixed sheath 1. Also in this case, each bead B connects the horizontal wall of the fret-shaped removable sheath 2 to the adjacent, essentially vertical wall, thus preventing the room at the above-mentioned corner from being filled by the glue for sticking the tiles.

It is self-evident from the foregoing that sloped wall and its variations operate in the same way for any type of floor and wall lining as well.

A second embodiment of the invention shown in two variations in FIGS. 6 and 7 is particularly advantageous for applications in which the underground bed and/or the walls suffer from particular humidity problems.

In this second embodiment of the invention, there are provided transpiration channels 10 for the outlet of vapour which are preferably disposed just beneath fixed sheath 1 along the fret thereof.

More specifically, said transpiration channels 10 are formed by a bead 11 having a cross section shaped like an umbrella which runs longitudinally inside the fret of fixed sheath 1 and rests with its “wings” or laps on two respective ribs 12 slightly in relief with respect to the surface of the fret so as to form longitudinal channels which are not flooded and/or filled by the glue from the concrete bed or the wall. Thus, according to the present invention, even if the humidity cannot enter directly the two sheaths, it can travel along the fret of channels 10 until the peripheral surfaces of the floor and/or wall and be dispersed to the environment.

The cross section shape of bead 11 can have, for example, corrugated “wings” (FIG. 6) or generally triangular wings as shown in the variation of FIG. 7.

The outer sides of the sheaths are provided with ribs 3 parallel to the fret and also shaped like a dove tail in order to improve the seaming and sticking of fixed sheath 1 to the concrete bed or the wall as well as tiles or plaster to removable sheath 2.

It should be noted that the double sheath according to the present invention can also be used for inside and outside plasters, thus providing a number of advantages including the thermal insulation due to a “thermal shear” given by the two sheaths that are different and separated even if they penetrate each other, and the insulation from humidity as the sheaths are of plastic material and at least one of them is not provided with through-holes.

It should also be appreciated that the use of the double sheath disclosed above to anchor the finishing plasters to the walls cause a clear break to the propagation of cracks and settling between the wall and the plaster. This is particularly advantageous in case of vibrations due to earthquake as injuries to people and things caused by cracks of walls, ceilings and concrete that usually cause plaster and concrete to detach from the walls are suppressed or drastically reduced by the sheaths.

More specifically, the detachment of plaster is prevented by that the fret-shaped sheath according to the present invention provides a mechanical anchorage due to the outside dove-tail scoring or ribbings 3 and the shape of the fret as well.

Moreover, it should be appreciated that said mechanical anchorage and the resistance and elasticity properties of the sheaths, if the latter are also anchored to the walls by means of dowels in addition to cement glue, avoid that the partition walls collapse suddenly to the occupants of the building in case of earthquake as said sheaths act as stiffening means that give stability to the partition walls, outside curtain walls, eaves, etc. Said stabilizing action prevents or slackens the sudden collapse of the walls, even if it does not increase the resistance of the latter, and gives the occupants a longer time to leave the building.

The present invention has been described and illustrated according to some preferred embodiments thereof, however, it is self-evident that those skilled in the art can make a number of technically and/or functionally equivalent modifications and/or changes without departing from the scope of the present industrial invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US567985 *Jun 16, 1896Sep 22, 1896 Stair-pad or the like
US570733 *Feb 8, 1896Nov 3, 1896 William v
US2884780 *Apr 16, 1954May 5, 1959Ramirez Tomas ChavezWall of interlocked blocks
US3038573 *Aug 14, 1959Jun 12, 1962Aluminum Co Of AmericaCorrugated sheathing systems
US3667185 *Mar 30, 1970Jun 6, 1972Kaiser Aluminium Chem CorpPanel and lap joint made therefrom
US4676042 *Nov 1, 1985Jun 30, 1987Amca International CorporationSubpurlin and attachment assembly
US4936071 *Sep 5, 1989Jun 26, 1990Bridgestone/Firestone Inc.Metal roof reroofing system and method
US5402572 *Dec 28, 1993Apr 4, 1995Nci Building Systems, L.P.Apparatus and method for retrofitting a metal roof
US5761867 *Oct 11, 1996Jun 9, 1998Sport Court, Inc.Tile support insert
US5855101 *Aug 13, 1997Jan 5, 1999Nci Building Systems, Inc.Apparatus for retrofitting a metal roof
US5857292 *Jun 7, 1995Jan 12, 1999Harold Simpson, Inc.Roof support apparatus
US5881508 *Oct 15, 1997Mar 16, 1999Materials International, Inc.Decking extrusion
US6125607 *Feb 3, 1997Oct 3, 2000Poce; John DiWood article and method of manufacture
US6261394 *Jun 29, 1999Jul 17, 2001Gabriele RaineriMethod of laying floors which facilitates quick replacement of majolica tiles
US6286272 *Jul 21, 1998Sep 11, 2001Jean-Luc SandozProcess for installing a covering consisting of planks, laths or the like
US6305135 *May 13, 1999Oct 23, 2001Yoshiki KimuraComposite building material and method for manufacturing the same
US6594961 *Apr 6, 2001Jul 22, 2003Richard Alan LeinesDeck plank extrusion and retaining clip
US6631598 *Mar 16, 2001Oct 14, 2003Gabriele RaineriMethod for laying floors and/or linings with tiles, parquets, moquettes, wall-papers, covering panels and likes and for their subsequent quick removal in the case of replacement thereof, by means of a double zig-zag sheath of a flexible material and means for carrying out such method
US6691482 *Feb 16, 2001Feb 17, 2004Epic Metals CorporationDecking
US6959519 *Mar 10, 2003Nov 1, 2005General ElectricCorrugated polymeric zigzag sheet for greenhouse roof structures
US7121059 *May 7, 2003Oct 17, 2006Valinge Innovation AbSystem for joining building panels
US20020124501 *Mar 16, 2001Sep 12, 2002Gabriele RaineriMethod for laying floors and/or linings with tiles, parquets, moquettes, wall-papers, covering panels and likes and for their subsequent quick removal in the case of replacement thereof, by means of a double zig-zag sheath of a flexible material and means for carrying out such method
US20040093821 *Sep 30, 2003May 20, 2004Shinji TaenakMetal sheet pile
USD337169 *Feb 27, 1990Jul 6, 1993John Lysaght (Australia) Ltd.Metal decking
DE10119057A1Apr 18, 2001Oct 24, 2002Joerg R BauerMethod for laying tiles or fitting cladding panels using a corrugated spacer applied to the mounting surface and conventional cladding cement or adhesive
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8468758 *Jul 31, 2008Jun 25, 2013Royde & Tucker LimitedSupport frame for sliding door
US20100307077 *Jul 31, 2008Dec 9, 2010Royde & Tucker LimitedSupport frame for sliding door
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/537, 52/443, 52/589.1, 52/450, 52/590.1
International ClassificationE04F13/04, E04G23/00, E04F15/02, E04F13/08, B32B7/06, E04D3/30, B32B3/06
Cooperative ClassificationE04F13/04, E04G23/006, E04F13/0885, E04F15/02, E04F13/0862, E04F13/08
European ClassificationE04F13/08Q, E04F15/02, E04F13/08, E04F13/08C, E04G23/00D, E04F13/04
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 9, 2014FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20141019
Oct 19, 2014LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
May 30, 2014REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jun 26, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: MERCK & CO., INC., NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:AMATRUDA, JOHN M.;DARUWALA, PAUL;ERONDU, NGOZI E.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:019481/0777;SIGNING DATES FROM 20050909 TO 20050919
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:AMATRUDA, JOHN M.;DARUWALA, PAUL;ERONDU, NGOZI E.;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20050909 TO 20050919;REEL/FRAME:019481/0777