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Publication numberUS7849157 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 12/126,632
Publication dateDec 7, 2010
Filing dateMay 23, 2008
Priority dateMay 23, 2007
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS8838734, US20080301257, US20110078577
Publication number12126632, 126632, US 7849157 B2, US 7849157B2, US-B2-7849157, US7849157 B2, US7849157B2
InventorsSubrahmanyam Allamaraju, Nathan Edward Lipke, Kevin Blair Frender, Jeffrey Elliot Mueller
Original AssigneeOracle International Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System and method for consumer entitlements in portal services
US 7849157 B2
Abstract
A system to support consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications to decide which portlets to be offered to Consumer web applications can comprise: a role set which includes a plurality of roles; a Consumer web application adapted to interact with end users; and a Producer web application with a set of portlets operable to be combined in a unified portal for end users. The Producer web application operates to: define a property set that allows end users to input values for the property set; map the Consumer web application to one particular role in the role set; and check for portlets that are available among the set of portlets based on the particular role.
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Claims(18)
1. A system to support a federated portal, comprising:
one or more processors;
a plurality of producer web applications that host a plurality of portlet applications on a plurality of web servers, wherein each said producer web application is deployed on a separate web server in the plurality of web servers, and each said producer web application is a container web application that hosts one or more said portlet applications, wherein each said portlet application is deployed and maintained separately;
a consumer web application, on said one or more processors, adapted to collect and present available portlet applications in the plurality of portlet applications hosted on the plurality of web servers and offer the available portlet applications as a unified portal to end users;
wherein the consumer web application operates to
establish contact with each said producer web application, and
ask each said producer web application for available portlet applications hosted on said producer web application, and
wherein each said producer web application operates to
define a property set that allows end users to input values for the property set;
map the consumer web application to one particular role in a role set which includes a plurality of roles;
check for portlet applications that are available among the one or more portlet applications on said producer web application based on the particular role, and
response to the consumer web application with a message that describes the available portlet applications hosted in the producer web application.
2. The system according to claim 1, further comprising:
additional consumer web application adapted to interact with each said producer web application,
wherein the producer web application maps the additional consumer web application to a corresponding particular role in the role set and check for available portlet applications based on the corresponding particular role for the additional consumer web application.
3. The system according to claim 1, wherein:
the producer web application describes the property set as registration properties.
4. The system according to claim 3, wherein:
the producer web application maps the consumer web application to one particular role in the role set based on the registration properties.
5. The system according to claim 3, wherein:
the consumer web application pops up a form for entering registration property values.
6. The system according to claim 3, further comprising:
a database, wherein the producer web application stores the registration properties in the database and generates a registration handle which is returned to the consumer web application.
7. A method to support a federated portal, comprising the steps of:
providing a plurality of producer web applications that host a plurality of portlet applications on a plurality of web servers, wherein each said producer web application is deployed on a separate web server in the plurality of web servers, and each said producer web application is a container web application that hosts one or more said portlet applications, wherein each said portlet application is deployed and maintained separately;
providing a consumer web application adapted to collect and present available portlet applications in the plurality of portlet applications hosted on the plurality of web servers and offer the available portlet applications as a unified portal to end users;
allowing the consumer web application to
establish contact with each said producer web application, and
ask each said producer web application for available portlet applications hosted on said producer web application; and
allowing each said producer web application operates to
define a property set that allows end users to input values for the property set;
map the consumer web application to one particular role in a role set which includes a plurality of roles;
check for portlet applications that are available among the one or more portlet applications on said producer web application based on the particular role, and
response to the consumer web application with a message that describes the available portlet applications hosted in the producer web application.
8. The method according to claim 7, further comprising:
receiving a request from a consumer web application for service description.
9. The method according to claim 7, further comprising:
receiving a request from a consumer web application for registration.
10. The method according to claim 7, further comprising:
describing the properties within the property set as registration properties to a consumer web application.
11. The method according to claim 10, further comprising:
storing values of the registration properties associated with the consumer web application to a database.
12. The method according to claim 11, further comprising:
generating a registration handle and returning it to the consumer web application.
13. The method according to claim 7, further comprising:
mapping another consumer web application to another particular role within the role set based on the properties.
14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
checking the producer web application for portlet applications that are available to the another consumer web application based on the another particular role.
15. A non-transitory machine readable storage medium to support a federated portal having instructions stored thereon that when executed cause a system to:
provide a plurality of producer web applications that host a plurality of portlet applications on a plurality of web servers, wherein each said producer web application is deployed on a separate web server in the plurality of web servers, and each said producer web application is a container web application that hosts one or more said portlet applications, wherein each said portlet application is deployed and maintained separately;
provide a consumer web application adapted to collect and present available portlet applications in the plurality of portlet applications hosted on the plurality of web servers and offer the available portlet applications as a unified portal to end users;
allow the consumer web application to
establish contact with each said producer web application, and
ask each said producer web application for available portlet applications hosted on said producer web application; and
allow each said producer web application operates to
define a property set that allows end users to input values for the property set;
map the consumer web application to one particular role in a role set which includes a plurality of roles;
check for portlet applications that are available among the one or more portlet applications on said producer web application based on the particular role, and
response to the consumer web application with a message that describes the available portlet applications hosted in the producer web application.
16. The system according to claim 1, wherein:
the consumer web application receives only user interface markups for a user interface from each said producer web application, and present the user interface to the end users.
17. The system according to claim 1, wherein:
the message contains metadata that is offered by each said producer web application.
18. The system according to claim 1, wherein:
at least one said producer web application provides a different set of available portlet applications to a different consumer web application that is associated with a different role.
Description
CLAIM OF PRIORITY

This application claims priority from the following application, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety:

U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/939,820, entitled SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONSUMER ENTITLEMENT, by Subrahmanyam Allamaraju, filed on May 23, 2007.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to copyright protection. The copyright owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure, as it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent file or records, but otherwise reserves all copyright rights whatsoever.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the field of supporting consumer entitlements in federated portal development.

BACKGROUND

Web Services for Remote Portlets (WSRP) is a web services protocol for aggregating content and interactive web applications from remote sources. WSRP is a key standard that underlies federated portals. Essentially, WSRP allows remote, distributed portlets to be brought together at runtime into a unified portal page.

Web Services for Remote Portlets provide both application and presentation logic. This is different from standard web services, or data-oriented web services, which contain business logic but lack presentation logic and thus require that every client implement that logic on its own.

While the data-oriented approach works well in many implementations, it is not well suited for dynamically integrating business applications. For example, to integrate an order status web service into a commerce portal, one would need to write code to display the results of the status services into the portal. Using WSRP, with the presentation logic included in the web service, one can achieve the aggregation of applications and services dynamically. One no longer needs to develop the presentation logic in order to do the integration; one can simply request the order status service to show up as a portlet inside the commerce portal at a predetermined location.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1A illustrates the components of a federated portal.

FIG. 1B illustrates the communication between the components of a federated portal, a Consumer and a Producer.

FIG. 2 is an illustration of an exemplary framework of supporting consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications to decide which portlets to offer to Consumer web applications in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is an illustration of an exemplary process of supporting consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications to decide which portlets to offer to Consumer web applications in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The invention is illustrated by way of example and not by way of limitation in the figures of the accompanying drawings in which like references indicate similar elements. It should be noted that references to “an” or “one” or “some” embodiment(s) in this disclosure are not necessarily to the same embodiment, and such references mean at least one.

The description of the invention as following uses the WebLogic Portal environment as an example for a federated portal environment and WebLogic Portal WSRP implementation as an example for portal WSRP implementation. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that other types of federated portal environment and portal WSRP implementation can be used without limitation.

A federated portal can be a portal that includes remotely distributed resources, including remote portlets, books, and pages. These remote resources can be collected and brought together at runtime to a portal application called a consumer, which presents the federated portal to end users. Unlike a non-federated, entirely local portal, in most cases, the individual remote parts of a federated portal can be maintained, updated, and released independently without redeploying the consumer portal in which they are surfaced.

Federated portals can be:

    • a. Distributed—Portlets can be deployed on remote systems across the enterprise.
    • b. Decoupled—The portal and its portlets may not depend upon one another.

In most cases, remote portlets can be maintained and deployed separately from the federated portal.

    • c. Collaborative—Remote portlets can communicate and share data.
    • d. Plug-and-Play—One can easily locate and use remote portlets.

Programming is usually not required to consume remote portlets.

    • e. Standards based—federated portals such as WebLogic Portal federated portals can be built upon open standards, such as WSRP, SOAP, WSDL, SAML, UDDI, and WS-Security.

FIG. 1A illustrates the components of a federated portal. Note that a portal WSRP implementation, such as the WebLogic Portal WSRP implementation, can allow the addition of typical Portal services, such as personalization, customization, and user management. This can mean that remote portlets can be given the same look and feel and the same levels of portal security as local portlets.

A producer 101 can be a container web application that hosts portlets. Through proxy portlets, consumers 102 can collect and present remote portlets (portlets hosted on producers) to users 103. All application codes (page flows, backing files, Java classes, controls, EJBs, and so on) can reside on the producer. Consumers 102 may only receive fragments of markup from producers 101 which are collected and presented to users 103.

A consumer 102 is a web application that can collect remote portlets and offer them in a unified portal to end users who use a browser to view and interact with the portal. In addition to federating portlets, there can be federate books and pages. Typically, a consumer 102 does not include the business logic, data, or user interface parts of a portlet: it can simply collect user interface markup delivered from producers and presents that user interface to users.

Consumers 102 can be administration-centric. This can mean that administrators, rather than developers, typically focus their time on consumers. Administrators can locate and consume remote portlets, manage users, set up entitlements, and so on.

As shown in FIG. 1B, to consume 102 a remote portlet hosted on a producer 101, a consumer 102 can ask a producer 101 for information about the portlets it offers. The consumer 102 can first contact a producer 101 using the producer's WSDL URL. This initial contact can verify the availability of the producer 101 and its services. Next, the consumer 102 can ask the producer 101 for a description of the portlets it offers. The producer 101 can respond to the consumer with a SOAP message that describes the portlets and associated metadata that are offered by the producer 101.

A typical Producer implementation provides WSRP Consumers access to all available portlets. When two different consumers send a request to get the ServiceDescription from a Producer (via the getServiceDescription request), both Consumers get the same array of offeredPortlets. However, there can be situations when certain Consumers are allowed to use only certain Portlets on a given Producer. For example, a Producer may want to offer only certain kinds of portlets to a public portal Consumer, but offer more portlets to an internal HR portal Consumer.

One of the use cases can be to control portlets offered to a given Consumer based on who the Consumer is, in which case the administrators of the Producer can define rules to offer or not to offer a given portlet to a Consumer.

Other related use cases can include:

    • a. preventing a Consumer from customizing a portlet by sending a setPortletProperties request;
    • b. preventing a Consumer from cloning a portlet by sending a clonePortlet request;
    • c. preventing a Consumer from deleting a previously cloned portlet by sending a destroyPortlets request;
    • d. preventing a Consumer from viewing the properties of a portlet by sending a getPortletProperties or getPortletPropertyDescriptions request; and
    • e. preventing a user using a Consumer from customizing a portlet.

FIG. 2 is an illustration of an exemplary framework of supporting consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications to decide which portlets to offer to Consumer web applications in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, with consumer entitlements, property values obtained during registration, among other things, can be used to provide a way for the producer to get finer grained control over provisioning of the portlets it offers. The implementation of this feature can use expressions to create role mappings based on property values provided by consumers during registration. For example, if producer A were to require that consumers provide values for properties X, Y and Z, it could create expressions that, at request time, assigned a consumer to role P if the property values they provided were m, n and o and to role Q if the property values they provided were d, e and f. The producer could then use these roles to set entitlements on portlets so that operation like view or edit or delete can only be performed by the specified roles. As a result, the WSRP producer can control WSRP consumers' access to portlets it provides by using property information provided during registration.

One embodiment of the present invention is a system to support consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications 201 to decide which portlets 206(a-f) to offer to a Consumer web applications 202. Such a system can comprise a role set 204 which includes a plurality of roles 208(a-n); a Consumer web application 202 adapted to interact with end users 203; and a Producer web application 201 with a set of portlets 206(a-f) operable to be combined in a unified portal for end users. Here, the Producer web application 201 can operate to define a property set 207 that allows end users to input values for the property set 207; map the Consumer web application 202 to one particular role 208 a in the role set 204; and check for portlets that are available among the set of portlets 206(a-f) based on the particular role 208 a.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the Consumer web application 202 can collect a group of portlets from the set of portlets 206(a-f) of the Producer web application 201 and combine the group of portlets in a unified portal for end users 203.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can be additional Producer web applications with additional sets of portlets, wherein the Consumer web application 202 can further collect portlets from the additional sets of portlets of the Producer web applications and can further combine all collected portlets in a unified portal for end users.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be additional Consumer web applications adapted to interact with end users, wherein the Producer web application 201 can further map the additional Consumer web applications to corresponding particular roles in the role set and check for portlets that are available among the set of portlets based on each particular role for each additional Consumer web application.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the Producer web application 201 can describe the property set 207 as registration properties.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the Producer web application 201 can map the Consumer web application 202 to one particular role in the role set 204 based on the registration properties.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the Consumer web application 202 can pop up a form for entering registration property values.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a database 205, wherein the Producer web application 201 stores the registration properties in the database 205 and generates a registration handle which is returned to the Consumer web application 202.

FIG. 3 is an illustration of an exemplary process of supporting consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications to decide which portlets to offer to Consumer web applications in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

One embodiment of the present invention is a method to support consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications 201 to decide which portlets 206(a-f) to offer to Consumer web applications 202. Such a method can comprise the steps of: defining a role set including a plurality of roles 302; setting up a property set with a plurality of properties 301; mapping a Consumer web application to a particular role within the role set based on the properties 310; and checking a Producer web application with a set of portlets for portlets that are available to the Consumer web application based on the particular role 311.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of receiving a request from a Consumer web application for service description 309.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of receiving a request from a Consumer web application for registration 306.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of describing the properties within the property set as registration properties to a Consumer web application 304.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of storing values of the registration properties associated with the Consumer web application to a database 307.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of generating a registration handle and returning it to the Consumer web application 308.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of mapping another Consumer web application to another particular role within the role set based on the properties.

In one embodiment of the present invention, there can also be a step of checking the Producer web application for portlets that are available to another Consumer web application based on another particular role.

One embodiment of the present invention is a method to support consumer entitlement that allows Producer web applications to decide which portlets to offer to Consumer web applications. Such a method can comprise the steps of: receiving property values from end users 305; mapping a consumer web application to a particular role within the role set based on the property values 310; checking a Producer web application with a set of portlets for portlets that are available to the Consumer web application based on the particular role 311; and providing the available portlets to the Consumer web application 312.

One embodiment may be implemented using a conventional general purpose of a specialized digital computer or microprocessor(s) programmed according to the teachings of the present disclosure, as will be apparent to those skilled in the computer art. Appropriate software coding can readily be prepared by skilled programmers based on the teachings of the present discloser, as will be apparent to those skilled in the software art. The invention may also be implemented by the preparation of integrated circuits or by interconnecting an appropriate network of conventional component circuits, as will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art.

One embodiment includes a computer program product which is a storage medium (media) having instructions stored thereon/in which can be used to program a computer to perform any of the features present herein. The storage medium can include, but is not limited to, any type of disk including floppy disks, optical discs, DVD, CD-ROMs, micro drive, and magneto-optical disks, ROMs, RAMs, EPROMs, EEPROMs, DRAMs, flash memory of media or device suitable for storing instructions and/or data stored on any one of the computer readable medium (media), the present invention can include software for controlling both the hardware of the general purpose/specialized computer or microprocessor, and for enabling the computer or microprocessor to interact with a human user or other mechanism utilizing the results of the present invention. Such software may include, but is not limited to, device drivers, operating systems, execution environments/containers, and user applications.

Embodiments of the present invention can include providing code for implementing processes of the present invention. The providing can include providing code to a user in any manner. For example, the providing can include transmitting digital signals containing the code to a user; providing the code on a physical media to a user; or any other method of making the code available.

Embodiments of the present invention can include a computer implemented method for transmitting code which can be executed at a computer to perform any of the processes of embodiments of the present invention. The transmitting can include transfer through any portion of a network, such as the Internet; through wires, the atmosphere or space; or any other type of transmission. The transmitting can include initiating a transmission of code; or causing the code to pass into any region or country from another region or country. For example, transmitting includes causing the transfer of code through a portion of a network as a result of previously addressing and sending data including the code to a user. A transmission to a user can include any transmission received by the user in any region or country, regardless of the location from which the transmission is sent.

Embodiments of the present invention can include a signal containing code which can be executed at a computer to perform any of the processes of embodiments of the present invention. The signal can be transmitted through a network, such as the Internet; through wires, the atmosphere or space; or any other type of transmission. The entire signal need not be in transit at the same time. The signal can extend in time over the period of its transfer. The signal is not to be considered as a snapshot of what is currently in transit.

The forgoing description of preferred embodiments of the present invention has been provided for the purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the relevant arts. For example, steps preformed in the embodiments of the invention disclosed can be performed in alternate orders, certain steps can be omitted, and additional steps can be added. The embodiments where chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application, thereby enabling others skilled in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments and with various modifications that are suited to the particular used contemplated. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the claims and their equivalents.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification709/217, 709/219
International ClassificationG06F15/16
Cooperative ClassificationG06Q10/00
European ClassificationG06Q10/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 7, 2014FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Oct 15, 2010ASAssignment
Owner name: ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BEA SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025192/0244
Effective date: 20101008
Aug 14, 2008ASAssignment
Owner name: ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ALLAMARAJU, SUBRAMANYAM;LIPKE, NATHAN EDWARD;FRENDER, KEVIN BLAIR;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:021393/0487;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080807 TO 20080811
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ALLAMARAJU, SUBRAMANYAM;LIPKE, NATHAN EDWARD;FRENDER, KEVIN BLAIR;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080807 TO 20080811;REEL/FRAME:021393/0487
Owner name: ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ALLAMARAJU, SUBRAMANYAM;LIPKE, NATHAN EDWARD;FRENDER, KEVIN BLAIR;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080807 TO 20080811;REEL/FRAME:021393/0487