US 786268 A
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No. 786,268. PATENTED APR. 4, 1905. P. B. COREY & Af-G. SAVAGE.
I GOLF GLU'B.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 29,1904.
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UNITED STATES Patented April 4, 1905.
FRED B. COREY ANl) ARTHUR C. SAVAGE, OF SCI'IENEOTADY, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 786,268, dated April 4, 1905 Application filed July 29,1904. Serial No. 218,592.
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Be it known that we, FRED B. COREY and AirrnunTC. SAVAGE, citizens of the United States, residing at Schenectady, in the county of Schenectady and State of New York, have T with greater accuracy, and thus to place the ball in the hole with a less number of strokes than with clubs heretofore used.
In playing this game it is customary first to place the club directly back of the ball to determine if the player is in the proper position in relation to the ball and if the club is held properly to give the desired course to the ball when the blow is delivered. The player should stand in such a position and hold his club in such a manner as to place the striking-face of the club at right angles to the desired course of the ball, and it therefore becomes-necessary to be able easily to determine when the club is in this position. Heretofore this fact has; not been generally recognized and noprovision has been made for readily observing the angle of the face of the club I with respect to the proposed line of flight of the ball. We have discovered the fact that it is most easy to place the edge of an object perpendicular to a line when the object has upon it two parallel straight lines, one of which is the edge referred to, and especially is this the case when these two parallel straight lines are in close proximity to each other and extend for a considerable distance either side of theirpoints of intersection with the line of reference. After the player is satisfied that his position is correct and that he is holding the club in such a Way as to give the desired direction to the ball the club is swung back i from the ball and then downward, so as to i strike the ball with the striking-face in the same relation to the ball that it was before I the club was swung. It often happens, however, that the club in descending and swinging toward the ball touches the ground just previous to its contact with the ball. If the point of contact with the ground is directly back of the ball that is, in line with the exclub will not be thrown from its proper angular relation to the proposed course of the ball, and when the ball is struck it will be driven in the desired direction. If, however, the club strikes the ground at a point other than in line with the expected point of resistl ance that is, the expected point of impact between the club and the ball-the face of the club will be detlecfed from its proper angular relation to tho-desired course of the ball and the expected results will not be secured. These facts have been determined by .caret'ul observation and experiment in the working out of our invention herein described.
Our invention consists of a club of the class described, the head of which is preferably symmetrical with respect to a central plane, the upper surface of the said head being of such form as to present to the eye of the player two parallel contiguous lines of considerable length extending for a considerable distance on either side of the normal point of impact between the club and the ball, the said lines being contiguous from the heel to the toe of the club, the axis of the shaft of the club being included in the plane of symmetry and intersecting the head between the two parallel lines referred to and between the center of mass and the heel of the club.
the head of which has its sole or under surface circular in outline, the center of the said circular outline being in a. vertical plane perpendicular to the face of the club at the normal point of impact, so that when playing on smooth ground the cl". will first strike the ground directly back of the ball and in line with its desired cour 3e, thus eliminating the tendency toward any change in the angular Our invention further consists of a club pected point of resistancethe face of the relation between the face of the club and the proposed course of the ball, described above.
In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate our invention, Figure 1 is a side view of the head of the golf-club with a portion of the shaft. Fig. 2 is a top View of the same club with the shank sectioned on the line A A of Fig. 1. Fig.3 is a sectional view of the same club, the section being taken on the line B B in Fig. 1.
In the drawings, C and D represent the two striking faces of the club, the face C being used by a right-handed player and the face D by a left-handed player. I
E represents the top surface of the head of the club. This surface being comparatively long and narrow is bounded on two sidesby the long, parallel, and straight edgesF and G,
' each of which extends in an unbroken line the heel H to the toe J of the club, the said edges F and G serving as guides for the proper placing of the club with reference to the ballthat is, placing these edges perpendicular to the desired course of theball precontinuity of the edges C and D, as it has paratory to making a stroke.
The lower surface or sole M of the club is headof the club; but it may be made sepa- 'rately and attached thereto in any desired manner, or the shaft may be attached directly to the head without the interposition of a shank without departing from the constructionwhich constitutes our invention. That part .of the shank or shaft directly above the surface C is laterally contracted, as shown at the section A A, so as not to interrupt the been found that any interruption of the continuity of these edges or eitherof them greatly impairs their value as guides in properly p'lacing the club.
It has been clearly demonstrated by a series of trials by players'highly skilled in the game of golf and also by players who have not yet attained to any considerable degree of skill that with clubs constructed in accordance with our invention the course of the ball can be tiguous and parallel angular edges formed by the intersection of the side surfaces with the top surface and extending from the heel to the toe, and a shank situate between the heel and the toe, the said shank being so formed as to not interrupt. the continuity of the said edges.
3.'In a golf-club, a head having two contiguous and parallel angular edges formed by the intersection of the side surfaces with the top surface and extending from the heel to the toe, a shaft the axis of which passes between the said parallel edges, and means for attaching the shaft to the head without interrup'ting the continuity of the said edges.
at. In a golf-club, a head having two contiguous and parallel angular edges formed by i the intersection of the side surfaces with the top surface and extending from the heel to -the toe, and a shank the axial line of which extends between the two paralled edges and between the center of mass and the heel.
5. In a golf-club, a head the under surface of which is cylindrical, the axis of the said cylindrical surface being in a plane passing through the normal point of impact and perpendicular to the striking-face.
6. In a golf-club, a head the under surface of which is cylindrical, the axis of the said cylindrical surface lying in a plane passing through the normal point of impact and perpendicular to the striking-face and to the upper surface of the head.
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our names this 26th day of July, 1904.
FRED B. COREY. ARTHUR C. SAVAGE.
. WALTER W. BROWN, 0. LANGDON PERRY.