US 786492 A
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No. 786,492. PATENTED APR. 4,1905. G. F. GARIMALDI.
BOTTLE STOPPER EXTRAGTOR.
APPLIUATION FILED NOV. 14. 1904.
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No.786,492. PATENTED APR.4,1905.
c. P. GARIMALDI.
BOTTLE STOPPER EXTRAGTOR.
APPLICATION FILED NOV.14, 1904.
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Patented April 4:, 1905.
CARLO F. GARIMALDI, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 786,492, dated April 4, 1905.
Application filed November 14, 1904. Serial No. 232,687-
To ttZZ whom it vita/y concern.-
Be it known that I, CARLO F. GARIMALDI, a citizen of the United States, residing at Baltimore,in the State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stopper Extractors, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in bottle-stopper extractors.
The object of the invention is to provide a tool or device of this character which will be capable of use in the removal of various forms of stoppers and bottle-closures now in general use, and thus avoid the necessity of keeping at hand a plurality of devices each of which is useful only in connection with a special form of stopper or bottle-closure.
One of the principal features of the invention lies in the construction whereby the ordinary cork stopper is withdrawn. In connection with this feature, however, it is to be understood that I am aware it has heretofore been proposed to provide a device to rest on the lip of a bottle after the corkscrew has been entered in the cork, whereby a leverage may be formed to enable the cork to be readily started from the bottle-neck. All devices of this character which have come under my notice are capable only of partly withdrawing the cork, and the final withdrawing operation must be performed in the usual way by a direct pull on the stopper, and the trouble in removing the stopper is not entirely overcome. By my invention the stopper may be entirely withdrawn from the neck by the leverage operation.
Other objects and advantages will hereinafter he pointed out and made the subject of special claims.
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 illustrates a side elevation of the improved stopper-extractor folded as when carried in the pocket. Fig. 2 illustrates a side elevation of the device with its cork-extracting members in position ready for withdrawing a cork stopper from a bottle. Fig. 3 illustrates the same devices and their relative positions at the end of the preliminary or first operation in the removal of the cork stopper.
In this figure, however, the side plate has been removed in order that the more important structural features may be disclosed. Fig. t illustrates the same devices with the fulcrumpoint of the operating-lever changed, so as to permit of the final or further operation in the removal of the cork stopper. Fig. 5 shows the same devices after the final operation, with the stopper entirely withdrawn. Fig. 6 illustrates the device in its application to remove the well-known crown-seal. Fig. 7 shows the wire-cutter portion ofthe device, one side plate being removed. Figs. 8 and 9 illustrate a bottom plan View and side elevation, respectively, of the fulcrum-lever and crown-seal remover; and Fig. 10 shows a well-known internal seal having a staple with which the point end of the fulcrum-lever engages'during removal.
In so far as practicable the several devices are preferably formed from stiff sheet-metal blanks; but it is obvious they may be otherwise formed.
In the drawings, 1 designates one side plate, and 2 the other side plate, which together form an operating-lever and between which the several movable parts are pivoted. Near one end and between the plates 1 and 2 is a fulcrum-lever 3, which is preferably formed by folding a sheet-metal blank so as to form substantiallyparallel vertical sides L and 5. At one end these vertical sides are provided with a longitudinal slot 6, the outer end of which extends laterally to form a shoulder 7. A pin 8 extends through the plate 1 and also through the slots 6 in the sides of the fulcrum-lever, and the inserted end of the pin terminates in the plate 2, where it is preferably riveted to prevent its working out. By means of this pin the fulcrum-lever is secured between the plates 1 and 2, but is capable of movement both in a horizontal and vertical direction by means of the slot. The free end of the fulcrum-lever is preferably bent to form a U-shaped head 9, with a graduallypointed end 10. Between the head and the slot the fulcrum-lever is provided with a stationary crosswise-extending pin 11, the ends of which when the lever is folded beneath the side plates fit into a semicircular notch 12 in the bottom edge of the side plates. Then the lever is in the extended position, as seen in Fig. 6, the cross-pin 11 fits into a notch 13 at the end of the side plates, which prevents the lever from moving vertically when removing the crown-seal. The vertical side 4 of the fulcrum-lever is provided with a springplate having lateral projection 14 punched from the inner side, and which when the le ver is folded will spring into a perforation 15 in the side plate 1 and hold the lever in the folded position between the plates. The lower inner ends of the slots form a fulcrum-point 16 for the pin 8 to seat on, as seen in Fig. 3, and which will presently be described. Adjacent the head 9 the edges of the parallel sides of the fulcrum-lever are cut away to form a cavity or notch 17, and at the innerside of the cavity each side of the lever is provided with a lateral hook or projection 18, the function of which, as plainly seen in Fig. 6, is to take beneath the corrugated flange of the crown-seal, while the head 9 rests on top of the seal to enable the latter to be peeled, as it were, from the bottle-neck. It is during this operation that the pin 11 fits into the end notch 13 to hold the fulcrum-lever rigidly between the side plates.
A corkscrew 20 of the ordinary form has a stem 21, which has position between the side plates and is pivotally secured thereto by a pin 22. The inner end of this stem has a flat head 23, on which a flat spring-arm 24 rests to keep the corkscrew in a pendent or vertical position when in use, and when the corkscrew is not in use the said flat spring will contact with the side of the stem and hold the corkscrew in the folded position. The springarm 24 is formed from a plate 25, which latter is riveted to the side plate 2. A singularly-formed spring-arm 26 also projects from c the plate to coact with a wire-cutter which will hereinafter be described. The lower or bottom edge of the plates 1 and 2 are notched or cut away at 27 in order to expose the corkscrew and enable it to be grasped by the tingers after it has been folded up against the edges of the side plates. The end 28 of the plate 2, adjacent the notch or cut-away portion 27, is rounded, and said end is provided with a semicircular notch 29, and a pin 30 projects laterally from said plate and is secured in the plate 1. This pin therefore projects horizontally between the two side plates and serves as a stop, as will now be described.
A lever 31 has a head 32, which is pivotally secured between the side plates by a pin 33. This head is provided at its outer side with a circumferential notch 34, with a shoulder 35 at one end of the notch and a beveled cutting edge 36 at theppposite end of the notch. This cutting edge has position at the side adjacent the semicircular notch 29 in the plate 2, and
the pin 30 has position in the circumferential notch 34 of the head and between the shoulder 35 and cutting edge 36. The position of the pin is such as to serve as astop against which the shoulder 35 strikes when the lever 31 is swung outwardly, as seen in Fig. 7. A recess 37 is formed in the under side of the head beneath the lever, and the outer or free end 38 of the spring-arm 26 fits in said recess 37 and serves to keep the lever 31 normally closed between the side plates. The end of the plate 1 which confronts the beveled cutting edge 36 of the head is also provided with a notch 39, so that when the lever 31 is moved outward away from the plates the semicircular notch 29 will be opened to receive a wire. After the wire is fitted into the notch the lever is moved back toward the side plates, and the cutting edge will sever the wire at a point between the head 32 and side plate 2. Thus an effective wire-cutter is provided to sever the wires sometimes used in securing cork stoppers in bottle-necks.
The operation of extracting a cork will now be described. By reference to Fig. 2 it will be seen that the first operation consists of inserting the corkscrew in the cork stopper and then resting the U-shaped head 9 on the mouth or rim edge of the bottle-neck. When the parts are thus positioned, the stationary pin 8, which passes through the slots 6 of the fulcrum-lever, has position at the lower end of said slots and rests on the lower fulcrumpoint 16. While in this position, the operating-lever formed by the outer projecting ends of the side plates will be raised, and as the fulcrum-lever is supported on the rim edge of the bottle-neck and cannot move downwardly the corkscrew and stopper will be compelled to move upwardly and away from the bottle-neck until the parts assume the position seen in Fig. 3. This is the limit to the upward movement of the corkscrew as long as the fulcrum-point 16 is maintained, because any further movement of the operating-lever would cause the corkscrew to be drawn laterally, and consequently result in breaking the bottle-neck. Unless some construction is provided to enable the fulcrum-point to be changed the further operation of withdrawing the cork must be by a direct pull in the usual manner of operating the well-known corkscrews. So far as I am aware no one has provided a device to enable the fulcrum-point to be changed at this point in the stop per-extractingoperation. In order to completely remove the stopper, the next operation in my device is to elevate the fulcrum-point, as seen in Fig. 4. In order to do this, it is only necessary to lower the wire-cutter end of the side plates to elevate the pin 8 and seat it on the offsetshoulders 7 at the upper ends of the slots 6, as clearly seen in said Fig. 4. In order to do this, it is only necessary to lower the wire-cutter end of the side plates to elevate the pin 8 and seatit on the offset shoulders 7 at the upper ends of the slots 6, as clearly seen in said Fig. 4, and
the operating-lever will again assume an inelined position, from which when elevated to the position shown in Fig. 5 it will entirely remove the stopper from the bottle-neck.
The operation of the device is extremely simple and effectiveand enables the stopper to be quickly withdrawn by two successive operations of the operating-lever.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new. and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a stopper-extractor the combination with the operating-lever, of a corkscrew attached to said operating-lever; a fulcrum-lever having a plurality of fulcrum-points, and means for connecting the fulcrum-lever with the operating-lever whereby the operatinglever may ooaet with any of the said fulcrumpoints of the fulcrum-lever.
2. In a stopper-extractor the combination with the operating-lever, of a corkscrew pivoted to said lever; a fulcrum-lever having a pivoted sliding connection with said operating-lever and also having a plurality of fulcrum-points with any one of which the operating-lever may eoaet.
3. In a stopper-extractor the combination with the operating-lever, of a corkscrew pivoted to said lever; a fulcrum-lever having a slot with a lateral extension to form a shoulder, and a pin secured to the operating-lever and passing through and being movable in the slot of the fulcrum-lever.
4. In a stopper-extractor the combination with the operating-lever havinga perforation, 15, in its side, of a corkscrew pivoted to said lever; a fulcrum-lever having a pivoted sliding connection with the operating-lever and also having a spring-plate at one side with a lateral projection to engage the perforation in the operating-lever when the fulcrum-lever is folded.
In testimony whereof I alfix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CARLO F. GARIMALDI.
CHARLES B. MANN, Jr., FELIX R. SULLIVAN.