US 787291 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 787,291. PATENTED APR. 11, 1905. A. W. HAMLER. GRAIN SPOUT.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 8,1904.
L 51 I as 1' 5 1mm HIM/225w ln'ventor Pl'ctomegs UNTTED STATES Patented April 11, 1905.
SPECIFICATION forining' part of Letters Patent No. 787,291, dated April 11, 1905.
Application filed June 8, 1904. Serial No. 211,706.
citizen of the United States, residing at Lyons,
in the county of lonia and State of Michigan, have invented a new and useful Grain-Spout. of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to the spouting of flour and similar mills,grain-clm'ators,and like structures, and has for its object to improve and simplify the construction of devices of this character.
ln flour and similar mills with the grain or other material disposed in bins or other receptacles and the reducing and separating machinery located at various points throughout the. building it is necessary during the operations to transfer the grain or other material from the various bins or receptacles to the various reducing and separating devices, and to this end elaborate and complicated systems of spouting are arranged in such structures to enable the material from any one of the bins or other receptacles to be conveyed to any one or more of the reducing, cleaning, or separating machines and also between the various clezuiing, reducing, and separating devices, and the same is true in grain-elevators to a less elalnn'ate extent.
The principal object of the present invention is to produce a novel arrangement of interchangeable, adjustable, and extensible spout members whereby a conducting means may be quickly arranged between any two or more of the different bins or other receptacles for the material and the cleaning, reducing. or vseparating devices or between any two or more of the cleaning, reducing, or separating devices, thus dispensing with the above-noted complicated and elaborate system of spouting and substituting therefor the sunplyconstructe(.l arrangement of parts to be presently described and constituting the subject-matter of the present invention.
\Yith these and other objects in view,which will appear when the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in certain novel features of construction, as hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which corresponding parts are denoted by like designating characters, is illustrated the preferred form of the embodiment of the invention capable of carrying the same into practical operation, it being understood that the invention is not necessarily limited thereto, as various changes in the shape, proportions, and general assemblage of the parts may be resorted to without departing from the principle of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages, and the right is therefore reserved of making all the changes and modilications which fairly fall within the scope of the invention and the claims made therefor.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a sectional elevation ofa conventional arrangement of certain parts of the machinery in a flouring-mill with the improved devices arranged in connection with the same. Fig. 2 is a side elevation, enlarged, of the improved device. Fig. 3 is a sectional detail of the spout head member. Figzi is a similar view of the foot member. Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2, illustrating a modilied form of the construction. Fig. 6 is a transverse section on the line 6 (3 of Fig. 5.
1n the improved device is comprised one or more head members for rotative attachment to the discharge from the bins or other receptacles or to apertures in various floors in the mill or elevator, a plurality of foot members for movable attaclnnent to the various machines or devices for receiving the material, and a plurality of spout-sections of various lengths having means at their ends for being interchangeably connected together and also for connection to the head and foot members, by which means spouts of any length may be quickly arranged between the various structures and extending in any direction and at any desired angle or plurality of angles. as the relative locations of the same may require.
For the purpose of illustration a portion of an elevator-bin or storehouse is indicated at 10, an elevator-leg at 12, stepped in a receivinghoppcr 51, into which a spout 13 leads from the bins in the structure 10, a number of the floors H of a mill, a conventional outline of a cleaning-machine at 15, a roller-mill at 16, a conventional separating-machine at 17, and a transfer-elevator leg at 18, with the improved interchangeable spouting devices arranged in connection therewith to illustrate one means of the application and operation of the same.
The head members of the device (represented as a whole at 19) are attached to the discharge ends of the elevator-legs directly to the discharge-spouts 20 from the elevatorbins or other receptacles at various points in the ceilings of the various floors 14 and associated with apertures therethrough and to other localities where required. The foot members (represented as a whole at 21) are attachable to the receiving ends or hoppers of the various structures into which the material is to be spouted, to the various apertures in the floors 14 above the head members, which are attached to the ceilings of the apartments below,and at other localities where required.
The interchangeable spout-sections (represented at 22) will be furnished in varied lengths with their ends for detachable connection, as by telescoping, and provided with catches, such as hooks 23 and loops 24, by which they may be detachably connected. The spoutsections may be of any suitable material, such as wood, (shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4,) and in square or oblong form, or sheet metal, such as tin or galvanized iron, as in Figs. 5 and 6.
The head members are constructed as shown more clearly in Fig. 3, consisting of a plate 25 for attachment to the supporting structure, as by bolts or screws 26, and provided with an annular track 27, with which an annular ring member 28 engages rotatively by means of a flange 29 on the same. Suspended from the ring member 28 is a casing having spaced sides 31 32, between which a spout-section 33 is pivoted, as at 34, to swing between the side portions. Depending within the casing and spaced from its rear wall is a guide-plate 35, of yieldable material, such as sheet steel or iron, and attached to the spout-section for extension in the rear of the plate 35 or between it and the rear wall of the casing is a guardplate 36, of similar flexible material, the two plates slipping over each other as the spoutsection swings upon its pivots to prevent an open joint being formed at the rear of the casing and the plates at the same time receiving the impact of the flowing material and preventing it from coming in contact and wearing the body of the spouts. At the front the casing is provided with a plate 37, of similar flexible material, overlapping the front face of the spoutsection 33 and movable thereon when the spout-section swings on its pivot beneath a keeper 38 on the spout-section. By this means as the spout-section swings on its pivot the keeper 38 serves as a guide under matter how far the spout-section may swing. The free end'of the spout-section is cut away exteriorly to receive the internally-recessed end of the first spout-section 22 and will be detachably connected thereto, as by a hook 23 and loop or staple 24, as above noted. Each of the spout-sections 22 and 33 will be of the same size and adapted to be united telescopically, as above described, and being of the same size are interchangeable to an unlimited extent, as will be obvious.
The foot members are constructed as shown more fullyin Fig. 4 and are formed of a base member 39, provided on one side with a flanged member 40 for projection into an aperture in the receiving structure to provide for the rotation of the plate thereon and provided on' the other side with spaced sides 41 42, between which a spout-section 43 is mounted to swing, as by pivots 44. The side members 41 42 are connected by a transverse portion 45, having attached thereto a plate 46, of flexible metal, similar to the plates 35 36 37 of the head memher and operating beneath a keeper 47 on the spout-section 43, so that open joints will be prevented when the spout-section is moved upon its pivot 44. The free end of the spoutsection is recessed to receive the cut-away portion of the adjacent spout-section 22 and will be connected thereto, as by the hooks 23 and loops or staples 24.
One or more of the interchangeable sections 22 will be provided with alateral aperture 46, into which the annularflange 40 on one of the base-plates 39 fits, the base-plate having an aperture opposite the aperture within the flange and adapted to receive one of the foot members, so that a series of the spout-sections 22 may be connected with one of the head-sections 19 at any desired point to provide for conducting two or more streams of the material into one receiving structure.
It will thus be obvious that with a mill, elevator, or other structure to which the improved device is applicable equipped with a plurality of the head-sections 19 for attachment to the discharge portions of the bins or other storage-receptacles and also located at various points beneath the floors of the building and a plurality of the foot members 21 for attachment to the various receivingstructures and located opposite the head members which are connected beneath the floors, together with a plurality of the spout-sections 22, with a suitable number of the latter provided with intermediate lateral apertures provided with the flanged members 4O, a complete system of spouting may be arranged in the building for conducting the material from point to point to a practically unlimited extent. All the spouting necessary to properly conduct all the operations may thus be comprised in a comparatively few parts, as the which the plate moves, and thus prevents the I connecting members may be quickly and formation of an open Joint at this point, no I easily transferred as required, so that with a structure equipped with the improved spouting a relatively extensive system of spouting may be easily provided for by employing a few parts only, as will be obvious.
If preferred, the members 22 may be of sheet metal, as shown in Fig. 5, and when this material is employed rectangular ferrules 4C8 will be disposed between the ends of the spout members 33 t3, attached to the head members 19 and foot members 21 to form the coupling means between them and the adjacent sections 22. \Vhenithe sections QZare of tubular form, also the members to which thelateral branches are to be attached, and having the lateral apertures, as at I3), will be inserted into a section similar to the section 22, having the lateral aperture, as in Fig. 2, to provide for the engagement of the flanged plate -IO, as shown. In this connection also the section 50 will be coupled to the tubular section by a pair of the rectangular ferrules ab.
llaving thus described my invention, what I claim is- 1. In a device of the character described, a head member for rotative attachment to the sou rce of supply of the material to be spouted and having a spout-section.swinging therefrom, a foot member for detachable connection to the receiver of the material and provided with a spout-section swinging therefrom, and a plurality of interchangeable spoutsections for connection together and to said swinging spout-sections.
In a device of the character described, a head member for rotative attachment to the source of supply of the material to be spouted and having a spout-section swinging therefrom, a foot member for detachable connection to the receiver of the material and provided with a spout-section swinging therefrom, and a plurality of interchangeable spoutsections for connection together and to said swinging spout-sections, one or more of said interchangeable spout-sections having lateral apertures for the connection of branch spouts thereto.
3. In a device of the character described, a head member for rotative attachment to the source of supply of the material to be spouted and having a spout -section swinging therefrom, a foot member for detachable connec tion to the receiver of the material and provided with a spout-section swinging therefrom, and a plurality of interchangeable spoutsections for connection together and to said swinging spout-sections, one or more of said interchangeable spout sections having a swivel-head connected thereto for the rotative connection of lateral branch spouts.
4. In a device of the character described, a plate for permanent attachment to the structure containing the source of supply of the material to be spouted and having an annular guiding means a receiving-spout head provided with a ring rotatively engaging said guiding means and having a spout-section swinging therefrom, a dischargespout head for coupling detachably to the receiver for the material and having a spout-section swinging therefrom, and a plurality of interchangeable spout-sections for connection together and to said head members.
5. In a device of the class described, a plurality of head members for rotative connection with independent sources of supply of the material to be spouted and each provided with a spout-section swinging therefrom, a foot member for detachable connection to the receiver for the material and provided with a spout-section swinging therefrom, a plurality of interchangeable spout-sections having means for connection together and to the swinging spout-section of said foot member and to one of the swinging spout-sections of one of said head members, one or more of said interchangeable spout-sections having a lateral aperture into which a spout formed by uniting a number of the interchangeable spout-sections may be connected from one or more of the other head member swinging spout-sections.
'6. In a device of the character described a plate for permanent attaclnncnt to the structure containing the source of supply of the material to be spouted and having an annular guiding means, a receiving-spout head provided with a ring rotatively engaging said guiding means and having a spout-section pivoted by its side members within said head member for swinging upon the same, a flexible guard-plate within said spout-head and spaced from its rear wall and extending into said spout-section, a flexible guard-plate within said spout-section and extending from its front wall and over the front face of said spout-section, said spout-section having a keeper extending over said front guard-plate and a flexible inner guard-plate extending in the rear of said rear guard-plate.
'7. In a device of the class described, a member formed of semicircular side portions connected by a transverse portion extending partially over the same, a spout-section disposed for swinging between said side portions, a flexible guard-plate connected to said transverse portion and extemling over said spout-section, and a keeper carried by said spout-section and extending over said guardplate.
8. .In a device of the character described, a head member :for rotativc attachment to the source of supply of the material to be spouted and having a spout-section swinging there- 'from, a .foot member for detachable connection to the receiver of the material and provided with a spout-section swinging therefrom, and a plurality of interchangeable spout-sections for connecting together and to said swinging spout-sections, one or more of said interchangealoile spout-sections having lateral apertures, a sheathing-member for the spout-section having the lateral aperture and provided With a lateral aperture for registration With the same, a plate having a flange for rotative engagement with said sheathing-aperture and adapted to support one of said foot members.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aifixecl my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
ALBERT W. HAMLER.
E. S. FULLER, E. BUCHANAN.