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Publication numberUS7910504 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/976,172
Publication dateMar 22, 2011
Filing dateOct 22, 2007
Priority dateOct 22, 2007
Fee statusPaid
Also published asEP2203705A1, EP2203705A4, EP2203705B1, US20090104419, WO2009052609A1
Publication number11976172, 976172, US 7910504 B2, US 7910504B2, US-B2-7910504, US7910504 B2, US7910504B2
InventorsJean Dumas
Original AssigneeHer Majesty The Queen As Represented By The Minister Of National Defense Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Desert camouflage
US 7910504 B2
Abstract
A thermal camouflage material for use on a tank or other military vehicle in a desert environment includes an outer layer of knitted fiberglass alone or with polyester having an outer coating of PVC and carbon black, and an inner film of aluminum; and an inner layer defined by a three-dimensional decoupling fabric between the aluminum film on the outer layer. The decoupling fabric is formed of outer and inner polyester mesh films with polyaramid sandwiched therebetween.
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Claims(12)
1. A thermal camouflage material for use on a vehicle comprising an outer fabric layer; a plastic film coating on an outer surface of said fabric layer; a coating of carbon black on the outer surface of the plastic film; an aluminum coating on an inner surface of said outer fabric layer for preventing inward heat transmission by radiation; and an inner layer including a three-dimensional decoupling fabric for preventing heat transmission from the outer layer to a vehicle while allowing air to circulate between the vehicle and the outer fabric layer.
2. The camouflage material of claim 1, wherein said outer fabric layer is formed of knitted fiberglass or polyester and fiberglass.
3. The camouflage material of claim 2, wherein said outer layer is polyester and fiberglass knitted together for strength.
4. The camouflage material of claim 2, wherein said plastic film is formed of polyvinyl chloride or polyurethane.
5. The camouflage material of claim 2, wherein said plastic film is a 225 to 275 micron thick layer of polyvinyl chloride.
6. The camouflage material of claims 5, wherein said layer of polyvinyl chloride has a thickness of 250 microns.
7. The camouflage material of claim 6, wherein the carbon black coating has a thickness of 40-60 microns.
8. The camouflage material of claim 7, wherein the aluminum coating has a thickness of 5-10 microns.
9. The camouflage material of claim 8, wherein the inner layer includes outer and inner polyester mesh films, and polyaramid fibers sandwiched between the polyester films.
10. The camouflage material of claim 9, wherein the inner layer is connected to the outer layer.
11. The camouflage material of claim 9, wherein the inner layer has a thickness of 5 to 10 mm.
12. The camouflage material of claim 9, wherein the inner layer has a thickness of 9.5 mm.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to a thermal camouflage material, and in particular to a camouflage material for use on tanks and other vehicles for use in a desert environment.

Solar loading on the air temperature inside of a tank is a serious problem, particularly in desert regions. For example, in Afghanistan, ambient temperatures in excess of 40 C. can cause the temperature inside of a tank to exceed 80 C. Painting the tank beige to match local sand does not significantly reduce the temperature in the crew department.

2. Description of Related Art

Existing materials for reducing solar loading of vehicles consist mainly of thermal insulation, e.g. a layer of polyurethane foam coated with a thermal reflector such as aluminum to reflect the sun's rays. The thermal insulation layer is covered with a camouflage patterned material providing physical protection from the elements. One problem with such a material is that because the insulating layer is in direct contact with the skin of the vehicle it does not allow the escape of heat produced inside the vehicle, and the surface layer does not reduce the vehicle's signature in the thermal band because the layer is optimized to reflect incident solar radiation.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, in order to substantially reduce temperature increases inside of a tank or other vehicle, there is a need for materials which will reflect most solar radiation while being thermally insulated from the tank. Moreover, a thermal shield must be visually compatible with the colors of the local environment and, if possible, should have properties which reduce the tank's signature in the thermal and radar bands of the spectrum.

According to one aspect, the invention relates to a thermal camouflage material for use on a vehicle comprising an outer fabric layer; a plastic film coating on an outer surface of said fabric layer; a coating of carbon black on the outer surface of the plastic film; an aluminum coating on an inner surface of said outer fabric layer for preventing inward heat transmission by radiation; and an inner layer including a three-dimensional decoupling fabric for preventing heat transmission from the outer layer to a vehicle.

As used herein, “outer” means a layer or a surface of the material remote from a vehicle, and “inner: means a layer or a surface of the material closest to the vehicle when mounted thereon.

The material of the present invention is designed to reduce the temperature inside of a vehicle by reflecting a large amount of solar radiation, not only in the visible spectrum but also in the near-infrared and thermal bands. Moreover, the material reduces heat conduction and provides an air space between the tank and the outer surface or layer of the material to permit heat generated by the vehicle itself to dissipate by convection.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a camouflage material in accordance with the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

With reference to the single FIGURE in the drawing, the camouflage material of the present invention includes an outer, thermal insulating, fabric layer 1 formed of knitted fiberglass or polyester and fiberglass which are knitted together for high strength. When 100% fiberglass is used, it is preferably G19P33 industrial knitted fiberglass (2014 pick/sqin) available form Amatex, Norristown, Pa. The outer surface of the layer 1 is coated with a film of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyurethane (PU) film 2 coated with carbon black to increase solar loading on the layer 1. The carbon black applied to the film 2 is the main provider of thermal insulation for the material. When PVC is used, the film is 225 to 275 and preferably 250 microns thick, and the carbon black is 40-60 and preferably 50 microns thick. An aluminum coating 3 is applied to the inner surface of the layer by vapor deposition. The coating 3 is 5-10 microns thick and faces the inner side 4 of the material which is against the heat source (not shown) when mounted thereon. The aluminum coating 3 prevents inward heat transmission by radiation. Moreover, the aluminum increases the effectiveness of the film 2 coated with carbon black, because radiated heat is reflected outwardly or held in the layer 1 more effectively. Most radiated heat is absorbed by the PVC or PU treated with carbon black or reflected by the aluminum coating 3.

In order to reduce heat transmission by direct contact (conduction), an inner layer 6 defined by a 3-dimensional decoupling fabric layer is provided between the Al film on the outer layer 1 and a vehicle skin. Preferably, the decoupling fabric layer 6 is attached to the aluminum side of the layer 1 by stitching (not shown). The layer 6 includes outer and inner polyester mesh films 7 and 8, respectively with polyaramid fibers 9 sandwiched therebetween. An effective thickness of the layer 6 is 5 to 10 mm, and preferably approximately 9.5 mm (⅜ inch). As well as preventing conduction, the layer 6 allows air to circulate between the heat source, e.g. a vehicle skin and the layer 1.

In tests conducted in a climate chamber, the temperature inside of a Leopard tank was reduced by 25 C. using the above described thermal shield. Moreover, the thermal camouflage characteristics of the material reduced the thermal signature of the tank to a level close to that of the background of arid regions.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4560595 *Mar 22, 1984Dec 24, 1985Diab-Barracuda AbThermal/optical camouflage with controlled heat emission
US20040127124 *Dec 11, 2003Jul 1, 2004Gerd HexelsThermal camouflage sheet
US20040152385 *Jul 18, 2003Aug 5, 2004Manfred HellwigThermal camouflage tarpaulin
US20080299854 *Jun 1, 2007Dec 4, 2008Ssm Industries, Inc.Flame Resistant Spacer Fabric
Classifications
U.S. Classification442/319, 428/919, 442/131, 428/221, 442/132, 428/215
International ClassificationB32B5/26
Cooperative ClassificationY10T442/259, Y10T442/40, Y10T442/2598, Y10T428/249921, Y10T442/494, B32B5/026, B32B2605/00, B32B2262/0269, B32B2262/0276, B32B2255/20, B32B2262/101, B32B2255/10, B32B27/12, Y10T428/24967, Y10S428/919, B32B5/26, F41H3/00, F41H3/02
European ClassificationF41H3/00, F41H3/02, B32B5/26
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 22, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN AS REPRESENTED BY THE MINIST
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DUMAS, JEAN;REEL/FRAME:020049/0373
Effective date: 20071017
Jul 31, 2014FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4