|Publication number||US7927271 B2|
|Application number||US 11/436,103|
|Publication date||Apr 19, 2011|
|Filing date||May 17, 2006|
|Priority date||May 17, 2006|
|Also published as||US20070270640, WO2007136630A2, WO2007136630A3|
|Publication number||11436103, 436103, US 7927271 B2, US 7927271B2, US-B2-7927271, US7927271 B2, US7927271B2|
|Inventors||John Dimitriou, Christopher A. Battles, Danial Ferreira, Daniel Vigliotti, Patrick Gutelius|
|Original Assignee||C.R. Bard, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (180), Non-Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (23), Classifications (13), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of Invention
The present invention relates to a coupling for mounting a surgical tool to an endoscope.
2. Discussion of Related Art
An endoscope is a medical instrument that can be inserted into the body cavity or organ of a patient for performing various surgical procedures. A working or biopsy channel typically extends along the entire length of the endoscope to allow passage of various instruments and/or tools into a patient. Optical instruments are conventionally provided in the endoscope for illuminating and remotely viewing the body cavity or organs.
An endoscope includes an elongated, flexible body within which extends the channels and instrumentation. A control handle is conventionally provided at the proximal end of the body for holding and manipulating the endoscope through the patient. One or more controls may be provided on the handle for operating various features of the endoscope. One or more ports are conventionally provided on the handle to provide access to the working or biopsy channel.
Surgical tools may be passed through the working or biopsy channel of the endoscope and into the patient for performing a desired surgical procedure. For example, a suturing device, such as disclosed in U.S. Patent Application Publication US 2005/0033319, may be passed through the working channel and into the patient to place one or more stitches in tissue. The tissue may be drawn together by tightening and securing the suture that has been placed in the tissue. Such a procedure may be beneficial for the treatment of various gastrointestinal or bariatric conditions, including treatments for GERD and obesity.
For some procedures, it may be desirable to precisely locate and maintain the distal end of the surgical tool at a particular position relative to either the distal end of the endoscope or a device located at the distal end of the endoscope.
In one illustrative embodiment of the invention, an endoscope tool coupling is provided for mounting a surgical tool to an endoscope. The endoscope tool coupling comprises a coupling body that is constructed and arranged to be mounted to a port of the endoscope, and a tool mount that is constructed and arranged to support the surgical tool on the coupling body. The tool mount is adjustably supported by the coupling body and lockable in a plurality of locked positions to maintain the surgical tool in each of a plurality of positions relative to the coupling body.
In another illustrative embodiment of the invention, an endoscope tool coupling is provided for mounting a surgical tool to an endoscope. The endoscope tool coupling comprises a coupling body that is constructed and arranged to be mounted to a port of the endoscope, and a tool mount that is constructed and arranged to support the surgical tool on the coupling body and to position a distal end of the surgical tool at a first position relative to a distal end of the endoscope. The tool mount cooperates with the coupling body to generate a preload for the surgical tool so as to maintain the distal end of the surgical tool at the first position.
In a further illustrative embodiment of the invention, an apparatus comprising an endoscope including an elongated endoscope body that is insertable into a body cavity or organ, and a tool coupling. The endoscope body has at least one working channel that extends from a proximal end to a distal end thereof. The working channel is adapted to allow passage of an elongated surgical tool therethrough. The tool coupling is constructed and arranged to mount a surgical tool at the proximal end of the endoscope body with the surgical tool extending through the working channel. The tool coupling is constructed and arranged to longitudinally adjust the distal end of the surgical tool to a plurality of positions relative to the distal end of the endoscope body and to maintain the distal end of the surgical tool at each of the plurality of positions.
In another illustrative embodiment of the invention, a method of mounting a surgical tool to an endoscope is provided. The method comprises acts of (a) mounting the surgical tool to a tool coupling provided at a working channel port located at a proximal end of the endoscope; and (b) adjusting the tool coupling to position a distal end of the surgical tool at a selected position relative to a distal end of the endoscope.
In a further illustrative embodiment of the invention, a method of mounting a surgical tool to an endoscope is provided. The method comprises acts of (a) mounting the surgical tool to a tool coupling provided at a working channel port located at a proximal end of the endoscope; (b) positioning a distal end of the surgical tool at a selected position relative to a distal end of the endoscope; and (c) preloading the surgical tool with the tool coupling to maintain the distal end of the surgical tool at the selected position.
Various embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
The present invention is directed to an endoscope tool coupling that facilitates the placement and positioning of a surgical tool within an endoscope. The tool coupling may be configured to accommodate differences in lengths between the surgical tool and the endoscope. In this manner, the tool coupling may allow a user to precisely position and maintain the distal end of a surgical tool in a desired location relative to the distal end of the endoscope despite differences and variations in lengths. The tool coupling may be configured to support and lock the surgical tool in place so that a user may remove his or her hands from the surgical tool without losing the desired position of the surgical tool relative to the endoscope.
The tool coupling may provide a hospital or medical personnel with the flexibility to readily use the same surgical tool with different length endoscopes, different length surgical tools with the same endoscope, or a combination of different length tools and different length endoscopes.
The tool coupling may have an adjustable configuration to accommodate variations in tool and/or endoscope lengths. In one embodiment, the tool coupling employs an arrangement that allows a user to easily increase or decrease the length of the coupling. The adjustability of the coupling length may be accomplished using a telescoping arrangement. However, it is to be appreciated that a telescoping arrangement is not required for each embodiment of the coupling.
A locking arrangement or mechanism may be provided to secure the coupling in a selected configuration for maintaining the surgical tool in a desired location relative to the endoscope. In one embodiment, an adjustment lock secures the coupling in a selected length that accommodates the particular lengths of the surgical tool and endoscope. However, it is to be appreciated that a locking arrangement for securing the coupling in a selected length is not required for each embodiment of the coupling.
The tool coupling may be configured to generate a preload on the surgical tool when the tool is positioned in a desired location relative to the endoscope. In one embodiment, the coupling may generate a preload by driving the surgical tool a predetermined distance in a distal direction. The preload may be applied once the configuration of the coupling has been established for the particular tool/endoscope arrangement. The tool coupling may employ a cam arrangement to generate the preload. However, it is to be appreciated that an arrangement for generating a preload is not required for each embodiment of the coupling.
The tool coupling may be configured to allow for the withdrawal and reintroduction of the same or a similar surgical tool without changing or impacting the original length adjustment and/or preload for the particular tool/endoscope arrangement. In one embodiment, the tool coupling includes an exchange port that is configured to receive and lock the surgical tool to the coupling independent of the length adjustment and/or preload application. However, it is to be appreciated that an exchange port is not required for each embodiment of the coupling.
In one embodiment, the tool coupling may be configured as a separate device that can be attached to various endoscopes. In another embodiment, the tool coupling may be an integrated component of the endoscope.
Although described in conjunction with an endoscope, it is to be appreciated that the tool coupling may be configured for use with other medical instruments that may benefit from a device that accommodates length variations between a particular medical instrument and a surgical tool that is to be used with the instrument and/or applies a preload to the tool.
For ease of understanding, and without limiting the scope of the invention, the tool coupling is described below as a stand-alone device that can be mounted to and detached from the working port of various endoscopes. It is to be understood, however, that any one or combination of the various features of the tool coupling described below may be incorporated into an endoscope as an integral component thereof.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
In the illustrative embodiment, the tool mount 34 is slidably supported by the coupling body 32 in a telescoping arrangement so that the overall length of the tool coupling 30 may be selectively adjusted to accommodate variations in lengths between the surgical tool and the endoscope. As shown, the coupling body 32 has a generally cylindrical shape and includes a proximal end wall 48 with an opening 50 for receiving the tool mount 34. The tool mount 34 includes an elongated post 52 that is configured to be inserted into and slid through the end wall opening 50 and along the length of the coupling body 32 to adjust the length of the coupling.
The end wall opening 50 and the post 52 may be configured to have complementary shapes to help stabilize the coupling and prevent rotation of the post within the body. In one illustrative embodiment, the opening and post have complementary double D shapes with curved ends and flat sides. It is to be appreciated that the end wall opening 50 and the post 52 may employ other suitable configurations as would be apparent to one of skill.
An adjustment lock may be provided to secure the tool mount in any one of various positions relative to the coupling body. The adjustment lock may include at least one locking feature supported on the coupling body that is configured to engage with a corresponding locking feature provided on the tool mount.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
The locking rack 58 may be configured to have a length for achieving a desired amount of total adjustment for the tool coupling. Additionally, the locking teeth 62 on the rack 58 may be spaced apart at a pitch P for achieving a desired amount of incremental adjustment. In one embodiment, the adjustment lock is configured to provide an overall length adjustment of approximately 2.0 inches with an incremental adjustment of approximately 0.075 inches. However, it is to be appreciated that the tool coupling may be configured to provide other suitable adjustments as would be apparent to one of skill in the art.
The adjustment lock 54 may include an actuator that can be operated to lock and unlock the tool mount. In one illustrative embodiment, the actuator includes a lever 64 that is pivotally supported by the coupling body 32 to actuate the engagement member 56 between a locked position and an unlocked position. With the lever 64 in a closed or locked position, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4-6, the engagement member 56 engages a portion of the locking rack 58 and locks the tool mount 34 in a selected position. Actuating the lever 64 to an open or unlocked position, as shown in
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
In one embodiment, the locking teeth 60 of the engagement drum 56 have a circular shape extending about the pivot axis 66 and the locking teeth 62 along the locking rack 58 have a flat shape. This arrangement helps to facilitate and maintain engagement between the engagement drum 56 and the locking rack 58 as the drum is rotated by the lever 64. However, it is to be appreciated that the teeth for the engagement drum and the locking rack may employ other configurations apparent to one of skill in the art to engage and lock the tool mount.
As shown, the lever 64 may have a curved configuration that conforms to the shape of the coupling body 32 when the lever is placed in its closed, locked position. It is to be understood, however, that the lever may be configured to have other suitable shapes apparent to one of skill in the art.
In some situations, it may be desirable to preload the surgical tool in the distal direction when the tool is mounted to the endoscope with the tool coupling. A preload may help ensure that the surgical tool maintains a desired position at the distal end of the endoscope, particularly when the tool is employed with a flexible endoscope and the working channel for the tool is offset from the center axis of the scope. In this manner, the preload may accommodate differences between the arc lengths of the center axis of the endoscope and the working channel that could result from bending or flexing the endoscope. A preload may also provide resistance to or counteract the forces required to operate the surgical tool.
A desired preload may be generated by exerting a predetermined force on the surgical tool with the tool coupling. In one illustrative embodiment, the tool coupling may generate a preload on the surgical tool by driving the tool a predetermined distance in the distal direction relative to the coupling body when the position of the distal end of the tool has been selected and locked.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
In one illustrative embodiment, the engagement drum 56 includes a cam surface 72 at its proximal end that cooperates with a cam follower 74 on the coupling body 32. As the lever 64 is actuated to rotate R the engagement drum 56 into engagement with the locking rack 58, the engagement drum 56 is driven in the distal direction due to the interaction between the cam surface 72 and the cam follower 74. A spring 76 is provided at the distal end of the engagement drum 56 to bias the drum in the proximal direction so that the drum returns to its initial non-preload state when the lever actuates the engagement drum to the unlocked position (
The cam arrangement may be configured to provide a predetermined amount of preload as the engagement drum is actuated to its locked position. In one embodiment, the cam arrangement is configured to drive the locked tool mount in the distal direction approximately 0.090 inches to generate a preload on the surgical tool. However, it is to be appreciated that the cam arrangement may be configured to provide other amounts of preload as would be apparent to one of skill in the art.
It may be desirable to provide a keying arrangement to ensure proper orientation between the tool mount and the coupling body. In one illustrative embodiment shown in
The tool coupling may be configured to allow a user to detach a surgical tool and withdraw it from the endoscope while maintaining the selected length adjustment and/or preload. The same or similar tool may then be subsequently inserted through the tool coupling and positioned at the same location relative to distal end of the endoscope without having to readjust the coupling. For example, some surgical procedures may require the use of several of the same or different surgical devices to perform the procedure. This could involve the introduction and removal of various surgical tools through the same working channel of the endoscope. During such a procedure, it may be beneficial to repeatedly locate the distal working end of the surgical tools at a desired location relative to the distal end of the endoscope.
The tool coupling may include a tool exchange port that allows a user to readily exchange surgical tools without disrupting a previously set length adjustment and/or tool preload. In one illustrative embodiment as shown in
In the illustrative embodiment, the tool lock 84 includes a locking clip 86 located adjacent the proximal end of the tool mount at the exchange port. The locking clip 86 is movable between a locked position (
In the illustrative embodiment, the locking clip 86 includes at least one locking tooth 94 that is configured to mate with a corresponding recess (not shown) provided on the surgical tool. As shown in
The tool lock 84 may include an actuator that allows a user to move the locking clip to an unlocked position in which the locking tooth is disengaged from the tool. In one illustrative embodiment, the locking clip 86 includes an actuator button 96 that is located opposite to and extends away from the locking tooth 94. The actuator button 96 is configured to protrude from the side of the tool exchange port when the locking clip is in the locked position. To release the tool lock, the actuator button 96 is depressed 97 (
The locking clip may be biased to the locked position to ensure that the tool lock maintains a positive locking condition on the tool. In one illustrative embodiment shown in
As shown in the illustrative embodiment, a flat spring 98 may be employed to bias the locking clip 86 to the locked position. As shown, each end of the spring 98 may be retained in a slot 100 that allows the ends of the spring to move as the spring moves between a deflected and non-deflected configuration. It is to be appreciated, however, that any suitable biasing arrangement apparent to one of skill in the art may be implemented with the exchange port.
To facilitate securing the surgical tool to the tool coupling, the tool lock may be configured to automatically move from the locked position toward the unlocked position as the surgical tool is introduced through the exchange port. In one illustrative embodiment, the locking tooth 94 is configured with a cam surface 102 that cooperates with the tool to drive the locking clip from its locked position. When the surgical tool is fully seated in the exchange port, the locking clip 86 engages the locking recess on the tool and locks the tool to the coupling.
A keying arrangement may be provided to ensure proper orientation and/or to prevent rotation of the surgical tool relative to the exchange port. In one illustrative embodiment shown in
It is to be appreciated that the tool coupling may employ other suitable locking arrangements and locking features for securing a surgical tool to the exchange port as would be apparent to one of skill in the art.
As indicated above, the tool coupling may include a connector 38 at its distal end for mounting the coupling 30 to a port of the endoscope, when the coupling is not an integral component of the endoscope.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
The various components of the tool coupling 30 may be fabricated from any suitable materials and employing any suitable manufacturing processes apparent to one of skill in the art. For example, the components may be fabricated from plastic materials, composite materials, metallic materials, and various combinations thereof. In one non-limiting embodiment, the coupling body 32, the tool mount 34, the tool mount end plate 92 and the connector body 106 may each be molded from a plastic material, such as polyetherimide. The engagement drum 56 may be molded from a plastic material, such as a TEFLON (fluoropolymer resin) filled acetal copolymer, and the lever 64 may be molded from a plastic material, such as an acetal copolymer. The locking clip 86 may be fabricated from a plastic material, such as DELRIN (acetal resin).
As indicated above, the tool coupling 30 may be employed to mount a surgical tool to an endoscope to facilitate the placement and positioning of a surgical tool within an endoscope. The tool coupling be used to accommodate differences in lengths between the surgical tool and the endoscope.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
In one illustrative embodiment, the surgical tool 114 is an endoscopic suturing device for endoscopically placing one or more stitches in tissue or muscle within a cavity or organ of a patient. For example, the suturing device may be particularly suited for treating various gastrointestinal or bariatric conditions, such as GERD and obesity. The suturing device may include a suturing capsule 116 that is mounted to the distal end of the endoscope body 117 and a control handle 118 that is mounted to the tool coupling 30 at the proximal end of the endoscope. The control handle 118 is coupled to a suturing mechanism that is positioned within the capsule 116. Operation of the suturing mechanism within a patient may be carried out through actuation of the control handle.
Proper operation of the suturing device 114 may require precisely locating and securing the suturing mechanism within the capsule. This may be accomplished by inserting the suturing mechanism through the tool coupling 30 and the working port and sliding the suturing mechanism along the length of the endoscope body 117. With the control handle 118 of the suturing device secured to the tool coupling 30, the coupling may be adjusted in the axial direction to precisely position the suturing mechanism within the capsule 116.
One embodiment of a suturing device particularly suited for endoscopic suturing is disclosed in U.S. Patent Application Publication US 2005/0033319, which is incorporated herein by reference. It is to be appreciated, however, that any suturing device or other surgical tools as would be apparent to one of skill in the art may be employed with the tool coupling.
When employed with a suturing device, it may be desirable to secure or retain a length of suture extending from the working channel of the endoscope. A suture retainer may allow a user to initially exert a desired amount of tension on the suture by hand and then maintain the suture at the desired tension hands free with the suture retainer. In this manner, the user can then control and manipulate the endoscope and the suturing device using both hands, if desired, without also having to maintain suture tension by hand.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
The suture retainer 400 may be formed of a plastic or metallic material that provides desired resiliency and/or retention properties. In one embodiment, the suture retainer includes a preformed steel clip that is overmolded with a soft polymer, such as PEBAX. If desired, the retainer may include only a steel clip. It is to be appreciated, however, that the suture retainer may be fabricated from other suitable material using any fabrication processes apparent to one of skill in the art. For example, the suture retainer may be molded from a plastic or elastomeric material. Alternatively, the suture retainer may be fabricated as an integral feature of the tool mount.
In some applications, the tool coupling may be used to mount a surgical tool that includes an integral tool mount for mating with the coupling body. In one illustrative embodiment shown in
To remove the surgical tool from the endoscope, in contrast to the embodiment described above, it may be necessary to unlock and remove the tool mount 134, as part of the surgical tool, from the coupling body 132. To maintain the original adjustment set for the surgical tool, if it is to be remounted on the endoscope, it may be desirable to provide a stop or other feature that allows the tool mount to be easily repositioned at the same depth within the coupling body so as to relocate the distal end of the tool at its desired location. Such a feature would allow a user to repeatedly introduce the surgical tool through the endoscope without requiring readjustment of the tool coupling.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
As illustrated, the clip 140 may include a C-shaped body 142 that is configured to mate with a tooth 62 on the tool mount 58 and engage the end of the coupling body 132. To facilitate handling of the clip, a handle 144 may be provided on the clip body 142. It is to be appreciated that other suitable stops, if desired, may be implemented with the tool coupling as would be apparent to one of skill in the art.
As described above, a preload may be generated by driving the tool mount 134 an additional distance in the distal direction after the desired length adjustment has been established for the particular tool and endoscope combination. To reduce the potential of binding the clip against the proximal end wall of the coupling body as the tool is being preloaded, which could interfere with proper operation of the tool coupling, the coupling body and/or the tool mount may be configured in a manner that accommodates the preload and reduces the effect of the clip being driven against the end wall of the coupling body.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
As the tool mount 134 is moved distally to preload the tool, the clip 140 similarly drives the end plate 152 in the distal direction against the biasing force of the spring 156. When the tool mount 134 is released from the coupling body 132, the end plate 152 returns to its initial proximal location due to the biasing force of the spring 156. It is to be understood that other suitable arrangements apparent to one of skill in the art may be employed to reduce potential binding between the clip and the coupling body.
In one embodiment, the spring 156 is configured as a wave spring formed of stainless steel flat wire. The spring has a spring rate of 90 lb/inch, a free length of 0.25 inches, a working height of 0.117 inches, and a load at working height of 12 lb. The end plate 152 may be fabricated from a plastic material, such as an acetyl copolymer, and the spring plate 154 may be fabricated from a metal, such as stainless steel. Of course, other suitable spring configurations and materials apparent to one of skill may be employed for the components of the spring plate mechanism.
In some instances, it may be desirable to maintain the surgical tool in a particular orientation on an endoscope. This may involve mounting the tool coupling to the endoscope in a particular orientation or alignment relative to the working port. This may also involve maintaining the tool coupling in the particular orientation once it has been mounted to the port.
In one illustrative embodiment shown in
An alignment indicator may be provided on the boss 170 to provide a user with a visual reference for aligning the tool coupling with the port. As shown, the indicator may include an elongated recess or channel 174 which corresponds to a similar indicator 176 on the coupling body 132. The indicators 174, 176 may have a contrasting color relative to the boss 170 and the coupling body 132 so that it is easily identifiable by the user.
As indicated above, it may also be desirable to maintain the tool coupling in the aligned orientation once it has been mounted to the port. In one illustrative embodiment, the boss 170 includes one or more internal keys or fingers 178 that project into the boss opening 172. The keys 178 are arranged to fit between the fingers 108 of the connector 38 to prevent rotation of the connector on the port and maintain alignment of the tool coupling with the endoscope.
It is to be understood that an alignment boss is not a required component of the tool coupling. It is also to be appreciated that the alignment boss, if used, may utilize other suitable configurations and features apparent to one of skill in the art to facilitate alignment of the tool coupling with the endoscope and/or maintain a particular orientation between the tool coupling and the endoscope.
It is to be appreciated that the tool coupling may employ other arrangements for adjusting and locking the tool mount relative to the coupling body. Several such adjustment and locking arrangements are illustrated in
In an illustrative embodiment shown in
In the illustrative embodiment, the coupling body 232 includes an internal thread 236 along its length that cooperates with an external thread 238 along the length of the tool mount 234. Rotation of the tool mount 234 either clockwise or counterclockwise causes the tool mount to move axially in either the distal or proximal directions relative to the coupling body 232.
A locking nut 240 may be adjusted along the length of the tool mount 234 to lock and unlock the tool mount. As shown in
In an illustrative embodiment as shown in
In the illustrative embodiment, the coupling body 332 includes a split-compression tube 336 through which the tool mount 334 may be slid axially in the distal and proximal directions to make desired length adjustments. The compression tube 336 includes a plurality of compression members 338 that may be flexed inwardly to engage and lock the tool mount.
A locking nut 340 is threaded on the coupling body 332 and may be adjusted in the proximal direction to lock the tool mount 334 and in the distal direction to release the tool mount. As shown in
It should be understood that the foregoing description of various embodiments of the invention are intended merely to be illustrative thereof and that other embodiments, modifications, and equivalents of the invention are within the scope of the invention recited in the claims appended hereto.
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|U.S. Classification||600/106, 600/104, 600/154, 600/153|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B2019/304, A61B1/00128, A61B1/018, A61B17/3423, A61B2017/347, A61B2017/00477|
|European Classification||A61B1/00F, A61B1/00F8F|
|Nov 14, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: C.R. BARD, INC., NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DIMITRIOU, JOHN;REEL/FRAME:018513/0933
Effective date: 20060929
Owner name: C.R. BARD, INC., NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BATTLES, CHRISTOPHER A.;FERREIRA, DANIAL;VIGLIOTTI, DANIEL;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:018513/0897;SIGNING DATES FROM 20061018 TO 20061023
Owner name: C.R. BARD, INC., NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BATTLES, CHRISTOPHER A.;FERREIRA, DANIAL;VIGLIOTTI, DANIEL;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20061018 TO 20061023;REEL/FRAME:018513/0897
|Sep 25, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4