US 793786 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nm 793,796. PATENTE@ JULY Il, 1905. A. L HELMLE.
APPLIUATION mmm fm1-JT. o, um.
fm Vewz 10m @AfL/145mm. Mz. www* H HE 1. L E.
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ALBERT llPateinted July Llt, lLQl.
l-l. llELltlLlQ. *Oli SPRl-Nlll `lfELI), llJliilN 01S.
li-'IELEICATIONJ forming part of Lettere Patent No. 793,736, dated July 4, 1905.
Application filed September 6,1904. Serial lilo. 223.445.
A plus a." screws into the opening in the plate lie it .linown that l', ALeEIrr ll. llfnLML'n, a a and has a squared part on which. a wrench. citizen oi' the United States, residing at may be used to turn the plug` when 'it is delpriiilrlield, in the county of Sanganion and sired to remove the plug to obtain access to 5 State olA illinois, have invented certain new the interior olt the cylinder ilior the purpose el 55 and useful. .improvements in Carlnn'eters, ol" cleaninpr the cylinder. llhe air-induetion which the [following is suchV a iliull, clear, and pipe it, which is central to the cylinder, exact description as will. enable others skilled screws into the plate and secured thereon. in the art to whiehitappertains to make and by jam-nut l), 'littinp' on the serew-t`lu-eaded lo use my said inveiition. part olA the pipe. The pipe B being central 6o lilly invention relates to apparatuses in to the cylinder serves as a eonvel'lient supwhich gas Al'or illumination or heatinpl Vis `proport and lguide lier the disks, .as hereinafter duced by earbureting air by the vaporization explained. A rose-nozzle Il, having` perfeo'l'i gasolene or other suitable. hydroearbon rations lf through its upper side and having' i5 contained in a suitable vessel. an imlwrliorate .lower side screws onto the 65 The purposes ol` my invention are to prolower end ol.E the pipe The nozzle B has vide an apparatus so constructed and arnear its upper end an integral ledge b2, on ranged that the earbureting may be perwhich one ot the agitator-disks rests. Rings formed within a single earbnreter-cylinrler7 B2 lit around the pipe B and are secured eo said cylinder and accessories being so eonthereon by rivets fr* passing` transversely 7c: structed and arranged as to ailord a large through. the rings and through the pipe. superficial area acted against by the air in- Disks l are sul'iported on the rings B2 and treduced .into the cylinder, as hereinafter the lower disk is supported on. the ledge lf" ol" explained; to provide simple and elleetive the nozzle B. The disks D are lnelerably' 25 means for causing constant agitation ol the of meshed wire fabric in diameter slightly 7 5 hydroearbon during` the process of generatless than the Yinside diameter of the cylinder; ing the igas; to provide improved nieans for but any other pertorate or reticulate mateintrodueing air into the cylinder; to provide rial oil sull ieient rigiditysueh7 for examplej means :lor introducing hydrocarbon into the as the perforated thin metallic disk shown gio cylinder; to )rovide means for indicating' the in Fig. i --A-inayv be used. The affitatoi-disks Se pressure within the cylinder, and to provide D llt l L osely around and slide treely on the means adapted to liacilitate the removal oi' pipe ll. sediment from the cylinder. A pipe C, intereonnnnnieating with. the
llllith. these purposes in view my invention pipe lll is ciinineeted with an air-compressor l5 consists in the .novel 'leatures oli'eonstruetion or other suitable source ol air-supply. lli. R5 and eenibinations el parts shown .in the aneheelr-valve E controls eonnminieation benexed drawings, to which reference heretween the pipes C and l .in such manner that by made, and in which. similar .roterence-letthe valves are automatieally closed whenever ters designate like Vparts in the several views. the air-pressure within the pipe C 'lalls below im .ltelirrirnr to the drawings, Figure l is a a previously-determined limit. ge vertical,axialsection through the carlnireter A eonneetion li is connected with the cylind and shows the connected `parts in plate fr byV a nipple f. The service-pipe elevation. llig. 2 is a horizontal transverse all" screws into one end olI the T and conveys section through the apparatus on the line 2 2 the iras away' lfrom the cylinder. A pres olI llliir. l., and Fig. 3 isa plan view el a modi sure-grL re ti is mounted on a pipe g, which. e5.' lied lform ol an agitatondisk. screwsl into the "l" ll and is seemfed thereon.
The carbureter-cylinder A prel'eral'ily ol by a jam-nu t y. steel., .inwing heads a` riveted thereon. lle- A sheet-metal vessel All ol.' suitable form. inlforcirig-plates (d, of, and a are riveted on. and dimensions is mountml on the cylindmf rt., o the heads `in the positions shown in liig. l. and the interim.' ol.l the vessel. intercommuni .me
Cates with the interior of the cylinder, the communication being controlled by a valve 7L, intermediate to the cylinder and the vessel. The vessel H has a screw-cap h.
The hydrocarbon or other material employed in carbureting the air is introduced through the vessel H in the following manner: The valve 7L is first closed to shut off all communication between the cylinder and the vessel. The cap 7L is then unscrewed, and the vessel is then filled with hydrocarbon or other material, and the cap is then again screwed on the vessel. The valve h is then opened to permit the contents of the vessel to run into the cylinder. By this means additional hydrocarbon may be supplied within the cylinder as occasion may require. Preparatoryto operating the apparatus gasolene or other hydrocarbon is introduced into the cylinder in quantities sufficient to immerse the upper agitator-disk D. In practice it is desirable to keep the upper disk thus immersed. The level of the hydrocarbon within the cylinder is indicated by a glass J, mounted on the cylinder and intercommunieating with the interior of the cylinder. To replace the hydrocarbon consumed during the operation of the apparatus, additional hydrocarbon is from time to time introduced through the vessel H, as already described. The hydrocarbon having been introduced into the cylinder, air under pressure is admitted through the pipes C and B and passes out through the openings b of the nozzle B. The. pressure of air acts against the under side of the disks to raise the disks; but owing to the reticulations through the disks any slight change in pressure will cause such slight changes in position ofthe disks as will permit the air to pass through the reticulations of the disks, and thereby permit the disks to gravitate until they again lie on the collars B2. It will be seen then that the frequent slight variations of the air-pressure cause correspondingly-frequent vertical movements of the disks D, and these variations of air-pressure agitate the hydrocarbon in which the disks are immersed in such manner that the air is very thoroughly mingled with the hydrocarbon in a manner most effective for the production of gas. It will also be seen that the reticulations or perforations of the disks subdivide the air into minute parts and cause it to circulate through the entire volume of hydrocarbon in such manner that all parts of the hydrocarbon are alike effective in carbureting the-air. It will also be seen that the peculiar construction of the disks shuts off or l prevents such pressure of the alr as would tend to raise the hydrocarbon bodily within the cylinder and eject it through the servicepipe.
Briefly stated, the construction is such that the air may be passed through the hydrocarbon without blowing the hydrocarbon out of the cylinder.
Having fully described my inventi0n,what I claim as new, and desire to secure byLetters Patent, is-
1. In a carbureter, the combination of a cylinder, a central induction-pipe having collars, slidable agitators supported on the collars of said induction-pipe, a nozzle connected with the induction-pipe and having perforations through-its upperside, and means for supplying air under pressure through said induction-pipe, as set forth.
2. In a carbureter, the combination of a cylinder, a central induction-pipe having collars, slidable agitators supported on the collars of said induction-pipe, a nozzle connected with the induction-pipe and having perforations through its upper side, an air-supply.
pipe communicatin with said inductionpipe, and a check-va ve between said air-pipe and induction-pipe, as set forth.
3. In a carbureter, the combination of a cylinder, an induction-pipe, an air-supply pipe communicating withsaid induction-pipe,- a check-valve between said airipe and said induction-pipe, agitators slidab e on said Yinduction-pipe, a nozzle connected with the induction-pipe and supplying compressed air below the agitator, a charging vessel communicating with the interior of said cylinder, and means for controlling communication between said charging vessel and said cylinder, as set forth.
4. In a carbureter, the combinationof a cylinder adapted to contain hydrocarbon or the like, an induction-pipe central tosaid cylinder, perforated agitators slidable on saidV induction-pipe below the level of the hydrocarbon contained in the cylinder, and means for supplying hydrocarbon to said cylinder,
means for introducing air underl pressure through the induction-pipe and forcing same through the hydrocarbon and through the perforations of the agitators, and a servicepipe communicating with the interior ofthe said cylinder, as set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereuntosubscribed my name, at Springfield, Illinois, this 16th day of July, 1904.
ALBERT H. HELMLE.
Witnesses JosEPH P. ABBOTT, ROBERT H. DooLrNG.