US 794924 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1' PATENTED JULY 18, 1905. B. c. I. CAILLIEZ'. I 7 APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC LIGHTS TO REVOLVERS OR OTHER FIREARMS. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 6, 1904.
f il No. 794,924. PATENTED JULY I8, 1905.
E. C. I. 'CAILLIEZ. APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC LIGHTS TO REVOL'VERS OR OTHER FIREARMS.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 6, 1904.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
7f; A In VMZZW z nesres KM M I Nave 924.
- v UNITED STATES PatentedJ'uly 18, 1905.
EUGENE CHARLES ISIDO RE CAILLIEZ, OF LENS, FRANCE.
APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC LIGHTS T0 EEVGLVERS OR OTHER FIREARMS.
SJPEGIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 794,924, dated July 18, 1905. Application filed January 6, 1904. Serial No. 187,960.
To all whmn it vncty concern:
Be it known that I, EUGENE CHARLES Isr- DORE CAILLIEZ, a citizen of the Republic of France, and a resident of Lens, France, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in the Application of Electric Lights to Revolvers or other Firearms, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention refers to improvements in the construction of firearms, permitting them to be used during night-time or in darkness.
It essentially consists in the adaptation of an electric lamp with a reflector at the end of the barrel in connection with a battery or source of electricity situated, preferably, in the butt, which can be instantly lighted by means of a contact'placed on the handle and closing the circuit. This application can be adapted to all kinds of firearms, but is especially designed for those used for personaldewhich the chamber turns.
fense, destined for firing at short distances. It reveals the object aimed at before firing, at the same time leaving the marksman in complete obscurity. If used against a malefactor who succeeds in escaping, at'least his features have been seen.
I will now describe my invention as applied to a revolver and by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a revolver fitted with my invention. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the revolver shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an end View, of the cartridge-chamber. Fig. 4 is a plan View of the battery or cells and their receptacles. Fig. 5 is a side view of a gun fitted with my invention. Fig. 6 shows certain improvements connected with the mechanism of a hammerless revolver.
Referring to Figs. 1, 2, and 3, the butt (0, the frame 6 of the chamber, and the barrel 0 are made in one piece. The chamber d has holes f, as well as sockets c, for the cartridges. These holes f receive the safety-pin g. In the center of the chamber d a hole h is formed, through which passes the spindle 6, around This spindle c' is hollow, having a socket is, forming a reflector Z. Into the socket k is screwed or fitted in any suitable manner an incandescent electric lamp 172., its wires 1?. for conducting the necessary electric current passing through the interior of the hollow spindle c', which is attached at its back extremity to the frame I) of the chamber. These wires at end in two closed isolated passages attached to the extremity of the spindle?) and are prolonged to a terminal 0, kept insulated on a plate 19, which separates the box of the mechanism from the butt (1. The latter serves as a receptacle for the battery or cells. The negative pole is in constant contact with the terminal 0 by the intermediary of a plate 8, and the positive pole is near to a spring-controlled plate t, to which is attached an exterior button a. On pressing on this button and plate the'positive pole transmits the current to the terminal 0 and the circuit is closed, the lamp lights, and illuminates the object aimed at. If the button a is released, the plate 25 leaves the positive pole and the terminal and the lamp goes out. The bottom '0 of the butt is removable to permit of the introduction or replacing of cells. A ring w is fixed to its center, which permits of its being easily unscrewed from the butt. In the revolver represented in the accompanying drawings if the trigger m is pressed in the direction of the arrow the spring 3 is compressed. Then the finger or part 2 is raised, which causes the ratchet-wheel a, firmly attached to the chamberd, to turn the distance of one tooth. The lever b, with a jointed heel-piece c, is then moved, and at the same time by means of the projection d of the trigger the part c is operated. In this movement the lever b, engaged in the socket 9', causes the striker to be drawn back, this movement its spring are situated in a tube '6, having a 7 slot k underneath to permit the movement of the lever b. At a given moment the jointed heel-piece 0' of the lever b escapes from the beak Z of'the trigger. The spring 72/ being thus free to act causes the striker to hit the cartridge. The beak Z which has passed in front of the heel-piece 0, is returned by the spring y, causing the heel to turn backward, and thus circuit connections extending through the retake its position for the following shot, as spindle and means for closing the circuit, subis shown in Fig. 2. stantially as described.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Let- In testimony that I claim the foregoing I 5 ters Patent, is have hereunto set my hand this 18th day of I5 In combination with a revolver having a December, 1903.. spindle for the cylinder formed hollow, an EUGENE CHARLES ISIDORE GAILLIEZ. electric light arranged at the front end of the Witnesses: spindle, means for generating an electric cur- FRnDERIo MATRERY,
IO rent arranged in the handle of the revolver, EDMOND LEWUTURIER.