US 795188 A
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, PATENTED JULY 1a, 1905. A. 0. BARRATT. PERAMBULATOR, MAIL CART, OR THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 30, 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
No. 796,188. PATENTBD JULY 18, 1905.
' A. G. BARRATT.
PERAMBULATOR, MAIL CART, OR THE LIKE.
APP LIOATION FILED JAN. 30. 1905.
2 SHBETS-$HEET 2,
NITED STATES Patented July 18, 1905.
PATENT PERAMBULATOR, MAIL-CART, OR THE. LlKE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 795,188, dated July 18, 1905.
Application filed January 30, 1905. Serial No. 243,388.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ARTHUR CHARLES BARRATT, a subject of the King of England, residing at 50 Durham road, Phillip lane, South Tottenham, London, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Perambulators, Mail-Carts, or the Like; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to a new or improved perambulator or vehicle for carrying children of tender age and is essentially a modification of what is technically known as a folding gocar. In my invention I produce a vehicle of special design having at its upper portion a frame of wood, or metal preferably, rectangular in shape and of sufficient length to contain a hanging frame to hold a child while in a recumbent or other position. The said frame has inside it and suspended to it an oblong frame with a net or hammock attached thereto. The inner frame may be suspended from the outer' frame by means of spiral or other springs, or it may be attached thereto by means of straps. Each end of the outer frame may be formed of an ornamental metal rail, which acts as a handle for the propulsion of the said vehicle. Supporting the said frame at its back portion and pivoted thereto I place two long supports running from back to front and carrying between them a rod on which run freely two wheels, which may be rubber-tired. immediately above the wheels I place a distance-rod to hold the said supports in the proper position. Attached to the front portion of the frame, by handles or otherwise, 1 place a short length of metal or the like as a support to the front portion of the vehicle. Said support is slotted in such a manner as to be adjustable, by means of nuts or otherwise, upon the long back supports of the said frame. This'enables any angle of inclination to be given to the top frame and with the effect that the said frame, with its it can assume and in which it can be retainedby tightening up the nuts in the guide-slot of the shorter supports, I provide a board or other convenient support between the two longer supports and immediately under the space where the child would sit when the hammock is placed for that purpose. The back wheels are attached to a small frame pivoted or hinged at about the middle portion ofthe long supports before mentioned and linked to the front lower ends of the supports by a folding link, thus enabling the distance between the front and back wheels to be reduced according to requirements and also enabling the go-car to be folded up into a practically vertical position for storage.
Slight modifications may be made in vari ous parts of this invention, keeping to the general principle of a swinging hammock suspended in the upper frame and having by means of a guide-slot in the front supports an adjustability to practically any angle for the purpose of enabling a young child to, be carried in a recumbent position and also to allow the hammock to maintain, when necessary, any other angle of inclination, so that the child can remain in any desired position.
In order that this invention may be better understood, l will now proceed to describe the same with reference to the drawings accompanying this specification, in which- Figure 1 shows side elevation of an infants carriage or mail-cart constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 shows perspective view of same drawn to a smaller scale than Fig. 1. Fig. 3 shows detail hereinafter referred to drawn to a larger scale than the other figures for sake of clearness.
The same letters of reference are employed to denote the sameparts in allthe views.
a shows the frame, made of wood or other suitable material.
b shows oblong hanging-frame suspended to the frame a by means of the springs a; but straps or the like may be used in place of springs. This frame 7) may be made of iron or other suitable material.
61 shows a net or hammock, which may be of cord, basket-work, or other suitable material, attached to the frame 6.
6 shows handles connected to the frame a for the purpose of pushing the vehicle, one handle being placed at each end of the said frame, so that the vehicle may be pushed or pulled from either end.
f shows two long supports pivoted to the brackets g, which latter are attached to the frame a. The supports f carry between them arod or axle it, on which run freely two wheels i,provided, by preference,with rubber tires.
k shows two supports pivoted at Z to the supports f. The supports 76 also carry a rod or axle m, on which run freely two wheels 02,.
0 0 show two rods pivoted atp p to the supports Ia. These rods 0 0 have connected to their opposite ends a flat piece of wood w, this piece being pivoted to the supports f at v.
r 'r are two slotted bars pivoted atone of their ends to the frame a. The opposite ends of such slotted bars are held in position on the supports f by two fly-nuts .5, screwed on the end of bolts 11, passing through blocks 4), so that the heads of the bolts 20 may be tightened up against the supports f. The slots in the bars 7 '1" are provided with notches t t to lock the slotted bars 1" r in the required position in order that the frame at carrying the frame 1;,(to which the hammock is suspended,) may be horizontal, as shown at Fig. 1, or inclined to any desired angle, as shown dotted in this figure. All this locking mechanism is shown enlarged and detached at Fig. 3.
w shows flat springs, of which there are two. One end of each of these springs is connected to the blocks o and the other end comes against the slots in the bars 1' r, as shown clearly at Fig. 3. z (seen dotted at Fig. 3) is a washer between the fly-nuts and the faces of the bars 2' r.
In order to fold up a vehicle constructed according to my invention, the nut son each side of the vehicle is slackened, when the end of the frame a can be brought down to the supports f. The rods or links 0 0 are then pushed upward at their joints, when the sup ports is can be folded against the supports f. When it is required to incline the hammock, as shown dotted atFig. 1, or set it at any other desired inclination, it is simply necessary to slacken the nuts 8 and push down the frame a, which will cause the blocks '0 to enter one or other of the notches t, and when the desired angle is arrived at by screwing up the nuts 8 the hammock will be locked in this position. would form a chair, the piece of wood 10 will come into a position so as to form a seat, as shown at Fig. 2. One of the handles e may be used for the child to place its feet upon.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent in the United States of America,
1. In a perambulator, the combination of a main frame, a secondary frame, provided with a support for the occupant, flexibly mounted on said frame, a wheeled frame pivoted to said main frame, and a wheeled frame pivoted to said first-named wheeled frame, substantially as described.
2. In a perambulator, the combination of a main frame, a frame, provided with a support for the occupant, flexibly mounted on said main frame, a wheeled frame pivoted to said main frame, a second wheeled frame pivoted to said first-named wheeled frame, and means for adjusting and locking said main frame in any desired position, substantially as described.
3. In a perambulator, the combination of a main frame, a frame, provided with a support for the occupant, flexibly connected to said main frame, a wheeled frame connected to said main frame, a second wheeled frame connected to said first named wheeled frame, means for supporting and locking said main frame in any desired position, and folding devices located between said wheeled frames, substantially as described.-
t. In mail carts, go-cars and the like, a frame containing a hammock of net, basketwork or other suitable material pivoted in such a position as to be able to be inclined at any given angle, with locking mechanism to keep it at such angle for the purposes set forth.
5. In mail-carts, go-cars and the like, the combination with an adjustable frame, having a metallic or other frame suspended thereto (preferably by springs) and carrying a net or hammock of cord, basket-work or other suitable material of means for enabling such adjustable frame to be inclined to any given angle, and locking mechanism to keep it at such angle for the purposes set forth.
6. In a perambulator, the combination of a main frame, aframe containing a hammock of net or similar material flexibly supported on said main frame, a wheeled frame pivotally connected to said main frame, a second wheeled frame pivotally connected to said firstnamed wheeled frame, and adjustable When it is locked at an angle which locking means pivotally connected to said main frame and adjustably connected to said first-named wheeled frame, substantially as pivotally connected to said main frame, a secand thereby said main frame in any desired ond Wheeled frame pivotally connected to said position, substantially as described. IO first-named Wheeled frame, a folding connec- In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in tion pivoted to said Wheeled frames and propresence of two Witnesses.
vided With an extension to form a seat, a ARTHUR CHARLES BARRATT; slotted and notched arm pivoted to said main Witnesses:
frame, and means engaging said first-named H. D. JAMESON,
wheeled frame for locking said pivoted arm F. L. RAND.