US 796256 A
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j No. '196,256. "PATENTBD AUG'.1`,[1905. H. C. SANDERS.' y y 'DEVICE FOR `SPRINKLING POWDER AND OTHER MATERIALS.
` APPLICATION FILED AUG. 15,1904'I i ef d :Een:
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UNITED STATES` PATENT OEEIOE.
HENRY OONRAD sANDERs, OE EALiNe,l ENGLAND.
Specification of Letters Patent.
1 Patented Aug. 1, 1905.
Application led. August 15, 1904. Serial No. 220,836.
To all whom it may con-cern:
Be it known that I, HENRY CONRAD SAN- DERS, engineer, a subjectof the King of Great Britain, residing at 16 .Haven Green, Ealing, in the county of Middlesex, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements Relating to Devices for Sprinkling Powder and Other Materials, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to devices for use in sprinkling various materials, the objects being to insure a directional flow of the 'contents of the vessel or receptacle, to prevent waste,
to simplify the construction of the apparatus,
and to reduce the cost of manufacture.
The essential feature of the present invention consists in providing a sprinkler with a central discharge through whichthe fiow may be regulated or shut off at will by means of valved openings, the sprinkler and the means for shutting off the iiow being self-contained. andthe latter of a practically non-detachable which the views are somewhat enlarged, and in which- Figure-1 representsin vertical section 'a sprinkling device adapted for use with a bottle or other receptacle, in the mouth of lwhich it is held by means of a cork stopper. Fig.
v2 is a horizontal section taken along the line 2 2 inl Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a section of a sprinkling device adapted for being screwed upon a bottle or other receptacle. Fig. 4 is a hori- Zontalsection taken along the line 4 4 in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a section illustrating a 'Inode of applying the invention to a box, iask, or the like. Fig. 6 is a partial horizontal section taken along the line 6 6 in Fig. 5, and a plan. Fig. 7 is a section of a modified `construction of sprinkler.
A sprinkler constructed according to this invention and adapted to effect the objects hereinbeforereferred to may comprisea body or socket a, capable of application to the exitaperture of the vessel or receptacle Z2 by an external or internal screw or by other suitable means, a cork stopper o being shown in Fig. 1. The said body or socket a may-be formed or provided with a central projecting ordepending nipple a', having a screw-threaded perforation a2. Around the nipple the body may be provided with a number of slots or perforations a3.v The body or socket may 1 be formed with. a peripheral lip or flange ai,
adapted to receive and hold a shield or cover d, which may be formed with a central aperture OZ coinciding with the aforesaid nipple.
Through the nipple is screwed a tube e, of
which the inner extremity isV closed by a diaphragm @X and flanged, as shown at e', Fig. 3, so as to serve as a stop to limit the outward -movement of the said tube e, or the said tube e may be reduced in diameter at its upper part, as shown at e2, Fig. l, and the shoulder es, adapted to form a stop, the outer extrem.- ity of the tube e being extended through the aperture 0l in the shield 0l and flared or expanded, as indicated at e4, so as to to form a discharge-mouth as also a stop for limiting the inward movement of the tube e when the latter is screwed into the nipple a. the said flared or expanded extremity being adapted to engage the shield CZ around the aperture d therein.
rlfhe tube e is formed with lateral perfora? tions e5, arranged in such a manner that when the tube is screwed home the said perforations enter the nipple a and communication is closed with the chamber CZX, formed by the shield or cover d; but whenthe tube is unscrewed communication is again opened with .the said chamber, the latter being in communication with the vessel by way ofthe slots or perforations as inthe body or socket.
Assuming the valve or tube to be unscrewed,
the contents of the receptacle may be shaken into the chamber dx by way of the perforations surrounding the nipple and thence through the lateral perforations e5 inthe tube or valve e, the contents being thensprinkled through the central discharge aperture formed bythe aforesaid tube. `Having obtained the requisite quantity of powdered or other material from the receptacle, the discharge therefrom may be arrested by screw? ing home the tube e, and thereby closing communication with the vessel.
According to a modified construction the body or socket may be adapted for being screwed or otherwise applied to the vessel, as shown in Fig. 3. The said body or socket in some cases-as, for example, in the construction illustrated in Fig. 7-may also serve as a shield and have a central perforation, which may be screw-threaded for the reception of the laterally-perforated screwed valve e, hereinbefore referred to. the shield or cover may be formed with a In this arrangement boss or an inwardly projecting or depending nipple a for the valve to work through, perforations as being formed in the said boss or nipple so as to register with the perforations e5 in the tube or valve.
` Instead of the tube or valve being arranged to screw into the body or socket or the shield or cover it may be made plain and adapted to slide therein, a suitably-arranged pin and Slot serving to guide the same and to prevent turning, or any other convenient means may be employed for guiding the valve. Such an arrangement is illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6, applied, by way of example, to a powderbox. In this instance the body or socket a may be formed or provided with a depending hollow portion a, adapted to receive the tube or valve e and to allow of the latter being operated therein. For this purpose the said valve is formed with a tongue e, which projects through a slot ax, formed in the portion a0. The attachment of the body or socket to theV boX may be etfected as shown or in any other desired manner.
By the use of sprinklers arranged as hereinbefore described undue waste ot' the contents of the vessel may be prevented, while the inconvenience arising from the use of loose caps such as ordinarily employed will be avoided. The How from the vessel may also be regulated to a high degree of nicety, so that only the required quantity may be sprinkled. The tendency to clog is also obviated when the device is used as a powdersprinkler.
The improved device is specially designed for use in connection with pulverulent materials-such, for example, as tooth-powder;
but it will be readily apparent that it may be applied to other uses or preparations.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
l. A sprinkler comprising a body portion and a piston-valve, the body portion having a central delivery or discharge orilice, and the body portion and the valve having perforations through which communication is opened and closed to the central oriiice by the pistonvalve.
2. A sprinkler comprising a body portion provided with perforations and a valve having .a central delivery-oriice and lateral perforations adapted, when the valve is moved longitudinally, to open and close communication with the perfor-ations in the sprinkler.
8. A sprinkler comprising a body portion having perorations and avalve of the piston type having a central delivery-orifice and lateral perforations, the said lateral perforations being adapted for opening and closing communication with the aforesaid central deliveryorifice by a longitudinal movement ot' the valve.
4. A sprinkler having perforations and a piston-valve formed with a central deliveryorilice and lateral perforations, and adapted to open and close communication with the said central delivery oritice by a longitudinal movement of the said Valve in an outward and inward direction respectively and by way of said lateral perforations.
5. A sprinkler having perforations anda non-detachable piston-valve formed with a central delivery-orifice and lateral perforations and Vadapted to open and close communication with the said central delivery-orifice by a longitudinal movement of the said valve in an outward and inward direction respectively and by way of said lateral peliorations.
6. Asprinklerhavingacentraldelivery-oritice, a shield or cover and a valvc for opening and closing communication with the said oriice and the receptacle.
7. A sprinkler comprising a socket portion, a shield and a tube adapted to work in said shield.
8. A sprinkler comprising a socket portion, a shield, a laterally-perforatcd tube, a nipple for said tube and stops on said tube for preventing its detachment.
9. A sprinkler comprising a socket portion, a shield, a tube, a nipple for said tube and perforations in the tube and in the nippleadapted in a certain relative position of said tube and nipple to coincide and eifect communication between the orifice and the receptacle.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, in presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 2d day of August, 1904.
HENRY CONRAD SANDERS.
T. SELBY VVARDE, WALTER J. SKERTEN.