|Publication number||US7962898 B1|
|Application number||US 09/842,948|
|Publication date||Jun 14, 2011|
|Filing date||Apr 27, 2001|
|Priority date||Dec 29, 2000|
|Also published as||US20110317907|
|Publication number||09842948, 842948, US 7962898 B1, US 7962898B1, US-B1-7962898, US7962898 B1, US7962898B1|
|Inventors||John Petry, Cyril C. Marrion, Jr., Andrew Eames|
|Original Assignee||Cognex Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (55), Non-Patent Citations (24), Referenced by (5), Classifications (4), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a Continuation National application Ser. No. 09/750,173 filed Dec. 29, 2000 now abandoned.
1. Copyright Notice
This patent document contains information subject to copyright protection. The copyright owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent, as it appears in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office files or records, but otherwise reserves all copyright rights whatsoever.
2. Field of the Invention
Aspects of the present invention generally relate to machine vision. Other, aspects of the present invention relate to providing access to the results of machine vision operations.
3. Description of Background Information
Machine vision technology is used around the world to automatically gauge part dimensions, guide robotic equipment, identify products, and inspect for defects in industries that include, but are not limited to, semiconductors, electronics, automotive parts, consumer products, electrical components, medical devices, and packaging.
The machine vision software on computer 204 performs image analysis operations. Examples of image analysis operations include, but are not limited to, pattern location algorithms, gauging algorithms, character recognition algorithms, and image filters such as a Gaussian filter.
Suppliers of machine vision software may protect their software from unauthorized duplication by using a hardware or software security method. In addition, or as a substitute for hardware or software security methods, users of machine vision may be forced to support awkward licensing schemes imposed by machine vision vendors in an effort to protect their software from unauthorized use or duplication. Depending on the type of security used, licensees may be required to pay for licenses not needed to support their usage.
In addition, machine vision systems are difficult to maintain in the field. For instance, it may be challenging to update a machine vision system with a new version of software, or a new license, after it has been installed on a manufacturing production line. Moreover, customers wishing to test proprietary machine vision software on a particular part may be required to purchase and install software and the associated licenses, which is a significant deterrent to “quick-turn” software development.
To be more specific vendors may use one of the following three security methods to prevent improper copying or use of their software:
Hardware security may be employed. For example, a security code may be programmed into a hardware device, such as EEPROM on a frame grabber; or a hardware dongle which plugs into a parallel port. The machine vision software would check whether the required security code is present before executing a protected algorithm.
Dedicated software security may be employed. For example, protected software may be registered on a specific computer that is associated with a unique identifier on the computer, such as a hard disk serial number or an Ethernet address. Any attempt to copy the protected software to another computer would fail if that computer does not have the same unique identifier.
Floating licenses may be employed. For example, licenses are granted from a central computer on a network. Other computers on the network must request and be granted a license in order to fun the protected software. When the computers are finished, they typically release the license so that other computers can use the license. A fixed number of licenses are issued, so if all the licenses are being utilized, the computer requesting a license must wait until the license is freed by another computer.
These security methods present numerous problems that hinder the use of machine vision. The hardware and dedicated security methods are awkward to manage, and do not readily permit sharing of licenses among multiple computers. Floating licenses are subject to problems if the license server or any computer with a license crashes or goes of the network, or if the network itself ceases operation. Also, floating licenses do not readily handle inconsistent loads, i.e., periods of relative inactivity followed by periods when there are more requests for licenses than there are licenses. To accommodate these inconsistent loads, users must purchase additional licenses which are unused for significant portions of time, or queue up license requests.
Additionally, these security methods make it difficult for users of machine vision software to efficiently maintain the latest version of software because the user must explicitly install the software on each computer that needs to run the latest version of software. This is often difficult once a computer has been installed at a manufacturing facility. It may also be difficult to install bug fixes, patches and service releases which fix problems with older versions of the software. Customers must also track which versions of software and patches they have installed one each computer. In addition, computers using hardware or dedicated software security may need to update their licenses in the field if the new software requires additional license permission in order to run.
Per one embodiment herein, a method is provided. A user selects, at a first computer, at least one vision tool. The vision tool is remotely located from the first computer. In response to the selection by the user of the at least one vision tool, data is sent including image data, an indication of the vision tool that was selected by the user, and at least one vision tool parameter corresponding to the vision tool. The data is sent, via a communications network, from the first computer to a remotely located second computer that includes the vision tool. The image data and the at least one vision tool parameter are validated, at the remotely located second computer. The image data is processed at the remotely located second computer using the vision tool to produce a result. The result is sent to a designated location.
The present invention is further described in the detailed description which follows, by reference to the noted drawings by way of non-limiting exemplary embodiments, in which like reference numerals represent similar parts throughout the several views of the drawings, and wherein:
In embodiments herein, features are provided to permit users to pay for only the machine vision software that they need, when they need it, without limitations of licensing schemes. Features are also disclosed to facilitate customers' access to the latest version of machine vision software, without having to install the update on every computer. System and method features are also disclosed to allow users to test machine vision software, without having to purchase or license the software, in order to determine whether the software meets their requirements. Improved systems and methods, and subsystems and submethods, are provided to achieve one or more of these objects. Others will become apparent from the description that follows.
The present invention, in one variation, is directed to a system or method for performing machine vision operations on a remotely accessed computer. A first computer acquires image data and transfers it to a remotely located second computer via network. The first computer specifies, by communicating to the second computer over the network, information identifying selected vision software comprising a computer vision program or one or more specific vision tools for the second computer to run on the acquired image data. The first computer also sends to the second computer parameters needed by the second computer to run the selected vision software. The second computer runs the selected vision software on the transferred image to obtain a result. The result is sent from the second computer to a designated location.
The image acquirer 308 may be stored on first computer 102 or remote from first computer 102 such that image acquirer 308 used to acquire the image data may be local or networked. Software demonstration image data may be stored at second computer 104 or on a computer connected to second computer 104. The source of the image may include a camera, x-ray, scanning electron microscopes or focused ion beams. Image acquirer 308 responds to the acquisition command 316 by returning an image 314 to client data procurer 310. Next, selector 312 selects a vision operation tool to be used to analyze the image 314. Multiple vision tools may be indicated by selector 312. The selected vision tool may include such vision operations as guidance, inspection, gauging or identification. Most vision operations require additional parameters to precisely specify their behavior, and correspond with the selected vision tool; however, these additional parameters may not be needed in every case. The corresponding parameters for the selected vision tools may include, for example: in a guidance operation, a model pattern and constraints on the alignment operation such as minimum match quality and allowable scale and rotation change; or in a gauging operation the corresponding parameter may include the polarity of an edge transition, the expected angle of the edge, the type of scoring operation to perform or the minimum edge intensity.
Vision tool parameters that correspond to the selected vision tool may be entered manually at the first computer 102, for example, by using a keyboard, mouse, or touchpad in a software demonstration scenario. The vision tool parameters may also be entered, for example in a manufacturing or production environment, using a keyboard, mouse, touchpad, or an application program in collector 302. The acquired image data 314, vision tool parameters (if any), and the selected vision tool are sent by transmitter 304 to second computer 104 to be analyzed using the selected vision tool. The data transmitted by transmitter 304 may also contain information such as client account information or a password. The image data 314 may be transmitted using a format such as JPEG or .bmp file. The receiver 306 is used to receive an analyzed result of the selected vision tool from the second computer 104.
At P502 a vision operation tool is selected to analyze the acquired image. The selected vision operation tool is remotely located from the first computer 102—in a different part of the same building (site) at a different site, or in another part of the country (or world). Multiple vision operation tools may be selected to conduct various data analysis.
At P503 vision tool parameters, if any, are entered. The vision operation tools correspond to each vision tool selected at P502.
At P504 the acquired image data, selected vision tool(s), corresponding vision tool parameters (if any), and client account information are sent from first computer 102 to second computer 104 via a communications link 106.
At P514 an analyzed result or error message is received from second computer 104. The analyzed result or error message is obtained from the processing of the acquired image data and any corresponding vision tool parameters using the selected vision operation tool.
At P602 the client account information received at P600 is validated. The validation maintains client account security by verifying that a correct client identifier and password have been entered. If any information fails to be validated, an error message is sent to the first computer 102.
At P604 the image data, vision tool and any vision tool parameters are verified to ensure that the correct type, number and values required for the selected vision tool have been entered.
At P606 the acquired image data and any vision tool parameters are processed using the selected vision tool to produce an analyzed result.
At P610 the analyzed result is sent from the second computer 104 to a designated location via a communications link. The designated location may include the first computer 102 or a location other than the first computer 102. The communications link 106, as discussed above, may include an Internet connection or a wide area network (WAN) connection.
If more than one vision tool is selected, the second computer 104 may execute P604, P606 and P610 in turn for each selected vision tool.
The present invention may be implemented by hardware or by a combination of hardware and software. The software may be recorded on a medium and executed by a computer. The medium may be, but is not limited to, for example, a floppy disk, a CD ROM, a writable CD, a Read-Only-Memory (ROM), or an Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM).
While the invention has been described with reference to certain illustrated embodiments, the words that have been used herein are words of description, rather than words of limitation. Changes may be made, within the purview of the appended claims, without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention in its aspects. Although the invention has been described herein with reference to particular structures, acts, and materials, the invention is not limited to the particulars disclosed, but rather extends to all equivalent structures, acts, and materials, such as are within the scope of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4641356||Aug 24, 1984||Feb 3, 1987||Machine Vision International Corporation||Apparatus and method for implementing dilation and erosion transformations in grayscale image processing|
|US4975972||Oct 18, 1988||Dec 4, 1990||At&T Bell Laboratories||Method and apparatus for surface inspection|
|US4985846||May 11, 1989||Jan 15, 1991||Fallon Patrick J||Acoustical/optical bin picking system|
|US5040228||Aug 28, 1989||Aug 13, 1991||At&T Bell Laboratories||Method and apparatus for automatically focusing an image-acquisition device|
|US5081529 *||Dec 18, 1990||Jan 14, 1992||Eastman Kodak Company||Color and tone scale calibration system for a printer using electronically-generated input images|
|US5327265 *||May 1, 1992||Jul 5, 1994||Mcdonald Bruce A||Modem accessable image database system for on-demand printing|
|US5481712 *||Apr 6, 1993||Jan 2, 1996||Cognex Corporation||Method and apparatus for interactively generating a computer program for machine vision analysis of an object|
|US5563720 *||Jan 11, 1995||Oct 8, 1996||International Business Machines Corporation||Expert system for image enhancement|
|US5666215 *||Aug 3, 1995||Sep 9, 1997||Eastman Kodak Company||System and method for remotely selecting photographic images|
|US5673334||Nov 30, 1995||Sep 30, 1997||Cognex Corporation||Method and apparatus for inspection of characteristics on non-rigid packages|
|US5694484 *||May 15, 1995||Dec 2, 1997||Polaroid Corporation||System and method for automatically processing image data to provide images of optimal perceptual quality|
|US5715051||Oct 21, 1996||Feb 3, 1998||Medar, Inc.||Method and system for detecting defects in optically transmissive coatings formed on optical media substrates|
|US5768401||Aug 2, 1995||Jun 16, 1998||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Balanced focus system and method for achieving optimal focus of different areas of an object that are concurrently imaged|
|US5821993||Jan 25, 1996||Oct 13, 1998||Medar, Inc.||Method and system for automatically calibrating a color camera in a machine vision system|
|US5835627 *||May 20, 1997||Nov 10, 1998||Higgins; Eric W.||System and method for automatically optimizing image quality and processing time|
|US5867322 *||Aug 12, 1997||Feb 2, 1999||Eastman Kodak Company||Remote approval of lenticular images|
|US5928335 *||Oct 29, 1997||Jul 27, 1999||Ricoh Company, Ltd.||Client/server system having middleware-based interface between client and server image processing objects|
|US5982362||May 6, 1997||Nov 9, 1999||Control Technology Corporation||Video interface architecture for programmable industrial control systems|
|US6025854||Dec 31, 1997||Feb 15, 2000||Cognex Corporation||Method and apparatus for high speed image acquisition|
|US6133985 *||May 12, 1999||Oct 17, 2000||Picturevision, Inc.||Method of processing digital images and distributing visual prints produced from the digital images|
|US6298474 *||Apr 30, 1999||Oct 2, 2001||Intergral Vision, Inc.||Method and system for interactively developing a graphical control-flow structure and associated application software for use in a machine vision system and computer-readable storage medium having a program for executing the method|
|US6381357||Feb 26, 1999||Apr 30, 2002||Intel Corporation||Hi-speed deterministic approach in detecting defective pixels within an image sensor|
|US6427099||Dec 18, 2001||Jul 30, 2002||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Method and system for data retrieval|
|US6493677 *||Jan 19, 2000||Dec 10, 2002||Jones Soda Co.||Method and apparatus for creating and ordering customized branded merchandise over a computer network|
|US6578017 *||Feb 25, 2000||Jun 10, 2003||Information Decision Technologies, Llc||Method to aid object detection in images by incorporating contextual information|
|US6608638 *||Feb 7, 2000||Aug 19, 2003||National Instruments Corporation||System and method for configuring a programmable hardware instrument to perform measurement functions utilizing estimation of the hardware implentation and management of hardware resources|
|US6654721 *||Aug 20, 2001||Nov 25, 2003||News Datacom Limited||Voice activated communication system and program guide|
|US6763515||Jun 5, 2000||Jul 13, 2004||National Instruments Corporation||System and method for automatically generating a graphical program to perform an image processing algorithm|
|US6781724 *||Jun 13, 2000||Aug 24, 2004||Eastman Kodak Company||Image processing and manipulation system|
|US6798531 *||Oct 12, 1999||Sep 28, 2004||Eastman Kodak Company||Printing and delivery of digital images and text via a central receiving agency|
|US6813621 *||Aug 12, 1999||Nov 2, 2004||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||Processing graphic images having various file formats|
|US6836287 *||Aug 4, 1999||Dec 28, 2004||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Image distribution system and method of controlling the same|
|US6915273 *||May 23, 2000||Jul 5, 2005||Eastman Kodak Company||Method for providing customized photo products over a network using images captured from a digital camera|
|US6931602 *||Dec 22, 2000||Aug 16, 2005||Cognex Corporation||Approach facilitating the selection of various machine vision functionality from among different platforms|
|US6931633 *||Aug 1, 2000||Aug 16, 2005||National Instruments Corporation||System and method of evaluating the performance of an image processing algorithm|
|US6944584||Apr 14, 2000||Sep 13, 2005||Brooks Automation, Inc.||System and method for control and simulation|
|US7034825||Aug 24, 2001||Apr 25, 2006||Stowe Jason A||Computerized image system|
|US7092860 *||Feb 3, 1999||Aug 15, 2006||Mitutoyo Corporation||Hardware simulation systems and methods for vision inspection systems|
|US7218776 *||Apr 8, 2005||May 15, 2007||Eastman Kodak Company||Plurality of picture appearance choices from a color photographic recording material intended for scanning|
|US7305114||Dec 26, 2001||Dec 4, 2007||Cognex Technology And Investment Corporation||Human/machine interface for a machine vision sensor and method for installing and operating the same|
|US7383536||Aug 13, 2003||Jun 3, 2008||Petry John||Remote machine vision application program development method|
|US20010031102 *||Jan 10, 2001||Oct 18, 2001||Larry Lunetta||Methods and apparatuses for generating composite images|
|US20010055069 *||Mar 8, 2001||Dec 27, 2001||Hudson Edison T.||One camera system for component to substrate registration|
|US20020055947||Sep 10, 2001||May 9, 2002||National Instruments Corporation||System and method for deploying a graphical program on an image acquisition device|
|US20020075524 *||Aug 7, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||John Blair||Combination scanner and image data reader system including image management, software, and internet based image management method|
|US20020083413||Dec 21, 2000||Jun 27, 2002||National Instruments Corporation||System and method for programmatically generating a graphical program in response to a state diagram|
|US20030055745 *||Nov 7, 2002||Mar 20, 2003||Sug-Bae Kim||Electronic commerce system and method using live images of online shopping mall on the internet|
|US20040005396 *||Jan 27, 2003||Jan 8, 2004||Mccall Garcie M.||Methods and systems for automatically extruding and cutting dough-based products having pre-selected weights|
|US20040100465 *||Aug 24, 2001||May 27, 2004||Stowe Jason A||Computerized image system|
|US20060053407||Oct 24, 2005||Mar 9, 2006||Kodosky Jeffrey L||Graphical association of program icons|
|JP09130783A *||Title not available|
|JP2000115619A||Title not available|
|JPH09130783A *||Title not available|
|WO2002015120A1||Aug 17, 2001||Feb 21, 2002||Gavitec Ag||Method and device for extracting information-bearing features from a digital image|
|WO2002035469A2 *||Oct 16, 2001||May 2, 2002||Visioneer, Inc.||Combination scanner and image data reader system including image management software and internet based image management method|
|1||AT&T Laboratories, Virtual Network Computing-Diagnostic Display, http://www.hep.phy.cam.ac.uk/vnc-docs/index.html, Publication Date 2000.|
|2||AT&T Laboratories, Virtual Network Computing—Diagnostic Display, http://www.hep.phy.cam.ac.uk/vnc—docs/index.html, Publication Date 2000.|
|3||Cognex Corporation, Cognex 8000-Machine Vision System, CVL User's Guide, CVL 4.7 590-6162, 1998.|
|4||Cognex Corporation, Cognex 8000—Machine Vision System, CVL User's Guide, CVL 4.7 590-6162, 1998.|
|5||Cognex Corporation, In-Sight Support and Learning Programs, www.cognex.com/support/insight, 2000.|
|6||Cognex Corporation, MVS-8000 Product Family Software Overview, 2000.|
|7||Cognex Corporation, MVS-8000 Series, Amazon SMD Programmer's Guide, 1999.|
|8||Cognex Corporation, VPRO 0.7, Diagnostic Display, 2000.|
|9||*||Comaniciu, "Image-guided decision support system for pathology", Spring-Verlag 2000, Machine Vision and Application, pp. 213-224.|
|10||*||Edwards, J., "Machine vision and its integration with CIM systems in the electronics manufacturing industry", Feb. 1999, Computer-Aided Engineering Journal, vol. 7, Issue 1, pp. 12-18.|
|11||*||Gedeon et al., "Applying Machine Vision in Electrical Component Manufacturing", Electrical Electronics Insulation Conference and Electrical Manufacturing & Coil Winding Conference, 1993. Proceedings., Chicago '93 EEIC/ICWA Exposition Oct. 4-7, 1993 pp. 737-749.|
|12||Ho, Yeuk Fai, Model-based image processing: Analysis, Modeling, simulation and application, Abstract retrieved from ProQuest Jun. 19, 2006.|
|13||*||Kassim et al., "Automatic IC orientation checks", Spring-Verlag 2000, April, Machine Vision and Application, pp. 107-112.|
|14||*||Lenz, Reimar K; Tsai, Roger Y; "Techniques for Calibration of the Scale Factor and Image Center for High Accuracy 3-D Machine Vision Metrology", p. 713-720, 1998 IEEE retrieved Aug. 16, 2005.|
|15||Muscedere, Roberto, et al, A multiple in-camera processing system for machine vision, Abstract retrieved from Proquest Jun. 19, 2006.|
|16||*||Niederl, Franz; Goller, Alois; "Method Execution on a Distributed Image Processing Back-end", p. 243-249, 1998 IEEE, retrieved Aug. 16, 2005.|
|17||*||Parvin, B; Taylor, J; Cong, G; "A Collaborative Framework for Distributed Microscopy", p. 1-16, 1998 IEEE, retrieved Aug. 16, 2005.|
|18||Remote Desktop Services From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Remote Desktop Services, formerly known as Terminal Services, pre-2000.|
|19||Robertson, Paul, et al, Adaptive Image Analysis for Aerial Surveillance, IEEE retrieved Jun. 19, 2006.|
|20||Rogers, Richard, et al, The ISL Document Image Analysis Toolbox, IEEE retrieved Jun. 19, 2006, publication date 1997.|
|21||Telnet From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, TELNET (TErminaL NETwork) is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks, 1973.|
|22||*||Trask, Bruce; "Using CORBA Asynchronous Messaging, Pluggable Protocols and the Real-Time Event Service in a Real-Time Emedded System", p. 1-9, <URL http://www.omg.org > search—http://ww.scholar.google.com, retrieved Aug. 16, 2005.|
|23||*||Trask, Bruce; "Using CORBA Asynchronous Messaging, Pluggable Protocols and the Real-Time Event Service in a Real-Time Emedded System", p. 1-9, search-http://ww.scholar.google.com, retrieved Aug. 16, 2005.|
|24||X Window System From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The X Window System (commonly X or X11), 1984.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8595689 *||Dec 24, 2008||Nov 26, 2013||Flir Systems Ab||Executable code in digital image files|
|US9279728||Nov 18, 2013||Mar 8, 2016||Flir Systems Ab||Executable code in digital image files|
|US20100162206 *||Dec 24, 2008||Jun 24, 2010||Flir Systems Ab||Executable code in digital image files|
|US20110317907 *||Jun 13, 2011||Dec 29, 2011||Cognex Corporation||Optimized Distribution of Machine Vision Processing|
|US20150286468 *||Sep 10, 2013||Oct 8, 2015||Kpit Cummins Infosystems Ltd.||Method and apparatus for designing vision based software applications|
|May 28, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COGNEX CORPORATION, MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:PETRY, JOHN;MARRION, CYRIL C., JR.;EAMES, ANDREW;SIGNINGDATES FROM 20010315 TO 20010419;REEL/FRAME:022745/0375
|Dec 2, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4