|Publication number||US7977390 B2|
|Application number||US 11/508,725|
|Publication date||Jul 12, 2011|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 2006|
|Priority date||Oct 11, 2002|
|Also published as||US20070026677|
|Publication number||11508725, 508725, US 7977390 B2, US 7977390B2, US-B2-7977390, US7977390 B2, US7977390B2|
|Inventors||Bing Ji, Erik A. Edelberg, Takumi Yanagawa, Zhisong Huang, Lumin Li|
|Original Assignee||Lam Research Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (81), Non-Patent Citations (40), Referenced by (9), Classifications (14), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a Continuation-In-Part of prior U.S. application Ser. No. 10/946,181 entitled “METHOD FOR PLASMA ETCHING PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT”, filed on Sep. 20, 2004 now abandoned, which is a divisional application of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/295,601, filed Nov. 14, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,833,325, entitled “METHOD FOR PLASMA ETCHING PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT”, issued on Dec. 21, 2004, which claims priority under 35 USC 119(e) from the Provisional Application No. 60/417,806 entitled “IN-SITU PLASMA VAPOR DEPOSITION AND ETCH METHOD FOR PLASMA ETCH PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT,” which was filed on Oct. 11, 2002, which are all hereby incorporated by reference.
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to a method of obtaining a structure on a semiconductor wafer by etching through structures defined by an etch mask using a plasma.
2. Description of the Related Art
In semiconductor plasma etching applications, a plasma etcher is usually used to transfer a photoresist mask pattern into a circuit and line pattern of a desired thin film and/or filmstack (conductors or dielectric insulators) on a Si wafer. This is achieved by etching away the films (and filmstacks) underneath the photoresist materials in the opened areas of the mask pattern. This etching reaction is initiated by the chemically active species and electrically charged particles (ions) generated by exciting an electric discharge in a reactant mixture contained in a vacuum enclosure also referred to as a reactor chamber. Additionally, the ions are also accelerated towards the wafer materials through an electric field created between the gas mixture and the wafer materials, generating a directional removal of the etching materials along the direction of the ion trajectory in a manner referred to as anisotropic etching. At the finish of the etching sequence, the masking materials are removed by stripping it away, leaving in its place a replica of the lateral pattern of the original intended mask patterns. During the etching process, the mask materials are usually eroded and/or damaged in exchange for the pattern transfer. Consequently, some of the damage and erosion also may be transferred to the underlying layers leaving such undesirable pattern distortions such as striation, CD enlargement, etc.
The objective of the etching methodology, therefore, includes reducing the photoresist mask erosion to enhance the fidelity of the pattern transfer from the photoresist mask patterns.
In a dielectric etch, the aspect ratio (AR) is defined as the ratio between the feature depth (d) and width (w1) as shown in
High etch selectivity between the dielectric layer and the mask layer
Vertically straight feature profile
Control of the critical dimensions (CD)
Higher etch selectivity is needed to preserve the mask pattern throughout the etch process, and prevent undesirable irregular deviations (striations) in the etch profile. A vertically straight feature profile is necessary to maintain device yield. There are several mechanisms to cause deviations from the vertically straight profile: bowing refers to widening in the upper-middle portion of the feature (w2>w1 in
Efforts have been made in the prior art to solve these problems. One of the most challenging problem is bow protection, or to eliminate vertical profile bowing. A common conventional method is to use polymerizing fluorocarbon chemistry to passivate the feature sidewalls during plasma etch. However, this approach is limited by the complex competing chemistries, and trade-offs between bow protection and etch stop. As aspect ratio further increases, this conventional method has become inadequate for bow protection. Variations in sidewall passivation (deposition) while etching have been explored, for example: Providing passivation additives during an etch step increases the propensity for polymerization during plasma etch, leading to enhanced sidewall passivation and bow protection. However, the etch chemistry becomes even more complicated, and consequently more susceptible to trade-off limitations such as etch stop.
To achieve the foregoing and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, a method for etching features in a dielectric layer is provided. A mask is formed over the dielectric layer. A protective silicon-containing coating is formed on exposed surfaces of the mask. The features are etched through the mask and protective silicon-containing coating.
In another manifestation of the invention a method of etching features in a dielectric layer is provided. A mask is formed over a dielectric layer. Features are partially etched into the dielectric layer. A protective silicon-containing coating is formed on sidewalls of the partially etched features. The features are completely etched.
In another manifestation of the invention an apparatus for forming features in a dielectric layer disposed below a mask is provided. A plasma processing chamber, comprising a chamber wall forming a plasma processing chamber enclosure, a substrate support for supporting a substrate within the plasma processing chamber enclosure, a pressure regulator for regulating the pressure in the plasma processing chamber enclosure, at least one electrode for providing power to the plasma processing chamber enclosure for sustaining a plasma, a gas inlet for providing gas into the plasma processing chamber enclosure, and a gas outlet for exhausting gas from the plasma processing chamber enclosure is provided. A gas source is in fluid connection with the gas inlet, where the gas source comprises a silicon-containing deposition gas source and an etching gas source. A controller is controllably connected to the gas source and the at least one electrode and comprises at least one processor and computer readable media. The computer readable media comprises computer readable code for forming a silicon containing coating on exposed surfaces of the mask, comprising computer readable code for providing a silicon-containing deposition gas from the silicon-containing gas source, computer readable code for forming the silicon-containing deposition gas into a plasma, computer readable code for depositing a silicon-containing layer from the plasma on exposed surface of the mask, and computer readable code for terminating the providing the silicon-containing deposition gas from the silicon-containing gas source. The computer readable media further comprises computer readable code for etching features through the mask and protective silicon containing layer, comprising computer readable code for providing an etch gas from the etch gas source, computer readable code for forming the etch gas into a plasma, which etches features into the dielectric layer, and computer readable code for terminating the providing the etch gas from the etch gas source.
These and other features of the present invention will be described in more details below in the detailed description of the invention and in conjunction with the following figures.
The present invention is illustrated by way of example, and not by way of limitation, in the figures of the accompanying drawings and in which like reference numerals refer to similar elements and in which:
The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to a few preferred embodiments thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent, however, to one skilled in the art, that the present invention may be practiced without some or all of these specific details. In other instances, well known process steps and/or structures have not been described in detail in order to not unnecessarily obscure the present invention.
The invention provides an etch with a non-etching step where a silicon-containing layer is deposited to allow improved mask to dielectric etch selectivity and/or reduce bowing to provide more vertical profiles. More preferably, the invention provides high etch selectivities to allow the etching of high aspect ratio (HAR) features in a dielectric layer with a ratio of a feature depth to feature width greater than 10:1, in addition to vertically straight feature profile (sidewalls) and control of critical dimension (CD). Preferably, the vertical sidewalls are sidewalls that from bottom to top make an angle between 88° to 90° with the bottom of the features.
Higher selectivity preserves the mask to allow for thinner mask patterns for improved resolution and prevents undesirable irregular deviations (striations) in the etch profile.
The inventive etch process may be implemented through various embodiments. To facilitate understanding,
CPU 422 may be also coupled to a variety of input/output devices, such as display 404, keyboard 410, mouse 412, and speakers 430. In general, an input/output device may be any of: video displays, track balls, mice, keyboards, microphones, touch-sensitive displays, transducer card readers, magnetic or paper tape readers, tablets, styluses, voice or handwriting recognizers, biometrics readers, or other computers. CPU 422 optionally may be coupled to another computer or telecommunications network using network interface 440. With such a network interface, it is contemplated that the CPU might receive information from the network, or might output information to the network in the course of performing the above-described method steps. Furthermore, method embodiments of the present invention may execute solely upon CPU 422 or may execute over a network such as the Internet in conjunction with a remote CPU that shares a portion of the processing.
In addition, embodiments of the present invention further relate to computer storage products with a computer-readable medium that have computer code thereon for performing various computer-implemented operations. The media and computer code may be those specially designed and constructed for the purposes of the present invention, or they may be of the kind well known and available to those having skill in the computer software arts. Examples of computer-readable media include, but are not limited to: magnetic media such as hard disks, floppy disks, and magnetic tape; optical media such as CD-ROMs and holographic devices; magneto-optical media such as floptical disks; and hardware devices that are specially configured to store and execute program code, such as application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), programmable logic devices (PLDs) and ROM and RAM devices. Examples of computer code include machine code, such as produced by a compiler, and files containing higher level code that are executed by a computer using an interpreter. Computer readable media may also be computer code transmitted by a computer data signal embodied in a carrier wave and representing a sequence of instructions that are executable by a processor.
A protective silicon-containing layer 212 is formed on the mask 204, as shown in
In other embodiments, the processing conditions may be changed to vary the thickness and spatial distribution of the silicon protective layer. For example, it may be desirable to form a thicker coating on the sidewall of the etching structures as the etching proceeds deeper in order to protect the etching structure from further distortion or bowing by the subsequent etching. A variation of processing conditions may provide for this. Since depositing the protective silicon layer and etching are separate steps, the process conditions for depositing the protective silicon-containing layer may be optimized for this result without interfering with the etching process.
Examples of deposition chemistries that may be used for CVD deposition of the silicon-containing protective layer may be, but are not limited to SiH4, Si(CH3)4, SiH(CH3)3, SiH2(CH3)2, SiH3(CH3), Si(C2H5)4, SiF4, and other organosilicon compounds such as Si(OC2H5)4. It is preferred that these chemicals have a halogen to silicon ratio of no greater than 4:1. SiF4 is the most preferred precursor because it is nonflammable and readily available/present in semiconductor production fabs. To release silicon from SiF4 for deposition, a fluorine scavenger such as hydrogen (H2) is added in the deposition plasmas. For SiF4 deposition, adequate amount of hydrogen H2 is needed. The ratio of H2 to SiF4 flow rates is in the range of 0.5-5, and the preferred range is 1.5 to 2.5.) Carbon-containing precursors such as CH4 and/or CF4 can also be added to change the film composition. For mask and bow protection, the deposition must be conformal over the mask and feature sidewalls. At the same time, to prevent etch stop, the deposition must be inhibited or impeded at the bottom of the features. In addition, the deposition must be uniform over the entire wafer surface.
The deposited protective layer is an amorphous silicon containing layer (or polymorphous silicon) over the mask. The silicon protective layer is modified with the presence of some F, C, and H components. The presence of F causes selective activity on different material surfaces such that deposition occurs preferentially on some but not the other surfaces. For example, deposition is more preferential on the mask surfaces and on the sidewalls of the etched features than on the bottom of the etched dielectric features. Preferential deposition on the mask surfaces results in mask protection and improves etch selectivity. Preferential deposition on the sidewalls of the etched features inhibits lateral etching, hence minimizes bowing of the etched features.
The deposition of the silicon-containing protective layer is an independent step in the etch process which may include different combinations of deposition gases for different etching applications of different materials, where the deposition provides a silicon-containing protective coating around the etching features, including the masking features, using possible multistep gas switching sequences. To accomplish this step, the controller 335 may cause the first control valve 337 to allow a SiF4 containing deposition gas from the deposition gas source 312 into the process chamber 300, while causing the second control valve 339 from preventing etching gas from the etchant gas source 314 from entering the process chamber. The controller 335 may also control the power supplied by the first and second RF sources 344, 348 and the exhaust pump 320. The controller may also be used to control the wafer area pressure, backside He cooling pressure, the bias on the substrate, and various temperatures.
Next, the dielectric layer 208 is etched through the mask 204, to form the feature 216, as shown in
After the feature is at least partially etched, a determination is made on whether to etch more (step 116). This may be done by a set recipe or by taking a measurement. If more etching is desired, then the process cycles back to step 108, where an additional silicon protective layer 218 is deposited on the mask, as shown in
The feature is then further etched through the mask (step 112), providing a deeper feature 216, as shown in
Preferably, this cycle or loop of providing alternating deposition and etching steps is repeated more than once. Preferably, this cycle is repeated more than three times. Preferably, this cycle is repeated at least five times. This cycle may be repeated dozens of times. It may be desirable to repeat this cycle 100 times.
In other embodiments, an etch step may be added before step 108 for depositing a silicon protective layer on the mask.
Preferably, the etching and the deposition of the protective layer are done in the same chamber, but may be done in different chambers. Since the deposition and etch are done in the same chamber, cycling between the deposition and etch may be done quickly.
Preferably, the mask is an organic material, wherein organic material is defined as a photoresist, polymer, or amorphous carbon. Inorganic materials can also be used as mask. Examples of inorganic material mask for dielectric etching include poly-silicon mask and metal oxide mask. Examples of materials for the organic material mask may include, but are not limited to the newer generation of photoresist, such as, deep UV photoresist, 193 nm photoresist, 157 nm photoresist, EUV photoresist, e-beam photoresist, and x-ray photoresist, and other non-lithographic masks such as amorphous carbon. The older generation of photoresist polymer materials are designed to contain unsaturated C—C bonds, such as the C—C double bond and even C—C triple bonds to provide the required high etching resistance, namely, chemical inertness to the etching gas mixture. These bonds are strong and require a high activation energy to break and therefore, at relatively low ion energies, the older generation photoresist can show remarkably low etching rate to the etching gas mixture. The newer generation of photoresist, including 193 nm and 157 nm, does not contain these unsaturated bonds because these unsaturated bonds absorb at the lithography exposure wavelength, leading to much reduced photoresist etching resistance. By providing a silicon-containing protective coating on the photoresist during the etching phase, the etching resistance of the photoresist is much improved, even at high ion bombardment energy. The high ion bombardment energies at which the invention may improve etching resistance of the mask may be 50-2,000 eV. More preferably, the ion bombardment energy may be 200-1,500 eV. Most preferably, the ion bombardment energy is 500-1,000 eV.
In this embodiment, an in-situ plasma chemical process is used to enhance and/or repair the mask, as well as the vertical sidewalls of etching features, during the etching progression. In this embodiment, a plasma chemical deposition process is initiated for a short duration before and/or after the wafer is exposed to an etching plasma for a desired duration. The deposition process is chosen in such a way that a thin film of silicon is formed on the mask pattern to protect the mask from later etch erosion. This changes the surface composition of the mask pattern such that the mask behaves like a pseudo hardmask, having certain beneficial etching characteristics of a silicon hardmask.
Single Etch Deposition Etch Cycle
A protective silicon-containing layer 618 is deposited (step 512), as shown in
Single Deposition Etch Cycle
In this embodiment, a single main etch may be used to completely etch a feature 816 (step 712) to the barrier layer 810, as shown in
In this embodiment, the protective silicon-containing layer is used to protect the mask, not for sidewall profile protection.
In conventional PECVD, the substrate is placed on a grounded pedestal and heated to several hundred degrees ° C. The deposition plasma is sustained by RF powering the top electrode, or by using inductively coupled plasmas (ICP). Such conventional PECVD method is not applicable to common reactive ion etch (RIE) type plasma etchers, where the wafer is placed on the RF powered lower electrode, and the top electrode is typically grounded or driven by a separate frequency. Furthermore, wafer electrode heating is commonly limited to well below 100° C. due to active device thermal budget and damage concerns. SiF4 based PECVD suggests that RIE mode plasma would not provide adequate deposition since the film is continuously removed by simultaneous etching and sputtering. It has been unexpectedly discovered that a robust film can be deposited at adequate rates with an RIE mode plasma under optimal conditions. Furthermore, adding an optimal amount of RF bias power (for example 2 MHz or another low frequency power, where low frequency power is defined as less than 5 MHz) can improve the deposition uniformity and film robustness. The optimal 2 MHz power is preferably 0-1000 W, or more preferably 5-500 W. Other methods of providing a low bias energy may be used. The layer to be etched may be a dielectric layer (such as silicon oxide), a conductive layer (such as metal and silicon or other type of semiconductors), or a hardmask layer (such as silicon nitride and silicon oxynitride). For etching a conductor layer, halogens, such as chlorine, fluorine, or bromine, may be used in the etching step.
Another advantage of some embodiments is that etch tapering and etch stopping are prevented.
It has also been unexpectedly found that the addition of H2 to a protective layer gas comprising SiF4 allows for control of the deposition process.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention, it is desirable that some of the components of the deposition gas are not mixed with components of the etch gas, since some mixing decreases the efficiency of having a separate deposition and etch process. As a result, the controller should time the gas flows so that one gas is depleted before another gas is added. In the above embodiments, SiF4 is not provided during the etch.
Other inert gases instead of argon may be used as carrier gases during both the etching and deposition. An example of another inert gas would be helium, neon, and/or xenon.
In a preferred embodiment heavily polymerizing chemistry is not required during the dielectric etch. Less polymerizing etch chemistry helps to avoid tapering and etch stop.
In a preferred embodiment, typical HAR fluorocarbon etching chemistry may be used without adding a separate heavily polymerizing component such as CH3F or CH2F2.
The following tests were performed:
Test 1. Blanket Silicon Wafer Deposition and Etch Characterization
This test demonstrates the method of using SiF4 to deposit silicon-containing films on a bare silicon wafer. The following process conditions were used in this example: wafer area pressure (WAP) 100 mTorr, 500 W of 60 MHz RF, 100 sccm SiF4, 190 sccm H2, 225 sccm Ar, feed gas distribution 70% center weight, lower electrode temperature 60° C., upper electrode temperature 100° C., backside helium pressure 30 Torr for both the inner and outer zones, and process time 180 seconds. The deposited film was characterized by a KLA F5X ellipsometer. This test provides a silicon layer deposition with a mean thickness of 143.3 nm, a mean deposition rate of 47.8 nm/min, and 3-sigma uniformity of 11.3% over the entire wafer (16.1 nm) with a range of 19.7 nm (13.7%). The deposited film was then subjected to 60 seconds of a typical HAR oxide etch process. The etched wafer was then re-characterized by the KLA F5X ellipsometer with a new film model. As a result, the silicon layer has a mean etch rate of 57.1 nm/min, and 3-sigma uniformity of 36.5% over the entire wafer (20.8 nm/min) with a range of 27.1 nm/min (47.6%).
Test 2. Comparison of the Deposition Process with 2 MHz RF Bias
In this test, all the process conditions were the same as those in Test 1 except that 200 W of 2 MHz RF bias power was applied at the same time. This test provided a silicon layer deposition with a mean thickness of 133.3 nm, a mean deposition rate of 44.43 nm/min, and 3-sigma uniformity of 6.6% over the entire wafer (8.7 nm) with a range of 10.4 nm (7.8%). The deposited film was then subject to 60 seconds of a typical HAR oxide etch process. The etched wafer was then re-characterized by the KLA F5X ellipsometer with a new film model. As a result, the silicon layer has a mean etch rate of 46.4 nm/min, and 3-sigma uniformity of 7.5% over the entire wafer (3.5 nm/min) with a range of 5.6 nm/min (12.0%). The addition of 2 MHz RF power significantly improved both the deposition uniformity (46% reduction in 3-sigma) and resistance to HAR oxide etch (23% reduction in etch rate).
Test 3. Deposition on a Partially Etched Patterned Wafer
In this test, the same deposition process as in Test 2 was applied for 120 seconds to a wafer that was already etched by 300 seconds of a typical HAR oxide etch plasma. Cross section scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis results of Example 3 are given in Table 1 below. For comparison, sample with 300 seconds of etch only (Comparative Example 3a) are also analyzed and summarized in Table 1. The data indicate a dramatic (44%) reduction of the top CD without any pinch-off or bottom plugging. In fact, it was found unexpectedly the hole depth was extended by 152 nm in the course of the SiF4 deposition process. This demonstrates that SiF4-based deposition process is an effective method to shrink the mask CDs without causing etch stop in high aspect ratio holes.
TABLE 1 Deposition of partially etched patterned wafer Example 3: Sample with 300 seconds of Comparative Example HAR etch followed 3a: Sample with 300 by 120 seconds of seconds of HAR etch SiF4 deposition Top CD (nm) 190 106 (cross section SEM) Distance between etch 377 225 front and stop layer (nm) (cross section SEM)
Test 4. Post-deposition etch of patterned wafers
In this test, the wafers from Test 3 were further etched by 100 seconds of the same typical HAR oxide etch plasma to complete the full etch processes. The samples were then processed with an oxygen ashing plasma to remove the mask layer, and cross sectioned for SEM. The results (Example 4) are given in Table 2 below. For comparison, example 4a shows the results for a sample underwent 2-step etch (300 seconds+100 seconds) HAR etch without SiF4 deposition step. As shown in the table, bowing is nearly completely eliminated in the second sample (etch-deposition-etch). The oxygen ashing plasma removes the organic mask from both samples. In contrast, the inorganic silicon-containing passivation layer survives the oxygen ashing plasma, and is clearly visible in the SEM of the second sample. This is a direct evidence that our SiF4 deposition process deposit a thin layer of silicon-containing film conformally from the mask all the way deep down into the etched holes. The silicon-based sidewall passivation film is more resistant to the undesirable lateral etch, therefore minimizing bowing of the profile. This example shows applying a SiF4 deposition after partial etch is an effective bow protection method.
TABLE 2 Post deposition etch of patterned wafer Example 4: Sample Comparative Example with 300 seconds HAR 4a: Sample with 300 etch, 120 seconds seconds HAR etch + SiF4 deposition, 100 100 seconds HAR etch seconds HAR etch Top CD w1 (nm) 117 122 (cross section SEM) Bow CD w2 (nm) 156 127 (cross section SEM)
Test 5. Continuous Etch-deposition-etch Process
In this test, the wafer was continuously processed with the following sequence in a single recipe: 200 seconds of the typical HAR etch, 60 seconds of SiF4 deposition, and 200 seconds of the typical HAR etch. The processed wafer was then subjected to O2 ashing plasma, and cross sectioned for SEM. The results are shown in Table 3 below (Example 5). In the comparative example of 400 seconds continuous etch (Example 5a), the top CD was blown out to 148 nm due to severe striation. Severe striation is a consequence of damage and distortion of the mask layer. In contrast, top down SEM of Example 5 shows striation free circular opening of the HAR holes after etch completion. Table 3 also shows more mask remained after etch when SiF4 deposition step is applied during etch. In addition to top striation, comparative example 5a shows a necking (narrowing) CD (w4 in
TABLE 3 Continuous etch-deposition-etch process Example 5: Sample with 200 seconds HAR Comparative Example etch, 60 seconds 5a: Sample with 400 SiF4 deposition, then seconds continuous 200 seconds HAR etch HAR etch (continuous processing) Top CD w1 (nm) 148 127 (cross section SEM) Bow CD w2 (nm) 155 142 (cross section SEM) Mask remaining after 201 247 etch (cross section SEM) Top CD (nm) 168 140 (top down SEM)
Test 6. Pre-deposition for Top CD Shrink
In this test, the wafer was first processed with 30 seconds of SiF4 deposition, followed by 400 seconds of the typical HAR oxide etch in a single recipe. The results are shown in Table 4 below. For comparison, data from direct etch without SiF4 pre-deposition (Comparative Example 5a) are also listed in Table 4. As shown in the table, applying 30 seconds of SiF4 deposition prior to etch achieved 36 nm top CD reduction. Furthermore, there is more mask remained in the pre-etch SiF4 deposition treated sample. This shows that SiF4 pre-deposition protects the mask layer during etch.
Pre-deposition for top CD shrink
Example 6: Sample
with 30 seconds of
5a Sample without SiF4
followed by 400
seconds of HAR etch)
seconds of HAR etch
Top CD (nm)
(top down SEM)
after etch (nm)
(cross section SEM)
While this invention has been described in terms of several preferred embodiments, there are alterations, permutations, and substitute equivalents, which fall within the scope of this invention. It should also be noted that there are many alternative ways of implementing the methods and apparatuses of the present invention. It is therefore intended that the following appended claims be interpreted as including all such alterations, permutations, and substitute equivalents as fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention.
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|U.S. Classification||516/67, 438/725, 216/41, 438/723, 438/710, 438/694, 216/37, 438/706|
|International Classification||H01L21/302, B44C1/22|
|Cooperative Classification||H01L21/31144, H01L21/0337|
|European Classification||H01L21/311D, H01L21/033F4|
|Oct 13, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
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Owner name: LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:JI, BING;EDELBERG, ERIK A.;YANAGAWA, TAKUMI;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060928 TO 20061004;REEL/FRAME:018395/0933
|Jan 12, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
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