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Publication numberUS7990165 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 12/297,732
Publication dateAug 2, 2011
Filing dateApr 19, 2007
Priority dateApr 21, 2006
Also published asEP2012131A1, EP2012131A4, US20090224781, US20110247209, WO2007123185A1
Publication number12297732, 297732, US 7990165 B2, US 7990165B2, US-B2-7990165, US7990165 B2, US7990165B2
InventorsMasahiro Aoyagi, Katsuya Kikuchi, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Yoshikuni Okada, Hiroyuki Fujita, Shoichi Imai, Shigeo Kiyota
Original AssigneeNational Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science And Technology, Kiyoto Manufacturing Co., Tss Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Contact probe and method of making the same
US 7990165 B2
Abstract
To provide a contact probe which can easily be connected with a measurement apparatus electrically, can measure a high speed and high frequency signal with a fine pitch easily and correctly, and can easily cope with signal measurement for a plurality of channels, and a method of making the contact probe.
It includes a first printed wiring board 3 having a signal electrode 10 a and a ground electrode 10 b used as a contact part with respect to a measuring object, in which the signal electrode 10 a and ground electrode 10 b are formed of a metal wiring pattern on a substrate, and a second printed wiring board 2 with a coaxial line structure having shield electrodes 12, 17, 18 which enclose a signal line 15 a and the surroundings of the signal line 15 a through an insulating layer. The signal electrode 10 a of the first printed wiring board 3 and the signal line 15 a of the second printed wiring board 2 are electrically connected together, and the ground electrode 10 b of the first printed wiring board 3 and the shield electrodes 12, 17, 18 of the second printed wiring board 2 are electrically connected together.
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Claims(4)
1. A contact probe used for measuring and evaluating a high speed and high frequency characteristic, comprising:
a first printed wiring board having a signal electrode and a ground electrode used as a contact part with respect to a measuring object, in which said signal electrode and ground electrode are formed of a metal wiring pattern on a substrate, and
a second printed wiring board with a coaxial line structure having a shield electrode which encloses a signal line and the surroundings of said signal line through an insulating layer, characterized by being arranged such that
the signal electrode of said first printed wiring board and the signal line of said second printed wiring board are electrically connected together, and the ground electrode of said first printed wiring board and the shield electrode of said second printed wiring board are electrically connected together.
2. The contact probe as claimed in claim 1, said second printed wiring board being characterized in that
a ground line electrically connected to said shield electrode is formed in the same plane as said signal line, and
a cut-off portion is formed so that a predetermined area of either upper or lower sides of said signal line and said ground line may be exposed,
said signal line exposed at said cut-off portion is electrically connected to the signal electrode of said first printed wiring board, and
said ground line exposed at said cut-off portion is electrically connected to the ground electrode of said first printed wiring board.
3. The contact probe as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that an electrode pitch between said signal electrode and said ground electrode is arranged to be equal to or greater than 10 μm or less than 50 μm.
4. The contact probe as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a plurality of groups of signal electrodes and ground electrodes are formed in said first printed wiring board and corresponding groups of signal lines and shield electrodes are formed in said second printed wiring board,
the signal electrodes of said first printed wiring board and the signal lines of said second printed wiring board are electrically connected together for each corresponding group, and
the ground electrodes of said first printed wiring board and the shield electrodes of said second printed wiring board are electrically connected together for each corresponding group.
Description

This application is a 371 of PCT/JP2007/058561 filed on Apr. 19, 2007.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a contact probe and a method of making the same which are used for measuring a high frequency characteristic of a semiconductor integrated circuit, a package for a semiconductor integrated circuit, a printed circuit board, etc., especially correspond to a plurality of channel signals.

BACKGROUND ART

Recently, as an electric apparatus has been faster and of a higher frequency, there has been an increasing need, compared with conventional ones, to measure and inspect electrical characteristics with respect to a high speed and a high frequency signal of an electronic device, an electronic component, a mounting component, etc. which constitute an apparatus. A high frequency contact probe is used in the case of such measurement and inspection. The conventional high frequency contact probe is predominantly arranged such that a fine metal contact pad is connected to a tip of a thin-line rigid coaxial cable. As a product, the high frequency contact probes from GGB Industries, Inc., Cascade Microtech, Inc., and Suss MicroTec are widely used, for example.

However, there is a problem in that as for many of the contact probes used conventionally and widely, even a fine electrode pitch at the tip (interval between signal electrode and ground electrode) is approximately 100 μm, then it is difficult to evaluate characteristics of an interposer etc. for an integrated circuit having a fine pitch of less than 50 μm.

As a technology which solves such a problem, patent document 1 discloses a probe tip component which has the signal electrode and ground electrode brought into contact with a measuring object and is made from a printed circuit board, and the above-mentioned probe tip component is electrically connected to the tip of a coaxial cable by soldering.

According to the structure as disclosed in patent document 1, the electrode pitch of the probe tip component can be arranged to be less than 50 μm by way of a technology of manufacturing the printed wiring board, and even the measuring object with a fine pitch allows the high speed and the high frequency signal to be measured.

Patent document 1: Japanese Patent Application Publication (KOKAI) No. 2006-10678

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION Object of the Invention

However, in the contact probe as disclosed by patent document 1, there is a problem in that when connecting the coaxial cable, which is from a measurement apparatus, to the probe tip component directly, it is difficult to perform the connection exactly by soldering, since the probe tip component is very small.

Further, in the case where there are a plurality of measuring objects, if the pitch between the respective measuring objects is large, it is possible to measure it by means of a plurality of single-channel high-frequency probes as shown in patent document 1. However, in the case where the pitch between the respective measuring objects is small, use of the high frequency contact probes corresponding to a plurality of channel signals for a plurality of channels is indispensable.

However, in the case where the high frequency probe corresponding to a plurality of channels is constituted by the conventional single-channel high-frequency contact probes including the probes as disclosed in patent document 1, it is necessary to arrange a plurality of probe tips in a horizontal line, for example, and it is technically difficult to arrange a plurality of probes at a fine pitch of 50 μm or less.

The present invention arises in a situation as described above, and aims at providing a contact probe which can easily be connected with a measurement apparatus electrically, can measure a high speed and high frequency signal with a fine pitch easily and correctly, and can cope with signal measurement for a plurality of channels, and a method of making the contact probe.

Means to Solve the Problem

The contact probe in accordance with the present invention made in order to solve the above-mentioned problem is a contact probe used for measuring and evaluating the high speed and high frequency characteristic, the contact probe including a first printed wiring board having a signal electrode and a ground electrode used as a contact part with respect to a measuring object, in which the signal electrode and ground electrode are formed of a metal wiring pattern on a substrate, and a second printed wiring board with a coaxial line structure having a shield electrode which encloses a signal line and the surroundings of the signal line through an insulating layer, characterized in that the signal electrode of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board and the signal line of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board are electrically connected together, and the ground electrode of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board and the shield electrode of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board are electrically connected together. In addition, it is desirable that the electrode pitch between the above-mentioned signal electrode and the above-mentioned ground electrode is arranged to be equal to or greater than 10 μm or less than 50 μm.

By making the contact probe from the printed wiring board in this way, the probe tip part (first printed wiring board) having a fine (for example, less than 50 μm) electrode pitch can be easily formed with sufficient accuracy. Therefore, the probe tip can be pressed against fine pitch portions formed at a semiconductor integrated circuit, a package for the semiconductor integrated circuit, the printed circuit board, etc., and the high speed and high frequency measurement can be realized.

Further, since electrical connection between the first printed circuit board (probe tip part) and the measurement apparatus (coaxial cable) is achieved through the second printed circuit board which has a coaxial line structure, the connection can be performed easily and correctly. In particular, since the connection between the first printed circuit board to have a fine structure and the second printed circuit board is connection between the substrates, it can be performed through fine bumps etc. and it is possible to achieve easy and exact electric connection.

Further, since the second printed circuit board has the coaxial line structure, it is possible to improve transmission efficiency of the high speed and high frequency signal, and to reduce an incoming noise and a cross talk occurred between wirings.

Furthermore, since the first printed circuit board whose tip part is of a very fine structure and the second printed circuit board are electrically connected together through the fine bumps, it is possible to reduce a deviation of the characteristic impedance at the connection part and to improve the transmission characteristic greatly.

In addition, although it is possible to make the first printed circuit board and the second printed circuit board integrally on one printed circuit board, it is necessary to use “via connection” structure in that case. However, since the conventional “via connection” structure provides an insufficient high frequency characteristic, the present invention employs fine bump connection.

Further, in the above-mentioned second printed wiring board, it is desirable to form the ground line which is electrically connected to the above-mentioned shield electrode in the same plane as the above-mentioned signal line, and to form a cut-off portion so that a predetermined area of either upper or lower sides of the above-mentioned signal line and the above-mentioned ground line may be exposed.

In the second printed wiring board, by forming the cut-off portion in this way, the connection part connecting with the first printed wiring board is provided, and the connection can be achieved easily.

Further, it is desirable that a plurality of groups of signal electrodes and ground electrodes are formed in the above-mentioned first printed wiring board, corresponding groups of signal lines and shield electrodes are formed in the above-mentioned second printed wiring board, the signal electrodes of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board and the signal lines of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board are electrically connected together for each corresponding group, and the ground electrodes of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board and the shield electrodes of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board are electrically connected together for each corresponding group.

Thus, by forming a plurality of channels (plurality of groups) of electrodes by means of the printed wiring boards, it is possible to form and arrange the plurality of electrodes at the contact probe tip, in which the electrode pitch is fine (for example, less than 50 μm). Therefore, even in the case where the plurality of channels of measuring objects are located at a fine pitch, it is possible to measure the high speed and high frequency signal for each channel by the contact probe coping with the plurality of channels.

Further, by forming a shape of the second printed wiring board into the shape of a fan where a width of a rear end (connection side with coaxial cable) is gradually extended, it is possible to widen the pitch between the electrodes of adjoining channels at the rear end, and to easily achieve the connection with the coaxial cable which is from the measurement apparatus.

Further, the method of making the contact probe in accordance with the present invention made in order to solve the above-mentioned subject is a method of making a contact probe used for measuring and evaluating a high speed and high frequency characteristic, characterized by implementing a step of making a first printed wiring board in which a signal electrode and a ground electrode used as a contact part with respect to a measuring object are formed of a metal wiring pattern, and making a second printed wiring board with a coaxial line structure having a shield electrode which encloses a signal line and the surroundings of the above-mentioned signal line through an insulating layer, and a step of electrically connecting the signal line of the above-mentioned second multilayer printed wiring board to the signal electrode of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board, and electrically connecting the shield electrode of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board to the ground electrode of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board.

By way of such a method, it is possible to make the contact probe formed of the printed wiring board, and the probe tip of this contact probe can be pressed against the fine pitch portions formed at the semiconductor integrated circuit, the package for the semiconductor integrated circuit, the printed circuit board, etc., to realize the high speed and high frequency measurement.

Further, it is desirable that the plurality of groups of signal electrodes and ground electrodes are formed in the above-mentioned first printed wiring board, corresponding groups of signal lines and shield electrodes are formed in the above-mentioned second printed wiring board, the signal electrodes of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board and the signal lines of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board are electrically connected together for each corresponding group, and the ground electrodes of the above-mentioned first printed wiring board and the shield electrodes of the above-mentioned second printed wiring board are electrically connected together for each corresponding group.

In the case of the plurality of measuring objects, even if the pitch between the respective measuring objects is fine (for example, less than 50 μm), it is possible to make the corresponding plurality of channels (plurality groups) of contact probes, and to measure the high speed and high frequency signal for each channel by way of such a method.

In addition, the process of making the first printed wiring board and the second printed wiring board may employ a production method similar to a process of making a so-called silicon interposer. In this case, precision of fine line pattern forming is improved, and controllability of characteristic impedance of the lines is improved, to thereby improve the transmission characteristic.

Furthermore, in the step of making the above-mentioned first printed wiring board, it is desirable to perform a step of laminating a thin-film metal layer on a substrate made of silicon or glass, a step of laminating an insulating layer on the above-mentioned metal layer, a step of forming a photoresist pattern for forming the signal electrode and the ground electrode on the above-mentioned insulating layer, a step of laminating a metal layer on the insulating layer on which the above-mentioned photoresist pattern is formed, and a step of removing the above-mentioned photoresist pattern and forming the signal electrode and the ground electrode by the metal layer laminated on the above-mentioned insulating layer.

In addition, in the step of making the above-mentioned first printed wiring board, it is possible to perform a step of laminating a thin-film metal layer on a substrate made of silicon or glass, a step of laminating an insulating layer on the above-mentioned metal layer, a step of laminating a metal layer on the above-mentioned insulating layer, and a step of forming a metal wiring pattern to be the signal electrode and the ground electrode on an uppermost metal layer by etching.

Alternatively, in the step of making the above-mentioned first printed wiring board, it is possible to perform a step of forming, by etching, a metal wiring pattern to be the signal electrode and the ground electrode on the metal layer of either upper or lower side of the insulating layer whose both sides are joined with thin-film metal layers.

By performing such a step, it is possible to form a probe tip part (first printed wiring board) whose electrode pitch is fine (for example, less than 50 μm) easily and with sufficient accuracy.

Further, in the step of making the above-mentioned second printed wiring board, it is desirable to perform a step of laminating an insulated side of an insulating layer whose one side is joined with a metal layer, onto a metal layer of either upper or lower side of an insulating layer whose both sides are joined with a thin-film metal layer, a step of forming a metal wiring pattern to be the signal line and the ground line at an uppermost metal layer by etching, a step of laminating an insulating side of the insulating layer whose one side is joined with a metal layer, onto a side where the above-mentioned metal wiring pattern is formed, a step of carrying out a grooving process, respectively on both sides of the above-mentioned signal line along an extended direction of the above-mentioned signal line, towards a lower part from an upper part, intersecting the above-mentioned ground line, and reaching a metal layer lower than the above-mentioned signal line, a step of subjecting, at least, a portion subjected to the above-mentioned grooving process to a metal plating process to form the shield electrode which encloses the surroundings of the above-mentioned signal line through the insulating layer, and a step of performing a cutting process so that a predetermined area of either upper or lower sides of the above-mentioned signal line and ground line may be exposed respectively.

By performing such a step, it is possible to make the second circuit board having the coaxial line structure. Further, connection between the first printed wiring board and the coaxial cable from measurement apparatus is carried out through this second printed wiring board, and the connection with each of them is easily carried out.

In addition, it is desirable to use a prepreg including any of polyimide resin, BCB resin, polyamide resin, polyoxazole resin, epoxy resin, Teflon (registered trademark) resin, and cycloolefin resin for each of the above-mentioned insulating layers.

Further, it is desirable that the metal layer laminated to the above-mentioned insulating layer is formed of either gold, silver, or copper.

Furthermore, it is desirable that the metal plating carried out for the portion subjected to the above-mentioned grooving process is copper plating.

According to the present invention, the contact probe is provided which can easily be connected with the measurement apparatus electrically, can measure the high speed and high frequency signal with the fine pitch easily and correctly, and can cope with signal measurement for the plurality of channels, and the method of making the contact probe is provided.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view showing a first preferred embodiment of a contact probe in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a bottom view of the contact probe in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view from above of a probe main body and a probe tip part of the contact probe in FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view from below of the probe main body and the probe tip part of the contact probe in FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a flowchart showing a method of making the probe main body.

FIG. 6A is a sectional view illustrating a flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5.

FIG. 6B is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6A.

FIG. 6C is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6B.

FIG. 6D is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6C.

FIG. 6E is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6D.

FIG. 6F is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6E.

FIG. 6G is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6F.

FIG. 6H is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 5 subsequent to FIG. 6G.

FIG. 7 is a flowchart showing a method of making the probe tip part.

FIG. 8A is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 7.

FIG. 8B is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 7 subsequent to FIG. 8A.

FIG. 8C is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 7 subsequent to FIG. 8B.

FIG. 8D is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 7 subsequent to FIG. 8C.

FIG. 8E is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 7 subsequent to FIG. 8D.

FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing another method of making the probe tip part.

FIG. 10A is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 9.

FIG. 10B is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 9 subsequent to FIG. 10A.

FIG. 10C is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 9 subsequent to FIG. 10B.

FIG. 10D is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 9 subsequent to FIG. 10C.

FIG. 10E is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 9 subsequent to FIG. 10D.

FIG. 10F is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 9 subsequent to FIG. 10E.

FIG. 11 is a flowchart showing another method of making the probe tip part.

FIG. 12A is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 11.

FIG. 12B is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 11 subsequent to FIG. 12A.

FIG. 12C is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 11 subsequent to FIG. 12B.

FIG. 12D is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 11 subsequent to FIG. 12C.

FIG. 13 is a flowchart showing a method of making contact bumps of the probe tip part.

FIG. 14A is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 13.

FIG. 14B is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 13 subsequent to FIG. 14A.

FIG. 14C is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 13 subsequent to FIG. 14B.

FIG. 14D is a sectional view illustrating the flow step corresponding to the flowchart in FIG. 13 subsequent to FIG. 14C.

FIG. 15 is a plan view showing a second preferred embodiment of the contact probe in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 16A is a plan view showing a structure of the probe main body of the contact probe of FIG. 15.

FIG. 16B is a sectional view along arrows A-A in FIG. 16A.

FIG. 17A is a plan view showing a structure of the probe tip part of the contact probe in FIG. 15.

FIG. 17B is a sectional view along arrows B-B in FIG. 17A.

FIG. 18A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming a cut-off portion.

FIG. 18B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 19A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 19B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 20A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 20B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 21A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 21B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 22A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 22B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 23A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 23B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 24A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 24B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 25A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 25B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 26A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 26B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 27A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 27B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 28A is a sectional view (front view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 28B is a sectional view (side view) illustrating a flow step, for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 29 is a flowchart for explaining another method of forming the cut-off portion.

FIG. 30A is a view for explaining a method of connecting a coaxial cable to a coaxial line formed in the substrate.

FIG. 30B is a view for explaining a method of connecting the coaxial cable to the coaxial line formed in the substrate.

FIG. 30C is a view for explaining a method of connecting the coaxial cable to the coaxial line formed in the substrate.

FIG. 31A is a view for explaining a method of connecting the coaxial cable to the coaxial line formed in the substrate.

FIG. 31B is a view for explaining a method of connecting the coaxial cable to the coaxial line formed in the substrate.

FIG. 31C is a view for explaining a method of connecting the coaxial cable to the coaxial line formed in the substrate.

DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE SIGNS

  • 2: probe main body (second printed wiring board)
  • 2 a: cut-off portion
  • 3: probe tip part (first printed wiring board)
  • 4: fine bumps
  • 5: substrate
  • 6: reinforcing board
  • 7: contact bumps
  • 8: insulating layer
  • 9: metal layer
  • 10: metal layer
  • 10 a: signal electrode
  • 10 b: ground electrode
  • 11: insulating layer
  • 12: metal layer
  • 13: metal layer
  • 14: insulating layer
  • 15: metal layer
  • 15 a: signal line
  • 15 b: ground line
  • 16: insulating layer
  • 17: metal layer
  • 18: metal plated layer
  • 19: groove portion
  • 20: probe main body (second printed wiring board)
  • 30: probe tip part (first printed wiring board)
  • 100: contact probe
  • 101: contact probe
BEST MODE FOR IMPLEMENTING THE INVENTION

Hereafter, the preferred embodiments of a contact probe and a method of making the same in accordance with the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a side view showing a first preferred embodiment of a contact probe in accordance with the present invention. FIG. 2 is a bottom view of the contact probe in FIG. 1. In addition, the contact probe as shown in the first preferred embodiment is a probe with a structure corresponding to a single channel (single group).

As illustrated, a contact probe 100 has a probe tip part 3 used as a contact part coming into contact with a measuring object, and a probe main body 2 connected with a high frequency measurement apparatus through a coaxial cable etc. (not shown).

The probe tip part 3 (first printed wiring board) and the probe main body 2 (second printed wiring board) are respectively formed from printed wiring boards, which are mutually joined by thermocompression at 100° C. through 150° C. using fine bumps 4. In addition, it is preferable that the fine bumps 4 are formed of either gold, a gold alloy, silver, or a silver alloy.

Further, although the fine bumps are used, electric connection between the probe tip part 3 and the probe main body 2 may be carried out by pressure contact, without forming a junction by way of thermocompression. In this case, after applying thermosetting resin into a gap between the probe tip part 3 and the probe main body 2, they are brought into pressure contact with each other, and the hardening and shrinking by heating raises the contact pressure, thus being possible to secure the electric connection. Such a method is referred to as the NCP (Non Conductive Paste) process.

Further, since there is a possibility that the junction by means of the fine bumps 4 provides by itself insufficient strength as the probe, the substrate 5 made of silicon or glass is formed on the upper layer of the probe main body 2 as shown in FIG. 1, whereby the reinforcing board 6 made from a resin board, a metal plate, etc. is adhered to, with adhesives, upper surfaces of the probe main body 2 and the probe tip part 3 which are flattened.

In addition, in the case where the substrate 5 is formed of glass, transparency is acquired in the probe tip part 3 and visibility with respect to an electrode position is improved, thus positioning is easy when in contact with the measuring object. If this is the case, it is desirable that the reinforcing board is also formed of transparent resin etc.

Further, as described above, in the case where the electric connection between the probe tip part 3 and the probe main body 2 is realized by way of pressure contact, if the adhesive of the reinforcing board 6 and the resin sealed in the gap between the probe tip part 3 and the probe main body 2 are dissolved by a solvent, an acid, etc. as a remover then the probe tip part 3 can be replaced.

Further, as shown in FIG. 2, three lines (one signal electrode 10 a and two ground electrodes 10 b) are formed at a metal wiring pattern 10 beneath the probe tip part 3, and contact bumps 7 (one signal contact bump 7 a and two grounding contact bumps 7 b) for contacting the measuring object are formed at respective tips. That is, the signal contact bump 7 a provided for the tip of central signal electrode 10 a is a contact bump for picking up a signal from the measuring object. Further, the grounding contact bumps 7 b provided for the tips of ground electrodes 10 b on both sides are contact bumps for picking up a ground level signal on the measuring object side. In addition, the electrode pitch of the signal contact bump 7 a and the grounding contact bumps 7 b is set as 10 to 50 μm, for example.

Further, in the probe main body 2, the coaxial cable (not shown) may be connected with an opposite side (rear end side) of a side to which the probe tip part 3 is connected. By connecting the coaxial cable to the high frequency measurement apparatus etc., it is possible to measure a high frequency signal. In other words, according to this contact probe 100, since the probe tip part 3 is made from the printed wiring board, a desired electrode pitch of less than 50 μm (for example) can be formed easily, and it is possible to measure the fine pitch of the measuring object. Further, the probe main body 2 has the coaxial line structure as will be described in detail later, to thereby improve transmission efficiency of the high speed and high frequency signal, and to reduce an incoming noise and a cross talk occurred between wirings. In addition, a length in an extended direction of the coaxial line of the probe main body 2 is formed and set up arbitrarily.

Further, since the probe main body 2 is made from the printed wiring board having the coaxial line structure as described above, it is possible to facilitate the connection with the probe tip part 3, and the connection with the coaxial cable from the measurement apparatus respectively. In other words, the electric connection between the probe tip part 3 and the measurement apparatus can be achieved easily and correctly. Especially, since the connection between the probe tip part 3 to have a fine structure and the probe main body 2 is the connection between the substrates, it can be performed through the fine bumps 4 and it is possible to realize easy and exact electric connection.

Then, the structures of the probe main body 2 and the probe tip part 3 will be described in more detail. FIG. 3 is a perspective view from above of the probe main body 2 and the probe tip part 3. FIG. 4 is a perspective view from below.

Firstly, the structure of the probe main body 2 will be described. As shown in FIG. 3, the probe main body 2 is a printed wiring board made to be of a multilayer structure where an insulating layer 11, a metal layer 12, an insulating layer 14, a metal layer 15, an insulating layer 16, a metal layer 17, and a metal plated layer 18 are laminated in order on a ground layer 13 that is the lowermost layer. Among these, the metal layer 15 is constituted by a signal line 15 a and ground lines 15 b formed on both sides through the insulating layer 14. In other words, it is arranged that the signal line 15 a is electrically insulated from the ground lines 15 b.

Further, as shown in FIG. 3, along the extended direction of the signal line 15 a and ground lines 15 b, (two) groove portions 19 are formed on both sides of the signal line 15 a from the upper surface of the probe main body 2 towards the lower part, and the metal plated layer 18 is formed also on surfaces of the groove portions 19. Here, the groove portions 19 intersect the ground lines 15 b and are formed to have a depth to the extent of reaching the metal layer 12, so that the metal plated layer 18 allows the metal layer 12, the ground lines 15 b, and the metal layer 17 to be electrically connected to one another. In other words, the coaxial line structure is provided where the shield electrodes which surround the signal line 15 a through the insulating layer are formed.

Further, as shown in FIG. 3, at an upper tip of the probe main body 2, the upper surfaces of the signal line 15 a and the ground lines 15 b are exposed, and a cut-off portion 2 a is provided to form a connection part connecting with the probe tip part 3.

Next, the structure of the probe tip part 3 will be described. As shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, the probe tip part 3 is arranged to have a structure where a metal layer 9 is formed at an upper layer of an insulating layer 8, and a metal layer 10 is formed at a lower layer. As for the metal layer 10, as described above, the signal electrode 10 a is formed in the center, and the ground electrodes 10 b are formed on both the sides.

In the case where this probe tip part 3 is connected to the probe main body 2, it is arranged that the above-mentioned fine bumps 4 electrically connect a rear end 10 c (see FIG. 4) of the signal electrode 10 a with the upper surface (see FIG. 3) of signal line 15 a at the cut-off portion 2 a, and rear ends 10 d (see FIG. 4) of the ground electrodes 10 b with the upper surfaces (see FIG. 3) of ground lines 15 b at the cut-off portion 2 a.

In addition, it is arranged that a tip part 10 e of the signal electrode 10 a as shown in FIG. 4 and tip parts 10 f of the ground electrodes 10 b are respectively provided with the contact bumps 7 a and 7 b as shown in FIG. 2.

Then, a method of making the probe main body 2 and the probe tip part 3 will be described. At first, according to the flowchart in FIG. 5 and the illustrated flow steps in FIG. 6A through FIG. 6H corresponding to the flowchart, the method of making the probe main body 2 having the coaxial line structure will be described.

Firstly, as shown in FIG. 6A, a double-side metal-coated resin core substrate in which the thin-film metal layers 12 and 13 are respectively laminated to both sides of the insulating layer 11 is prepared (step S1 in FIG. 5).

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 6B, the insulating layer 14 whose one side is joined with the metal layer 15 is laminated onto the metal layer 12. In particular, a one-side metal-coated resin prepreg is thermocompressed on the metal layer 12 (step S2 in FIG. 5), so that the insulating layer 14 is formed on the metal layer 12, on which the metal layer 15 is formed.

Further, as shown in FIG. 6B, photoresist R is applied onto the metal layer 15 (step S3 in FIG. 5), and a predetermined resist pattern is formed by way of exposure and development processes (step S4 in FIG. 5).

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 6C, an etching process is performed by using a resist pattern as a mask, and a metal wiring pattern is formed on the metal layer 15 (step S5 in FIG. 5). Accordingly, the metal wiring pattern of the signal line 15 a and ground lines 15 b is formed.

As the pattern formation of the metal layer 15 is achieved and the photoresist R is removed, the insulating layer 16 whose one side is joined with the metal layer 17 is laminated onto the metal layer 15 as shown in FIG. 6D. In particular, the one-side metal-coated resin prepreg is thermocompressed on the metal layer 15 (metal wiring pattern) (step S6 in FIG. 5). Accordingly, the insulating layer 16 and the metal layer 17 are laminated to form a strip line (signal line 15 a).

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 6F, a grooving process is carried out by way of laser beam irradiation, an end mill process, etc., so that the grooves are formed on both the sides of the signal line 15 a along the extended direction of the signal line 15 a, to intersect the ground lines 15 b downwardly from above and to reach a layer lower than the signal line 15 a i.e. the metal layer 12 (step S7 in FIG. 5).

Then, as shown in FIG. 6G, the upper surfaces and the groove portions 19 are subjected to a metal plating process (step S8 in FIG. 5). By means of this metal plated layer 18, the metal layer 12 and the metal layer 17 are electrically connected, and the printed wiring board with the coaxial line structure is formed.

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 6H, the cut-off portion 2 a is formed by cutting at a tip upper part of the printed wiring board with the coaxial line structure, whereby a predetermined area of the upper surfaces of the signal line 15 a and the ground lines 15 b is exposed, the connection part connecting with the probe tip part 3 is formed, and the probe main body 2 is completed after the whole forming processes (step S9 in FIG. 5).

In addition, it is preferable that each of the above-mentioned insulating layers is a prepreg including any of polyimide resin, BCB resin, polyamide resin, polyoxazole resin, epoxy resin, Teflon (registered trademark) resin, and cycloolefin resin.

Further, it is desirable that each of the above-mentioned metal layers formed of either gold, silver, or copper and the metal plated layer 18 is copper plated.

Further, the method of forming the above mentioned cut-off portion 2 a may be a method disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Publication (KOKAI) No. H10-242594 and Japanese Patent Application Publication (KOKAI) No. 2001-156444, i.e., a method of manufacturing a printed wiring board in which an opening is formed in the printed board.

The method is such that a cut-off portion is provided beforehand for a prepreg layer of the printed circuit corresponding to a portion wishing to form the cut-off portion, a printed wiring board is made through the usual lamination process, and they are unified.

Hereafter, using the illustrated flow steps in FIG. 18A through FIG. 28B, a particular example will be described along with the flowchart in FIG. 29. In addition, FIG. 18A, FIG. 19A, FIG. 20A, FIG. 21A, FIG. 22A, FIG. 23A, FIG. 24A, FIG. 25A, FIG. 26A, FIG. 27A, and FIG. 28A are views from the front side of the probe main body 2 to be made, and FIG. 18B, FIG. 19B, FIG. 20B, FIG. 21B, FIG. 22B, FIG. 23B, FIG. 24B, FIG. 25B, FIG. 26B, FIG. 27B, and FIG. 28B are the side views corresponding to them.

Firstly, as shown in FIG. 18A and FIG. 18B, the double sided metal clad resin core substrate is prepared in which the thin-film metal layers 15 and 12 are respectively joined with both sides of the insulating layer 14 (step ST1 in FIG. 29).

Then, as shown in FIG. 19A and FIG. 19B, the photoresist R is applied onto the metal layer 15 (step ST2 in FIG. 29), and the predetermined resist pattern is formed by way of the exposure and development processes (step ST3 in FIG. 29).

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 20A and FIG. 20B, an etching process is performed by using a resist pattern as a mask, and a metal wiring pattern is formed on the metal layer 15 (step ST4 of FIG. 29). Accordingly, the metal wiring pattern is formed (hereinafter metal layer 15 may be referred to as metal wiring pattern 15).

As the pattern formation of the metal layer 15 is achieved and the photoresist R is removed, a partially cured resin layer 51 whose upper surface is joined with the metal layer 17 is prepared (step ST5 in FIG. 29) as shown in FIG. 21A and FIG. 21B, and the tip portion of the partially cured resin layer 51 is subjected to cut-off processing (step ST6 of FIG. 29) as shown in FIG. 22A and FIG. 22B. In addition, the partially cured resin layer 51 is made from a resin layer in a pre-cured state, generally referred to as non-flow resin and low flow resin, and epoxy resin in the partially cured state, phenol resin, imide resin, BT resin, Teflon (registered trademark) resin, etc. are used.

As shown in FIG. 23A and FIG. 23B, the partially cured resin layer 51 is heat pressed on the metal wiring pattern 15, to thereby cure the partially cured resin layer 51 completely (step ST7 in FIG. 29). Further, at this time, as illustrated, part of the partially cured resin 51 subjected to the cut processing is hollow.

Next, as shown in FIG. 24A and FIG. 24B, the insulating layer 11 (single sided metal clad resin prepreg) whose underside is joined with the metal layer 13 is thermocompressed from the underside of the metal layer 12 for reinforcement (step ST8 in FIG. 29).

Being reinforced to be in a state as shown in FIG. 25A and FIG. 25B, the grooving process is carried out by way of the laser beam irradiation, the end mill etc., so as to reach the metal layer 12 as shown in FIG. 26A and FIG. 26B (step ST9 of FIG. 29).

As shown in FIG. 27A and FIG. 27B, the upper surfaces and the groove portions 19 are subjected to the metal plating process (electroless copper plating process) (step ST10 of FIG. 29). By means of this metal plated layer 18, the metal layer 12 and the metal layer 17 are electrically connected together, and the printed wiring board of coaxial line structure is formed.

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 28A and FIG. 28B, a portion of the partially cured resin layer 51 which is hollow is removed by cutting to form the cut-off portion 2 a (step ST11 of FIG. 29).

Then, according to the flowchart in FIG. 7 and the flow steps of FIG. 8A through FIG. 8E corresponding to the flowchart, a method of making the probe tip part 3 (without contact bumps 7) on the substrate 5 shown in FIG. 1 by way of a lift-off method will be described.

First, as shown in FIG. 8A, by any of techniques, such as vacuum deposition, sputtering, CVD, plating, etc., the metal layer 9 is formed on the upper surface of the substrate 5 which is made of silicon or glass (step S11 in FIG. 7), and the insulating layer 8 is further formed on the metal layer 9 (step S12 in FIG. 7).

Next, the photoresist R is applied to the insulating layer 8 (step S13 in FIG. 7), and a resist pattern is formed by way of the exposure and development processes, as shown in FIG. 8D (step S14 in FIG. 7).

Subsequently, by any of the techniques, such as vacuum deposition, sputtering, CVD, plating, etc., the metal layer 10 is deposited on the insulating layer 8 in which the resist pattern is formed as shown in FIG. 8D (step S15 in FIG. 7).

As shown in FIG. 8E, the photoresist R is removed by soaking the substrate in a solvent, whereby the metal layer 10 on the resist pattern is removed, the metal wiring pattern of the signal electrode 10 a and the ground electrodes 10 b is formed on the insulating layer 8, and the probe tip part 3 is completed (step S16 in FIG. 7).

Then, according to the flowchart in FIG. 9 and the flow steps in FIG. 10A through FIG. 10F corresponding to the flowchart, a meted of making the probe tip part 3 (without contact bumps 7) on the substrate 5 by the etching process will be described.

First, as shown in FIG. 10A, by any of the techniques, such as vacuum deposition, sputtering, CVD, plating, etc., the metal layer 9 is formed on the upper surface of the substrate 5 which is made of silicon or glass (step S21 in FIG. 9), and the insulating layer 8 is further formed on the metal layer 9 (step S22 in FIG. 9).

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 10C, by any of the techniques, such as vacuum deposition, sputtering, CVD, plating, etc., the metal layer 10 is formed on the insulating layer 8 (step S23 in FIG. 9).

Next, the photoresist R is applied onto the metal layer 10 (step S24 in FIG. 9), and a resist pattern is formed by way of the exposure and development processes, as shown in FIG. 10D (step S25 in FIG. 9).

As shown in FIG. 10E, the metal layer 10 is processed by using a resist pattern as a mask by way of chemistry or plasma etching, and the metal wiring pattern to be the signal electrode 10 a and the ground electrodes 10 b is formed (step S26 in FIG. 9).

Finally, the photoresist R is removed by soaking the substrate in the solvent as shown in FIG. 10F, to thereby complete the probe tip part 3 (step S27 in FIG. 9).

In addition, according to the production method as described above with reference to the flowchart in FIG. 9, it is possible to provide an electrode pitch of less than 10 μm (minimum is 2 μm).

Then, according to the flowchart in FIG. 11 and the flow steps in FIG. 12A through FIG. 12D corresponding to the flowchart, a method of making the probe tip part 3 (without contact bumps 7) by way of the etching process without using the substrate 5 will be described.

First, as shown in FIG. 12A, the double sided metal clad resin core substrate in which the thin-film metal layers 9 and 10 are respectively joined with both sides of the insulating layer 8 is prepared (step S31 in FIG. 11).

Next, the photoresist R is applied to the metal layer 10 (step S32 in FIG. 11), and a resist pattern is formed by way of the exposure and development processes as shown in FIG. 12B (step S33 of FIG. 11).

As shown in FIG. 12C, the metal layer 10 is processed by using a resist pattern as a mask by way of chemistry or plasma etching, and the metal wiring pattern to be the signal electrode 10 a and the ground electrodes 10 b is formed (step S34 in FIG. 11).

Finally, by soaking the substrate in the solvent, the photoresist R is removed as shown in FIG. 12D, to thereby complete the probe tip part (step S35 in FIG. 11).

In addition, according to the production method as described above with reference to the flowchart in FIG. 11, it is possible to provide an electrode pitch of 10 μm (minimum).

In addition, in the method of making the probe tip part 3 as described with reference to FIG. 7-FIG. 12D, it is preferable that each insulating layer of the probe tip part 3 is a prepreg including any of polyimide resin, BCB resin, polyamide resin, polyoxazole resin, epoxy resin, Teflon (registered trademark) resin, and cycloolefin resin. Further, it is desirable that each of the above-mentioned metal layers is formed of either gold, silver, or copper.

Then, according to the flowchart in FIG. 13 and the flow steps in FIG. 14A through FIG. 14D corresponding to the flowchart, a method of making the contact bumps 7 at the probe tip part 3 will be described. In addition, in this description, a case where the contact bumps 7 are provided for the probe tip part 3 formed on the substrate 5 will be described by way of example.

First, as shown in FIG. 14A, the probe tip part 3 (printed wiring board) is prepared which has not formed therein the contact bumps to be made by way of the process of FIG. 7 or FIG. 9 (step S41 of FIG. 13).

Subsequently, the photoresist R is applied onto the metal layer 10 (step S42 in FIG. 13), and a resist pattern R is formed by way of exposure and development as shown in FIG. 14B (step S43 of FIG. 13).

As shown in FIG. 14C, any one of gold, silver, copper, etc., is deposited on the resist pattern R by any of the techniques, such as vacuum deposition, sputtering, CVD, plating, etc., to form the contact layer 7 (step S44 in FIG. 13).

Further, as shown in FIG. 14D, the photoresist R is removed by soaking the substrate in the solvent, whereby the contact layer 7 on the resist pattern is removed, whereby the signal contact bump 7 a is formed on signal electrode 10 a, and the grounding contact bumps 7 b are formed on the ground electrodes 10 b (step S45 in FIG. 13).

In addition, in the case where contact durability is required, it is desirable that a metal material for the contact bumps 7 is a metal with high hardness. As examples of such a metal, there may be mentioned nickel, nickel alloy, W, W alloy, Pt, Pt alloy, etc. Among these, nickel and nickel alloy are desirably subjected to an Au plating process in order to prevent surface oxidization.

As described above, according to the first preferred embodiment in accordance with the present invention, the contact probe 100 is made from the printed wiring board, so that the probe tip part 3 with the fine electrode pitch (for example, less than 50 μm) can be easily formed with sufficient accuracy.

Therefore, the probe tip 3 can be pressed against the fine pitch portion formed in the semiconductor integrated circuit, the package for the semiconductor integrated circuit, the printed circuit board, etc., and its high speed and high frequency measurement can be realized.

Further, since the electric connection between the probe tip part 3 and the measurement apparatus is achieved through the probe main body 2, the easy and exact connection can be achieved. In other words, since the probe main body 2 is made from the printed wiring board having the coaxial line structure, it is possible to facilitate the connection with the probe tip part 3 and the connection with the coaxial cable from the measurement apparatus respectively. In particular, since the connection between the probe tip part 3 to have the fine structure and the probe main body 2 having the coaxial line structure is connection between the substrates, it can be performed through the fine bumps 4, and it is possible to realize easy and exact electric connection.

Further, the probe main body 2 has the coaxial line structure, so that transmission efficiency of high speed and high frequency signal can be improved, the incoming noise and the cross talk occurred between the wirings can be reduced.

In addition, in the above-mentioned first preferred embodiment, although the electrode pitch between the signal contact bump 7 a and the grounding contact bumps 7 b is set to 10-50 μm, the contact probe of the present invention is not limited to it. Even in the case where the electrode pitch is arranged to be less than 10 μm or not less than 50 μm, it is possible to employ the contact probe and the method of making the same in accordance with the present invention, and obtain the above-mentioned operational effects.

Then, with reference to FIG. 15 through FIG. 17B, the contact probe corresponding to a plurality of channels (plurality of groups) will be described as a second preferred embodiment in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 15 is a plan view showing the second preferred embodiment of the contact probe in accordance with the present invention. FIG. 16A is a plan view showing a structure of the probe main body of the contact probe of FIG. 15, and FIG. 16B is a front view (along arrows A-A). Further, FIG. 17A is a plan view showing a structure of the probe tip part of the contact probe of FIG. 15, and FIG. 17B is a front view (along arrows B-B).

In addition, since the contact probe as shown in the second preferred embodiment can be made in a similar manner to the production method as shown in the above-mentioned first preferred embodiment, the detailed explanation of the production method will not be repeated. Further, like reference signs are used to refer to like parts, and the detailed description of them will not be repeated.

The contact probe 101 as shown in FIG. 15 is arranged such that the probe main body 20 and the probe tip part 30 are mutually joined by thermocompression using the fine bumps (not shown). The contact probe 101 as shown in FIG. 15 is arranged to cope with a plurality of channel signals (eight-channel is shown in figure by way of example), and it is possible to connect the tip of the coaxial cable 40 from the measurement apparatus (not shown) to the rear end of the probe main body 20.

As shown, the probe main body 20 is formed in the shape of a fan where a width at the tip is narrow and a width at the rear end is wide, and a pitch between adjoining coaxial cables is widened, so that a plurality of coaxial cables 40 can easily be connected together side-by-side.

Further, as shown in FIG. 16A and FIG. 16B, as for the probe main body 20, the cut-off portion 20 a is formed at the tip part, and the rear end of the probe tip part 30 is connected to this cut-off portion 20 a. Arranged side-by-side at a predetermined pitch in the cut-off portion 20 a are tips of a plurality of coaxial lines 20 b respectively connected to the corresponding coaxial cables 40. An upper surface of each of the signal line 15 a and ground lines 15 b is exposed.

On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 17A and FIG. 17B, like the probe main body 20, the probe tip part 30 is formed in the shape of a fan where a width at the tip is narrow and a width at the rear end is wide, and a pitch between adjoining signal electrodes 10 a at the rear end is arranged to be the same as that of the signal lines 15 a exposed side-by-side at the cut-off portion 20 a of the probe main body 20.

Further, as for the tip of the probe tip part 30 used as a contact part with respect to the measuring object, a plurality of channels of signal electrodes 10 a and ground electrodes 10 b are arranged side-by-side. In addition, the pitch between the signal electrode 10 a and ground electrode 10 b which adjoin each other at the probe tip, and the pitch between the signal electrodes 10 a are each arranged to have a predetermined value of 10-50 μm, for example.

Thus, as described in the first preferred embodiment, since the probe tip part 30 coping with the plurality of channels is produced by a printed wiring board formation technology, it is possible to form and arrange a plurality of contact electrodes at a desired pitch easily, even if the pitch between the adjacent electrodes is a fine pitch of less than 50 μm, for example.

As described above, according to the second preferred embodiment in accordance with the present invention, by making the probe tip part 30 with the printed wiring board, it is possible to form and arrange the plurality of channels of electrodes at the contact probe tip, in which the electrode pitch is fine (for example, less than 50 μm). Therefore, even in the case where the plurality of channels of measuring objects are located at a fine pitch, it is possible to measure the high speed and high frequency signal for each channel by the contact probe 101 which copes with the plurality of channels.

Further, by forming the shape of the probe main body 2 in the shape of a fan where the width of the rear end is wide, it is possible to widen the pitch between the adjoining channels at the rear end, and to easily achieve the connection with the coaxial cable which is from the measurement apparatus.

In addition, in the above-mentioned second preferred embodiment, although the pitch between the signal electrode 10 a and ground electrode 10 b and the pitch between the signal electrodes 10 a are each set to 10-50 μm (for example), the contact probe of the present invention is not limited to it. In other words, according to the method of making the contact probe in accordance with the present invention, even in the case where the electrode pitches are each arranged to be less than 10 μm or not less than 50 μm (for example), a multi-channel contact probe (such as eight channels and 16 channels) which is difficult for the conventional production method to realize can be obtained easily, and it is possible to obtain the above-mentioned operational effects.

Further, in the case where a substrate 54 in which a plurality of coaxial lines 55 as shown in FIG. 30A are formed in parallel is produced and the coaxial lines 55 are connected to the coaxial cables by way of the method as shown in the above-mentioned preferred embodiment, it is possible to:

firstly, form a cut-off portion 55 a so that signal lines 56 and ground electrodes 57 may be exposed upwards at portions connected the coaxial cables, i.e., tip portions of the respective coaxial lines 55 in the substrate 54, as shown in FIG. 30B; and

while, form a cut-off portion 60 a so that signal lines 61 and ground electrodes 62 may be exposed to upper surfaces at portions connected to the coaxial lines 55 in coaxial cables 60, i.e., tip portions of the coaxial cables 60, as shown in FIG. 30C.

As shown in FIG. 31A, the cut-off portion 55 a of the coaxial line 55 in the substrate 54 and the cut-off portion 60 a of the coaxial cable 60 are caused to face each other and further joined together in a situation where the respective signal lines and ground electrodes are in electrical contact with each other as shown in FIG. 31B.

In addition, joining the coaxial line 55 with the coaxial cable 60 is realized such that both the metal portion of the coaxial line 55 and the metal portion of the coaxial cable 60 to be joined together are prepared for soldering in advance, and the joining portions are brought into contact with each other, and then generally heated.

According to such a joining method, since the connection in which the coaxial structure is substantially maintained is available, it is possible to reduce the degradation of the transmission characteristic of the connection part.

Further, by the above-mentioned joining method, as shown in FIG. 31C, it is possible to connect the plurality of coaxial cables 60 with the plurality of coaxial lines 55.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The contact probe in accordance with the present invention can be used for measuring and evaluating the high speed and high frequency characteristic in the semiconductor integrated circuit, the package for the semiconductor integrated circuit, the printed circuit board, etc.

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US8287745 *May 29, 2008Oct 16, 2012M2N Inc.Method for fabricating probe tip
US8330481 *Apr 21, 2008Dec 11, 2012Jae Ha LeeProbe assembly and manufacturing method thereof
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Classifications
U.S. Classification324/754.03
International ClassificationG01R31/02
Cooperative ClassificationG01R1/06772, G01R1/07342, G01R3/00
European ClassificationG01R3/00, G01R1/067H
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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:AOYAGI, MASAHIRO;KIKUCHI, KATSUYA;NAKAGAWA, HIROSHI;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080910 TO 20081016;REEL/FRAME:022232/0532