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Publication numberUS7990319 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/912,837
PCT numberPCT/IB2006/051302
Publication dateAug 2, 2011
Filing dateApr 26, 2006
Priority dateApr 27, 2005
Also published asCN101167215A, EP1878088A1, US20090201209, WO2006114771A1
Publication number11912837, 912837, PCT/2006/51302, PCT/IB/2006/051302, PCT/IB/2006/51302, PCT/IB/6/051302, PCT/IB/6/51302, PCT/IB2006/051302, PCT/IB2006/51302, PCT/IB2006051302, PCT/IB200651302, PCT/IB6/051302, PCT/IB6/51302, PCT/IB6051302, PCT/IB651302, US 7990319 B2, US 7990319B2, US-B2-7990319, US7990319 B2, US7990319B2
InventorsKevin Boyle
Original AssigneeEpcos Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Radio device having antenna arrangement suited for operating over a plurality of bands
US 7990319 B2
Abstract
This radio device operating over a plurality of bands comprises a casing having a front cover and a back cover, an antenna arrangement, a radio frequency circuit set and a matching unit for connecting the antenna arrangement to the radio frequency circuit set. The following measures are proposed: 葉he antenna arrangement is formed by at least two antenna parts, each of which being related to a set of bands, 葉he antenna parts are placed close together, 葉he arrangement comprises a part that is normal to the front cover and another one that is near the back cover and feeding points, 葉he matching unit comprises control switching means for tuning the arrangement to each band. Thanks to these measures, the coverage of the band is obtained with satisfactory performance.
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Claims(9)
1. A radio device operating over a plurality of bands, the radio device comprising:
a casing having a front cover and a back cover,
an antenna arrangement,
a radio frequency circuit set, and
a matching unit for connecting the antenna arrangement to the radio frequency circuit,
wherein the antenna arrangement is formed by at least two antenna parts, each one being related to a set of bands,
wherein the antenna parts are placed close together,
wherein the antenna arrangement comprises a part that is normal to the front cover and another part that is near the back cover and a feeding point,
wherein slots are provided in the part that is normal to the front cover to tune antenna resonant frequencies and to provide isolation between the parts, and
wherein the matching unit comprises a control switch for tuning the arrangement to each band.
2. The radio device as claimed in claim 1 further comprising discrete circuit elements in the part that is normal to the front cover to tune the antenna resonant frequencies and to provide isolation between the parts.
3. The radio device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the discrete circuit elements comprise an inductor.
4. The radio device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the discrete circuit elements comprise a capacitor.
5. The radio device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the slots act as a series inductance in an operation band of the antennas.
6. An antenna arrangement comprising a plurality of antenna parts, each antenna part having a first part that is normal to a second part, the first part comprising a feed point and a shorting pin and the second part comprising a radiating element, wherein the first part of each antenna part comprises slots to tune antenna resonant frequencies and to provide isolation between the parts.
7. The antenna arrangement as claimed in claim 6 wherein the first part of each antenna part comprises discrete circuit elements to tune the antenna resonant frequencies and to provide isolation between the parts.
8. The antenna arrangement as claimed in claim 7, wherein the discrete circuit elements comprise an inductor.
9. The antenna arrangement as claimed in claim 7, wherein the discrete circuit elements comprise a capacitor.
Description
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a radio device operating over a plurality of bands comprising a casing having a front cover and a back cover, an antenna arrangement, a radio frequency circuit set and a matching unit for connecting the antenna arrangement to the radio frequency circuit set

BACKGROUND

Radio devices, such as mobile phone handsets, incorporate an internal antenna. The antennas are small (relative to the working wavelength). So, the matching for a large band becomes difficult. Moreover, the radio devices must operate over a plurality of bands, which lie between 820 MHz and 2200 MHz. Another requirement is that the radiated energy is the lowest possible for the head of the user (SAR).

SUMMARY

It is an object of the invention to satisfy all these more or less contradictory requirements.

The invention is based on the following patent documents: The application WO 03/094290, which discloses notably means for matching an antenna and U.S. Pat. No. 6,674,411, which discloses a planar inverted F antenna (PIFA antenna).

The invention proposes a radio device of the type defined in the opening paragraph, which provides good performances in view to satisfying the cited requirements.

The invention proposes also an antenna arrangement suited for the above-mentioned radio device.

Such a radio device is characterized in that:

    • the antenna arrangement is formed by at least two antenna parts, each of which being related to a set of bands,
    • the antenna parts are placed close together,
    • the arrangement comprises a part that is normal to the front cover and another one that is near the back cover and feeding points
    • the matching unit comprises control switching means for tuning the arrangement to each band.

These and other aspects of the invention are apparent from and will be elucidated, by way of non-limitative example, with reference to the embodiment(s) described hereinafter.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 shows a radio device in accordance with the invention having an antenna arrangement comprising a high-frequency part and a low-frequency part;

FIG. 2 is a Smith chart showing the reflection coefficient of the low-frequency antenna part;

FIG. 3 is a Smith chart showing the reflection coefficient of the high-frequency antenna part;

FIG. 4 is a graph representing the insulation between the two antenna parts;

FIG. 5 shows a preferred embodiment of a radio device having an antenna arrangement in accordance with the invention; and

FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram of a matching unit suitable for the device of FIG. 5 in accordance with the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS

In FIG. 1 is represented a radio device 1 in accordance with the invention. This device comprises, inside a casing not shown in the Figure, a PCB plate 12 on which many circuits are placed, among them, a matching circuit unit 14 for matching the RF circuit (not shown) to an antenna arrangement 15.

According to an aspect of the present invention, the antenna arrangement comprises a high-frequency part 17 related to the higher frequency bands and a low frequency part 20 related to the lower frequency bands. Each antenna part comprises normal sub-parts 21 and 22 (respectively for the parts 17 and 20), which are substantially normal to the front cover (i.e. the PCB 12) and back cover sub-parts 27 and 26 (respectively for the parts 17 and 20), which are parallel to the front cover. The bands concerned are in the 820 MHz-2200 MHz range. The antenna arrangement shown is contained within dimensions 40ラ20ラ8 mm (approximately the same volume as a conventional dual/tri-band antenna). The PCB measures 100ラ40ラ1 mm and is modeled as a copper sheet. The antenna arrangement is designed to retain predominantly series resonant characteristics: this allows the antennas to be tuned using only series components, minimizing losses.

The reflection coefficients of the low and high-frequency antennas (S11 and S22 respectively) are shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3.

The insulation between the two antennas (S21) is shown in FIG. 4. It must be noted that an insulation of better than 20 dB is maintained between the two antenna parts 17 and 20 within the bands of interest, despite their close proximity.

In a preferred embodiment, slots 30 and 31 are provided. They are located in the plane of the antenna that is normal to the front and back covers of the phone, as illustrated in FIG. 5. The advantage of placing the slots in this position is that the user is unlikely to place his/her hand over the slot, thus changing its electrical performance. Discrete components or inductors/capacitors disposed on the antenna substrate may also be used in place of the slots in these positions. To reduce the losses in the switches and tuning components, contained in the matching unit 14 as will be disclosed later, the antennas are first tuned approximately to the center frequency of the group of bands that they cover. This can be achieved using either the slots 30 and 31 in the antenna or discrete circuit elements disposed on the antenna. The slots (or discrete components) act as a series inductance in the operation band of the antennas in which they are formed, reducing the antenna size in a manner that conserves bandwidth. The slots may also be configured such that they act as a series connected band-stop filter in the operation band of the other antenna, which increases the insulation between the antennas.

The antenna arrangement of the FIG. 5 comprises several points: A is the supply point for the part antenna 17 and D for the part antenna 20. The points B and C are shorting contacts for shorting pins 40 and 41 of the antenna part 21 and 22 respectively. These shorting connections have the effect of adding shunt inductance across the input terminals of the antenna. This inductance can be tuned out using some shunt capacitance: this gives a band-pass filtering effect and also increases the band-edge resistance of the antennas (by limited 電ouble-tuning). This can be done while maintaining a predominantly series resonant antenna characteristic. In turn, this minimizes losses in the matching unit, since only series tuning components are required.

Both the slots and the feed and shorting pins in combination with shunt capacitors may act as bandpass filters, increasing the insulation between the two antennas. Both the slots and shorting pins in combination with shunt capacitors may also reduce the worst-case reflection coefficient of the antennas, minimizing the losses in the subsequent matching circuit.

The feed and shorting pin widths are chosen such that the antenna resistance is nominally lower than the system impedance. This minimizes the reflection coefficient over the wide bandwidth that must be covered by each antenna. It also makes an allowance for user interaction, which tends to increase the antenna resistance (while decreasing its quality factor).

Note that the antenna resistance is greater than approximately 20 ohms over each band. Without any further means, the worst-case resistance presented by the antennas to the front-end circuitry would be less than 5 ohms. Since conventional switches have typical 登n resistances of a few ohms, this would result in significant losses: MEMS switches would be required to alleviate this. With the slots, shorting pins and double-tuning capacitors, the worst-case resistance is approximately 25 ohms. Here, conventional switches can be used with acceptable losses.

The matching unit shown in FIG. 6 is suitable for operation according to the bands as illustrated in the following table I.

TABLE I
Frequency
Band Port System TX/RX Bands (MHz)
B1 GSM EU RX 925-960
B2 GSM US TX 824-829
B3 GSM EU TX 880-915
B4 GSM US RX 869-894
B5 WCDMA US RX 869-894
B6 WCDMA US TX 824-849
B7 GSM EU RX 1805-1880
B8 GSM EU TX 1710-1785
B9 GSM US TX 1850-1910
B10 GSM US RX 1930-1990
B11 WCDMA US RX 1930-1990
B12 WCDMA US TX 1850-1910
B13 WCDMA EU RX 2110-2170
B14 WCDMA EU TX 1920-1980

In FIG. 6 ports are referenced in accordance with Table I. The ports B1-B6 are linked to the antenna part 17-A and the ports B7-B14 to the antenna part 20-D. The filters F1-F8 shown in this Figure are tuned to the middle frequency of the band under consideration. Phase shifters are often associated with these filters in view of improving the matching. The phase shifters PS1-PS6 are associated with the filters F2, F3, F5, F6 F7 and F8, respectively. This matching unit 14 is formed by seven branches BR1-BR7. The port B1 is connected to the branch BR1, the ports B2 and B3 to the branch BR2, the ports B4, B5 and B6 to the branch BR3, the port B7 to the branch BR4, the ports B8 and B9 to the branch BR5, the ports B10, B11 and B12 to the branch BR6 and the ports B13 and B14 to the branch BR7. For matching the antenna arrangement to the various bands, several control means are provided. These control means are constituted by switches. The switches SW1, SW2, . . . SW7 are connected to the outputs of the branches BR1, BR2, . . . BR7. The switches SW10 and SW11 inserted respectively in the branches BR2 and BR5 are controlled in dependence on the band B2 or B3 for the former and B8 or B9 for the latter band port. The switches SW21 and SW22 are switched in accordance with band ports B4 and B5 for the former and B10 and B11 for the latter band ports. Some capacitors C1-C7 improve the matching in combination with inductors L1-L6. Two extra capacitors CM1 and CM2, which are placed near the antenna parts 17-A and 20-D, are provided for perfecting the matching. It must be noted that for each port, only two switches are used for the connection to the antenna arrangement so that the losses and the parasitic effects of these switches are minimized.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US6295030Oct 17, 2000Sep 25, 2001Sony CorporationAntenna apparatus and portable radio communication apparatus
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US6476769Sep 19, 2001Nov 5, 2002Nokia CorporationInternal multi-band antenna
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US6693594 *Apr 1, 2002Feb 17, 2004Nokia CorporationOptimal use of an electrically tunable multiband planar antenna
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US20030142022Jan 28, 2002Jul 31, 2003Nokia CorporationTunable patch antenna for wireless communication terminals
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EP1256998A2Apr 25, 2002Nov 13, 2002Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Antenna structure and communication apparatus including the same
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WO2003094290A1Apr 17, 2003Nov 13, 2003Kevin R BoyleAntenna arrangement
WO2003096474A1May 2, 2003Nov 20, 2003Sony Ericsson Mobile Comm AbMultiple frequency bands switchable antenna for portable terminals
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Classifications
U.S. Classification343/700.0MS, 343/893, 343/876
International ClassificationH01Q3/24, H01Q1/38, H01Q21/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q5/0072, H01Q1/243, H01Q9/0421, H01Q5/00
European ClassificationH01Q9/04B2, H01Q1/24A1A, H01Q5/00M, H01Q5/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 13, 2013ASAssignment
Effective date: 20131111
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EPCOS AG;REEL/FRAME:031590/0576
Owner name: QUALCOMM TECHNOLOGIES, INC., CALIFORNIA
Jan 28, 2010ASAssignment
Owner name: EPCOS AG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NXP B.V.;REEL/FRAME:023862/0284
Effective date: 20080303
Owner name: EPCOS AG,GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NXP B.V.;US-ASSIGNMENT DATABASE UPDATED:20100504;REEL/FRAME:23862/284
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NXP B.V.;REEL/FRAME:23862/284
Jul 22, 2008ASAssignment
Owner name: EPCOS AG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BOYLE, KEVIN;REEL/FRAME:021270/0151
Effective date: 20080625