|Publication number||US8024882 B2|
|Application number||US 12/355,306|
|Publication date||Sep 27, 2011|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 2009|
|Priority date||Jan 16, 2009|
|Also published as||US20100183358|
|Publication number||12355306, 355306, US 8024882 B2, US 8024882B2, US-B2-8024882, US8024882 B2, US8024882B2|
|Inventors||John Falk Kelley|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (2), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates generally to a machine-printable index tab assembly having a divider sheet material for use in notebooks, binders and the like to separate sections and further relates to sheet materials having index tabs wherein the index tabs can be printed in a desktop or commercial printer. After printing, the index tabs are folded to extend beyond the edge of the sheet material.
When printed material is contained in notebooks or binders where pages can be inserted and removed, the printed material is often separated into sections by the use of indexed tabbed dividers. These dividers are usually of a heavier weight divider sheet material and have index tabs extending beyond the edges of the divider sheet material at several locations along an edge of the sheet. The difficulty of using indexed tabbed dividers today, however, is that these indexed tabbed dividers cannot be conveniently inserted into a standard inkjet or laser printer connected to a computer for printing using a word processing program. The index tab is outside the “printable area.” To be able to use the indexed tabbed dividers, sheets having removable labels for the index tabs can be printed, then the index tabs or labels are removed from a carrier sheet and placed onto the dividers by a user, such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,132,831 entitled C
What is desirable is to be able to print directly onto the indexed tabbed divider using standard laser jets and ink jet printers.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, a machine-printable index tab assembly is provided having a sheet material; one or more pop-out index tabs integral with the sheet material, each index tab having a fold, each index tab perforated along its perimeter except at the fold, each index tab having a printable region opposite the fold, each index tab having at least one ear extending away from an edge perpendicular to the fold; and at least one slit in and positioned near an edge of the sheet material, each slit corresponding to and substantially a same length as the at least one ear; wherein the pop-out index tab is separable from the sheet material except at the fold and is rotatable along the fold and an ear is insertible into its respective slit, and the printable region is extensible beyond the edge of the sheet material as an index tab.
A carrier layer may be attached to a side of the sheet material opposite to a side from which the one or more index tabs will pop-out. The index tabs may be equally spaced along a dimension of the sheet material, or the index tabs may be in a staggered arrangement on the sheet material.
Also disclosed herein is a computer program product having computer program instructions on a computer-readable medium such that when the computer program instructions are installed in a computer memory cause the computer to display an image of a sheet material having an image of an arrangement of pop-out printable index tabs on the sheet material, request a user to input a selection of one or more of the printable index tabs; request a user to enter alphanumeric text to print on the one or more printable index tabs; and send instructions to a printer to print the alphanumeric text on the one or more printable index tabs. The user may be asked to select an orientation of the text on the index tab and the computer program will display the alphanumeric text properly oriented on a visual display. The user is provided with the capability to change print options. The computer program may also provide instructions to the user for placement of the sheet material in the printer.
With reference to
Index tabs 120 are formed in the divider sheet material 100 and can be made of a heavier or stronger or more durable material than the divider sheet material 100; alternatively, the divider sheet material 100 may be reinforced with a polymer or other stronger material in the location of the index tabs 120. The index tabs 120 shown in
Each index tab 120 is die-cut or scored on its perimeter at those edges 122, 124, and 126 that are not at the fold 130 so that those edges are releasable from the divider sheet material 100, i.e., those edges of the index tab 120 can be separated to pop-out of the plane of divider sheet material 100. The index tab 120 has a fold 130 that is scored or impressed so that the index tab 120 can be easily folded but remain integral with and attached to the divider sheet material 100. When deployed, the index tab 120 is released or popped-out of the plane of the divider sheet material 100 and folded at fold 130 so that index tab 120 extends in an opposite direction from its original position in the divider sheet material 120. When deployed in this matter, the index tab 120 extends beyond the edge 114 of the divider sheet material 120 as shown in
With reference to
A carrier layer 330 is useful after the index tab 120 is deployed. Without a carrier layer 330, there would be a void 220 in the divider sheet material 100 when the index tab 120 is deployed. These voids can result in weakening of the divider sheet material 100 that could easily tear, depending upon the divider sheet material 100. Thus, the carrier layer 330 provides reinforcement of the divider sheet material 100 after the index tabs 120 have been deployed. If the divider sheet material 100 has a carrier layer 330, the carrier layer 330 can have an opening 340 shown in
Computer program code for carrying out operations to print the machine-printable, pop-out tabbed indexed dividers may be written in any combination of one or more programming languages, including an object oriented programming language such as Java, Smalltalk, C++ or the like and conventional procedural programming languages, such as the “C” programming language or similar programming languages. The program code may execute entirely on the user's computer, partly on the user's computer, as a stand-alone software package, partly on the user's computer and partly on a remote computer or entirely on the remote computer or server. In the latter scenario, the remote computer may be connected to the user's computer through any type of network, including a local area network (LAN), a wide area network (WAN), or the connection may be made to an external computer (for example, through the Internet using an Internet Service Provider), or even wirelessly.
Printing the machine-printable index tab assembly 10 is described below with reference to flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams of methods, apparatus (systems) and computer program products according to the several disclosed embodiments. It will be understood that each block of the flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams, and combinations of blocks in the flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions. These computer program instructions may be provided to a processor of a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, or other programmable data processing apparatus to produce a printer, such that the instructions, which execute via the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing apparatus, cause the printer to implement the functions/acts specified in the flowchart and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer-readable medium that can direct a computer or other programmable data processing apparatus to function to print the machine-printable pop-out tabbed index dividers in a particular manner, such that the instructions stored in the computer-readable medium produce an article of manufacture including instruction means which implement the function/act specified in the flowchart and/or block diagram block or blocks.
The computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer or other programmable data processing apparatus to cause a series of operational steps to be performed on the computer or other programmable apparatus to produce a computer implemented process such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable apparatus provide processes for implementing the functions/acts specified in the flowchart and/or block diagram block or blocks.
Any combination of one or more computer usable or computer readable medium(s) may be utilized. The computer-usable or computer-readable medium may be, for example but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, device, or propagation medium. More specific examples (a non-exhaustive list) of the computer-readable medium would include the following: an electrical connection having one or more wires, a portable computer diskette, a hard disk, a random access memory (RAM), a read-only memory (ROM), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM or Flash memory), an optical fiber, a portable compact disc read-only memory (CDROM), an optical storage device, a transmission media such as those supporting the Internet or an intranet, or a magnetic storage device. Note that the computer-usable or computer-readable medium could even be paper or another suitable medium upon which the program is printed, as the program can be electronically captured, via, for instance, optical scanning of the paper or other medium, then compiled, interpreted, or otherwise processed in a suitable manner, if necessary, and then stored in a computer memory. In the context of this document, a computer-usable or computer-readable medium may be any medium that can contain, store, communicate, propagate, or transport the program for use by or in connection with the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device. The computer-usable medium may include a propagated data signal with the computer-usable program code embodied therewith, either in baseband or as part of a carrier wave. The computer usable program code may be transmitted using any appropriate medium, including but not limited to wireless, wireline, optical fiber cable, RF, etc.
Each block in the flowchart or block diagrams may represent a module, segment, or portion of code, which comprises one or more executable instructions for implementing the specified logical function(s). It should also be noted that, in some alternative implementations, the functions noted in the block may occur out of the order noted in the figures. For example, two blocks shown in succession may, in fact, be executed substantially concurrently, or the blocks may sometimes be executed in the reverse order, depending upon the functionality involved. It will also be noted that each block of the block diagrams and/or flowchart illustration, and combinations of blocks in the block diagrams and/or flowchart illustration, can be implemented by special purpose hardware-based systems that perform the specified functions or acts, or combinations of special purpose hardware and computer instructions.
Computer programs, templates and graphical user interfaces are provided and/or incorporated into a word processing program to provide application instructions to print the index tabs 120. Templates of the machine-printable index tab assembly 10 may be presented to the user on a computer display unit. Each template may provide the dimensions of the divider sheet material 100 and the number and location of the index tabs 120 and the printable regions 150. A user can then select a particular template with a mouse or other user input device and the selected template will be displayed on a graphical user interface so that a user merely key enters the letters or symbols to be printed on one or more index tabs 120 per divider sheet material 100. It is further contemplated that the user need only enter the alphanumeric characters, e.g., letters or symbols, and the computer program instructions will rotate or otherwise position the input characters so they are printed correctly. In other words, typically words are entered horizontally but when deployed the printed entry will appear vertical on the index tab 120. Computer program instructions may automatically rotate the entry and/or adjust the pitch size so that the entry fits within the printable region 150 and is correctly oriented. Alternatively, the computer program may offer a user the capability of changing the orientation of the alphanumeric text in the printable region of the index tab. Instructions are also provided for placement of the divider sheet material 100 in a printer so that the printable region 150 is exposed to the ink or the print matrix, etc.
In step 526, the user will be requested to enter the alphanumeric characters or text that will actually be printed in the printable region of the index tab. In step 530, the computer program automatically verifies that the text entered by the user will fit into the printable region and/or offer options for scaling font size and/or introducing line breaks. Preferably, in step 530, the computer program will display, in real time, a rendering of the text in the printable region of the index tab when deployed as she/he enters the text.
When the user indicates completion in step 534, the computer software in step 538 provides instructions to the user to position and orient the divider sheet material in the printer for correct printing. A user acknowledges the instructions in step 542, and in step 546 the computer program creates a printable image with the text positioned correctly within the printable area of the chosen tab number and sends the image to the printer for printing.
Optionally, computer program instructions can present a graphical user interface illustrating numbered input printable regions for all the index tabs available in the selected label stock and the user can enter the text for all index tabs at once. The computer program instructions then assemble a printable image for each successive page and print all pages of the divider sheet material in one operation. The graphical user interface may provide a checkbox so the user can select to print the entered text on one or more or all the index tabs on one divider sheet material as opposed to the normal configuration of printing them successively, one tab per sheet.
The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. The directions of the dimensions have been used as vertical to represent the longer dimension of the divider sheet material having a top edge and a bottom or lower edge and horizontal to represent the shorter dimension of the sheet material as having a right edge and a left edge, as in a portrait orientation. Index tabs may be employed along any edge. The sheet material, moreover, may be used in a landscape orientation. Thus, the terms “horizontal” and “vertical” and “reverse” and “obverse” will change accordingly and the embodiments are not intended to represent the index tabs as being used only in the portrait orientation along the right edge and printed on the reverse as shown in
The corresponding structures, materials, acts, and equivalents of all means or step plus function elements in the claims below are intended to include any structure, material, or act for performing the function in combination with other claimed elements as specifically claimed. The description of the present invention has been presented for purposes of illustration and description, but is not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the invention in the form disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.
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|U.S. Classification||40/641, 283/41, 40/360|
|Jan 16, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, NEW Y
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KELLEY, JOHN FALK;REEL/FRAME:022122/0133
Effective date: 20081218
|May 8, 2015||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 27, 2015||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Nov 17, 2015||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20150927