|Publication number||US8027496 B2|
|Application number||US 11/859,182|
|Publication date||Sep 27, 2011|
|Filing date||Sep 21, 2007|
|Priority date||Nov 24, 1998|
|Also published as||CA2352346A1, CA2352346C, CN1348674A, DE59814095D1, EP1133897A2, EP1133897B1, US7286678, US20080008340, WO1999009799A2, WO1999009799A3|
|Publication number||11859182, 859182, US 8027496 B2, US 8027496B2, US-B2-8027496, US8027496 B2, US8027496B2|
|Inventors||Herbert Bachler, Christian Berg|
|Original Assignee||Phonak Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (29), Non-Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (3), Classifications (13), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present application is a Continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/610,284, filed Jul. 6, 2000, which is a Continuation of International Application No. PCT/CH98/00502, which has an international filing date of Nov. 24, 1998.
The present invention relates to a hearing aid defined in the preamble of claim 1 and to a method, defined in the preamble of claim 9, for manufacturing a hearing aid.
Hearing aids are exceedingly complex systems. To meet a user's particular needs, a large number of different variations of hardware configurations must be made available. As a result manufacture, marketing and hearing-aid fitting incur very high costs, for instance manufacture requires setting up numerous different hearing-aid configurations which must be appropriately labeled and monitored and marketing requires commensurate stocking, while hearing-aid fitting must match the user's particular needs and different procedures are required depending on the particular hearing-aid configurations.
Starting with a hearing aid of the above cited kind, it is the objective of the present invention to solve this problem. For that purpose, at least some of the peripherals shall comprise an identifying unit of which the output is connected to the input of a comparator. An identification memory is connected to the input of said comparator. At its output, the comparator drives a configuration memory.
Because at least some, preferably all peripherals identify themselves and because the comparator—on the basis of the incoming identifications from the peripherals and following comparison with several possibilities of connecting such peripherals—shall store such a particular hardware configuration, the following significant advantages are attained:
Once assembled, the hearing aid is self-identifying in that by means of the comparator it has ascertained its configuration in terms of peripherals.
Because this self-identification requiring no writing—for instance on the packaging—circumvents sources of errors in production quality controls, in marketing and fitting the hearing aids, it being impossible to test, deliver or fit a hearing aid that would be of another peripheral configuration.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the comparator output is connected to an operationally selective input at the signal processing unit. As a result only such processing is feasible at the signal processing unit—whether for operational purposes per se or already for implementation—which also are admissible for the actual system constellation at hand. Operational programs which for instance must be implemented in wireless manner can be tested in this way for the admissibility of the predominant system constellation.
A further preferred embodiment of the hearing aid of the invention sets up the connection between peripherals and the central signal processor by means of a bus and interfaces. It is clear that in a conventional hearing aid the central digital processing unit must be connected hardware to hardware to the particular peripherals. The more options there are regarding the peripherals, the more connections must be provided for the central processing unit. This number increasingly affects the required chip area of the cited signal processing unit, and this feature is exceedingly disadvantageous in the desired miniaturization of hearing aids. Because the cited connections take place through a bus and interfaces, it is feasible to minimize the number of those hardware connections which are used in the hardware configuration of the state of the art, and the signals applied to said connections can be recognized and interpreted in configuration-specific manner by the signal processing unit. Applicable peripherals include microphones etc, sensors in general, loudspeakers etc., actuators in general, transceivers, i.e. wireless transmitters and/or receivers, manually operated selection switches, loudspeaker volume controls (potentiometers), read-only memories for instance processing parameters for the signal processing unit, read/write memories for instance for processing protocols, etc.
These peripherals can be generically divided into a first category of audio signal components such as sensors, actuators, amplifiers, filters and into a second category of control components such as transceivers, selection switches, memories etc.
Preferably a first bus with first interfaces is used for the first category and a second bus with second interfaces is used for the second category. In a further preferred mode, the first interfaces are designed as at least three-wire interfaces, the second interfaces are designed as at least two-wire interfaces. Appropriate interfaces on one hand are I2S as three-wire interfaces and I2C as two-wire interfaces, both marketed by Philips.
In principle however the hookup of signal-processing-unit/bus/peripherals also can be implemented by means of other interfaces, for instance AES-3 interfaces from the Audio Engineering Society and/or SPI Motorola interfaces.
The actual configuration also determines which signals are being transmitted to the central processing unit and hence which parameters. If peripheral identification is automated at the hearing aid of the invention, it will also be possible to automatically activate those signal processing configurations from a plurality of such which do correspond to the prevailing configuration with peripherals, or to drive them externally for instance using a transceiver, that is in wireless manner. As a result the problem of hearing-aid signal processing which does not at all correspond to the present configuration including peripherals shall be eliminated.
In a further preferred embodiment, the hearing aid of the invention comprises an output connected to the configuration memory at the hearing aid. In this way it is feasible—when hooking up the hearing aid to a computer-assisted fitting apparatus—that the hearing aid in its present configuration shall call up said apparatus and identify itself, whereby errors caused by erroneous hearing-aid assumptions shall be excluded. This communication as well may be wireless in that the cited output is provided by a transceiver.
A method of the invention for manufacturing a hearing aid is defined by the features of claim 10. Further preferred implementations of the manufacturing method of the invention are specified in the further claims.
The invention is elucidated below in relation to the attached drawings.
As shown in
As shown in
Each of the minimum of two peripherals 3 comprises an identification memory 5. The information stored in the identification memories 5 is highly specific to the kind of peripheral involved, for instance the kind of microphone, remote control etc.
Following hardware configuration of the hearing aid, an identification cycle begins. Therein, and as schematically indicated by the cycle unit 7, illustratively all identification memories 5 are searched sequentially and an appropriate determination is made that no peripherals are hooked up to the dummy connection 5 r. The unit 7 feeds the memory contents of the identification memories 5 to a comparator 9. All peripherals appropriate for the signal processing unit 1 together with their pertinent identifications are entered in a read-only memory 11.
To make sure that the signal processing unit 1 and the read-only memory 11 also correspond to each other in the sense that the memory 11 in fact does contain identification features of peripherals which also match the particular signal processing unit 1, the first step in identification may be in comparing an identification entry stored in an identification memory 5 1 of the signal processing unit 1 through the cycle unit 7 and the comparator 9 with the contents deposited at the read-only memory 11 in its own identification memory 5 11, and identifying this memory or contents.
As schematically indicated by the circulating unit 13, a sequential determination takes place at the comparator 9, by means of the entries in the identification memories 5 which of the kinds of peripherals 3 previously stored in the read-only memory 11 are at all present in the hearing-aid under consideration, and which are not. If there is a model X signal processing unit 1, and peripherals of types M and N are called for, then the output of the comparator stores the hearing aid configuration X, M, N in a hearing-aid configuration memory 15, and, as shown in relation to the read-only memory 11, further peripherals of types A, B etc. might be combined with the called-for X model signal processing unit 1.
The output of the configuration memory 15 drives the signal processing unit 1. In the light of the present hardware configuration as shown by the switch 17 in
The output of the configuration memory 15 preferably is connected to an output HGA of the hearing aid. When fitting the hearing aid to the patient, said output is fed to the PC supported fitting unit 19 whereby the hearing aid is identified by its individual configuration at the fitting unit 19. As shown in dashed lines, and in a preferred embodiment, the said output HGA can be implemented by the transceiver (HG′A). Basically a transceiver 30 is needed and most advantageous, even mandatory for binaural signal processing. In such a design the two signal processing units 1 are able to communicate with each other, or, in preferred manner, binaural signal processing may be carried out in a common unit 1.
In a further preferred embodiment shown in
As further shown in
Preferably three-wire interfaces preferably based on the I2S interfaces cited above are used for the former connection.
As regards the latter connection, namely the real control connection, preferably two-wire interfaces are used, in particularly preferably based on the above cited kind of I2C interfaces.
As shown in dashed lines, hybrid peripherals participating in the audio signal processing and being controlled and vice-versa, are each connected to the correspondingly preferred audio signal interfaces or control interfaces, additionally also to the second of the buses provided.
The module of the invention offers a real “plug and play” modular system for hearing aids allowing sharply lowering manufacturing costs, minimizing the connection configuration at the central signal processing unit and in particular substantially precluding erroneous packaging, erroneous configurations, mismatching etc. based on human inattentiveness.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4425481||Apr 14, 1982||Jun 8, 1999||Resound Corp||Programmable signal processing device|
|US4548082||Aug 28, 1984||Oct 22, 1985||Central Institute For The Deaf||Hearing aids, signal supplying apparatus, systems for compensating hearing deficiencies, and methods|
|US4947433||Mar 29, 1989||Aug 7, 1990||Siemens Hearing Instruments, Inc.||Circuit for use in programmable hearing aids|
|US4992966||May 10, 1988||Feb 12, 1991||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Calibration device and auditory prosthesis having calibration information|
|US5210803||Oct 2, 1991||May 11, 1993||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Hearing aid having a data storage|
|US5276739||Nov 29, 1990||Jan 4, 1994||Nha A/S||Programmable hybrid hearing aid with digital signal processing|
|US5604812||Feb 8, 1995||Feb 18, 1997||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Programmable hearing aid with automatic adaption to auditory conditions|
|US5606620||Feb 24, 1995||Feb 25, 1997||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Device for the adaptation of programmable hearing aids|
|US5687241||Aug 2, 1994||Nov 11, 1997||Topholm & Westermann Aps||Circuit arrangement for automatic gain control of hearing aids|
|US5706351||Feb 24, 1995||Jan 6, 1998||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Programmable hearing aid with fuzzy logic control of transmission characteristics|
|US5717770||Feb 24, 1995||Feb 10, 1998||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Programmable hearing aid with fuzzy logic control of transmission characteristics|
|US5754661||Aug 16, 1995||May 19, 1998||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Programmable hearing aid|
|US5838806||Mar 14, 1997||Nov 17, 1998||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Method and circuit for processing data, particularly signal data in a digital programmable hearing aid|
|US5868683||Oct 24, 1997||Feb 9, 1999||Scientific Learning Corporation||Techniques for predicting reading deficit based on acoustical measurements|
|US6005954||May 28, 1997||Dec 21, 1999||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Hearing aid having a digitally constructed calculating unit employing fuzzy logic|
|US6035050||Jun 17, 1997||Mar 7, 2000||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Programmable hearing aid system and method for determining optimum parameter sets in a hearing aid|
|US6044163||May 28, 1997||Mar 28, 2000||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Hearing aid having a digitally constructed calculating unit employing a neural structure|
|US6094489||Sep 15, 1997||Jul 25, 2000||Nec Corporation||Digital hearing aid and its hearing sense compensation processing method|
|US6157727||May 22, 1998||Dec 5, 2000||Siemens Audiologische Technik Gmbh||Communication system including a hearing aid and a language translation system|
|US6234979||Mar 31, 1998||May 22, 2001||Scientific Learning Corporation||Computerized method and device for remediating exaggerated sensory response in an individual with an impaired sensory modality|
|US6366863||Jan 9, 1998||Apr 2, 2002||Micro Ear Technology Inc.||Portable hearing-related analysis system|
|US6859538||Mar 17, 1999||Feb 22, 2005||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||Plug and play compatible speakers|
|EP0341995A2||May 10, 1989||Nov 15, 1989||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Calibration device and auditory prosthesis having calibration information|
|EP0714067A2||Sep 25, 1995||May 29, 1996||Starkey Labs, Inc.||Interface unit for providing communication between a programmable device and a programmer unit|
|JPH03168841A||Title not available|
|JPH04265100A||Title not available|
|JPH09271099A||Title not available|
|JPS6213371A||Title not available|
|WO1999009799A2 *||Nov 24, 1998||Mar 4, 1999||Phonak Ag||Hearing aid|
|1||Bruel and Kjaer; Product Data-TEDS Editor for IEEE p1451.4 Transducers; Bruel and Kjaer; 2 pages.|
|2||Bruel and Kjaer; Product Data—TEDS Editor for IEEE p1451.4 Transducers; Bruel and Kjaer; 2 pages.|
|3||Camara, L; IECON 02 Industrial Electronics Society, IEEE 2002 28th Annual Conference. vol. 4, Nov. 5-8, 2002, pp. 2898-2909. Smart transducer systems working in communication networks within the IEEE-1451 standard.|
|4||Camara, L; IECON 02 Industrial Electronics Society, IEEE 2002 28th Annual Conference. vol. 4, Nov. 5-8, 2002, pp. 2898-2909. Smart transducer systems working in communication networks within the IEEE—1451 standard.|
|5||Camara, L; Instrumentation and Measurement Technology conference, 2000. IMTC. Proceedings of the 17th IEEE; vol. 2, May 1-4, 2000; pp. 541-545; Complete IEEE 1451 node, STIM and NCAP, Implemented for a CAN network.|
|6||*||EIC search results. pp. 1-55.|
|7||IEEE XPlore search results page.|
|8||International Search Report dated Aug. 20, 1999, for PCT/CH98/00502t.|
|9||Johnson, Robert N; Woods, Stan; "Overview and Status Update for IEEE 1451.2", Presentation at Sensors Expo. May 9, 2000, pp. 1-37, (PDF, 172k). Website: http://www.telemonitor.com/download.htm.|
|10||Lee, Kang; A standard in support of smart transducer networking; May 2000; Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2000; pp. 525-528.|
|11||Online Magazine "Sensors & Transducers" (S&T e-digest; No. 7), Jul. 2004.|
|12||Potter, D: Smart plug and play sensors; Mar. 2002; Instrumentation and Measurement Magazine; vol. 5, Issue 1; pp. 28-30.|
|13||Potter, D; Implementation of a Plug and Play Sensor System Using IEEE P1451'.4; Nov. 2001; Sensor for Industry, 2001; pp. 162-166.|
|14||Potter, D; Overview and applications of the IEE P1451.4 smart sensor interface standard; Oct. 2002; Autotestcon proceedings, 2002; pp. 777-786.|
|15||Vanlentino, Mark; PCB Piezotronics Vibration Division "Microphone Handbook".|
|16||XP 000074049, 2087 Elektronik 38 Nov. 24, 1989, No. 24, Munchen, DE, Low-cost Schnittstelle fur 8-Bit-Mikrocomputer, pp. 152-157.|
|17||XP 000229348, 8028 Electronic Components & Applications 10 (1990) No. 1 Eindhove, NL, I2C-Bus Control Programs for Consumer Applications, Tjeu Horsch, pp. 17-20.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8433072||Nov 7, 2008||Apr 30, 2013||Oticon A/S||Hearing instrument using receivers with different performance characteristics|
|US9258658||Mar 5, 2013||Feb 9, 2016||Oticon A/S||Test device for a speaker module for a listening device|
|US20100272272 *||Nov 7, 2008||Oct 28, 2010||Oticon A/S||Hearing instrument using receivers with different performance characteristics|
|U.S. Classification||381/314, 381/323|
|International Classification||H04R25/00, G06F13/38|
|Cooperative Classification||H04R25/658, H04R25/305, H04R25/505, H04R25/608, H04R25/70|
|European Classification||H04R25/70, H04R25/65M, H04R25/60M, H04R25/30B|
|Mar 20, 2012||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Mar 27, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 24, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SONOVA AG, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:PHONAK AG;REEL/FRAME:036674/0492
Effective date: 20150710