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Publication numberUS8033559 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/627,364
Publication dateOct 11, 2011
Filing dateJan 25, 2007
Priority dateJan 25, 2006
Also published asCA2574938A1, EP1813520A2, EP1813520A3, US8033560, US20070267844, US20100289244
Publication number11627364, 627364, US 8033559 B2, US 8033559B2, US-B2-8033559, US8033559 B2, US8033559B2
InventorsMartin Grossman
Original AssigneeH. Grossman Limited
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Human-propelled vehicles
US 8033559 B2
Abstract
There is disclosed a vehicle, for example, a self-propelled and/or pedal vehicle such as a tricycle, bicycle, scooter, micro-scooter, or collapsible scooter, for example, adapted for use by children or infants. Accordingly, a self-propelled vehicle comprising illuminatable direction indicator means comprising left turn and right turn indictor means, which selectably operate by turning of a steering means or column of the self-propelled vehicle to the left or to the right, respectively, the steering means or column comprising handlebars in one embodiment. The self-propelled vehicle may comprise a tricycle.
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Claims(33)
1. A human-propelled vehicle comprising illuminatable direction indicator means and further comprising a steering means or column operably connected to the illuminatable direction indicator means, wherein the illuminatable direction indicator means comprise left turn and right turn indicator means, and wherein the left turn and right turn indictor means are selectably operable by turning of the steering means or column of the human-propelled vehicle to the left or to the right, respectively.
2. A human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the steering means or column comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of handlebars and a steering wheel.
3. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the human-propelled vehicle is configured as a pedal driven vehicle.
4. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the left turn and right turn indicator means each comprise at least one LED.
5. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 4, wherein each left turn and right turn indicator means comprises a plurality of LEDs which, in use, operate simultaneously or sequentially.
6. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 4, wherein the LEDs are selected from the group consisting of LEDs of a same color and LEDs of a mixture of colors.
7. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the left turn and right turn indicator means are rearward facing on the human-propelled vehicle.
8. The self-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the left and right turn indicator means are forward facing on the human-propelled vehicle.
9. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the left turn and right turn indicator means are provided between rear wheels of the human-propelled vehicle.
10. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a rear footplate of the human-propelled vehicle, wherein the left turn and right turn indicator means are provided on the rear footplate of the human-propelled vehicle.
11. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the illuminatable direction indicator means are electrically powered by means of one or more batteries which are provided in or below a rear footplate.
12. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 11, wherein circuitry connecting the illuminatable direction indicator means to the one or more batteries includes an on/off switch.
13. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 12, wherein the circuitry includes control means within or adjacent a steering column of the vehicle.
14. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 13, wherein the control means comprises a control member, and left and right switch means, which are selectively activated by the control member in use.
15. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the human-propelled vehicle includes a portion selected from the group consisting of a parent, guardian pole, and handle, and wherein the portion is rearward facing and is optionally detachable.
16. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the human-propelled vehicle is configured as a tricycle.
17. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 1, comprising at least one illuminatable means on a wheel thereof.
18. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the wheel comprises a front wheel.
19. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 18, wherein the vehicle comprises left and right pedals carried by the front wheel.
20. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the vehicle comprises a tricycle.
21. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the wheel comprises a pneumatic tire.
22. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the wheel comprises left and right walls, which define a space therebetween.
23. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 22, wherein the walls are made of plastic or metal.
24. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 22, wherein the wheel comprises a pneumatic tire which comprises a valve accessible through an aperture in one of the left or right walls.
25. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the at least one illuminatable means comprises a plurality of lights.
26. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 25, wherein the lights are selected from the group consisting of LEDs of a same color and LEDs of a mixture of colors.
27. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 25, wherein at least some of the lights are distributed in a closed shape.
28. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 25, wherein the lights fan out from the hub of the wheel.
29. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the at least one illuminatable means are powered by one or more batteries.
30. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 29, wherein the batteries are provided on or in the wheel.
31. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 29, wherein the batteries are accessible by a releasably securable cover.
32. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 17, wherein the wheel provides an on/off switch for the at least one illuminatable means.
33. The human-propelled vehicle as claimed in claim 32, wherein the switch provides a number of on positions to selectably allow the at least one illuminatable means to illuminate continuously or to operate in a predetermined sequence under the control of electronic control means.
Description
FIELD OF INVENTION

This invention relates to improvements in and relating to vehicles, for example, human-propelled and/or pedal vehicles such as tricycles, bicycles, scooters, micro-scooters, and collapsible scooters. The invention particularly, though not exclusively, relates to such vehicles adapted for use by children or infants.

BACKGROUND TO INVENTION

Pedal vehicles such as tricycles, and other human-propelled vehicles such as scooters, are popular with children and infants as recreational or play articles.

It is an object of at least one embodiment of at least one aspect of the present invention to obviate and/or mitigate one or more disadvantages in the prior art.

It is an object of at least one embodiment of at least one aspect of the present invention to provide an improved vehicle.

It is an object of at least one embodiment of at least one aspect of the present invention to provide a vehicle having a novel lighting arrangement.

It is an object of at least one embodiment of at least one aspect of the present invention to provide a vehicle having a novel lighting or illumination effect.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a human-propelled vehicle comprising illuminatable direction indicator means.

The illuminatable direction indicator means may comprise left turn and right turn indicator means.

Left turn or right turn indicator means may be selectably operable by turning of a steering means or column of the human-propelled vehicle to the left or to the right, respectively. The steering means or column may comprise or provide handlebars, or alternatively a steering wheel.

The human-propelled vehicle may comprise a tricycle, such as for use by children or infants. Alternatively, the human-propelled vehicle may comprise a scooter.

The left turn and right turn indicator means may comprise at least one and preferably a plurality of LEDs, which may, in use, operate simultaneously or sequentially. The LED's may be of the same or of a mixture of colours.

The left turn and right turn indicator means may be rearward facing on the human-propelled vehicle. Alternatively or additionally, the left turn and right turn indicator means may be forward facing on the human-propelled vehicle.

The left turn and right turn indicator means may be provided between rear wheels of the tricycle.

The left turn and right turn indictor means may be provided on a rear footplate of the tricycle.

The illuminatable direction indictor means may be electrically powered by means of one or more batteries, which may be provided in or below the rear footplate.

Circuitry connecting the illuminatable direction indicator means to the one or more batteries may include an on/off switch.

The circuitry may also include control means within or adjacent a steering column of the vehicle. The control means may comprise a control member, and left and right switch means, which may be selectively activated by the control member, in use. The indicator means may therefore be self starting and self cancelling. That is to say, in use, turning of the steering column to one side may cause the control member to activate the switch means for that one side, and re-straightening of the steering column may deactivate the switch means for that one side.

The human-propelled vehicle may include a parent/guardian pole/handle, which may be rearward facing, and which may be detachable.

According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a human-propelled vehicle, such as a tricycle, comprising at least one illuminatable means on a wheel thereof.

The wheel may comprise a front wheel.

The vehicle may comprise a tricycle, e.g. for use by children or infants.

The vehicle may comprise left and right pedals carried by the front wheel.

The wheel may comprise a pneumatic tyre.

The wheel may comprise left and right walls, which may define a space therebetween. The walls may preferably be plastic, or alternatively, metal.

A pneumatic tyre may comprise a valve accessible through an aperture in one of the left or right walls.

The at least one illuminatable means may comprise a plurality of lights, e.g. LEDs. The lights may be of a same or of a mixture of colours.

At least some of the lights may be distributed in a closed shape, such as a circle, e.g. centred on a hub of the wheel, e.g. on one or both of the left and right walls. In an alternative implementation the lights may fan out from the hub of the wheel, e.g. in lines extending from the wheel, the lines possibly being straight, curved or wavy.

The at least one illuminatable means may be powered by one or more batteries, which may be provided on or in the wheel, e.g. in a battery compartment extending into said space.

The batteries may be accessible by a releasably securable cover, which may comprise or form part of one of the left or right walls.

The wheel may also provide an on/off switch for the at least one illuminatable means. The switch may provide a number of on positions to selectably allow the at least one illuminatable means to illuminate continuously or to operate in a predetermined sequence under the control of electronic control means.

According to a third aspect of the present invention there is provided a wheel for a human-propelled vehicle, the wheel comprising at least one illuminatable means thereon.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention there is provided a wheel adapted for use in a human-propelled vehicle according to the second aspect of the present invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example only, and with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are:

FIG. 1( a) view from front and to one side of a tricycle according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 1( b) view from rear and to other side of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a);

FIG. 1( c) rear view of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a) in a first illuminated state;

FIG. 1( d) rear view of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a) in a second illuminated state;

FIG. 1( e) rear view of part of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a);

FIG. 1( f) front view from one side of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a) according to a first modification;

FIG. 1( g) rear view of the modified tricycle of FIG. 1( f);

FIG. 1( h) cross-sectional view of a steering column of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a) viewed from above;

FIG. 1( i) cross-sectional view of the steering column of the tricycle of FIG. 1( a) viewed from the side;

FIG. 1( j) circuit diagram for the tricycle of FIG. 1( a);

FIG. 2( a) view from front and to one side of a tricycle according to a second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2( b) view from rear and to other side of the tricycle of FIG. 2( a);

FIG. 2( c) rear view of the tricycle of FIG. 2( a) in a first illuminated state;

FIG. 2( d) rear view of the tricycle of FIG. 2( a) in a second illuminated state;

FIG. 2( e) rear view of part of the tricycle of FIG. 2( a) in first illuminated state;

FIG. 2( f) rear view of part of the tricycle of FIG. 2( a) in second illuminated state;

FIG. 2( g) front view from one side of the tricycle of FIG. 2( a) according to a first modification;

FIG. 2( h) rear view of the modified tricycle of FIG. 2( g)

FIG. 3( a) view from rear and to one side of a tricycle according to a third embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3( b) side view of tricycle of FIG. 3( a);

FIG. 3( c) top view of tricycle of FIG. 3( a);

FIG. 3( d) bottom view of tricycle of FIG. 3( a);

FIG. 3( e) front view of tricycle of FIG. 3( a);

FIG. 3( f) rear view of tricycle of FIG. 3( a);

FIG. 4( a) view from front and to one side of a tricycle according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4( b) view from rear and to other side of tricycle of FIG. 4( a);

FIG. 4( c) view of right side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 4( a) in an illuminated state;

FIG. 4( d) view of right side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 4( a) in an illuminated state;

FIG. 4( e) view of the left side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 4( a) in a non-illuminated state;

FIG. 4( f) view of left side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 4( a) in an illuminated state;

FIG. 4( g) circuit diagram for tricycle of FIG. 4( a);

FIG. 5( a) view from front and to one side of a tricycle according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5( b) view from rear and to other side of tricycle of FIG. 5( a);

FIG. 5( c) view of right side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 5( a) in a non-illuminated state;

FIG. 5( d) view of right side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 5( a) in an illuminated state;

FIG. 5( e) view of left side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 4( a) in a non-illuminated state;

FIG. 5( f) view of left side of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 5( a) in an illuminated state;

FIG. 6( a) view from front and to one side of a tricycle according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6( b) side view of tricycle of FIG. 6( a);

FIG. 6( c) top view of tricycle of FIG. 6( a);

FIG. 7( a) view from front and to one side of a tricycle according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention in an illuminated state;

FIG. 7( b) perspective view of front wheel of tricycle of FIG. 7( a) in an illuminated state;

FIG. 8( a) view of one side of a wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention in an illuminated state; and

FIG. 8( b) view of other side of the wheel of FIG. 8( a) in an illuminated state.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

Referring to FIGS. 1( a) to 1(j), there is illustrated a human-propelled vehicle, generally designated 5 a, according to an embodiment of the present invention.

The vehicle 5 a comprises a tricycle 10 a, e.g. for use by children or infants, having a frame 15 a, a front wheel 20 a, a pair of rear wheels 25 a, steering column 30 a, handlebars 35 a, pedals 36 a, and seat 40 a.

The tricycle 10 a comprises illuminatable direction indicator means 45 a comprising left turn and right turn indicator means 45a,45a, which are selectively operable in use by a user turning handlebars 35 a, and therefore front wheel 20 a to the left or to the right respectively.

In this embodiment the left turn and right turn indicator means 45a,45a, each comprise a plurality of LEDs 50 a, which when selected in use, can be adapted to operate simultaneously either constantly on or flashing, or sequentially flashing. In this embodiment the LEDs 50 a are of a mixture of colours; however the LEDs 50 a can be the same colour.

As can be seen from FIGS. 1( a) to 1(e), the left turn and right turn indicators 45a, 45a face rearward. In a modification the left turn and right turn indicator means 45a,45a may face forward, or alternatively, both forward and rearward. The left turn and right turn indicator means 45a,45a are provided between the rear wheels 25 a on a rear footplate 55 a of frame 15 a.

Referring to FIGS. 1( f) to 1(g), there is shown a modification to the tricycle 10 a comprising a parent/guardian pole/handle 60 a, which can be made to be detachable, e.g. by fixing bolts or the like.

Referring now to FIGS. 1( h) to 1(j), the illuminatable direction indicator means 45 a are electrically powered by means of batteries 65 a provided under the rear footplate 55 a.

Circuitry 70 a connecting the illuminatable direction indicator means 45 a to batteries 65 a also includes an on/off rocker switch 75 a and control means 80 a within the steering column 30 a. The control means 80 a comprises a control member 85 a (which moves with the handlebars 35 a), and left and right switch 90a,90a, which are, in use, selectively activated by movement of the control member 85 a.

Referring now to FIGS. 2( a) to 2(h) there is shown a human-propelled vehicle 5 b according to a second embodiment of the present invention comprising a tricycle 10 b. The tricycle 10 b is substantially the same as that of the tricycle 10 a, but differs therefrom in the colour scheme thereof. The tricycle 10 a comprises a purple frame, blue tyres, and yellow wheels, and a blue seat, and red handle grips. The tricycle 10 b comprises a blue frame, blue tyres, yellow wheels, a blue seat, and blue handle grips.

Referring now to FIGS. 3( a) to 3(f) there is shown a human-propelled vehicle 5 c according to a third embodiment of the present invention comprising a tricycle 100. The tricycle 10 c is substantially the same as that of the tricycle 10 a but differs therefrom in that tricycle 10 c does not have pedals, and is therefore foot propelled.

Referring to FIGS. 4( a) to 4(g) there is illustrated a human-propelled vehicle 105 a according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

The vehicle 105 a comprises a tricycle 110 a, e.g. for use by children or infants, having a frame 115 a, a front wheel 120 a, a pair of rear wheels 125 a, steering column 130 a, handlebars 135 a, pedals 136 a, brake mechanism 137 a, and seat 140 a.

The tricycle 110 a comprises at least one illuminatable means 145 a on an outer surface of a wheel thereof, in this case, the front wheel 120 a.

The vehicle 105 a comprises left and right pedals 136a,136a, carried by the front wheel 120 a. The wheel 120 a comprises a pneumatic tyre 150 a.

The wheel 120 a also comprises left and right walls 155a,155a, which provide a gap, space or void (not shown) therebetween. The pneumatic tyre 150 a comprises a valve 160 a accessible via an aperture 165 a in one of the left or right walls 155a,155a. The aperture 165 a may be openably closeable by a cover member (not shown).

The at least one illuminatable means 145 a comprises a plurality of light sources, particularly LEDs, either of the same or a mixture of colours. As can be seen from FIGS. 4( a) to 4(g), the lights are distributed in circles centred on a hub of front wheel 120 a on both of the left and right walls 155a,155a.

The at least one illuminatable means 145 a is powered by a battery or batteries provided on or in the front wheel 120 a in a battery compartment extending into the gap. The battery(ies) is/are accessible by a releasably securable cover 160 a, which forms part of one of the left or right walls 155a,155a.

The front wheel 120 a is also provided with an on/off switch 170 a, e.g. rocker switch, for controlling the at least one illuminatable means 145 a. The switch 170 a is provided with two “on” positions to selectively allow the at least one illuminatable means 145 a to illuminate constantly, or to operate in a predetermined sequence under the control of electronic control means 175 a provided in the gap.

Referring now to FIGS. 5( a) to 5(f) there is shown human-propelled vehicle 105 b according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention comprising a tricycle 110 b. The tricycle 110 b is substantially the same as that of the tricycle 110 a, but differs therefrom in the colour scheme thereof. The tricycle 110 a has a blue seat, blue rear wheels, and a blue and yellow front wheel. The tricycle 110 b has a pink seat, pink rear wheels, and a black and pink front tyre.

Sixth and seventh tricycles 110 c,110 d according to embodiments of the present invention are shown in FIGS. 6( a) to 6(c), and FIGS. 7( a) and 7(b), respectively.

Finally, in FIGS. 8( a) and 8(b) is shown a wheel 120 e according to an eighth embodiment of the present invention.

It will be appreciated that the embodiments of the invention hereinbefore described are given by way of example only, and are not meant to limit the scope of the invention in any way.

It will be appreciated that in modified versions of the disclosed embodiments, the features of any one disclosed embodiment may be replaced by or added the features of any other disclosed embodiment. For example, the features of the first to third embodiments may be added to the fourth to seventh embodiments, and vice versa.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification280/288.4, 362/473, 340/475
International ClassificationB62K7/00, B62J99/00
Cooperative ClassificationB62J6/20, B62K9/02, B62J6/005
European ClassificationB62K9/02, B62J6/00C, B62J6/20
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 8, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: H GROSSMAN LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GROSSMAN, MARTIN;REEL/FRAME:019661/0827
Effective date: 20070720