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Publication numberUS804013 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 7, 1905
Filing dateApr 2, 1903
Priority dateApr 2, 1903
Publication numberUS 804013 A, US 804013A, US-A-804013, US804013 A, US804013A
InventorsNathan Klein
Original AssigneeNathan Klein
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic delivery apparatus for tickets, &c.
US 804013 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 804,013. PATENTED NOV. '7, 1905. v




W/T/VA'S SE3 No. 804,013. PATENTED NOV. '7, 1905. N. KLEIN.




. Fig". 2.







Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 7, 1905.

Application filed April 2, 1903. Serial No. 150,717.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, NATHAN KLEIN, a citizen of the Republic of France, residing in Paris, France, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic Delivery Apparatus for Tickets, Packets of Sweets, Chocolate, &c., of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improved automatic coin-freeddelivery apparatus designed to deliver tickets, packets of sweets, chocolate, &c. The improved apparatus is chiefly charac terized by the arrangement of the device for receiving the coin, which is made in two parts, one-in connection with the operatinghandle through the medium of a toothed wheel and a rack and the other transmitting the movement to the distributing-carriage through the medium of a toothed wheel and a second rack. The connection between the two parts of the coin device is effected by the coin itself, which has to make a half-turn before falling into the drawer, this movement being facilitated or caused by the action of a spring-finger put into operation by a cam. My apparatus is furthermore arranged so as to return the coin to the person who pulls the drawer before the coin has had time to reach its holder, and the coinslot automatically closes when the apparatus is empty or practically empty. Also two levers are arranged near the distributing-carriage for the purpose of maintaining horizontal all the articles held in the upright holder, which serves as the magazine when a person using the apparatus does not pull sufiiciently upon the handle, whereby the article is not delivered and remains partially held in the magazine.

The invention will be fully understood from the following description, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 is a front view of the delivery mechanism, partially in section. Fig. 2 is a transverse section thereof. Fig. 3 is a rear view showing the mechanism actuating the carriage and the spring-finger. Fig. 4 is a plan view. Fig. 5 is a view of a detail, showing the position of the levers when a ticket has not been properly delivered; and Fig. 6 is a detail view of a small spring-piston actuating the spring-finger.

The drawer 1 is provided with a rod, which terminates in a grip or handle 2. This drawer is formed with a longitudinal slot 3, in which engage two bolts 4 4, fixed to the frame and which serve as guide and stops for the drawer. A spiral spring 5, guided by the rod 6 and held between the brackets 7 and 8, holds the rod in its normal positionthat is to say, the position of rest. The drawer has at its lower part a rack 9, in engagement with a toothed wheel 10, in rigid connection with the first part 11 of the coin-holder.

The connection between the two parts 11 and 12 of the coin-holder is effected by the coin 13, which has been inserted through the slot and conveyed down the chute 15, jointed at 16 and connected to the drawer 1 by a rod 17. The part 11 of the holder is rigidly connected to an angle-piece 18, which engages an angle-piece 19, fixed to the part 12 of the coin-holder. This part 12 is keyed upon a pivot 20, carrying a toothed wheel 21, larger than the toothed wheel 10. The toothed wheel 21 engages a rack 22, in connection with the distributing-carriage 23. .At its end the pivot 20 is provided with two cams 24 and 25, which actuate the lever 26, provided 7 with a spring-piston 27 and keyed upon a pivot 28, upon which is coiled a spring 29. This pivot 28 also carries the finger 30. On each side of the path of the carriage 23 is arranged a spring-lever 31, recessed in the frame of the apparatus, the said lever, which is pivoted at '32, ending at one end in a nose 33 and at the other end a heel 34. Above this device is placed the colunm or magazine 38, which contains the articles to be delivered, the said articles in the example shown being tickets for admitting to the platforms of railway stations. These tickets are pressed downward by a weight 39, which has at one side a pin 40, designed when there are no longer any tickets in the column 38 to act upon the end 41 of a rocking lever 42, pivoted at 43. The end 44 of this lever is bent back and can pass into the recess 45 in the chute 15.

Upon the right side of the apparatus are arranged two inclined planes 35 and 36, which extend to a cup 37.

The operation of the apparatus is as follows: When a coin is inserted in the slot 14, it is conveyed by the chute 15 into the holder, where it connects the two parts 11 and 12. If then the grip or handle 2 be pulled, the drawer is moved outward, compressing the spring 5 between the two brackets 7 and 8 and causing the wheel 10, which is in engagement with the rack 9 of the drawer, to turn through half a revolution. In its angular movement the wheel carries with it the holder, the two parts 11 and 12 of which are connected by the coin, and this movement is then transmitted to the pivot 20, the cams 24 and 25, and the gear-wheel 21. The latter, which is larger than the gear-wheel 10, moves the carriage 23 the distance necessary to displace the first of the tickets contained in the column 38 to the inclined plane 35, which conveys it into the cup 37 outside the apparatus and from which the operator can remove it. In this angular movement the cam 24 raises the lever 26, which puts the spring 29 in tension and raises the finger 30. The piston 27 on reaching the step in the cam 24 falls suddenly under the action of the spring 29, and the finger 30, to which this abrupt movement is transmitted, strikes upon the coin, which is projected into the drawer 46, placed below it.

The apparatus having operated, the operator releases the grip 2 and the drawer 1 is re turned under the action of the spring 5, causing the gear-wheel and the part 11 of the coin-holder to rotate in the opposite direction to that in which it has previously moved. In this movement the angle 18, which is rigid with the part 11 of the coinholder, acts upon the under side of the small angle-piece 19, which is rigid with the part 12 of the holder, carries it with it, and there by causes the two cams 24 and 25 and the gear-wheel 21 to rotate, the latter returning the carriage 23 to its initial position. In this return movement the step of the cam 24, which is arranged for this purpose, pushes back the head 27 of the spring-piston, which is then seized by the cam 25, which raises the lever 26, putting'the spring 29 in tension until the springpiston 27 reaches the path of the cam 24, so that the apparatus is ready to be operated again. If a person after having passed a coin into the chute 15 should pull upon the lever 21 before having given the coin time to reach the holder, the drawer, which partakes of the movement of the grip, pulls the rod 17, which pulls the chute 15 to an inclined position, as it is pivoted at the point 16, whereby the coin is discharged onto the inclined plane 36, which conveys it into the cup 37, so that it is returned to the operator who has misused the apparatus. He has therefore only to start again. If the operator after having allowed sufficient time for the coin to reach the holder does not pull sufficiently upon the grip 2, the ticket 48, which is not sufficiently displaced to enable it to fall upon the inclined plane 35,remains held at one end under the pile of tickets contained in the column 38. When a ticket is pushed forward, it at once engages between the noses 33 of the spring-levers 31, which turn and assume the position shown in Fig. 5, so that the heels 34, which have moved into the recesses 49 of the frame, remain in this position as long as the ticket 48 is not disengaged and support the remaining ticket, so as to allow a free passage for the carriage in order that it can pass under the pile of tickets and push out that which has remained held without any liability of the apparatus becoming wedged. Furthermore, when all the tickets have been delivered the weight placed at the top of the pile has dropped, so that the pin comes into engagement with the end 41 of the lever 42, which is caused to turn around its pivot 43, so that its other end 44 passes through the notch 45 and blocks the slot 14, thus preventing any further coins being inserted into the apparatus until a further stock of tickets has been placed therein, when the weight no longer acting upon the lever 42 the said lever is caused to assume its initial position under the action of a spring, thus uncovering the slot 14 and enabling the apparatus to be freely used.

I claim- 1. In an automatic delivery apparatus the combination of a carriage for delivering the articles, an operating-handle, an intermediate shaft between said carriage and said handle, said shaft being in two normally separated parts, a rack and pinion connected between said handle and one part of said shaft, a similar connection between said carriage and the other part of said shaft, heads 11 and 12 at the adjacent ends of the parts of the shaft, and having slots therein elongated in the direction of the shaft, said slots being closed at one side to prevent the discharge of a coin until the shaft makes a half-revolution.

2. In an automatic delivery apparatus the combination of a main shaft formed in two separate parts each having a slotted head with the slots facing each other and adapted to receive a coin, a shaft 28, a finger 30 there on arranged to enter between said heads and knock out a coin therein, a spring 29 for oper ating said shaft 28 and finger 30, earns 24 and 25 on said main shaft, and an arm 26 on said shaft 28 and operated by said cams.

In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name, this 17th day of March, 1903, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2870967 *Jul 22, 1955Jan 27, 1959Hansen Lynn Co IncDispenser
US2961081 *Nov 10, 1955Nov 22, 1960Sloyer Jr Arthur WCoin control release mechanism
US3010556 *Sep 28, 1954Nov 28, 1961Benz William ARefrigerated food vender
US4463874 *May 18, 1982Aug 7, 1984E B Metal Industries Inc.Vending machine having card moving fingers
Cooperative ClassificationG07F5/24