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Publication numberUS804092 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 7, 1905
Filing dateMar 20, 1905
Priority dateMar 20, 1905
Publication numberUS 804092 A, US 804092A, US-A-804092, US804092 A, US804092A
InventorsJohn Brants
Original AssigneeJohn Brants
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for draining marshes and the like.
US 804092 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED NOV. 7, 1905.

- J. BRANTS. APPARATUS FOR DRAINING MARSHES AND THE LIKE.

APPLICATION FILED MAR.20, 1905.

2 SHEBTS-SHBET 1.

No. 804,092. PATENTED NOV. 7, 1905.

- J. BRANTS.

APPARATUS FOR DRAINING MARSHES AND THE LIKE.

APPLICATION FILED MALZO, 1905.

2 SHEETS SHEET 2.

Witwwow UNITED sTA Es PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN BRANTS, OF TAMPICO, ILLINOIS.

APPARATUS FOR DRA INING MARSHES AND THE LIKE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 7, 1905.

Application and March 20, 1905. Serial No. 251,056.

to dig trenches through the land and carry the water thereby to some neighboring stream or body of water. In many instances, however, this is very expensive, if not entirely impracticable; and the object in the present invention is to provide novel means of a simple and inexpensive nature, whereby outlets can be provided at one or more suitable points in or directly adjacent to the area to be drained and water led to the same, so that said area may be dried atcomparatively small cost.

The preferred form of construction is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, where- Figure 1 is a sectional view through the apparatus when the same isbeing placed in position. Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view through the lower portion of the same. Fig.

3 is a detail sectional View, showing the bot-' tom closure in position. Fig. 4 is a View of said closure detached, and Fig. 5 is a view showing the drain when complete. Fig. 6 is a bottom plan view of the closure.

Similar reference-numerals designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawlngs.

In the embodiment illustrated a tubular casing is employed, comprising sections 6, preferably formed of galvanized sheet metal, riveted or otherwise secured together, as shown at 7, the lowermost section having perforations 8 and containing a screen 9, which covers said perforations. Secured in the lower end of the lowermost or perforated section is a channeled ring 10, thus having an annular seat 11. A conical auger-bit 12,

revolubly mounted in said lower end, projects beyond the same and has an outturned flange 13 at its upper end, revolubly mounted in the seat 11 of the channel-ring. This bit has a flat top and, furthermore, has in its apex an angular socket 14:.

For the purpose of actuating the bit and driving the casing-tube the following mechanism is employed: A suitable frame 15 is provided, and in the same is slidably mounted a vertical shaft 16, that extends downwardly through the casing-tube and has an angular lower end 17, that detachably engages in the socket 1 1 of the bit. A beveled gear 18, suitably mounted on the frame, is feathered to the shaft 16, and said shaft is slidable therethrough. Suitable means'is employed for driving the beveled gear 18, said means being shown in the present construction as another gear 19, connected to a pulley 20, driven bya belt 21, which receives its motion from any suitable source of power.

For the purpose of sinking the casing-tube screw-shafts 22 are provided, the lower ends of which have heads 23, hearing against a beam 24, that is placed upon the upper end of the uppermost section. Threaded upon these shafts are hand wheels 25, bearing against one of the cross-beams 26 of the frame.

When it is desired to drain a marshy or wet area, one or more of the casing-tubes, as may be found desirable or necessary, is sunk in or directly adjacent to the area. This is accomplished by first placing the perforated section in position on the surface of the, ground and rotating the auger-bit through the medium of the mechanism disclosed and as said bit cuts its way into the earth forcing down the section. Other sections are consecutively applied until the casing has reached a lower water-stratum or porous earth. The earth within the tube is taken out in any suitable manner-as, for instance, by means of a pump. When the desired depth has been attained, the driving mechanism, including the shaft, is removed from the casing and a closure is introduced into the bottom of the same, so as to cover the top of the auger-bit. This closure, as shown in Fig. 4, consists of sections 27, hinged together, as shown at 28, said sections being substantially semicircular in form. Saidclosure is introduced into the tubing and the sections brought into alinement in the seat 11, thus resting on the fiat top of the arethen laid with their inlets at the surface to receive the water and with their outlets in communication with the casing, as shown in Fig. 5. It will thus be seen that the water will find its way into the lines of tiling, thence to the casing, and flowing down the same will discharge into the lower strata of earth, so that the ground above will be drained and kept dry. In this way it will be seen that marshes, swamps, and other low-lying places can be readily and cheaply drained and kept in condition for cultivation.

From the foregoing it is thought that the construction, operation, and many advantages of the herein-described invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be understood that various changes in the size, shape, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention. p v

Having thus described my invention, what Iclaim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube, of an augerbit revolubly mounted at the lower end thereof, and means for revolving the bit, said means extending downwardly through the tube and having a detachable engagement with the bit.

2. 1n apparatus of the class described,the combination with a casing-tube, of an augerbit revolubly journaled on the lower end of the tube and projecting beyond the same, and means for revolving the bit, said means extending downwardly through the tube and having a detachable engagement with the bit.

3. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube, of a tapering auger-bit revolubly journaled on the lower end of the tube and having an angular socket in its lower end, and means for revolving the bit, said means. including a shaft extending downwardly through the tube and detachably engaging in the angular socket.

4. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube comprising sections, the lowermost of which is perforated, of a strainer covering the perforations, an annular seat formed in the lower end of the perforated section, an auger-bit revolubly mounted on the lower end of the tube and having a portion engaging in the seat, and means for revolving the bit, said means including a shaft extending downwardly through the tube and detachably engaged with the bit.

5. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube, of an augerbit revolubly mounted at the lower end of the tube, means for revolving the bit, said means extending downwardly throughthe tube and having a detachable engagementwith the bit,

of the tube and cover the upper end of. the bit when the actuating means therefor is detached.

7. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube having a perforated lower section and a screen covering the perforations thereof, said lowersection having at its lower end an annular seat, of an auger-bit revolubly journaled on the lower end of the tube and engaging in the seat, means for revolving the'bit, including a shaft extending through the tube and detachably engaging said bit, and a closure arranged to engage in the seat and; cover the bit when the shaft is detached therefrom and removed from the tube.

8. In apparatus of the class described, the combination witha sectional casing-tube, the lowermost section of which is perforated, of a screen extending across the perforations of the lower portion of the lowermost section and projecting beyond the same, means for revolving the bit including a shaft detachably passingdownward through the tube and detachably engaging the bit, and a closure for, the lower end of the tube comprising hinged sections arranged to be'brought into alinement upon the top of the bit when the shaft is disengaged therefrom.

9. In apparatus'of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube having a perforated; portion, of an auger-bit revolubly mounted at the lower end of the tube and carried thereby, a closure for the'tube below the perforated portion, and means for connecting moisture-conducting means to the upper end of the tube.

10. In apparatus of the class described, the combination-with a casing-tube having aperforated lower portion and openings in its upper portion to permit the attachment of moisture-conducting means, of an-auger-bit revolubly mounted at the lower end of the tube and carried thereby, and a detachable closure for the tube vbelow the perforated portionand above the auger-bit.

11. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with a casing-tube having a perforated lower portion, of an auger-bit mounted on the lower end thereof, and a closure arranged to fit in the lower endof the tube and cover the bit.

12. In-apparatus of the class described, the

' section, a flat-topp'edauger-bit journaledin the combination with a casing-tube having a perforated lower portion, of an auger-bit mounted on the lower end of the tube below the perforations, and a detachable closure arranged to fit in the lower end of the tube below the gerforations and above the bit to cover said In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aflixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.

JOHN BRANTS.

Witnesses:

DEWITT WEST, DELOS CRADDooK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2641444 *Sep 3, 1946Jun 9, 1953Signal Oil & Gas CoMethod and apparatus for drilling boreholes
US3353870 *Jun 1, 1965Nov 21, 1967Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoMethod and apparatus for recovering a naturally occurring brine containing sodium carbonate
US4664557 *Mar 18, 1985May 12, 1987Phoenix Engineering Ltd.Method and apparatus for constructing an underwater fill
US4750571 *Oct 8, 1986Jun 14, 1988Geeting Marvin DScreen placement method and apparatus
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE02B11/005