|Publication number||US8043034 B2|
|Application number||US 11/916,393|
|Publication date||Oct 25, 2011|
|Filing date||Jun 6, 2006|
|Priority date||Jun 7, 2005|
|Also published as||DE102005026012A1, DE102005026012B4, US20080219785, WO2006131311A1|
|Publication number||11916393, 916393, PCT/2006/5380, PCT/EP/2006/005380, PCT/EP/2006/05380, PCT/EP/6/005380, PCT/EP/6/05380, PCT/EP2006/005380, PCT/EP2006/05380, PCT/EP2006005380, PCT/EP200605380, PCT/EP6/005380, PCT/EP6/05380, PCT/EP6005380, PCT/EP605380, US 8043034 B2, US 8043034B2, US-B2-8043034, US8043034 B2, US8043034B2|
|Inventors||Markus Urban, Hamid Ebrahimi, Harald Schueler|
|Original Assignee||Airbus Deutschland Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Non-Patent Citations (2), Classifications (13), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of the filing date of German Patent Application No. 10 2005 026 012.8 filed Jun. 7, 2005, the disclosures of which application is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
The field relates to a device for the manufacture of drilled holes, cut-outs, plane surfaces, or the like.
The quality of drilled holes depends on the workman in question, since systems are used that are in part unstable, or the drilled holes are introduced completely freehand.
In some applications, automated drilling machines may be used. However, for various reasons, for example, due to factors such as the accessibility of the drilling location, the weight of the automated drilling machine, as well as on-the-job safety, this solution finds only very limited use.
From DE 2 238 838, a portable drilling and milling device of known art, which is designed for the manufacture of drilled holes, cut-outs, plane surfaces, or the like is disclosed. It includes a feed device, which tracks a drill according to the drilling progress, gearing to drive the drive shaft, an electrical controller for the control of the device, and means for retention and alignment on a plane, concave or convex surface of a component to be machined, and also at least three feet which at their lower ends are provided with suction cups, into which a vacuum may be introduced for attachment to a component to be machined.
However this device may be complicated to handle, so that this may lead to time-consuming manufacture in the production of individual parts.
Among other things, it may be an object to provide an improved device for the manufacture of drilled holes, cut-outs, plane surfaces, or similar, the handling of which is simplified.
A device for the manufacture of drilled holes, cut-outs, plane surfaces, or the like, in one example, comprises:
In one example, a support for a drilling machine is arranged substantially in the center of a crossbeam. As a result of this the handling may be simplified in a simple manner, since the weight of the device during placement and alignment is supported by the at least one component to be machined. In one example, only after placement and alignment of the device is a drilling machine inserted into the support.
The means of attachment may be an attachment structure such as a crossbeam, for example.
Provision is made that the means of attachment have two attachment elements. This allows the device, in one example, to be embodied compactly and at the same time allows for a secure attachment on both plane and also convex or concave curved surfaces of components to be machined. For this purpose, in one example, the attachment elements are attached such that they may pivot.
In one example, the attachment elements are designed as suction cups, such that by generation of a vacuum, a simple attachment of the device on at least one component to be machined may be allowed.
In a further embodiment, each of the suction cups is connected with a vacuum port by vacuum lines, which run through the crossbeam in an integrated manner. Thus, a compact build ensues, in which the vacuum lines running through the crossbeam may be protected against damage.
In one example, the vacuum cups have seating faces. These seating faces may be designed as “hard points,” and lie on the surface of the at least one component to be machined, after the suction cups have been evacuated. Thus, a secure and accurate positioning of the attachment may be achieved, ensuring a precise introduction of a drilled hole.
In an embodiment, the device has a suction device, which is designed for the extraction by suction of drilling swarf. This suction device may ensure that the at least one component is not damaged or contaminated by drilling swarf.
In one example, the suction device is integrated into a pressure stamp sleeve. This pressure stamp sleeve is conical in design, and during the drilling process bears on the at least one component to be machined, so that the suction device sucks drilling swarf out of the interior of the pressure stamp sleeve. Furthermore, by the bearing of the pressure stamp sleeve during the drilling process, the device according to one example may be stabilized and fixed in its position relative to the at least one component to be machined. As a result of the conical design of the pressure stamp sleeve, the flow velocity of the air may be increased and the suction effect may be improved. Moreover, the pressure stamp sleeve has a cut-out, through which a defined volumetric flow of air from the environment may flow into the pressure stamp sleeve when the latter is bearing on the component, and may enable the extraction by suction of the swarf.
In a further embodiment, the device includes a lubrication device for the lubrication of the drill, so that a sufficient supply of lubricant may be guaranteed.
In one example, the lubrication device is integrated into a pressure stamp sleeve. Since the pressure stamp sleeve during the drilling process bears on the at least one component to be machined, the substantially closed interior of the pressure stamp sleeve may ensure a sufficient and effective supply of lubricant.
In a further embodiment, the lubrication device is connected with the controller such that the lubrication device releases lubricant at the start of a drilling process. In one example, just before the start of the drilling process, the drilling device releases lubricant for 0.25 to 0.5 seconds, for example. By this brief release of lubricant, the contamination of the least one component to be machined may be reduced, as is the cleaning effort required after the introduction of the drilled holes.
In an embodiment, the device is designed as a hand-held unit, so that it may be transported without problems to the particular site at which it is to be used. For this purpose, a device may have a weight of less than 1,000 g, in particular, less than 750 g. Furthermore for this purpose, the device may have a maximum of 50 cm in length.
In one example, a device may have a drilling machine accommodated in the support. In one example, one may be dealing with a compressed air drilling machine, or a drilling machine with another form of drive.
The device is described below with reference to embodiments illustrated in the enclosed figures. In the drawings:
Identical or similar elements are always identified by the same or corresponding reference characters in all figures. The illustrations in the figures are diagrammatic and not to scale.
The examples described and drawings rendered are illustrative and are not to be read as limiting the scope of the invention as it is defined by the appended claims.
As shown in
At the two ends of the crossbeam 1, two suction cups 2 are arranged on attachment elements 3, which may be pivoted, using two joints 4 such that the crossbeam 1 may be placed on a plane component surface, and also on a convex or concave curved component surface.
From the suction cups 2, vacuum lines (not depicted) run through the attachment elements 3 and the crossbeam 1, which open into vacuum ports 5 and via the evacuation of the suction cups 2 allow the crossbeam 1 to be attached to at least one component to be machined.
In the interiors of the suction cups 2 are arranged annular seating faces 6 (shown in
In the center of the crossbeam 1 is arranged a support 7, which is designed for the accommodation of a drilling machine, in particular, a compressed air drilling machine. The support 7 belongs to a feed device, (not depicted) which is designed for tracking a drill of a drilling machine corresponding to the drilling progress during the drilling process, and for this purpose is connected with a control device that is not shown.
Underneath the support 7, a pressure stamp sleeve 8, which is of conical design, in one example is arranged. The pressure stamp sleeve is designed so that it may be lowered, such that before the start of a drilling process, for example, before a drill tip touches the surface, the pressure stamp sleeve bears down onto the surface of the at least one component to be machined and its cylindrically shaped interior surrounds a drill. As a result of the conical design of the pressure stamp sleeve 8, the flow velocity of the suction air is increased. In order to enable extraction by suction of a drilling swarf while the pressure stamp sleeve 8 is bearing on the component to be machined, the sleeve, in one example, has a rectangular-shaped cut-out with a small cross-sectional area, on one side through which the ambient air can flow in.
The pressure stamp sleeve 8 has a port 9 for a suction device, (not depicted) with which the drilling swarf may be extracted by suction. Furthermore, the pressure stamp sleeve 8 is connected with a lubrication device, (not depicted) which supplies lubricant into the interior of the pressure stamp sleeve 8 after the bearing down of the pressure stamp sleeve 8, but before the drill tip touches the surface. In this example, the lubrication device is connected with a control device, not shown, which ensures that lubricant is supplied to the drilling location for a time period of only 0.25 to 0.5 seconds, by a timing element in one example.
First, the crossbeam 1 with the two suction cups 2 is placed onto the at least one component to be machined and aligned with the desired drilling location. Then the two suction cups 2 are evacuated, in order to fix the crossbeam 1, and their position is once again checked. A drilling machine is then inserted into the support 7. The drilling machine may also permanently remain in the support 7, in order to simplify and accelerate handling, which is particularly the case when a large number of drilled holes are to be introduced.
By the control device, in one example, the lubrication device is activated, which supplies lubricant into the interior of the lowered pressure stamp sleeve 8, for a time period of 0.25 to 0.5 seconds, for example.
Then, the feed device is activated by the control device such that the drill lowers and introduces the desired drilled hole.
Then the drilling machine may be removed once again from the support 7 and the crossbeam 1 may be released from the at least one component to be machined after the ventilation of the suction cups 2.
Alternative combinations and variations of the examples provided will become apparent based on this disclosure. It is not possible to provide specific examples for all of the many possible combinations and variations of the embodiments described, but such combinations and variations may be claims that eventually issue.
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|1||German Office Action dated Jun. 15, 2007, German application No. 10 2005 026 012.8-14, 3 pages.|
|2||German Office Action Dec. 14, 2005, German application No. 10 2005 026 012.8-14, 4 pages.|
|U.S. Classification||408/76, 408/97, 408/67, 408/61|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T408/56245, B23Q9/0042, B25H1/0064, Y10T408/554, Y10T408/46, Y10T408/50|
|European Classification||B23Q9/00C5, B25H1/00C4B|
|Apr 10, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:URBAN, MARKUS;EBRAHIMI, HAMID;SCHUELER, HARALD;REEL/FRAME:020784/0954;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080116 TO 20080312
Owner name: AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:URBAN, MARKUS;EBRAHIMI, HAMID;SCHUELER, HARALD;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080116 TO 20080312;REEL/FRAME:020784/0954
|May 31, 2011||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AIRBUS OPERATIONS GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH;REEL/FRAME:026360/0849
Effective date: 20090602
|Apr 16, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4