|Publication number||US8046934 B2|
|Application number||US 12/162,030|
|Publication date||Nov 1, 2011|
|Filing date||Jan 24, 2007|
|Priority date||Jan 25, 2006|
|Also published as||EP1977177A1, EP1977179A1, US20090007453, US20090031581, WO2007085617A1, WO2007085618A1|
|Publication number||12162030, 162030, PCT/2007/50693, PCT/EP/2007/050693, PCT/EP/2007/50693, PCT/EP/7/050693, PCT/EP/7/50693, PCT/EP2007/050693, PCT/EP2007/50693, PCT/EP2007050693, PCT/EP200750693, PCT/EP7/050693, PCT/EP7/50693, PCT/EP7050693, PCT/EP750693, US 8046934 B2, US 8046934B2, US-B2-8046934, US8046934 B2, US8046934B2|
|Original Assignee||Nv Bekaert Sa, Bekaert Combustion Technology B.V.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (82), Referenced by (2), Classifications (24), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention concerns a convective system for a dryer installation for a passing web, more particularly paper.
There exists e.g. according to FR-A-2771161 in the name of the applicant an installation having at least a web, gas-heated radiant elements arranged according to at least one row stretching out in the transversal direction of the web, substantially over its entire width, and, downstream at least one row of radiant elements, at least a transverse convective system equipped with suction and blowing devices to suck at least part of the combustion products produced by the radiant elements and to blow this part of the combustion products towards the web. The installation generally also has devices to extract the warm gasses resulting from the convective exchanges between the passing web and the combustion products.
The suction and blowing devices have a mixing device, such as e.g. a ventilator, that is, for several known reasons, shifted laterally at the outside of the web, in relation to the median longitudinal axis usually at a large, even extremely large, distance in relation to the width of the web. In that way, the ventilator has to laterally collect the combustion products that are initially divided over the entire width of the web, mix the combustion products and divide them again over the entire width of the web. Such a mixing entails an important consumption of energy.
In addition, such an installation has suction and blowing ducts that, at least in the transverse direction of the web, have an important size. These ducts dissipate thermal energy by radiation and convection. There is amongst other things aspiration of cold air that is cooling down the combustion products. Hence, the temperature of the combustion products blown on the web is considerably lower than the temperature of the combustion products generated by the radiant elements.
Such an installation, although functioning satisfactorily, thus implies a considerable consumption of mechanical energy and also a considerable loss of thermal energy, thus resulting in considerable investment and operating costs, and also occupies a large surface. An already improved system has been described in WO 2005/085729 in the name of the applicant resulting in a reduced consumption of mechanical energy and a reduced loss of thermal energy, lower investment and operation costs, and necessitating less space. This dryer installation is characterized by the fact that the suction and blowing devices of the convective system have at least one suction and blowing device installed opposite of the passing web in relation to corresponding suction and blowing ducts that at least stretch out in the transverse direction of the web, and arranged so as to suck and/or blow the said combustion products in such a way that the vector averages are optimized. The vectors are representing the respective trajectories of the different jets of sucked and/or blown combustion products. This optimization considerably reduces the trajectories of the jets of combustion products and the mechanical mixing energy needed to suck and blow the different jets of combustion products. These shorter trajectories of combustion products require shorter suction and blowing ducts and smaller dimensions corresponding to smaller surfaces that lead to considerably smaller losses of thermal energy by radiation and convection.
Likewise, the temperature difference between the sucked combustion products and the blown combustion products is substantially reduced, thereby increasing the efficiency.
In that way, the thermal transfers between the combustion products and the passing plane can be maximized, and it is also possible to obtain an extremely compact dryer installation in which the combustion products are blown at the highest possible temperature.
Although above described system has already improved the efficiency of the dryer installation to a large extent, there is still a major restriction to the system in that the mixing devices cannot withstand temperatures that are higher than e.g. 350° C., thereby limiting the temperature of the warm blown combustion products.
The objective of the present invention is to mitigate the restrictions of the known installations and to propose a convective system for a dryer installation having a more reduced consumption of mechanical energy and a more reduced loss of thermal energy and lower investment and operation costs. A further objective of the present invention is to accomplish an improvement within existing systems and within the existing dimensions. Still another objective of the present invention is to accomplish an improvement by means of simple measures.
According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a convective system for a dryer installation arranged transversely with respect to a web to be dried. The convective system is an assembly of an exterior casing for suction of combustion products with opening towards the web, with a first and second suction ducts sucking the combustion products into the convective system. The combustion products coming from the first suction duct are guided through the exterior casing to a mixing and blowing device. Cold air is mixed in this mixing and blowing device with the combustion products, resulting in a gas mixture with lower temperature.
The convective system also has an internal casing inside the external casing. This internal casing has at least one opening towards the web and has also openings allowing gas flow from the external casing to the internal casing of said gas mixture. Under the internal casing, there is also a blowing duct. The second suction duct is also arranged under this internal casing thereby extracting a second flow of combustion products into the internal casing. This second flow of combustion products is then mixed with the gas mixture with lower temperature coming from the mixing device, resulting in a mixture of gasses with a temperature that is higher than the first gas mixture and higher than e.g. 350° C., more preferably 400° C. or 450° C., even more preferably 500° C. These hot gasses are then blown to the drying web by the blowing duct of the internal casing.
Also according to the invention this improved convective system can be achieved by simple means, by applying an inner casing into the outer casing. It is clear that applying an inner casing can be done without difficulties, thus in a simple way.
Applying an inner casing can be realized both in a completely new convective system and in an existing convective system without changing drastically the dimensions.
This direct re-use of hot combustion products in the internal casing increases the temperature of the blown gasses resulting in a more efficient use of the heat produced by the dryer system and improving the efficiency of the heat exchange in the system.
According to an alternative version of the invention, the convective system is constructed with a mixing and blowing device being a venturi-system.
According to another version of the invention, the convective system is designed in such a way that the blowing duct is arranged between said first suction duct and said second suction duct.
A preferable embodiment of the invention provides a special design of the internal casing resulting in a good air distribution.
Another preferred embodiment of the invention provides in the system an air pressure sensor in order to assure constant flotation effect on the web to be dried. A temperature sensor can also be foreseen.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is the convective system wherein the mixing and blowing device at least has one turbine of which the axis is perpendicular to the web. Another version of the invention is the convective system wherein the mixing and blowing device at least has one turbine of which the axis is parallel to the web.
According to a second aspect, the invention provides a method for safeguarding a fan from contact with hot combustion gasses by using above described convective system.
According to a third aspect, the invention provides a method of re-using heated gasses to enhance the heat exchanging efficiency using the above described convective system.
Above described convective system can then be used in a dryer installation for drying a web, e.g. paper. The dryer installation is designed for drying a maximum web width and is composed of gas-heated radiant elements for radiating said web next to the convective system. The radiant elements are arranged in at least one row stretching out in the transversal direction over the substantially entire maximum web width. A further implementation of the invention is an installation which has at least two transverse convective systems arranged one after the other in the passing direction of the web and separated one from the other by at least one transverse row of gas-heated radiant elements.
In the same way can the above described convective system be used in a dryer installation based on a burner assembly, said dryer installation e.g. being of a flame drier type.
In an even more preferred embodiment of the invention the system of re-using the exhaust gases is set up in a cascade system, wherein the exhaust gasses coming directly from the heating assembly (e.g. burner system, gas-heated radiant elements) are sucked and blown to the web by a first convective system. The warm gasses which are then available at the second convective system are again sucked for re-use and re-blown thereby making further use of the available thermal energy which was created by the heating assembly. For example, first there is the heating assembly with temperatures over 1000° C. thereafter a first convective system which blows re-used exhaust gasses at 400° C. and thereafter a second convective system which blows gasses at 200° C. This further increases the drying efficiency of the system.
One can even consider putting one of above described installations on each side of the web to be dried.
The invention will now be described into more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
The present invention will be described with respect to particular embodiments and with reference to certain drawings but the invention is not limited thereto but only by the claims. The drawings described are only schematic and are non-limiting. In the drawings, the size of some of the elements may be exaggerated and not drawn on scale for illustrative purposes. The dimensions and the relative dimensions do not correspond to actual reductions to practice of the invention.
Furthermore, the terms first, second, third and the like in the description and in the claims, are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a sequence, either temporally, spatially, in ranking or in any other manner. It is to be understood that the terms so used are interchangeable under appropriate circumstances and that the embodiments of the invention described herein are capable of operation in other sequences than described or illustrated herein.
The installation 1 has at least the web 2 and the gas-heated radiant elements 3. The elements 3 are arranged according to at least one row 4 stretching out in the transversal direction 5 of the web 2. The row 4 substantially stretches over the entire maximum web width.
The installation 1 also has at least one convective system 7 downstream of at least one row 4 of radiant elements 3, referring to the direction of the passing of the web 6. The convective system includes suction and blowing devices 8. The devices 8 suck at least a part of the combustion products generated by the radiant elements 3 and blow those combustion products towards the web 2. The convective system also has devices 9 to extract the warm gasses resulting from the convective thermal exchanges between the passing web 2 and those combustion products.
The radiant elements 3 can be gas-heated radiant elements of whatever type, arranged in any possible way in relation to one another and in relation to gas supply tubes, and to combustion air supply tubes.
According to the present invention, the suction and blowing devices 8 include at least one mixing device 12 installed opposite of the passing web 2.
Reference is made to
In the represented example, each turbine 30 has a centrifugal turbine wheel of which the suction opening 32 is connected to an upstream transverse suction duct 15 in relation to the web 2. The wheel is driven by an engine, as in any conventional fan.
The mixed gasses 20 are blown through two tangential outlet openings 33 substantially directly opposite to the transverse direction 5 of the web 2, and connected to two transversal blowing ducts 34.
In the represented example, the different rotors 27 are installed on the same pole driven by an engine.
Another preferred embodiment of the invention is a convective system 7 wherein the mixing and blowing device at least has one turbine of which the axis is perpendicular to the web, as in e.g. a fan. This axis can also be given other directions inclined in any possible direction in relation to the web, without leaving the scope of the present invention.
In the realization mode of
Each convective system can have a fresh air inlet opening, along a lateral edge of the web 2, for instance in the right-hand side of
In addition, each convective system 7 also has an extraction opening as described above.
Another preferred embodiment of the invention is a convective system wherein the mixing device 12 is an organ adapted to blow air under pressure through the openings 33 of
Obviously, the present invention is not limited to the realization modes described above, and many changes and modifications can be made to these realization modes without leaving the scope of the present invention.
One can of course use any mixing device adapted to suck and blow the combustion products, and arrange these mixing devices and the corresponding suction and blowing ducts in any known way.
The afore-described mixing devices can also be arranged in a different way than the ways described above.
These mixing devices and the corresponding transversal convective systems can be linked to gas-heated radiant elements of any type, and these radiant elements can be arranged in any possible way.
These mixing devices and the corresponding transversal convective systems can in the same way be linked to gas-heated burners elements of any type, e.g. a blue flame burner, and these burner elements can be arranged in any possible way.
As schematized in
Obviously, the devices of the invention described above, the suction ducts 15 and 16 and the blowing duct 23, the mixing devices 30, the exterior 13 and interior casing 21, etc. are designed and arranged in a known way so that they can endure durably and reliably the high temperatures of the sucked and/or blown combustion products.
As schematised in
Obviously, it is also possible to foresee, in addition, thermal insulation devices and/or traditional cooling-down devices known to protect certain specific devices, such as e.g. an electrical engine.
We have thus described and represented a convective system for use in a dryer installation designed and arranged to limit as much as possible thermal losses in order to maintain the high energy potential of these combustion products and thus allow an excellent return of the convective thermal exchanges between the web and the sucked and blown combustion products.
In addition to the important improvement of the thermal exchanges between the combustion products and the web, the mechanical energy needed to suck and blow these combustion products is also considerably reduced.
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|U.S. Classification||34/613, 502/400, 34/631, 34/623, 266/84, 34/635, 162/207, 451/259, 162/290, 34/617, 73/23.41, 51/293, 502/60, 73/23.37, 266/192|
|Cooperative Classification||F26B3/305, F26B13/10, F26B13/22, D21F5/008|
|European Classification||F26B13/10, F26B3/30B, F26B13/22, D21F5/00G|
|Nov 26, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BEKAERT COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY B.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LENOIR, PATRICK;REEL/FRAME:021892/0886
Effective date: 20080610
Owner name: NV BEKAERT SA, BELGIUM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LENOIR, PATRICK;REEL/FRAME:021892/0886
Effective date: 20080610
|Apr 23, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4