US 805664 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED NOV. 28, 1905.
A. L. RAMAGE.
LEAF TURNING FINGER RING.
APPLICATION FILED AUG 12 1904 INVENTUPI. flfiw WITNESSES- AL LEEN RAMAGE, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 28, 1905.
Application filed August 12, 1904. Serial No. 220,543.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, AL LEEN RAMAGE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kansas City, in the county of Jackson and State of Missouri, have invented new and useful Improvements in Leaf-Turning Finger-Rings, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in leaf-turning devices.
The object of my invention is to provide a device which can be worn upon a persons finger and provided with one or more sharp peripheral projections by which the person may rapidly and accurately turn one at a time a number of leaves or in the same manner count a number of pieces of paper money. The device is designed for the purpose of eliminating for such purposes the use of wet sponges or similar devices for moistening the fingers, so that the bills or leaves may be readily seized and turned.
A person in turning the leaves of a book often wets the digit-finger with the tongue and applies the said finger to the leaves in turning them. This practice is unhygienic and apt to spread contagious diseases. With the use of my invention such unhygienic practices may be avoided, and at the same time the leaves or bills may be more positively gripped for turning.
In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate my invention, Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view taken on the dotted line at of Fig. 2. This view shows a complete metallic ring provided with a plurality of radial pins, the sharp ends of which extend slightly beyond the outer periphery of the annular device. Fig. 2 is a side elevation view of the device shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view of a modified form of my invention in which a plate to which the pins are secured is embedded in a resilient ring. Fig. A is a vertical sectional view of another form of my invention in which the annular device is formed from a flat strip of metal. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the ring shown in Fig. A before it is formed. Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing the device mounted on the finger engaged in turning a leaf.
Similar characters of reference indicate similar parts.
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, 1 denotes the annular device, comprising an ordinary metal ring having in one side one or more radial holes in which are mounted one or more pointed pins 2, the points of which extend but slightly beyond the outer periphery of the body 1.
Referring to Fig. 3, the body 1 is of resilientmaterial, such as rubber, and a metal plate 3 is embedded in the body, the plate having one or more holes disposed radially with respect to the ring, and in these holes are mounted one or more pins 2, the points of which extend but to the periphery of the ring. here the plate 3 is located, the ring is thickened, forming a cushion 4:, which when pressed against the paper compresses and permits the points of the pins 2 to enter the paper; but when pressure is removed the rubber expands and strips the paper from the pins. The rub-' ber cushion 4. further serves as a guard against any one being pricked by the pins while wearing the ring.
In Figs. 4. and 5 I have shown a ring made from afiat plate having suitable holes punched therethrough for receiving the pins therein. This plate is denoted by 5 and the holes by the numeral 6. After the ring has been formed the ends may be united by soldering or otherwise, or they may be left free, so that the ring may be expanded to fit a certain finger.
In using my invention the ring 1 may be fitted to the finger or thumb with which the person may most readily turn the bills or leaves. The leaves may then be turned by pressing the pointed projections against the first leaf or. bill and then properly drawing the finger or thumb along the next under bill or leaf until the bill or leaf is positioned so as to be seized and held by another finger.
My invention may be modified in many other Ways without departing from its spirit.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
A leaf-turning device comprising an annular device adapted to be worn upon a persons finger and provided with one or more holes extending radially therethrough and one or more sharpened pins disposed in said holes respectively with their points extending but slightly beyond the outer periphery of the said device.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
AL LEEN RAM AGE.
WARREN D. HOUSE, HENRY F. Rose.