US 805699 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
BESIAVAILABLE C0?.A No. 805,699.
P. V. AVRIL. mm r EMBOSSING AND PRINTING MACHINE. mi AH BLE COPY APPLICATION FILED 0OT.7.1904.
3 SBEETS*SHBET 1.
y 4 BEST AVAILABLE COF" Y 805.699. i PATBNTED NOV. 28, 1905.
P. V. AVRIL.
BMBOSSING AND PRINTING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 7. 1904.
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Oooo l `BEST AVAILABLE COF` "wfwgfggbgg, l PATENTBD NOV. 28, 1905.
P. V. AVRIL.
BMBOSSING AND PRINTING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED ,ocr 7. 1904.
a SHEETS-SHEET s.'
.eEsT AvAiLAeigcoe) UNITED STATES rnTENT, oiriron, i
PAUL VICTOR AVRIL, OF PARIS, FRANCE, ASSIR. TO IVIARINIER,
NAVOIT AND JEANSON, OF PARIS, FRA
NGE, A COPARTNERSHI'P.
EMBOSSINGJ AND PRINTING MACHINE.
4 j Specicaton of Letters Patent. Application iileiloetober 7, 1904. Serial No. 227,573.
ing Machines, of which the following is a! speciiication.
My invention relates to :in embossing and printing' machine oi' a type suitable for producing a continuous impression inA colored and embossed effects in a single operation.
The machine embodying my invention is designed to apply one or more colors to a moving sheet and simultaneously einboss the same; further. to intensify, blend,"shade, or Y otherwise modif)7 the color effects by means ofsuperposed'colors subsequently applied. I
have described mechanism 'involving' this general' principle of operationfin Letters Patent o'theUnited States, No. 690,822, granted t e January?, 1902. f
nrimportant feature of the present inven- Qn onsistsjn mounting th'evarious colorn adju"s'table relation to the rollers gleitherltheA complete design or any -the object being to permit one set 'designrollers' to'v bei' substituted for her con'ffinirf., a diiferent'design withouti f necessity zu' removing the color-rollers.
"machine suitable for carrying my inven- V ntotefect is illustrated in the accompaxnylng drawings. I wish it understood` how- ,verjlthat I do notiimit myself tov either the "onsi'ruction'or arrang ment of the mechan- 415"'1'shown, as various manges may be made vtherein without departing from the spirit and scop'eof my invention.
In" the drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical sectional vie of the machine, taken on or about the line sie' vof Fig. 2. Fig. 2 is a horizontal vl'sectional view taken on or about the line s sa fofFig. l. Fig. 3 is an end elevation; and
Fig. 4 isa detail sectional view of the embossing-cylinder, showing the heating means em- 'ployed in connection therewith.
Referri ng to the drawings, the frame of the machine is shown as formed of twin side members l l, between which are mounted the various rollers making up the embossing and, color sets. The embossing set comp i cylinders 2 and 3, which are mounted ings 4 4, movable in guides 5 5 in frames. The guides, as shown, are
x the like is the-@fore cut into they surface of i is rotated in contact with ,lie-.embossing Patented Noves, 1905.`
'only a limited movement length as to permit of the bearings.
The cylinder 2, which I shall hereinafter term the em bossidngfcylingder, is preferably of steel. thoiiglit may lie formed of other Luifel-iai, if desired, and has cut or engraved upon its surface the design, picture,or other matter to be'printed. The machine shown in the drawingsis adapted for lproducing embossed or'relief work, and the design .or`
the embossingfcylinder, as'indicated at 25 in` v Fig. l. IntaUlio-w'ork mayobviously be pro? duced by the substitution vof 'ani-embossing* cylinder containing upon itsfsu'rfacelin' the matter to be'printed 11 The cylinder 3, hereinafter ermedzthe, l ,pression-cylinder, is prefera ly two or'ithre times the diameter ofthe embA` lssing#'cylinde and has formed upon i'ts's'uitffacerani nac counterpart or relieflV copy the..designl o the like, which is repeated ,cir 'mfereiitially ythereof as many .times as its'dia'rheter eiice the diameter of the smaller der The impression gyliurgideg- 1s p' lieferably formed blviyfllenvapsniermfhe to a suitable depth upon a metal shiJ l,;a n ter being moistened the blankgthus prepar index', which resultsinimpres ng?thefdesi iii; the soft paper surface. thereof Upon Vthe evaporation of the moistrethedesign'b comes set or.permanent; "f Depending from each ofthe of the impression-cylinder ther projection 6, the lower end of upon the short arrn'of a lever?? and connected by a link 9 withfa ver l0. The arrangement is -suoliasft'o, tain the impression-cylinder .in :closefcohtac with the embossing-cylinder and permit iti/'a the same time to yield or become'selfladjust ing to variations in thegthiknessofpaper o other material (indicated at 11. iniFigL' l) Vasy it passes between the cylinders. f f jf/; f' The wmghted levers 10,10 arA "pivoted at 12,
ande` erating with each lever there is a cam?` IOO li-` fifi-r tion 13 upon across-shaft'li, which mal ffaqtated by means of a terminal crank I i g the levers upward `and support The'weightthus beingt'aken off 1 o rs, the bear-ings thereof will move 105 n the guides', 4permitting separal tion of the cylinders and their ready removal, l and applying the same either direptlyV to the 65 l if desired. sheet oifindi'rec'tly thereon. throughfitheriie- 1t will be observed that the n'ieelianism thus l dium of the embossing-cyliiid'er. For direct far described will operate to produce a conapplication l employ the lower series ofc-di-- 5 tinuous uncolored impression in relief of any ors 1T, which in construction and arrangedesign or other mattei' contained upon the i, ment substantially similar' to the upper` 7o. embossing-cylinder, and in order new to apseries above described and comprises three `ply color to either or both the embossed or color-delivery sets, each terminating in' a plain portions of the sheet l employ anumber i transfer-roller 19, arranged to deposit color IO of color-delivery sets 15, which may be arupon a collector-roller 22, from which color ranged in any convenient manner, but are l is taken by a roller 24C and applied'd'ire'ctlyto 75 preferably grouped to form an upper series the sheet, upon either or both the colored or 16, a lower series 17, and a ground set 18. l uncolored portions thereof, after it has passed The colors of the upper series and ground set i between the embossing-cylinders. I5 are first deposited upon the cmbossing-cylinl The function of' the roller 24 relatively to der, which serves to transferthe same to the i the lower series of vcolors is the same as that 8o sheet as it is embossed. r1`he colors of the i of the embossing-cylinder to the upper selower series are applied directly to the sheet. l ries, in that both operate between a collector Cooperating with the various color sets there and the impression-cylinder to apply color to 2o are a number of transfer-rollers 19, by which i the sheet. The roller 24, however, differing the colors are selected and given the required from the embossing-cylinder, contains the de- 85 form and arrangement for producing desired i sign or such portions of it as are to appear in effects in the design being printed. As shown, the colors of the lower series in relief thereon, I have provided for the delivery of five colors and as a result color is applied only to the 25 to the embossing-cylinderand three colors diembossed portions of the sheet. This ari rectly to the sheet; but this arrangement is rangement permits the use of a smoothsur' 9o merely a convenient one for purposes of illusface collector-roller, as the form andarrangelz-. tration and may be changed, if desired, by ment of the colors transferred are determined increasing or decreasingl the number of colors by the relief figure-s or shapes upon the roller l or employing either the upper or Vlower sel 24, and any tendency of the colors upon the ries with or without the ground set. The l collector tospread will therefore not show in particular arrangement and number of 4rollers i the printed sheet. The arrangement of the in each set is unimportant and may be varied l ground set 18 is such as to indirectly super- Y at will, it being essentialonly to provide for pose color upon the sheet by depositing the '35 .the proper distribution and delivery of color same upon the plain surface of the'embossfrom an ink-fountain, such as 20, to the tering-cylinder, which receives an additional minal transfer-roller 19. The rollers 19 are color from the ground-roller of the upper sei preferably formed or faced with rubber and ries, as abovedescribed. i1 contain in relief thereon, as indicated at 21, The roll e r `24, controlling the transfer of 40 certain elements or figures corresponding to the lower series of colors to the sheet, is adportions of the design upon the embossingjustably mounted relatively tothe impressioncylinder. Cooperating with the transfer-rollcylinder to permit these colors to bethrown ers of the upper series of colors there is a colon or off at will while the machine is in oplector-roller 22, upon the surface of which the eration, and in order t0 continue the roller .y Y 45 design is formed in relief, as indicated at 2?). l in registerduring such adjustment itis geared For convenience in grouping the various and mounted in planetary relation to the col 11o color sets about the collector-roller it is given l, lector with which it coacts. 2 a greater diameter than the embossiug-cylinrlhe adjustment of the roller 24 is effected by der with which it coacts, and the design is in l means of levers 25, which are secured upon 5o consequence repeated circu inferentiall y therel opposite ends of a cross-shaft 26. The levers of, as upon the impression-cylinder above dei scribed. 2T, loosely mounted upon the shaft 28 ofthe As shown, three colors of the upper series l adjoining collector and provided witl'. bearare deposited by the transfer-rollers upon l ings in which the roller24 is journaled. The 55 certain of the relief portions of the collectorcross-shaft 26 has eccentric enlargements 29 roller, which in the present instance reprel thereon, which are mounted in bearings'in ZO sents the design, and the fourth or remaining i extensions 30 of the frame of the machine an color is deposited upon the depressed surface serve to hold the levers 25 and the roller 24:, thereof, representing the ground. From the l connected therewith, in any position of ad- 60 collector the colors are taken by the embossi justinent. ing-cylinder and applied to the sheet, as above For convenience in adjusting the ground l described. ln order to intensify, shade, blend,
set 18 iii and out of operative relation with or otherwise modify the colors thus applied,
the embossing-cylinder the various rollers I provide for superposing additional colors thereof are mounted upon a carriage or mov- 25 are linked or otherwise connected to arms 115 able section 3l of the main frame, which is adjustable inlguides 32'1by means of screws 33, as shown in Figfl.
For.l the purpose of facilitating the removal of one set'of rollers and the substitution of another set containing a different design or the like the color-rollers of the upper and lower series are mounted in movable sections 34 -of the main frame and are adjustable by' means of screws 35, which may be individually rotated by hand-wheels 36, as shown, in connection with the lower series, or the screws may he connected together by worm-gearing 37 and simultaneously rotated by a wheel or crank 38, as in, the upper series. The particular construction and arrangement of the adjustable frame-sections is unimportant, it being ,essential only to provide a suitable support for the color-rollers d uring the removal of the rollers containing the design or portions thereof.
Owing to the contraction and expansion of the paper facing of-the impression-cylinder and collector-roller of the upper series of colors, there is more or less variation in the outline or distortion of the design thereon, and these cylinders are therefore re-formed or truedup from time to time by applying water or other: liquid to soften the surface thereof and rotating the same in close contact with the embossing-cylinder until the moisture evaporates and the surface becomes hard. In order that this may be accomplished without loss of time, l provide means for heating the embossing-cylinder, the effect of which is to dry and harden the surface of these cylinders more rapidly and produce the design thereon in sharper outline.
As shown, the embossing-cylinderis hollow and open at the ends to receive a burner-tube 39, which is supplied with a mixture of gas and air through connections, (indicated at 40 41.) A branch pipe 42 from the air connection supplies air in sufficient quantity to maintain a flow through the cylinder and carry ofi1 the gases.
Any suitable gearing maybe employed for connecting and driving the various color and embossing rollers and cylinders. As shown, motion from a main driving-shaft 43 is transmitted, through a pinion 44 and gear 45, to a shaft 46, mounted in bearings 47 and carrying a gear 48. Meshing with the gear 48 there is a gear 49 upon the shaft of the collector 22. The several transfer-rollers 19, coperating with the collector 22, are each provided with a gear 50, meshing with and driven by the gear 49. Adjoining the gear 49 there is a second gear 5l upon the collector-shaft, from which motion is transmitted to the embossing and impression cylinders through intermeshing gears 52 and 53. Two trains of gears 54 and 55, driven from the gear 49, serve to give motion to the founlowered.
tain and distributer rollers of the color-sets of the upper series. Idlers 56 and 57, included in each of the trains 54 and 55, are mounted, respectively, upon fixed and movable sections of the frame ofthe machine and, as arranged, move out of mesh and in again as the movable frame-section is raised and rl`he ground set 18 is similarly driven by a train of gears 58, including idlers 56 and 59, mounted, as above described, to permit the carriage to be moved toward an from the embossing-cylinder. The collector 22 of the lower series of colors is driven from the shaft of the impressioncylinder by a train of gears 60, and transmission of power through this train is controlled by aclutch 61. The transfer-rollers 19, which cooperate with the collector 22, are eachvprovided with a gear 62, meshing with and driven by a gear 63 upon the shaft of the collector.
' A train of gears 64, substantially similar to that employed in connection with the colorrollers of the upper series, serves to transmit motion from the gear 63 to the various fountain and distributer rollers of the lower series. Idlers 65 66, forming part of the train 64, permit adjustment of the movable framesection upon which the color rollers are mounted.
The operation, advantages, &c., will be apparent from the foregoing description.
Having described my invention, what 'I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. An embossing and printing machine comprising requisite embossing members, a series of color-delivery rollers, a coperating series of transfer-rollers containing figures corresponding with portions of the design upon the embossing members and registering therewith, and means for supporting the deliveryrollers in adjustable relation to the transferrollers.
2. Anembossingand printingmachinecomprising requisite embossing members, a series of color-delivery rollers, a coperating series of transfer-rollers containing raised figures upon the surface thereof which correspond and register with portions of the design upon the embossing members, and means for simultaneously adjusting the various rollers of the color-delivery series relatively to the transfer-rollers.
3. An embossing and printing machine comprising embossing members, a series -of colordelivery rollers, a coperating series of trans- Ioo IIO
fer-rollers containing raised figures upon the 4. An em'bossingand printing machine com- 4 pz 'gs-'sig an em bossing-cylinder, an impressioncylinder, a series of color-delivery rollers and transfer-rollers registering with portions of the design upon the embossing'-cylinder, a second series of color-delivery rollers and transfer-rollers cooperating with the impr-ession-roller, and means common to each series of color-delivery rollers for supporting the same in adjustable relation to the transferrollers with which they coact.
5. An embossingandprintingmachinecomprising an embossing-cylinder, an impressioncylinder, a collector upon which colors are deposited, means for maintaining said cylinders and collector in Contact under a yielding pressure, and requisite color-delivery and transfer rollers cooperating therewith to produce a continuous impression in embossed and colored effects.
6. An embossing and printing machine comprisingan embossing-cylinder` an impressioncylinder, bearings for the cylinders movable in guides, pressure-applying means acting upon the bearings in the plane of the axes of the cylinders to yieldingly maintain the latter in contact, and requisite color-delivery and transfer rollers cooperating therewith to produce a continuous impression in embossed and colored effects.
7. An embossingandprintingmachine comprising means for delivering a series of colors,
i eEsTAvAiLABLE COP ...J- a collec-tor upon whidh th"coloisafleppsr ited, an embossing-cylinder rotatable in nf tact with the collector, an impression-cylinder, and means for maintaining said cylinders and collector operatively assembled under a yielding pressure. Y
8. An embossingand printing machine comprising requisite embossing members, means for delivering a series of colors, a collector upon which the colors are deposited, a transfer-roller interposed between the collector and one of the embossing members, aLLmeans for mounting said transfer mem ber-inadust able relation to the embossing member with which it coacts.
9. An embossing and printing machine comprising requisite embossing members, means for delivering a series of colors, a collector upon which the colors are deposited, a transfer-roller interposed between the collector and one of the embossing members, and means for mounting said transfer-roller in planetary relation to the collector' with which -it eoacts.
In testimony whereof I aix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
PAUL VICTOR AVRIL.
J. E. PEARsoN, FRANK OCoNNoR.