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Publication numberUS8080594 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 12/662,444
Publication dateDec 20, 2011
Filing dateApr 16, 2010
Priority dateApr 16, 2010
Also published asUS20110257293
Publication number12662444, 662444, US 8080594 B2, US 8080594B2, US-B2-8080594, US8080594 B2, US8080594B2
InventorsAdrian deKrom
Original AssigneeThomas R. Haddix, Steven J. Haddix
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Time-release dental adhesive
US 8080594 B2
Abstract
The time-release dental adhesive is made as a two-part preparation to increase shelf life. The first part contains three monomers (hydroxyethyl methacrylate [HEMA], triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate [TEG-DMA], and bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate) [BPA-DEMA]), glycerol, a polymerization catalyst, a filler, and a stabilizer. The second part contains the same three monomers listed above, an acrylic resin to increase viscosity, an accelerator, a filler, and a sugar or sugar-based sweetener. When desired for use, the two parts are mixed in a 1:1 ratio by weight. The adhesive cures to a strong, hard bonding agent, but gradually weakens in the presence of moisture to provide a time-release adhesive. The amount of elapsed time before release of the adhesive may be controlled by changing the quantity of sugar or sugar-based sweetener in the adhesive.
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Claims(16)
1. A time-release adhesive, comprising a two-part formulation forming a polymer adhesive when the two parts are mixed in a 1:1 ratio by weight, wherein the two-part formulation comprises:
i) a first part having a first plurality of polymerizable acrylic monomers, glycerol, an acrylic resin, and a polymerization catalyst; and
ii) a second part having a second plurality of polymerizable acrylic monomers, an acrylic resin, and a polymerization accelerator, wherein the polymerization accelerator comprises dimethyl analine;
the formulation further including a quantity of a sugar or a sugar-based sweetener,
whereby the adhesive curing to form a hard bond between two materials, the bond weakening and releasing in the presence of moisture after a period of time controlled by the quantity of the sugar or sugar-based sweetener.
2. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said sugar or sugar-based sweetener comprises sucralose.
3. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said first and second plurality of polymerizable acrylic monomers comprise hydroxyethyl methacrylate, triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate, and bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate).
4. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said polymerization catalyst comprises benzoyl peroxide.
5. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said first part further comprises stabilizer for an acrylic polymer.
6. The time-release adhesive according to claim 5, wherein said stabilizer comprises 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4, 6-ditertpentylphenol.
7. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said first part further comprises a filler.
8. The time-release adhesive according to claim 7, wherein said filler comprises fumed silica.
9. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said second part further comprises a filler.
10. The time-release adhesive according to claim 9, wherein said filler comprises fused silica.
11. The time-release adhesive according to claim 1, wherein said sugar or sugar-based sweetener comprises an artificial sweetener including:
about 95% by weight dextrose and maltodextrin; and
sucralose.
12. A time-release adhesive, comprising a formulation having a first part and a second part, wherein:
the first part has a first plurality of polymerizable acrylic monomers, glycerol, an acrylic resin, and a polymerization catalyst; and
a second part having a second plurality of polymerizable acrylic monomers, an acrylic resin, a polymerization accelerator, and a sugar-based artificial sweetener, wherein the sugar-based artificial sweetener comprises sucralose, the first and second parts polymerizing to form a hard adhesive bond when mixed, the hard adhesive bond releasing in the presence of moisture after a period of time determined by the quantity of the sugar-based artificial sweetener.
13. The time-release adhesive according to claim 12, wherein said sugar-based artificial sweetener comprises about 95% by weight dextrose and maltodextrin, and sucralose.
14. The time-release adhesive according to claim 12, wherein said first part further comprises fumed silica filler and a stabilizer.
15. The time-release adhesive according to claim 12, wherein said catalyst comprises benzoyl peroxide and said accelerator comprises dimethyl analine.
16. A time-release adhesive, comprising a formulation having a first part and a second part, wherein:
the first part includes:
hydroxyethyl methacrylate;
triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate;
bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate);
glycerol;
an acrylic resin;
a filler;
a stabilizer; and
benzoyl peroxide; and
the second part includes:
hydroxyethyl methacrylate;
triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate;
bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate);
an acrylic resin;
dimethyl analine;
a filler; and
sucralose, the first and second parts polymerizing to form a hard adhesive bond when mixed in a 1:1 ratio by weight, the hard adhesive bond releasing in the presence of moisture after a period of time determined by the quantity of the sucralose.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to adhesives, and particularly to a time-release dental adhesive for bonding to teeth for a limited period of time, or for bonding two materials together for a limited period of time.

2. Description of the Related Art

Dental adhesives for restorations and repair are well known. However, such adhesives are used with a cement and are formulated for permanent adhesion. Denture adhesives are designed for temporary use. However, denture adhesives are generally formulated for adhesion between the plate and the roof of the mouth, and while strong enough to hold dentures in the mouth, are not strong enough for other applications, e.g., for holding upper and lower teeth together.

There are some applications where it is desired to adhere a material to the teeth for a limited period of time. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 7,185,654, issued Mar. 6, 2007 to Haddix et al., describes a system for preventing snoring that employs a tape that adheres to the teeth to secure the lower and upper teeth together to keep the mouth closed during sleep to prevent snoring. Similarly, it may be desired to adhere the teeth together for a limited period of time to prevent snacking between meals, to adhere a decoration or appliance to the teeth for a limited period of time, etc.

Thus, a time-release dental adhesive solving the aforementioned problems is desired.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The time-release dental adhesive is made as a two-part preparation to increase shelf life. The first part contains three monomers (hydroxyethyl methacrylate [HEMA], triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate [TEG-DMA], and bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate) [BPA-DEMA]), an acrylic resin, glycerol, a polymerization initiator or catalyst, a filler, and a stabilizer. The second part contains the same three monomers listed above, an acrylic resin to increase viscosity, a curing agent or accelerator, a filler, and a sugar or sugar-based sweetener. When desired for use, the two parts are mixed in a 1:1 ratio by weight. The adhesive cures to a strong, hard bonding agent, but gradually weakens in the presence of moisture to provide a time-release adhesive. The amount of elapsed time before release of the adhesive may be controlled by changing the quantity of sugar or sugar-based sweetener in the adhesive.

The time-release dental adhesive is suitable for application to a tape used to secure upper and lower teeth together while sleeping to prevent snoring, to bond the teeth together to prevent snacking between meals, and for other applications where it is desired to bond two materials together for a controlled period of time in an environment where the adhesive is exposed to moisture.

These and other features of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following specification.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The time-release dental adhesive is made as a two-part preparation to increase shelf life. The first part contains three monomers (hydroxyethyl methacrylate [HEMA], triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate [TEG-DMA], and bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate) [BPA-DEMA]), an acrylic resin, glycerol, a polymerization initiator or catalyst, a filler, and a stabilizer. The second part contains the same three monomers listed above, an acrylic resin to increase viscosity, a curing agent or accelerator, a filler, and a sugar or sugar-based sweetener. When desired for use, the two parts are mixed in a 1:1 ratio by weight. The adhesive cures to a strong, hard bonding agent, but gradually weakens in the presence of moisture to provide a time-release adhesive. The amount of elapsed time before release of the adhesive may be controlled by changing the quantity of sugar or sugar-based sweetener in the adhesive.

The time-release dental adhesive is suitable for application to a tape used to secure upper and lower teeth together while sleeping to prevent snoring, to bond the teeth together to prevent snacking between meals, and for other applications where it is desired to bond two materials together for a controlled period of time in an environment where the adhesive is exposed to moisture.

The time-release dental adhesive will be better understood by the following example showing preparation of the adhesive.

EXAMPLE

A sample of the time-release dental adhesive was prepared as follows. First, a resin concentrate was prepared. The resin concentrate contained about 60% by weight acrylic monomer, namely, hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and about 40% by weight acrylic resin, e.g., Paraloid™ B-66, made by Rohm and Haas. Paraloid B-66 was slowly added to the HEMA under shear and mixed until soluble.

Next, an initiator concentrate was prepared. The initiator concentrate included a peroxide initiator or catalyst, e.g., benzoyl peroxide, and a low boiling point solvent, viz., diethyl ether. The initiator concentrate contained about 4% initiator to 96% solvent, by weight. The initiator was added to the solvent with slow mixing.

The first part was prepared as follows. Ethyl methacrylate was placed in a container and the acrylic resin, Paraloid B-66, was dissolved in the acrylic monomer. A first acrylic oligomer, triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (Sartomer SR-205); a second acrylic oligomer, bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate), (viz., Sartomer 348), glycerine, and the stabilizer (Tinuvin 328, made by Ciba, chemical name 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-ditertpentylphenol) were added to the mixture of the acrylic monomer and acrylic resin. A fumed silica filler (Syloid 244) was slowly added to this mixture under high shear. The batch was cooled to room temperature and the initiator concentrate (benzoyl peroxide in diethyl ether) was added. Finally, the diethyl ether solvent was stripped from the mixture. The first part had the composition shown in Table I.

TABLE I
Components in the First Part
Chemical Name Weight %
Ethyl Methacrylate/Acrylic resin 81
Triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate 3.3
Bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate) 1.7
Glycerol 4.3
2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-ditertpentylphenol 0.05
(Tinuvin 328)
Fumed silica 7.2
Benzoyl peroxide 2.5

The second part was prepared as follows. The resin concentrate and the two acrylic oligomers (triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate and bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate)) were placed in a suitable container. The sugar or sugar-based sweetener used in this example was Splenda® (Splenda is a registered trademark of McNeil Nutritionals, LLC of Fort Washington, Pa.), which contains about 95% dextrose and maltodextrin, and a small amount of sucralose (1′,4,6′-trichlorogalactosucrose or simply trichlorosucrose). However, sucrose or similar sugars should have the same effect in causing the time-release dental adhesive to weaken and release in the presence of moisture. Splenda, the accelerator (dimethyl analine) and fumed silica filler were added to the mixture of the resin concentrate and the acrylic oligomers. The composition of the second part before addition of the Splenda is shown in Table II.

TABLE II
Components in the Second Part
Chemical Name Weight %
HEMA/Paraloid B-66 (resin concentrate) 86.7
Triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate 2.1
Bisphenol A di(ethyl-methacrylate) 1.3
Dimethyl analine 2.7
Fumed silica 7.2

The amount of Splenda added was adjusted to change the time-release property. When Splenda was added to form 1 wt. % of the second part, the adhesive was hard to remove, having a longer release time. When Splenda was added to form 3 wt. % of the second part, the adhesive had a moderate release time. When Splenda was added to form 5 wt. % of the second part, the adhesive falls off quicker, having a quicker release time. Thus, the release time can be adjusted by adjusting the quantity of sugar or sugar-based sweetener in the composition. For example, the composition of the time-release dental adhesive can be adjusted to release after 8 hours to prevent snoring when applied to the tape described in U.S. Pat. No. 7,185,654, or to 4 hours when used as a deterrent to snacking between meals, simply by adjusting the quantity of sugar or sugar-based sweetener in the adhesive.

To use the adhesive, the first part is mixed with the second part in a 1:1 ratio.

Although described with respect to oral or dental use, the time-release adhesive may also be used for any application, whether personal, commercial, or industrial where it is desired to bond two materials together for a controlled period of time in an environment where the adhesive is exposed to moisture.

It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, but encompasses any and all embodiments within the scope of the following claims.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification523/116, 106/35, 433/228.1
International ClassificationA61K6/097
Cooperative ClassificationA61K6/0047, A61K6/0055, A61K6/0088, A61K6/0023
European ClassificationA61K6/00F1D, A61K6/00E3, A61K6/00E, A61K6/00B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 16, 2010ASAssignment
Effective date: 20100326
Owner name: HADDIX, THOMAS R., MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DEKROM, ADRIAN;REEL/FRAME:024277/0788