US 809276 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED JAN. 9, 1906.
B. M. AULTON. HARNESS LINING AND PAD AND THE LIKE.
APPLIOATION FILED DEO.7, 1903.
4 SHEETS--SHEET 1.
Wif lmes. A
No. 809,276. PATENTBD JAN. 9, 1906.
E. M. AULTON.
HARNESS LINING AND PAD AND THE LIKE. APPLICATION ru n) DEG.7,1903.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
PATENTED JAN. 9, 1906.
} E. M. AULTON. HARNESS LINING AND PAD AND THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED DEG.7,1903.
4 SHEETSSHEET 3.
PATENTED JAN. 9, 1906.
E. M. AULTON. I HARNESS DINING AND PAD AND THE LIKE.
APPLIUATION FILED DEC. 7, 1903.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HARNESS LINING AND PAD AND THE LIKE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 9, 1906.
Application filed December 7, 1903. erial No. 184,166.
T0 on whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMMA MARGARET AUL- TON, a subject of the King of Great Britain and Ireland, residing at Showell Bush bury, near Wolverhampton, county of Stafford, England, have invented certain new and use ful Improvements in Harness Linings and Pads and the Like, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in inflatedcushions and the like for surgical appliances, and more especially to harness and saddlery linings and pads and the like, and is hereinafter set forth and illustrated with reference to the latter articles, the construction of the other above-mentioned articles being similar.
Now the object of my said invention is, first, to provide pneumatic linings to saddles and collars andv false collars, numnahs, and pads for the purpose of preventing saddle and collar galls in horses and to enable horses which have been so injured to be worked, without further injury arising, much sooner than they could be worked with any existing form of harness or the like; secondly, to provide hock caps and boots for applying pressure to leather, or other material as shall be considered suitable, are provided with compartments into which are introduced separate detachable rubber bladders capable of being inflated, deflated, and removed at will, so as to produce, as the case may be, pressure on a particular spot or to remove both pressure and friction from a sore or the like.
To inflate or deflate the bladders, the same are each provided with a valve made of rubber, no metal entering into the construction thereof.
In order that my invention may be readily understood, reference is to be had to the further following description and accompanying sheets of drawings, in which- Figure 1 illustrates a saddle-numnah laid flat with my invention applied thereto. Figs. 2, 2 illustrate forms of inflatable bladders. Fig. 3 illustrates a harness-pad, and Fig. 4 a false collar. Fig. 5 illustrates a hock-cap for applying pressure to thorough pin and bogspavin and retaining dressings in place, and Fig. 6 a view illustrating the cap in Fig. 5 unlaced and laid flat. Fig. 7 illustrates my improved combined tendon and overreach boot for protecting and strengthening tendons, sinews, and joints in racing, polo, and the like, also for sprains in the leg and to reduce windgalls; Fig. 8, a view of the tendon-boot laid flat, showing the arrangement of the bladders. Fig. 9 illustrates a heel-cap for wearing in the stable to prevent capped elbows; Fig. 10, a
combined tendon and striking boot; Fig. 11,
a combined speedy-cut, tendon, and striking boot; Fig. 12, a detachable speedy-cut boot. Fig. 13 illustrates a surgical (human) bandage.
Like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
Referring first to Figs. 1 to 4, the saddlenumnahs, false collars, and the like are made of canvas, leather, or other suitable material A, provided with a lining of linen, serge, or basil leather F, stitched or otherwise fastened to the edges of the numnah, collar, or the like. Transversely and at intervals in the numnah or collar, according to the anatomy of the animal, the lining is secured at a by stitching or otherwise, thereby forming a series of compartments a, anatomically constructed and adapted to receive rubber bladders 0, made of various sizes and shapes, according to the anatomical position which they are to occupy. Figs. 2 and 2 illustrate two forms of the bladders, that in Fig. 2 fitting in pocket a Fig. 1, and that in Fig. '2 fitting the pocket to, Fig. 1, and completely filling the same when inflated. The bladder having been inserted in a deflated form into its respective compartment, its valve-tube D is then drawn through the hole 6 in the flap B and the flap pushed down into the compartment, thereby retaining the bladder in position. The bladder is now inflated (through the valve-tube D) by any suitable means. E represents the center or gullet of the numnah and the like made in the lining F. Numnahs, saddle-pads, and false collars as above constructed are for use under ordinary saddles and harness from whlch the ordinary padding, wool, hair, or
the like has been removed and are fastened in by a series of buckles, straps, and studs; but when pneumatic linings constructed in a similar manner to that above described are used they are attached, by means of pockets, straps, and studs, directly into the trees of saddles or frames of the collars as apermanent padding without the intervention of other lining.
By the use of pads or linings, numnahs, collars, and the like as above constructed the following advantages over all other pneumatic articles of a like nature are attainedviz., that they are divided into anatomically-constructed compartments, each capable of being inflated or deflated and removable at will, thereby enabling, first, the size and thickness of the lining at any given spot to be controlled; second, all pressure and friction to be removed from any part; third, reduction to a minimum of all ordinary friction, which is absorbed by the pneumatic nature of the lining; fourth, an arrangement wherebythe air has no chance of moving to the part under least pressure, and so letting the frame onto the horse; fifth, in case of a puncture of one or more bladders the remaining ones will hold the saddle or collar off the horse and prevent its rubbing; sixth, a reduction in weight, and, seventh, the construction of a reliable sanitary lining or article which can be washed, disinfected, and replaced or repaired at small outlay of trouble or cost.
Referring now to Figs. 5 and 6, the caps G are made of rubber molded to shape shown in Fig. 6 and provided with eyelets G" for lacing to the limb. a (0 represent the compartments arranged and fashioned according to the anatomical position which they are to occupy, solutioned onto the body G for the reception of the bladders C, the same being kept in position by the flaps B, as in the previous cases. D is the valve-nozzle, which can be kept inside the compartment or drawn through the hole I) to the outside, as required.
Hock-caps as above described present the following advantages, viz: First, they are more pliable, adaptable, and better fitting than the existing canvas ones; second, are suitable for keeping dressings in place and retaining heat and moisture from such dressings, fomentations, and the like; third, the pressure from the inflated bladders is more capable of being controlled and kept in place than any spring arrangement; fourth, can be used for supporting sprains and weak hocks, and, fifth, impossible to be kicked off.
Referring now to Figs. 7 to 12, which represent various forms of boots, G is the boot, of rubber molded to form and provided with the bladder-compartments a, anatomically fashioned and arranged, the method of inflating and retaining the bladders in position be ing the same as that hereinbefore described and shown, and Gr' the eyeletting for lacing to the limb.
In Figs. 7, 11, and 12 in addition to the lacing G' straps Gr are provided to assist in keeping the boot in position. In Fig. 7, which represents a combined tendon and overreach boot, Gr is the tendon-boot, and G the overreach-boot, and a the pneumatic com.- partments.
A racing and polo boot constructed in accordance with my invention presents the great advantage over the present rubber racingboot and bandages, inasmuch as the in flated compartments down the tendons allow of pressure and support being applied to prevent breakdowns and sprains and is more readily applied than a bandage.
The boots illustrated in Figs. 10 and 11 are for the purpose of protecting joints and splints from striking, H being an extra thickness of rubber, interlined with canvas, leather, or zinc, over the parts liable to be struck by the shoe.
Fig. 9 represents a cap (an article hitherto which has not been made) for covering the heels when in the stables and is designed to prevent capped elbows. In this figure, G represents the cap composed of rubber molded to form, provided with the pneumatic compartments a, as in the previous cases, and G the straps for retaining the cap in position.
The various caps, boots, and leggings above described are molded or shaped to fit the joint or limb they are intended for and are fixed thereon by lacing, straps, and buckles, as may be desired, the detachable bladders being inflated to the requisite size and firmness by any suitable means.
Although I have only described and illustrated my invention in connection with horses, yet it is readily understood that I may apply the same and in a similar manner to articles for human usesuch as beds, pillows, and surgical appliances. 1
Beds, pillows, and the like when constructed according to my invention may be described as mainly intended for medical and surgical purposes, being of different shapes, according to the whole or part of the body or limb they are designed to support. The principle of my invention being applied to them-namely, the separate compartments fitted with detachable, inflatable, and deflatable bladdersin order that support may be given to a body or limb, while the bladder under a special partnotably, a wound or sore-can be deflated in order to remove all pressure and friction from such a part, or in the case of a broken limb to so regulate the thickness of the cushion or pillow as to rest the limb in a perfectly horizontal and comfortable position.
In surgical appliances other than the boots and caps for reducing thorough-pin, bogspavin, and windgall, and the like in horses I apply the same principle and method of construotion-for instance, to trusses, bandages, knee-caps, and ankle-boots for sprains and the like in human beings.
Fig. 13 represents a bandage for applying pressure or removing pressure on or from a particular spot-for instance, when used as a vaccination-shieldG being the bandage, provided with compartments a, into which bladders are introduced, as already described in the aforesaid cases. As the other articles are also made after the same or similar manner, further description of the same is unnecessary.
As each of the compartments are anatomically constructed, each will have a distinct configuration, and therefore it will be seen that each bladder must fit its particular compartment, as the configuration of each bladder conforms to the configuration of the compartment to which it is applied.
The advantages of articles for medical and surgical uses made after my invention are, first, that they can be more readily adapted and regulated than ordinary existing pneumatic articles of a similar nature; second, that as the covers into which the bladders are introduced can be made of linen, woolen, or other suitable material they can be readily washed, disinfected, and rendered sanitary; third, that any particular part being injured or worn can be mended or replaced Without loss of the whole article, thereby reducing trouble and expense.
Having now described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. A body, compartments formed on the body, said compartments having one end open, flaps for closing the open ends of the compartments said flaps having apertures, bladders insertible in the compartments and flexible tubes carried by the bladders, said tubes passing through the apertures of the flaps to confine the bladders within the compartments and to hold the flaps in closed position.
2. A body, compartments formed on the body, said compartments having one end open, flaps for closing the open ends of the compartments, said flaps having apertures, bladders insertible in the compartments, flexible tubes carried by the bladders, said tubes passing through the apertures of the flaps to thereby confine the bladders within the compartments and to hold the flaps in their closed positions, and means for holding the body in applied position.
In testimony whereof I have afiixed my signature in presence of two Witneses.
EMMA MARGARET AULTON.
ALAN BERTRAM HANBURY-SPARROW, MARTIN ALDERWICK.