US 80978 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Aug. 11, 1868.
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Letters Patent No. 80,978, dated August 11, 1868.
IMPROVEMENT IN SPIDERS.
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TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
Be it known that I, NELSON Lnwrs, of the city of Troy, county of Rensselaer, and State of New York, have invented a new and improved Spider and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, 'clear, and exact description of the same, reference being hereby had to the accompanying drawings, which form and make a. part of this specif cation v Like letters represent and refer to likeior corresponding parts.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of my said improvedspider, showing the various parts thereof, and the coveror lid, B, closed, as fully hereinafter d'escribed and set forth.
Figure 2 is also a perspective view of said spider, showing the cover B partially open; also showing the opening or damper, 0, each fully described hereinafter."
Figure 3 is a view showing the lid or cover-B entirely open, and raised from the spider A, and
Figures 4 and 5 are views of the joints or hinges, by which the said cover or lid 13 may be fastened to the said spider A, substantially in the manner and for the purposes hereinafter more fully described and set forth.
The nature of my said invention consists in combining, with an ordinary spider, A,-the cover or lid, B, by means of a permanent hinged joint, D, substantially in the manner and for the purposes hereinafter fully described and set forth.
It also consists in the employment of the damper or opening c, in the cover or lid 13, and operating in the manner and for the purposes herein fully described and set forth.
' To enable others skilled in the art to which my invention relates to make and use the same, I will here proceed to describe the construction and operation thereof, which is as follows, to wit:
The various parts of mysaid spider are made of cast iron, andof any size and strength required and deemed best. I
The said cover B is fastcned to the spider A by a hinge-joint, D. The said joint may be constructed with a stop, E, as shown at fig. 4, if desired, which will prevent'the said cover from going farther back than shown at fig. 3, or, if required, the said joint may beconstructed as shown 'at fig. 5, without the stop E, which will allow the said cover B to tip back until it touches the stove, or whatever other object the said spider may rest upon.
F F F and H H H, figs. I, 2, and 3, represent the=handles, which are cast upon the said spider A and cover B, for the purpose of handling the same when in use.
The advantages claimed for my said improved spider-are-,. that beef or other steaks may be fried or broiled in the same without the use of butter or other-grease, and without the loss of any juice from the steak. As no grease is necessary to cook the said steak, there will be no smoke arising therefrom.
When the said spider'is usedfor cooking beef orother steaks, the cover or lid B should be closed, as also should the damper 0, which is only designed'to be open when articles of food are being cooked in the spider, from which a great deal of steam arises.
Having thus described the nature of my said invention and improvoments, what I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-- 1. The employment of the hinged joint D, containing the stops E, the same being constructed and arranged upon the said spider A and cover B respectively, and so combined as to allow or permit the said cover to swing or turn upon the upper edge of snid'spider, in the manner substantially 'as herein described and set forth.
2. The damper or ventilator c, in combination with the spider A and cover or lid B, substantially as and for the purposes herein described and set forth.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, this 26th day of June, A. D. 1867.
- NELSON LEWIS.
Witnesses 1 CHARLES D. KELLUM, M. H. Mumrmm.