|Publication number||US8098458 B2|
|Application number||US 11/732,649|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 2012|
|Filing date||Apr 3, 2007|
|Priority date||Apr 3, 2007|
|Also published as||CN101281753A, CN101281753B, US20080247089|
|Publication number||11732649, 732649, US 8098458 B2, US 8098458B2, US-B2-8098458, US8098458 B2, US8098458B2|
|Inventors||Oscar J. Ruiz|
|Original Assignee||Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, Netherlands B.V.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (21), Classifications (7), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Embodiments of the present invention relate to sliders for disk drives. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention relate to designing a slider to reduce fly height sigma.
Typically a disk drive is used to store data. The disk drive can be, among other things, a direct access storage device (DASD) or a hard disk drive (HDD) and can include one or more disks and a disk controller to manage operations on the disks. The disks can be stacked vertically on a spindle by placing the spindle in the center of the disks. The spindle can be turned by a motor at velocities ranging from three to fifteen thousand revolutions per minute. The part of the disk that is nearest the spindle is commonly referred to as the inner diameter (ID) and the part of the disk that is furthest from the spindle is commonly referred to as the outer diameter (OD).
A read write head can be used to write data to and read data from a disk. The read write head is associated with a slider. The slider provides mechanical support for the read write head and electrical connections between the head and the drive. The slider can be attached to a suspension to form a head gimbal assembly (HGA). The HGA can be attached to an actuator arm, which is a part of an actuator assembly, to move and support the HGA. Further the slider includes a pattern of shaped pads on the air bearing surface (ABS) of the slider, which enables the slider to “fly” on an air cushion at a desired height above a disk.
The fly heights of a population of sliders can be plotted as depicted in
Manufacturers attempt as much as possible to create sliders that have approximately the same fly heights. The more similar the fly heights for a population of sliders are, the easier it is to manufacture disk drives that operate in a predictable manner and the fewer sliders that the manufacturer will have to dispose of. Therefore, manufacturers of sliders are constantly looking for ways to design sliders that provide as small of a fly height sigma as possible since this will enable them to manufacture disk drives more quickly, that are of superior quality and at a reduced cost.
Embodiments of the present invention pertain to a slider designed to reduce fly height sigma. According to one embodiment, a slider includes an air bearing surface, a front shallow step pad, a rear shallow step pad, and rear side pockets. The front shallow step pad and the rear shallow step pad are at a first level deeper than the air bearing surface. The rear side pockets are at a second level deeper than the air bearing surface. The rear side pockets are in close proximity to rear corners of the slider.
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention:
The drawings referred to in this description should not be understood as being drawn to scale except if specifically noted.
Reference will now be made in detail to various embodiments of the invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. While the invention will be described in conjunction with these embodiments, it will be understood that they are not intended to limit the invention to these embodiments. On the contrary, the invention is intended to cover alternatives, modifications and equivalents, which may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Furthermore, in the following description of the present invention, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. In other instances, well-known methods, procedures, components, and circuits have not been described in detail as not to unnecessarily obscure aspects of the present invention.
The rear shallow step pad 330 has several curves associated with it (330) that provide for smooth air flow properties that are not provided by conventional slider designs. The pockets 380 that are located on the sides and toward the rear of the slider 300 are at a second level deeper than the ABS. Among other things, the pockets 380 increase the roll stiffness of the slider 300. The front ABS pad 310 is shaped to increase the slider pitch stiffness. The rear ABS pad 340 is shaped to reduce the fly height loss effects of reduced ambient air pressure.
Fly height variations occur due to inevitable variations in the manufacturing parameters. These variations produce unwanted forces that affect the fly height, the pitch and the roll of the slider, thus spreading of the fly height (increasing the fly height sigma) of the sliders. A good way of reducing such fly height spread is by increasing the stiffness of the air bearing or by reducing the sensitivity of the fly height with respect to the manufacturing parameters, so that the fly height deviations from the target value are minimized.
The dimensions of the air bearing pads are also subject to manufacturing tolerances and also affect the slider fly height. For example, variations known as mask misalignment can alter the location of the air bearing pads with respect to the slider body. Variations in the curvature of the air bearing surface, such as longitudinal curvature or crown, and transversal curvature or camber, can deviate the curvature of the slider from its target value. Any of these variations increases or decreases the fly height of the sliders.
People want to be able to use disk drives in different places on the earth. For example, they may want to use their computer at sea level and they may want to later use the same computer when in the mountains. Air pressure is higher at sea level than at higher altitudes. Air pressure affects how high a slider will fly. A common ambient air pressure effect is that, the lower the air pressure, the lower the slider will fly.
The magnitude of the velocity of the disk under the slider affects the slider flying attitude.
The direction and the strength that air 510, 520 flows toward the slider 500 (also known as “skew”) is another factor that affects fly height sigma. Referring to
As a component operates, there is a tendency for it to vibrate. Dampening is the ability of the component to counteract this tendency to vibrate. A component has dynamic stability if it has sufficient damping to contain the amplification when operating at its resonance. Various embodiments also provide for dynamic stability which can also result in reduced fly height sigma.
According to one embodiment, the slider 300 has a rectangular shape. For example, the slider 300 may be of the femto-L type, where the length is approximately 1.25 millimeters and the width is approximately 0.7 millimeters. Rectangular shaped sliders are more prone to rolling than square sliders. However, various embodiments of the present invention can be used to reduce the probability of a rectangular shaped slider, such as a Femto-L, from rolling and therefore reduce fly height sigma.
According to one embodiment, the outside edge 622 at the OD side is not aligned with the direction 510 that air flows toward the slider 600's ID side, for example, due to results from simulations of sliders. The simulation results indicated that edge 622 does not need to be aligned with the direction 510 of the air flow from the ID side, according to one embodiment. One possible reason for this is that the air flow from direction 520 tends to be stronger than the air flowing from direction 510.
The rear shallow step pad 330 has a non-geometric shape, according to one embodiment. For example, the rear shallow step pad 330 can have several curves associated with it (330). The protrusion 332 is curved, the concavities 334, 336 are curved, and the sides 338, 339 of the rear shallow step pad 330 are curved. The protrusion 332 reduces the probability of the slider 300 rolling since, for example, the protrusion 332 can redirect the flow of air. The protrusion 332 contributes to compensating for changes in air pressure and contributes to dynamic stability. The curve of the protrusion 332 toward the slider 300's OD side helps to compensate for the increased strength of air that flows from the OD side. The concavities 334, 336 reduce the effects of air pressure changes on fly height, according to one embodiment. The shape of the rear shallow step pad 330, which includes the protrusion 332, provide for lower sensitivity to changes in air pressure, provide for better dynamic stability through increased damping, and also provide for increased air bearing stiffness and reduced fly height sigma.
The rear shallow step pad concavities 334, 336 are approximately 5-30 microns wide 702, 704. According to one embodiment, the rear shallow step pad concavities 334, 336 are approximately 15 microns wide 702, 704. According to one embodiment, the concavity 336 on the ID side is a little deeper than the concavity 334 on the OD side. For example, concavity 336 may be a few microns deeper than concavity 334.
According to one embodiment, the protrusion 332 is curved slightly toward the OD side. For example, the protrusion 332 may be curved 706 approximately 40 microns with respect to an axis 708 along the center of the protrusion 332.
The front of the rear abs pad is concave, according to one embodiment. The shape of the rear ABS pad helps increase the stiffness of the air bearing, increase damping and reduce the altitude sensitivity.
According to one embodiment, the side pockets toward the rear of the slider increase the roll stiffness of the air bearing and reduce the probability of the slider rolling, among other things. According to one embodiment, the pockets are in close proximity to landing pads. As depicted in
The sections Front ABS Pad, Rear Shallow Step Pad, Rear ABS Pad, and Pockets discussed various rational for the design of these structures. The discussion of the rational of the slider's design provides a few of the reasons that the design provides reduced fly height sigma. The discussion is not intended to provide all of the reasons for why the design provides for reduced fly height sigma.
Although the side rails 360 reduce the probability of particles coming between the slider 300 and the disk's surface, side rails 360 increase the probability of the slider 300 rolling. For this reason, conventional sliders 200 do not have continuous side rails on both sides extending all the way to the slider end. At most, a conventional slider may have short side rails ending before the slider end on a long side rail or only one side. However, various embodiments of the present invention reduce the probability of a slider 300 rolling and therefore, a slider 300 according to one embodiment can provide side rails 360 on both sides of the slider 300.
The components are assembled into a base casting 1013, which provides attachment and registration points for components and sub assemblies. A plurality of suspension assemblies 1037 (one shown) can be attached to the actuator arms 1034 (one shown) in the form of a comb. A plurality of transducer heads or sliders 1055 (one shown) can be attached respectively to the suspension assemblies 1037. Sliders 1055 are located proximate to the disk 1038's surface 1035 for reading and writing data with magnetic heads 1056 (one shown). The rotary voice coil motor 1050 rotates actuator arms 1034 about the actuator shaft 1032 in order to move the suspension assemblies 1037 to the desired radial position on a disk 1038. The actuator shaft 1032, hub 1040, actuator arms 1034, and voice coil motor 1050 may be referred to collectively as a rotary actuator assembly.
Data is recorded onto the disk's surface 1035 in a pattern of concentric rings known as data tracks 1036. The disk's surface 1035 is spun at high speed by means of a motor-hub assembly 1030. Data tracks 1036 are recorded onto spinning disk surfaces 1035 by means of magnetic heads 1056, which typically reside at the end of sliders 1055.
Although various embodiments pertain to reducing fly height sigma, various embodiments may be used separately from each other, or in various combinations, to reduce fly height sigma.
The foregoing descriptions of specific embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description. They are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed, and many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments described herein were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention and various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the Claims appended hereto and their equivalents.
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|US20080117549 *||Nov 16, 2006||May 22, 2008||Weidong Huang||Reducing the probability of a slider contacting a surface of a disk|
|US20100309586 *||Jun 3, 2009||Dec 9, 2010||Oscar Ruiz||Slider air bearing for disk drives|
|U.S. Classification||360/235.8, 360/236.1, 360/235.7|
|International Classification||G11B21/21, G11B5/60|
|May 16, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HITACHI GLOBAL STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES NETHERLANDS B.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RUIZ, OSCAR J.;REEL/FRAME:019301/0743
Effective date: 20070303
|Oct 25, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HGST, NETHERLANDS B.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:HGST, NETHERLANDS B.V.;REEL/FRAME:029341/0777
Effective date: 20120723
Owner name: HGST NETHERLANDS B.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:HITACHI GLOBAL STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES NETHERLANDS B.V.;REEL/FRAME:029341/0777
Effective date: 20120723
|Jul 17, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4