|Publication number||US8109409 B1|
|Application number||US 12/356,378|
|Publication date||Feb 7, 2012|
|Filing date||Jan 20, 2009|
|Priority date||Jan 20, 2009|
|Publication number||12356378, 356378, US 8109409 B1, US 8109409B1, US-B1-8109409, US8109409 B1, US8109409B1|
|Original Assignee||Macmurray Carolyn|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (21), Referenced by (2), Classifications (20), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Separating compostable and biodegradable materials from non-compostable and non-biodegradable waste is increasingly desirable as land fill space becomes less available and disposal fees become more expensive. Many municipalities now require or are considering requiring residents to separate compostable and biodegradable materials from other forms of waste. The compostable and biodegradable materials are often stored in cans or other containers for one to several weeks before pickup. As a consequence, the decomposition of biomaterials inside the container often emits unpleasant or noxious odors into the surrounding environment. These unpleasant odors may be a nuisance to residents, particularly in urban areas where multiple containers containing decomposing biomaterials may be located in close proximity. The noxious odors that result from storing compostable biomaterials in curbside cans may decrease the compliance of residents to separate compostable biomaterials from non-compostable materials.
The present application discloses a deodorizer comprised of a package made from a compostable material that is porous to allow gas flow from the interior of the package to the exterior of the package, and a crushable compostable material that is contained within the package, the crushable compostable material releasing a deodorant when crushed.
The present application also discloses a garbage container assembly comprised of a garbage container and a deodorizer, as described above. The application further describes a deodorizer assembly comprised of a garbage container liner and a deodorizer comprised of a crushable compostable material that releases a deodorant when crushed.
This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the claimed subject matter.
The foregoing aspects and many of the attendant advantages of the present disclosure will become more readily appreciated by reference to the following detailed description, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
A deodorizer assembly 8 according to one embodiment of the present disclosure is best seen by referring to
The deodorizer 10 is comprised of a package 12 having an interior portion or compartment and an exterior portion and a crushable compostable material 14 disposed within the interior portion of the package 12. The package 12 is preferably made of a compostable material. Examples of suitable compostable materials include, but are not limited to, paper, various types of fabrics, particularly fabrics made from natural fibers such as cotton, flax, and hemp, and biodegradable materials, such as bioplastics and other materials capable of undergoing biological composition in a compost site. The package 12 is also preferably made of a substantially porous material that allows the flow of gas from the interior portion of the package to the exterior. Examples of substantially porous materials include, but are not limited to, paper, fabrics, or any other material having small holes or a loose mesh-like structure suitable for retaining the crushable compostable material 14 within the package while allowing gas exchange to occur between the interior and exterior of the package.
The crushable compostable material 14 disposed within the interior of the package 12 is any suitable material that releases a deodorant when crushed. A preferred crushable compostable material 14 is coffee beans. Some of the coffee beans may be precrushed to release the deodorant aroma 16 of coffee before adding garbage to the container. In other embodiments, the deodorizer 10 may comprise another natural or artificial compostable material that releases a deodorant when crushed, such as charcoal. In the alternative, the crushable material may be a container filled with a solid or liquid deodorant that releases the deodorant when crushed.
Referring still to
The deodorizer package 12 has a centrally located hole 18 that is sized and configured to receive the central post 34 therein. The package 12 is secured on the central post 34 by any suitable manner. In one example illustrated in
In an alternative embodiment (not shown), the central post 34 of the basal member 32 could be threaded, and the retaining means may comprise a threaded retaining member that, in operation, screws down over the central post 34, wherein the threaded member has a wide flange at the upper end that presses down on a portion of the deodorizer 10 to secure it against the bottom of the garbage container 20. Examples of other suitable retaining means for removably attaching the deodorizer 10 to the basal member 32 include, but are not limited to, clips, threaded couplings, friction couplings, and equivalents thereof.
The attachment assembly 30 may be included in a kit suitable for retrofitting an existing garbage container 20. For instance, the kit may include the basal member 32, fasteners 38, and pin 42 or other retaining means as described above. In one embodiment, the kit includes the necessary tools for mounting the basal member 32 to the inside of a garbage container 20. In another embodiment, the kit provides written instructions for mounting the basal member 32 to the interior of the garbage container 20 and for securing the deodorizer 10 to the basal member 32 with the pin 42. If other embodiments of the attachment assembly 30 are used, the kit may include suitable instructions for mounting a portion of the attachment assembly 30 to the garbage container 20 and for securing the deodorizer 10 to the interior of the garbage container 20 with the attachment assembly 30. In other embodiments, the attachment assembly 30 may be provided with the garbage container 20 as an integral component of the garbage container 20. For example, the attachment assembly could be injection molded into the bottom of a plastic garbage container.
With the deodorizer 10 received within the garbage container 20, the crushable compostable material 14 inside the package 12 is crushed by the weight of the garbage that is added to the garbage container 20. As the compostable material 14 is crushed by the weight of the garbage, the crushable compostable material 14 releases a deodorant aroma 16 that passes from the interior portion of the package 12 to the exterior portion of the package 12 to deodorize the garbage container 20. When more garbage is added to the garbage container 20, progressively more of the coffee beans are crushed by the weight of the added garbage, resulting in the release of additional deodorant aromas. As a result, the deodorant aroma released from the deodorizer 10 substantially corresponds to the amount of garbage received within the garbage container 20, thereby offsetting the odor caused by the garbage. It will be understood that the term garbage includes food waste, compostable waste, compostable biomaterials, recyclable biomaterials, or any other material that generates odors during decomposition.
When the garbage container 20 is emptied, the attachment assembly 30 retains the deodorizer 10 inside the interior of the garbage container 20, allowing the deodorizer 10 to be reused multiple times. When the user determines that the deodorizer 10 is no longer effective or after the deodorizer 10 has been used a predetermined number of times, the pin 42 may be removed from within the through-hole 44 to release the deodorizer 10 from the basal member 32. The deodorizer 10 may thereafter be replaced with a new deodorizer, if so desired.
The channel-defining structures 132 are preferably substantially vertical, and each includes an interior channel 133, a top end 134 defining a top opening and a bottom end 136 defining a bottom opening. The top ends 134 are located near the opening of the garbage container 120. The bottom ends 136 are located in the vicinity of the interior bottom portion 122 of the garbage container 120 to define a sufficient gap to receive the deodorizer 110 between the bottom ends 136 of the channel-defining structures 132 and the interior bottom portion 122 of the garbage container 120.
An elongated member 140 is configured to be slideably disposed within each of the channels 133 of the channel-defining structures 132. The channels 133 and elongated members 140 may be square, rectangular, ovoid, round or any other suitable cross-sectional shape such that the elongated members 140 are slidably receivable within the channels 133. The elongated members 140 preferably have a length that is greater than the length of the channel-defining structures 132. In this manner, a first end 142 of the elongated members 140 contacts the deodorizer package 112 disposed between the bottom ends 136 of the channel-defining structures 132 and the interior bottom portion 122 of the garbage container 120 to secure the deodorizer 110 within the bottom interior portion 122 of the garbage container 120. A second end 144 of the elongated members 140 extends above the top end 134 of the channel-defining structures 132. The second end 144 may define a flanged portion or enlarged end portion 146 to provide a handle for pulling the elongated members 140 out from within the channel-defining structures 132 for disassembly of the attachment assembly 130.
In an alternative embodiment (not shown), the elongated members 140 may be releasably attachable to the channel-defining structures 132 at a predetermined position within the channel-defining structures 132 by any suitable releasable attachment mechanism. Examples of suitable releasable attachment mechanisms include fasteners such as pins or clips. Preferably, the releasable attachment mechanism would be located near the top end 134 of the channel-defining structures 132 for easy access.
Referring still to
A preferred crushable compostable material 214 is coffee beans. Some of the coffee beans may be precrushed to release the deodorant aroma 216 of coffee before adding garbage to the container. In other embodiments, the deodorizer assembly 208 may comprise another natural or artificial compostable material that releases a deodorant when crushed, such as charcoal. In the alternative, the crushable material may be a container filled with a solid or liquid deodorant that releases the deodorant when crushed.
The crushable compostable material 214 is crushed by the weight of the garbage that is added to the interior portion 231 of the liner 230. As the compostable material 214 is crushed by the weight of the garbage, the crushable compostable material 214 releases a deodorant aroma 216 that passes from the interior of the compartment 250 to the interior portion 231 of the liner 230. When the garbage is ready to be emptied, the deodorizer liner 230 containing the garbage is removed, and a new deodorizer assembly 208 is inserted within the garbage container 220. The used deodorizer assembly 208 containing garbage may then be disposed of, preferably by composting.
Although the subject matter has been described in language specific to structural features, it is to be understood that the subject matter defined in the appended claims is not necessarily limited to the specific features described above. Rather, the specific features described above are disclosed as example forms of implementing the claims. While illustrative embodiments have been illustrated and described, it will be appreciated that various changes can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure.
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|U.S. Classification||220/651, 220/495.01, 239/60, 248/910, 239/54, 220/645|
|International Classification||A61L9/04, B65D6/34, B65D8/08, B65D1/42, A24F25/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61L9/013, Y10S248/91, B65F7/00, A61L9/014, A61L2/22, B65F1/0026|
|European Classification||B65F1/00A6, A61L2/22, B65F7/00|
|Sep 18, 2015||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 28, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 28, 2016||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|