US 810998 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED JAN. 30, 1906.
A. W. THOMAS. GUTTINGMACHINE FOR VEGETABLES, se.
APPLICATION FILED sEPlxze, 1904-.
NVENT oli Elow 90T THOMELS.
PATBNTED JAN. 30, w96.
A. W. THOMAS. CUTTING MACHINE PGR VBG-ETABLES, 5w,
APPLIOATION FILED SEPT. 26. 1904.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
f eral partsI 5e rangement 'itil-lill, aililll'i-lllt TU LEON V. JGNES,
or slant, anni rosa.
No. 810,998. pecication oi Letters Patent. Patented. Jan. 30, 1906.
Application filed September ZG, ll. Serial. llo. 225,9129.
To all whom it kmay cm1/nervt.- Beit known that l, ALBION W. Ttienne, a citizen ol the United States, residing at Rome, in the county oOneida and @tate oli 5 New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in @Cuttinglvlaclunes` for Vegetables, 815e., of which the following 'a specioaflion,r reference being had therein to the acoonipanying dra-Wings.' ro My invention relates to an improved cutting-machinefor cutting pumpkins and such vegetables 5 and l declare that the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description thereof suihcient to enable one skilled in the t5 art to make and use the same, reference being `had to the accompanying drawings, in which like letters and numerals refer to like parts throughout. v
My invention illustrated inthe aecornn lo panyinv drawings. discloses an' apparatus particu arly adapted forcutting pumpkins to suitable pieces for canning, although it .is applicable to other uses; and itconsistsfin lthe construction and arrangement ofthe sevherein disclosed, ineluding various features Whichwill be particularly pointed out below. i.
inthe drawings Figure l is a longitudinal. sectional 'view with operating in ,so 4one position, While Fig: is a similar view With the parte in a different position. ldigs. "3 and e aredetails in crosssection.l llig. 5 is a plan view with the part/sin substantially .the saine position-as in Fig. l. Fig. o is an end View. lFigs. 7', 8, and 9 are horizontal yvir-nrs in section ofthe end of the machine shown in Fig. 6,. and Figs. vl() and ll are detail views. y Referring to the-figures more in detail, A ac 'represents a horizontal frame( supported by legs B. On the frame is a horizontal box C, in which plays to and' fro aplunger D on guides D4 the lower face of the plunger being substantially against thebottorn oi the box 4.5 C. Across lthe outer end of the box are the stationarycutting-blades C',- Which are illusi trated as crossing each other at right angles, lligj, so that material forced therethrough is outl in" squares, though, of course, the arol? the knives may be as desired. 8 and 9 the knives are shown as ara somewhat different manner, as is the purposel of which is to make p In Figs. rangedin clearly seen,
the cutting easier, as though by a knife drawn through. the article, or, in other Words, distributing the work ol the machine over the period of its operation instead of having it all done at once, as when the knives are torino-d transversely across the end of the bon.. The oorresponding end oi the plunger has the grooves d, lorrnedlor the cutting abutment or knives C when. the plunger is tlnust to the end ot the box. lt will be observed, however, that these grooves have inwardly-converging sides, leaving the heads d of pyramldl outline, and that there is some space between the cutting abutment or knife and the edge oi' the pyramidal head, which is provided 'to give space for seedsand the like to lodge. .above the horizontal box C is a hopper l, opening into the adjacent end yof the bon C. tween it and the ho l. Sliding between the box is a blade F, which travels in grooves j, provided in the .upper edgeof the box sides and which is :forced into cutting engagement with the stationtnT knife E in the operation of the machine and which in its to-and-l`ro movement between the hopper and the box.
l represents a power-pulley, which is adj a cent to idle pulley l, seated on the shaft 2, whieh carries pinion 3. On the frame is nnimnted gear-wheel 4., With which pinion 3 engages. 5 isa pitinan extondinglroin a wrist-pin nearrthe periphery oi the gear =l and pivotally connected to the head of the plunger at 5Fl', so that the operation of the gear thrusts the plunger to and iro in the boX.
lt is desired that the cutting-blade F shall not have the same movement to and 'fro as the plunger, but shall precede it, so as to cut olf ,the supply from the hopper before the plunger reaches the stationary knives C To accomplish. this, l provide the links 6 and 7,
- the former oi' which is pivotally mounted at 6 on the head of jth'e bladeand one end of link 7 being pivotally `mounted at 71% on the trarne, the links being pivotally connected at their other endsl at 7*. These links are so constructed and arranged ,thatthey are operated by the gear 4, which. has mounted thereon a suitable pin for enoagingthe edge of link 7 ln this instance l drow this means as comprising `set-screw 8, with sleeve or eolp per is a stationary blade and the hopper Transversely of the box and becloses ,and opens the connection IOO @edge of the plunger enga es when it is in a groove which receives the lower edge of l plunger-head on itsreturn. It is sometimes desired-to interrupt thel ffeed While the 30 blade F across the bottom of t e hopper at the will of the operator, which is done by the the revolution of the gear 4 and through the A link thrusts the blade `F to the end of the box before the revolution of the gear 4 has forced the plunger to its farthest limit. The bladeF is retracted With the plunger. This is accom lished by means of the angular bar 9, pivota ly mounted, as at 6?, to the head of the blade and having a notch 9a, in which the retracted and carries the b ade with it. Tb lift this bar 9, so that the blade F can move oppositely without hindrance therefrom, provide on bar 5 an arm 5",which terminates the bar 9, which is formed to ride therein, 3, as the two play on each other. When the-pitman-head 8 comes'slightl),T above the horizontal center, the arm 5*L lifts the arm 9, so that lthe notch 9a clears the edge of the plunger; butv when the pitman-head comes to the oppositepoint of its travel the arm 9 is lowered, so that its notch engages the lunger continues its work, which I accomp ish by providin to leave the following means: l'Ois an outwardly-projectngfinger ivotally mounted at l()a on the transverse ar 11, pivotally mounted, adapt- -ednto be operated in this instance by grooved wheel 12, adapted to carry a ropeas one means of operating these parts to raise and lower theV outerend of the finger. 10. The outer end of bar 9 has an arm.13, slotted or forked at its upper end and in this instance having friction-collar 14. The outer end of the finger is tapered, (or the finger may be so mounted as to accomplish the same result,) so that when the arm 9 reaches-it the tipof the finger comes under the collar 14 and holds the arm 9 up, so that th'e notch 9a escapes the plunger inl its movement. p "c It willI be understood that I de not limit myself'tothe particulars shown theipresent instance and that various moiiiiicajions can be made without departing fronf' the y spirit and scope of my invention, intending herein to illustrate merely one form of the Same.
. Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
" 1. In a machine of the character described, the combination with fixed knives, aplunger ger, means to advance the blade independent and in' advance of the plunger to cut ofi"- the feed of materiali to the plunger-,means @peratively connecting the blade and the plunger automatically to retract said biade with 'the plunger, substantially as shown.
2.v In a machine of the character described, the combination with fixed knives, a plunger adapted to feed thereto, and mechanism for operating the plunger, of a'blade mounted to reciprocate in a plane parallel with the plunger and separate therefrom, means to advance the blade ahead of the plunger to cut o# the feed of material to the plunger, means for connecting the blade and the plunger during the back stroke and means for suspending the operation of said connecting-means whereby the blade may remain in position to cut off feed to the plunger, substantially as shown.
` 3. In a device of the character described, the combination ofl a plunger-boxA with a feed-opening thereto and a plunger operating therein, knives at the end of said plunger,- boX, a sliding knife traversing the feedopening to the plunger-box, mechanism for operatingthe plunger, independent means actuated by said mechanism to thrust the blade forward, and means normally connecting the blade to the plunger durin the back stroke together with means for isconnecting the blade from the several means which operate i it to and fro, substantially as shown.
4. In a 'device of the character described, the combination of a frame, a box, a hopper, a plunger, and a knife operating between the box and the hopper to intercept material befed tothe said box, common means for reciprocating said blade and plunger through. separate members actuated thereby, such members, and means forlsuspending the retracting operation of the member connected with the blade.
5. In a device 'of the character described, the combination of a plunger-box, knives arranged transversely of the plunger-box, a plunger, a feed-hopper, a sliding blade, mechanism to reciprocate the plunger, means opereratively connected with said mechanism to withdraw the blade, and means operative at will to prevent the back stroke of the blade with the plunger, Esubstantially as shown.
6. In a device of, the character described, comprising a plunger-box, a plunger reciproirscating therein," means for reciprocating the plunger, va feed-hopper and ablade slidable in a plane parallel with the plunger, link members connected to the said blade so placed as to be actuated by the plunger-operating mechanism to thrust the blade forward across the feed-opening, alatch operative by gravity to connect the blade with the plunger on the back stroke of the latter, and means 'for engaging the said latch to prevent the back strore of the blade with the plunger.
7. In a device of the character described having a plunger, a plunger-box, a feed-hopvper and a'blade, means operative to reciprofigo' cate the plunger,nieans'operative to give the I In testimony whereof I affix my signature blade a forvlvlari1 strke by contact ofthe said in presence of two witnesses. means wit t e un er actuara" arts means automatiseJ 1y gperative tlfrnlgcomect, ALBION W' THOMAS 5 thebladeto the .plunger on the back stroke,` Witnesses:
and means for suspendingv theoperatingmf FRANK Z. JONES, said letter means. l SADIE M. PAYNE;