|Publication number||US8111010 B2|
|Application number||US 12/305,539|
|Publication date||Feb 7, 2012|
|Filing date||Jun 13, 2007|
|Priority date||Jun 22, 2006|
|Also published as||CN101473701A, CN101473701B, CN103561505A, DE102006028670A1, DE202007019402U1, EP2030484A1, EP2346305A2, EP2346305A3, EP2765835A1, US20090167207, WO2007147512A1|
|Publication number||12305539, 305539, PCT/2007/5216, PCT/EP/2007/005216, PCT/EP/2007/05216, PCT/EP/7/005216, PCT/EP/7/05216, PCT/EP2007/005216, PCT/EP2007/05216, PCT/EP2007005216, PCT/EP200705216, PCT/EP7/005216, PCT/EP7/05216, PCT/EP7005216, PCT/EP705216, US 8111010 B2, US 8111010B2, US-B2-8111010, US8111010 B2, US8111010B2|
|Inventors||Michael Zimmermann, Martin Hartmann, Andreas John, Falk Richter, Mathias Duenser|
|Original Assignee||Tridonicatco Gmbh & Co. Kg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (19), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (1), Classifications (9), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a dimmable operating device for lighting devices, which can be, for example, light-emitting diodes or gas discharge lamps.
2. Related Technology
For the purpose of issuing control commands to dimmable operating devices of a lighting installation, many of the currently employed lighting installations use a bus system, for example standardized by the DALI or DSI standard, by which inter alia external dimming values can be transmitted. The control devices required for controlling the individual lighting devices convert these values internally, for example with the aid of conversion tables, into dimming values that represent the actual stages of the brightness control of the connected lighting means, and that represent control values of possibly higher resolution (e.g. 16-bit quantized control values) than the external dimming values.
An operating device having a constant-current source as driver circuit for controlling an LED module comprising a plurality of light-emitting diodes is disclosed in DE 20 2004 006 292 U1. The driver circuit in that case is connected to the LED module via a total of three channels, of which two channels serve to supply voltage to the LED module with a voltage supply that is pulse-width-modulated in the dimming mode, and a third channel (“module identification channel”), realized as a digital interface, is used for the unidirectional or bidirectional transmission of digital operating parameters and/or calibration data between LED module and driver circuit, so that the driver circuit can set itself to these parameters and/or data. This makes it possible for LED modules of differing types to be operated with the same driver circuit, under the same operating conditions.
Described in EP 1 135 005 A2 is a circuit, controllable via a digital data interface, for controlling light sources of a lighting installation, which circuit has appropriate means for generating a control signal that is dependent on a predefinable setpoint value, for the purpose of controlling the brightness of the light sources, and has means for adapting the control signal to differing types of light source.
Disclosed in DE 203 12 298 U1 is an electronic control gear for operating a gas discharge lamp, which control gear comprises a memory device in which there are stored operating parameters that can be called up by a control device.
Proceeding from the above-mentioned prior art, the present invention is devoted to proposing a flexible design of a dimmable operating device for lighting devices.
Accordingly, the invention provides an operating device for a lighting device, the operating device having an interface via which external dimming values can be supplied to the operating device, the operating device converting these supplied external dimming values internal dimming values, on the basis of which controlling of the connected lighting device is effected, the internal dimming values being of a higher resolution than the external dimming values, and the operating device being designed in such a way that the conversion of the external dimming values into the internal dimming values is programmable.
The invention also provides a method for compensating tolerances of light-emitting diodes controlled by an operating device, the operating device being supplied with external dimming values, the method comprising programming this conversion of the external dimming values into the internal dimming values.
The invention further provides a method for configuring an operating device for a lighting means device that is supplied with external dimming values, the supplied external dimming values being converted into internal dimming values, on the basis of which controlling of the connected lighting device is effected, the internal dimming values being of a higher resolution than the external dimming values, the method further comprising programming this conversion of the external dimming values into the internal dimming values.
The inventive operating device for a lighting device has an interface via which external dimming values can be supplied to the operating device. The operating device converts these supplied external dimming values into internal dimming values, on the basis of which controlling of the connected lighting means is effected. In this case, the internal dimming values are of a resolution that is at least as high as, and optionally higher than, the external dimming values. The operating device is designed so that the conversion of the external dimming values into the internal dimming values is programmable.
The operating device can also be designed, in particular, so that the aforementioned conversion is programmable in respect of its dynamics. Provision can be made in this case whereby it is possible to program by which time characteristic response (linear, logarithmic or exponential variation with time, etc.) an internal dimming value, assigned to an external dimming value, is achieved.
According to the invention, the assignment (“mapping”) of an internal dimming value, to be controlled in the stationary state, to an external dimming value can also be programmable. In this case, the resolution of the internal dimming values need not be higher than that of the external dimming values.
The lighting device can be, for example, an individual light-emitting diode or an LED module comprising a plurality of light-emitting diodes, the stationary assignment of an internal dimming value to an external dimming value compensating production tolerances of the light-emitting diode(s).
The operating device can have a flash memory, in which the programmable conversion of the external dimming values into internal dimming values is stored.
A maximum dimming value limitation below 100% can be selectively defined, which limitation can be selectively switched on and/or cancelled externally through a command.
The internal dimming values can be apportioned to the range between 0% and the dimming value limitation, so that a maximum resolution of the dimming values prevails in this range.
The operating device can have a plurality of outputs for controlling lighting devices, the internal dimming characteristics being individually programmable for each of these outputs. The outputs in this case can control lighting devices, for example LEDs, of differing color.
Furthermore, the present invention also relates to a method for compensating manufacturer-specific tolerances of light-emitting diodes controlled by an operating device that is supplied with external dimming values. According to the invention, the method in this case comprises programming the aforementioned conversion of dimming values.
The invention further relates to a method for configuring an operating device for lighting devices that is supplied with external dimming values, the supplied external dimming values being converted into internal dimming values, on the basis of which controlling of the connected lighting means is effected. The internal dimming values in this case are of a higher resolution than the external dimming values. Following measurement of the light characteristic of the lighting means, the latter is recalibrated through subsequent programming of a conversion of the external dimming values into internal dimming values.
The conversion in this case can be programmed in respect of its dynamics, i.e. it is possible to program by which time characteristic response an internal dimming value, assigned to an external dimming value, is achieved.
In particular, provision can be made, according to the invention, whereby the assignment of an internal dimming value, to be controlled in the stationary state, to an external dimming value is programmable.
The invention can make provision for providing the operating device, via a bus system, with the aid of a communication protocol based on the DALI standard, with value assignment tables for converting external dimming values into internal dimming values, in order optimally to trim the control device to the lighting device, or individually to adapt the form of the dimming characteristic. This method makes it possible, in particular, for manufacturers of LED modules to take account of and compensate device-specific tolerances of differing LED modules in the case of a calibration of the dimming characteristic to a new LED module, there being thereby provided a simple and inexpensive possibility for supplying LED modules having a uniform dimming behavior.
Further characteristics, advantages and expediencies of the present invention are now explained, through a detailed description of the exemplary embodiments of present invention, with reference to the appended drawings, wherein
The exemplary embodiments of the present invention are described in detail in the following with reference to
Shown diagrammatically in
The power adjustment element TB, to which a control signal, required for dimming the lighting device LM, can be supplied via a control input that is connected to the operating device BG, can comprise, for example, a phase-angle control dimmer, a regulable constant-current source, a settable supply voltage, an inverter having a settable clock frequency fT, or a pulse-width modulator PWM, via which the pulse duty factor d of a periodic square-wave current, generated by the operating device BG and supplied, in the form of a pulse-width-modulated control signal, to the light LM, is varied. As the power adjustment variable StG′ it is thus also possible to use, apart from the pulse duty factor d of a pulse-width-modulated control signal, the frequency fLM of an alternating current required for operating the lighting device LM, the current intensity of an alternating or direct current ILM serving to supply the lighting device LM, or the voltage level ULM of a supply voltage serving to supply energy to the lighting device LM.
The operating device BG represented in
The value range of these support values in this case is limited, for example, by two straight lines extending in parallel to the time axis of a dimming-level time diagram, the lower limit of the value range being constituted by the current actual value of a preset dimming level, and the upper limit of the value range being predefinable through a programming signal PS supplied to the data converter LMK (or vice versa).
As an alternative thereto, provision can be made whereby the data converter calculates, in relation to the aforementioned support values, interpolated intermediate values for the variation with time of the dimming characteristic, and uses the thereby obtained values to control the power adjustment element TB. Provision is made in this case, according to the invention, whereby the support values stored in the non-volatile memory of the data converter LMK can be recalibrated via the aforementioned programming signal PS. The programming signal be transmitted separately to a bus interface and/or via the same bus interface via which, following completion of programming, the external dimming values are then transmitted to the operating device.
According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the circuit described above, as shown schematically in
As is further shown by
The control device StE and the operating device BG are connected, via digital interfaces IF1 and IF2, to a bus line BL, which serves to transmit operating parameters, and possibly also programming data, between the control device StE and the operating device BG. The voltage supply to the LED module is effected via the operating device BG, which is connected to a voltage supply Ue.
A DC voltage, provided via a storage capacitor C and applied, as a bus voltage UBus, to the bus line BL via an output DC_OUT of the operating device BG, can serve as a supply voltage to the LED module.
As shown schematically in
Following transmission via the bus line BL, the programming signal UProg is supplied to the operating device BG via a control signal input PROG_IN, and routed to a data converter, termed “LED converter”. The latter calculates, in relation to a number of stored support values, interpolated intermediate values for the variation with time of a dimming characteristic required for dimming the LEDs, and uses the thereby obtained values to control a pulse-width modulator PWM integrated into the operating device BG, via which pulse-width modulator the pulse duty factor d of a periodic square-wave current, generated by the operating device BG and supplied, in the form of a pulse-width-modulated control signal UPWM, to the LED driver circuit, is varied.
The dimming characteristic in this case runs within a value range delimited by two straight lines running in parallel to the time axis of a dimming-level time diagram, the lower limit of which value range is constituted by the current actual value of a preset dimming level, and the upper limit of which is predefinable through the programming signal UProg (or vice versa).
As an alternative to the aforementioned calculation, the interpolated intermediate values can also be taken from a value assignment table, for example stored in a read-only memory of the LED converter, which table assigns, as predefined by the user, previously calculated linearly, logarithmically, exponentially or otherwise interpolated intermediate values to the support points present within the value range.
Provision can be made in this case whereby the support values stored in the flash EEPROM can be recalibrated via the aforementioned programming signal UProg, for example in order to minimize or to compensate manufacturer-specific tolerances of the light-emitting diodes LED1 to LEDN of the LED module that are controlled by the LED driver circuit.
For this purpose, provision can be made, according to the invention, whereby the aforementioned support values are read out from the flash EEPROM and applied to a data transmission channel of the bus line BL via a data output READ_OUT of the operating device BG and its digital bus interface IF1, so that they are accessible to the control device StE via its digital bus interface IF2 and a data input READ_IN.
For the purpose of controlling the pulse-width modulator PWM that is integrated into the operating device BG and via which the pulse duty factor d of a periodic square-wave current, generated by the operating device BG and supplied, in the form of a pulse-width-modulated control signal UPWM, to the LED driver circuit, is varied, there is required an adjustment variable UProg, which is supplied by a programming data output PROG_OUT of a digital feedback-control and open-loop control device RSE connected to the bus line BL via a digital bus interface IF2 (e.g. a DALI interface), is applied, in digitized form, to a data transmission channel of the bus line BL via the digital bus interface IF2 of the feedback-control and open-loop control device RSE, and is then transmitted to the digital bus interface IF1 of the operating device BG, to the programming data input PROG_IN of the latter.
There is supplied to the feedback-control and open-loop control device RSE, via a sensor data input DATA_IN, a measurement value represented by a controlled variable UReg, which is, for example, the current actual value of the illuminance E on a usable surface A illuminated by the light-emitting diodes LED1 to LEDN of the LED module or a sub-group of these light-emitting diodes, which illuminance is caused by the incident luminous flux φLM and is sensed by a light-sensitive detector of a light sensor module LSM that is likewise connected to the bus line BL via a further digital bus interface IF3 (e.g. a DALI interface). Functioning as a light sensor in this case is, for example, a phototransistor TPh, the collector current (photoelectric current) of which is proportional to the illuminance E, caused by the emitted light radiation of the LEDs, on the aforementioned usable surface A, and is thus a measure of the brightness of this radiation.
The voltage supply to the light sensor module LSM in this case, like the voltage supply to the feedback-control and open-loop control device RSE and to the LED module, is effected via the intermediate circuit voltage Uv of the operating device BG, which intermediate circuit voltage serves as bus voltage UBus and is supplied to the two first-mentioned system components, in each case via a bus voltage input denoted as “DC_IN”.
As can be seen from
Moreover, via the programming data output PROG_OUT of the feedback-control and open-loop control device RSE, a dimming characteristic response (e.g. linear, logarithmic, exponential, etc.) that is predefinable by the user can be selected from a menu displayed via an integrated display of the control device StE. The control signal required for this purpose is applied in digitized form, via the digital bus interface IF2 of the control device StE, to a further data transmission channel of the bus line BL. Following transmission via the bus line BL, the control signal is supplied to the operating device BG via the aforementioned programming signal input PROG_IN, and routed to the LED converter. As already described with reference to
As in the case of the exemplary embodiment represented in
In conclusion, it is to be pointed out that the present invention is not limited to lighting systems whose system components are connected via a DALI interface to a channel of a bus line serving to supply voltage, but that, according to the invention, any other bus interface suitable for the transmission of digital control signals can be used for this purpose.
If the lighting devices used are one or more LEDs, the free programmability of the internal dimming characteristic can be used in such a way that the latter is tuned to the color-specific sensitivity of the human eye. This is particularly important if LEDs of differing color are controlled in independent channels of an operating device or by a plurality of operating devices, since the human eye perceives the differing color (for example, red, green, blue) differently.
The internal dimming characteristic can thus be programmed individually, and thus differently, for controlling LEDs (or other colored lighting means) of differing color.
For example, this can be effected by an operating device having three independent outputs, for example an RGB color mixing module for LEDs or fluorescent lamps. The assignment of the colors and the individual adaptation of the internal dimming characteristic for each color can then be first effected in the light fitting, during installation.
According to a development of the invention, an artificial maximum value for a power parameter or combination of power parameters (current, etc.) can be set, for example through an external command, for example via a bus line. This limitation can then subsequently be externally cancelled and/or changed so that, for example, the actually available maximum power can subsequently be enabled again. Alternatively, this artificial “throttling” can also be achieved through a manual setting on the control gear.
“1100% dimming level” thus corresponds to the artificially limited maximum value, and not to the actually possible “unthrottled” maximum value.
The internal dimming curve is can be adapted to the artificially limited maximum value: In order further to use internal dimming values that are distributed as finely as possible, with a maximum value limitation having been set, all internally available dimming values are distributed to the range between 0% dimming and the artificial maximum value.
A more simple embodiment can make provision to provide (program) previously in the device at least two channels for the mapping of the external dimming values to the internal dimming values, namely, for example, an apportioning between 0% and 100% and a further apportioning between 0% and the maximum value limitation.
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|US8963434||Sep 14, 2012||Feb 24, 2015||Cooper Technologies Company||Electrical switch device with automatic dimming control|
|U.S. Classification||315/294, 315/312|
|Cooperative Classification||H05B33/0851, H05B33/0848, H05B37/0254|
|European Classification||H05B33/08D3B2F, H05B37/02B6D, H05B33/08D3B2|
|Feb 18, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TRIDONICATCO GMBH & CO. KG, AUSTRIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ZIMMERMANN, MICHAEL;HARTMANN, MARTIN;ANDREAS, JOHN;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:022274/0220
Effective date: 20090112
|Jul 31, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4